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初一英语 Unit_7

发布时间:2013-11-29 10:32:17  

-- What’s this in English? -- It’s a …

bag

hat

T-shirt
/'t i: ??:(r)t/

sweater
/'swet?(r)/

--What color is it? -- It’s…

-- What are these in English? -- They are…

socks
/s?ks/

shorts
/??: (r)ts/

trousers
/trauz?(r) z/

shoes
/?u:z/

-- What color are they? -- They are…

sweater

T-shirt

shirt

skirt

shoes

shorts

trousers

socks

What do we use to buy things???

dollar 美元

RMB人民币 (yuan)

★Tips yuan,dollar &pond ¥5 → five yuan $5 → five dollars £5 → five pounds
注意:yuan 没有复数而dollar和pound有复数。

—What’s that? —It’s a ___. hat —What color is it? —It’s ___________. red and white

T-shirt yellow

sweater grey

skirt green

—What are those? —They are _________. socks — What color are they? — They’re _____________. red and yellow

shorts white

trousers black

shoes red

1. A: I like big purple hats. Do you have one? B: Yes, I have this one, here. A: How much is it? B: It’s five dollars. 2. A: I like this brown sweater. How much is it? B: It’s eight dollars. 3. A: How much are those red shorts? B: They are six dollars. 4. A: How much is that green T-shirt? B: It’s seven dollars.

5. A: I like those long blue and yellow socks. How much are they? B: They are only two dollars.
6. A: How much are the black trousers? B: They are nine dollars. 冠词+大小长短+颜色+中心名词

What color is the shirt? It’s red.

It’s a long red shirt.

修饰语是先长短再颜色。

Woman: Can I help you ①? Mary: Yes, please. I need a sweater for school②. Woman: OK. What color③ do you want? Mary: Blue. Woman: How about this one? Mary: It looks nice④. How much⑤ is it?

Woman: Nine dollars. Mary: I’ll take it⑥. How much are those yellow socks⑦? Woman: Two dollars for one pair and three dollars for two pairs⑧. Mary: Great! I’ll take two pairs. Woman: Here you are⑨. Mary: Thank you. Woman: You’re welcome.

1. Can I help you? 我能帮助您吗? 这是商店售货员或其他服务人员招呼顾客时 的礼貌用语,相当于What can I do for you?。 接受对方的帮助常回答“Yes, please.”;拒 绝对方的帮助用“No, thanks.”作答。如: —Can I help you? 我能帮助您吗? —Yes, please. I want a pen. 是的。 我想要一支钢笔。

Can I help you?是服务用语, 在不同的场合意义不同。请 看: 1) — Can I help you? 您想吃点什么吗? (在餐馆) — Yes, please. I want a hamburger. 是的。我要个汉堡包。 2) — Can I help you? 想借什么书呢?(在图书馆) — Yes, please. I want an English dictionary. 是的, 我想借一本英语词典。 3) —Can I help you? 您想买什么吗? (在商场) —Yes. I want to buy a bag. 是的, 我想买个包。

句子What can I do for you? 和 Can I help you? 同义, 有时可以互换。 ANSWERS: Yes, please. I want … No, thanks, Just have a look.

2. I need a sweater for school. 我需要一件毛衣上

学穿。 need是实义动词,意为“需要”。常用于以 下句式中: 1) need+sth.,表示“需要某物”。如: I need some erasers. 我需要一些橡皮。 2) 介词for表示目的,译为“为了”。 need… for…表示“需要?去?” eg. What do you need for your party?

3. What color do you want? What fruit do you like? What color is it? What time is it? What day is it? What color does she want?

4. It looks nice. 它看起来很漂亮。 这句话与That sounds good. 属于同一类型的 句子结构,look 表示“看起来,看上去”,后 面接形容词。如: The man looks old. 那位男士看上去年长。 These shoes looks nice on you. 这双鞋穿在你脚上真好看。

5. how much用于提问某物的价格,意为“多少 钱”,其句式为“How much + be +主语?” 当主语是不可数名词或可数名词单数时,be动词 用is,答语为It’s+数额;当主语是可数名词复 数时,be动词用are,答语为They’re+数额。如: —How much is this bag? 这个包多少钱? —It’s six dollars. 六美元。 —How much are the apples? 这些苹果多少钱? —They’re two dollars a kilo. 两美元一千克。 — How much is that pen? 那枝钢笔多少钱?

how much 也通常用来表示询问数量, 后接不可数名 词。如: How much water is there in the bottle? 瓶子里有多少水? How much salad is there in the bowl? 碗里有多少沙拉? How much milk is there in the glass? 杯子里有多少牛奶? 因为water和milk是不可数名词, 所以动词be用单数形式is. 若修饰可数名词问数量,则用How many. eg: How many apples are there in the bag?

袋子里有多少苹果?

6. I’ll take it. 我要买下它。 此句是选好商品并决定购买时的常用语。Take的意 思是“买”,相当于buy, get, have. 在口语中,当 顾客选中某件商品,决定购买时,通常说I'll take it. 而不说I'll buy it. 若选定的物品是单数,可以说 “I’ll take/have it”;若选定的物品是复数则应说 “I’ll take/have them.”。如: The sweater is cheap. I’ll take it. 这件毛衣很便宜。我买了。 —The oranges are 2 dollars. 这些桔子两美元。 —I’ll take them. 我买了。

7. socks是sock的复数形式。在英语中,成双成对 的物品常以复数形式出现。 例如:

shoes shorts trousers glasses 此类词作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式;但与a pair of …(一双、一对或一副)连用作主语时, 谓语动词用单数形式。如: My shoes are under the bed. 我的鞋在床下了。 That pair of shorts is Jack’s. 那条短裤子是杰克 的。

?Are those trousers Jim’s?
那是吉姆的裤子吗?

?The shorts are 58 dollars.
这个短裤58美元。

?The pair of trousers is 98 yuan.
这条裤子98元。

?Two pairs of blue shoes are 200 dollars.
两双蓝鞋200美元。

8. Two dollars for one pair and three dollars

for two pairs. 两美元一双,三美元两双。 1)在此句中,介词for用来表示物品的价格,用法为: 价格+for+具体物品。例如: It’s 30 yuan for this book. 这本书30元。 How much is it for two? (买)两个多少钱? 2)pair表示“双;对;副;套”,通常与介词of搭配, 表示裤子、鞋袜、手套、眼睛等由两个部分组成的物品 的量。例如: a pair of trousers / shorts 一条长裤 / 短裤 two pairs of soccer shoes / socks 两双足球鞋 / 袜 many pairs of glasses 许多副眼镜

9. 1) Here you are. = Here it is. = It is here.

2) Thanks a lot. = Thank you very much. 3) You are welcome. = That’s all right. = That’s OK. = Not at all. = It’s my pleasure. 4) How much is it? = What’s the price of it?

进 店 时

挑 选 货 物

Can I help you ? 服务员首先打招呼 May I help you? What can I do for you? I’m looking for … 顾客讲出要求 需要购买时 I’d like … I want … Can I have a look at… 只是闲逛时 Just have a look. No, thanks. I’m just looking around. 询问顾客想买的商品时 What kind/color/size do you want? What about the color /size? 向顾客推荐商品时 How do you like…? How about…? How much is it? 询问和说明价格 How much are they? What ’s the price of…? It’s …/They’re… 决定购买 I’ll take it / them. 付钱 Here is the money.

Numbers
ten thirteen eleven twelve

fourteen → four + teen 16 sixteen

fifteen 17 seventeen eighteen 19 nineteen

twenty thirty

→ twen + ty → thir + ty 40 forty fifty sixty

twenty-one thirty-two sixty-seven

50 60

1. 基数词的表达 1) one到twelve, 拼写和读音无规律可言, 只能逐一 记忆。 2) thirteen到nineteen,表示“十几”,在个位数 后加后缀-teen,其中要注意thirteen, fifteen和 eighteen的拼写。 3) twenty到ninety,表示“几十”,以ty结尾,但 需注意twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, eighty的拼写。 4) 21~29 直到91~99,表示“几十几”,用整十位数 加个位表示, 中间用连字符“-” 把十位和个位连 接起来。

5) one hundred 意为 “一百”,也可说a hundred,hundred可加具体数字,如nine hundred (900)。 2. 基数词的用法: 基数词只能修饰可数名词,要注意数词和 名词在数上要保持一致。如: one student 一名学生 two boys 两名男孩 twenty apples 二十个苹果 thirty-three eggs 三十三个鸡蛋

Mr. Cool’s Clothes Store Come and buy your clothes at our great sale! We sell all our clothes at very good prices. Do you like sweaters? We have red and green sweaters for only $15! Yellow sweaters are only $12! Do you need trousers? For boys, we have black trousers for only $22. And shorts are only $16! For girls, we have skirts in purple for only $20. How much are our jackets? Only $30! And we have black shoes for only $28. Socks are only $2 for three pairs! Come to Mr. Cool’s Clothes Store now!

3. buy用作

动词,意为“买”,常用短语为: buy sb. sth./buy sth. for sb.意为“给某人买 某物”。如: Let’s buy mom a new hat. (=Let’s buy a new hat for mom.) 我们给妈妈买顶新帽子吧。

4. clothes指身上穿的各种服装,包括上衣, 内衣,裤子等,是衣服的总称。它不能直 接与数词连用,但可以与some, many, these或those等连用。如: Look! Some clothes are on sale over there. 看!那边的衣服大减价了。

5. sale是动词sell的名词形式,常用短语:on sale,意为“出售;廉价出售”,其同义短语 为at a great sale。如: The sweaters in the store are on sale today. 今天这家商店的毛衣大减价了。 6. all与定冠词、指示代词、形容词性物主代词 等限定词连用时,all应放于这些词之前。如: all the students 所有这些学生 all her clothes 她所有的衣服 all those rooms 所有那些房间

7. at very good prices意为“以合理的价格 (出售)”。price用作名词,意为 “价格”。 如: What’s the price of the book? 这本书多少 钱? They have sweaters in all colors, at the price of$15 each. 他们有各种颜色的毛衣,每件售价是15元。

8. For girls, we have skirts in red and purple for only$20. 对于女孩,我们有红色和紫色 的裙子,仅售20元。 1) for girls中的for是“对于……而言”;for only$20中的for是“交换”的意思。 2) 该句中的 in 后接颜色的词,表示“穿…… 颜色的……”。如: The girl in red is my sister. 那个穿红衣服的女孩是我妹妹。

Exercises
一、填表格,记数字。
10 ten 11 eleven 16 sixteen 21 twentyone

13 thirteen 18
eighteen 28

15 fifteen 19 nineteen 35

12
twelve

20
twenty 26 twentysix

30
thirty 39

twentyeight

thirty-five thirtynine

二、做数学题,学英语。 five 1. twenty-six - twelve - nine = _______ thirty-five 2. sixteen + eight + eleven = _________ twenty-six 3. eighteen - seven + fifteen = ___________ 4. thirteen+fourteen-twenty-five = _____ two 5. twenty-nine-thirteen-ten = _________ six 6. thirty-nine - twenty - five =_________ fourteen ten 7. twelve + thirteen - fifteen= _________ twenty-eight 8. nineteen -eleven + twenty =___________

三、用介词at, for, in 填空。 For for 1. _____ girls, we you can buy skirt ____ ¥16. 2. The girl _____ red sweater is my cousin, in Jenny. 3. Come and buy your clothes ____ our great at sale. 4. Do you know the boy ____ black? in at 5. They sell nice clothes ______ good prices. 6. His grandfather likes noodles ____ breakfast. for at 7. Please call Allan ____ 789-5466.

1.How much is this/that + n单? It’s … .
2. How much are these/those + n复 ? They’re … .

1.—How much ____those apples? A is B are C does D do 2.---what__do you want?---Yellow. A size B color C time D sweater These shoes are very nice.I’ll__them A buy B take C bring D want 4.This is your

pen. Here_______ A. are you B. you are C. is it D. they

(1 ( 8 ( 6 ( 5 ( 7 ( 2 ( 3 ( 4

请将下列句子排序。 )1. What can I do for you? ) 2. You’re welcome. ) 3. 45 yuan. ) 4. How much is it? ) 6. OK, I’ll take it. Thank ) 7. I want a shirt. ) 8. What color do you want? ) 9. White.

Can you do the exercises?
1. 2. 3. 4. How much is your _____?(衬衫) shirt trousers How much are these________ ? (裤子) Do you like that________ ?(毛衣) sweater How much _____ ______(多少钱)are this hamburger and the French fries ? 15 dollars 5. This watch is very nice. It is _______ (15美元). are 6. How much ____ (be) his shoes? are 7. How much ____ (be) the red socks?

Ⅰ. 按要求写出各词的适当形式。
1. short(反义词) long 6. dollars(单数)

dollar
that aren’ t

2. black (反义词) white 7. have(第三人称单数) has
3. this(复数) 4. shoe(复数)

these 8. those(单数) shoes 9. does not(缩写)
10. isn’t (复数)

doesn’t

5. small(反义词) big

Ⅱ. 单项选择。
1. --What can I do for you? B --______________. A. Yes, you can give a skirt to me B. I'd like a skirt C. No, I can do it myself D. I can do what I want 2. --How much ______ the skirt? A --______ thirty yuan. A. is; It's B. are; They're C. is; They're D. are; It's

D 3. The yellow shorts ______ 15 yuan. A. is on sale B. are on sale C. are on sell for D. are on sale for 4. This hat is _____. C A. 10 yuans B. 10 dollar C. 10 dollars D. dollar 10
解析: dollar是美国、加拿大、墨西哥和某些 国家的货币单位, 相当于我国汉语当中货币单位 Yuan, 但是我们汉语中货币单位没有复数形式。 答案为C。

( D )5. I think your pants _____ very nice. A. be B. is C. am D. are

解析: 在英语中, 袜子、裤子都用复数形式来 表示, 答案为D。若要表示一双袜子、一条裤 子可以用词组a pair of。如:a pair of socks 一双袜子,a pair of pants一条裤子。

Ⅲ. 根据提示完成句子。
1. --Thank you. --You're welcome. (改为同义句) --Thank you. --That's _________. all right 2. The red sweater is only 30 dollars. (对划线部分提问)

How much ___________ is the red sweater?

3. I want a pair of shoes. (划线提问) _____ do What ___ you want? 4. He likes yellow. (划线提问) _____ color does What _____ _____ he like? 5. Those black bags are 30 yuan. (划线提问) How much are _____ _____ _____ those black bags? 6. I can help you. (一般疑问句) ____ you help _____? Can me

Exercises

一看图说出下列物品的英语单词

hat

T-shirt

jacket

sweater

skirt

shorts

shoes

socks

trousers

dollars

二、单项选择 B 1. —I like that watch. _______ is it? —It’s 20 yuan. A. How many B. How much C. What color A 2. My T-shirt ___ white and my shorts ___ yellow. A. is; are B. are; are C. are; is C 3. I want _____ the blue T-shirt? A. get B. gets C. to get

4. —_____, sir? A —I need a pair of sports shoes. A. Can I help you B. How d

o you do C. What do you do 5. —Can I use (用) your eraser? —Yes. _____. C A. Thank you B. You’re welcome C. Here you are

三、句型转换。
1. This shirt is small for me. (改为复数意义 的句子) ______ _____ _____ small for me. These shirts are 2. The red skirt is 20 yuan. (对划线部分提 问) _____ _____ __ the red skirt? How much is 3. Those shoes are yellow. (对划线部分提问) _______ _____ _____ those shoes? What color are

4. She needs a skirt for school. (改为否定句) doesn’t need She _______ _____ a skirt for school. 5. Is the blue hat two dollars? (作肯定回答) ___, it is Yes ___ __.

We should buy the right things,
not the expensive ones.

(只买对的, 不买贵的)
Please save money, don’t waste

money. (节约钱不浪费钱)


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