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新目标八年级英语上册第五单元知识点和练习

发布时间:2013-11-29 11:35:18  

八年级英语上册第五单元知识点

一、重要词汇和句型

1. study for a test 为考试做准备 2.go to the doctor 去看医生, 去看病 3.come to the party 参加聚会 4. go to the movies 去看电影

5. go to my guitar lesson上我的吉他课 6.another time 下次

7. on the school team 在校 8.the whole day 一整天

9. culture club 文化俱乐部 10.baseball game \ match 棒球赛

11. geography project 地理课题 12. go to the concert 去听音乐会

13. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午

在具体的某一天, 或在某一天的上午、下午、晚上要用介词

the night of May 2nd , 2008 they arrived at the village .

She left her house a cold morning .

We will plant trees Sunday morning .

14. lesson , (1 ) “ 课,功课 ” 可数名词。

have a piano lesson 上钢琴课 go to my guitar lesson去上我的吉他课

have lesson 上课 do one’s lessons 做功课

At school we have four lesson in the morning .

My parents can help me with my lessons on weekends .

( 2 ) “ 教训 ”, teach sb a lesson 给某人一个教训

The accident 15. play 后面跟球类运动的名词时,名词前不加任何冠词;但后面跟西洋乐器时,乐器

名词前要加定冠词the

play basketball \ football \ volleyball \ tennis \ ping-pong .

play the piano \ violin \ drums \ trumpet \

16. have to “ 必须,不得不 ”; 第三人称单数为 has to ;过去式为 had to ;

I help my mother do housework on weekends .

She babysit her little sister at home .

They work until 12:00 yesterday .

以上各句的一般疑问句 :只要在句首加助动词 do, does , did , 划线部分用原形。

you help your mother do housework on weekends ?

she babysit her little sister at home ?

they work until 12: 00 yesterday ?

否定句: 只要在主语后面加don’t, doesn’t 或didn’t ,划线部分用原形。

I don’t have to help my mother do housework on weekends .

She doesn’t have to babysit her little sister at home .

They didn’t have to work until 12: 00 yesterday .

17. Thanks for sth == Thank you for sth 谢谢你的某物

Thanks for your help. === Thank you for your help .

Thanks for your invitation . === Thank you for your invitation .

Thanks for doing sth. ===Thank you for doing sth . 谢谢你做某事

Thanks for helping me . === Thank you for helping me .

Thanks for inviting me . == Thank you for inviting me .

18. invitation 名词,“邀请”。 at the invitation of sb. 应某人的邀请

--- Let’s go to Jim’s party . --- I’m sorry , I haven’t got his He is going to shanghai his pen pal .

invite 动词,“邀请”。 invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人去做某事

He with him yesterday .

19. really 副词,“真的,的确”, 修饰动词、副词、形容词。

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I playing the piano . ( 修饰动词 )

On weekends I’m of the homework . ( 修饰形容词 )

Everyone works before the exam . ( 修饰副词 )

really 用于口语中,表示惊讶或赞同,“ 真的吗?”。

--- I’m flying to America for my holiday .

Have a good time .

20. busy 形容词,“ 忙的,繁忙的”;反义词free .

---Are you busy ? --- Yes, I’m spending a really busy weekend . be busy with sth 忙于某事

She her housework now .

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

--What you ---- Imy model plane .

21. free (1) 空闲的,不忙的,有空的,反义词busy。

I will be free tomorrow .

Are you free this evening ?

(2) 免费的 All the tickets are free tonight .

There’s no free lunch everywhere .

22. join 参加某个组织\团体, 加入某人

take part in 参加某项活动 take part in sth.

attend 参加会议\ 婚礼 \ 葬礼

He the army ( 军队) last year..

We will go swimming this afternoon . Would you like to Are you going to the football match ?

I was invited to the meeting .我被邀请参加那个会议.

23. 给某人打电话:call sb. \ ring sb. \ phone sb. \ ring sb. up \ give sb. a ring \ give sb. a call . \ make a telephone call to sb.

24. Keep up with sb .赶上某人

You must work hard every day to others .

Keep in touch with sb. 和某人保持联系

Do you your classmates ?

Keep 保留, 保持, 保存

(1) Keep + 宾语 + 形容词 使某人\ 某物保持……的状态

When we do eye exercises , we should (2) keep sb. sth. 使某人保持\ 一直做某事

Don’t too long .

(3 ) keep doing sth 保持做某事

He kept smiling when he read the letter .

(4) keep + 宾语 + 介词短语

I always keep the keys in my bags .

25. come over 顺便来访, 跟宾语时要加介词to

Would you like to me next time ?

You may my office after class .

26. practice (1 ) 动词,“ 练习,实践 ”

practice sth

After school we often see some children practice doing sth

It’s a good way to English before a mirror . She the piano every morning .

(2 ) 名词,“ 练习,实践”

2

If you want to be a professional athlete , enough is necessary .

She made up her mind to put her new ideas into 27. What day is it It’s 今天星期几? 今天星期一。

What’s the date today ? It’s October 1st . 今天是几号?今天是十月一日。 What’s today ? 今天是什么日子?

可以回答日期、星期几或者节日。

What’s today ? --- It’s May Day . The Labor Day .

二、情态动词can的用法

情态动词can 和其它情态动词一样,后面跟动词原形。

(1)can 表示一种能力,“ 能,能够,会、、、、、、”

More and more Chinese people English .

(2)can 表示许可,“可以、、、、、、”

You can read books here , but you must keep quiet .

(3)can’t除了表示“不能”以外, 还可以表示猜测,“ 不可能”

---- Can it be true ? ----- No, it can’t be true .

(4)can引导一般疑问句时,位于主语之前,表示发出邀请。

接受邀请时,回答“ Sure , I’d love \ like to .” 拒绝邀请时,可回答 “ I’m sorry , I can’t .” 或 “ No, he \ she \ they can’t .”

----Can you come to my party ?

--- Yes, I’d love to . \ Sorry , I can’t .

------- Can they go to the movies ?

----- No, they can’t . They have to do their homework .

练 习

一、词汇(20分)

A)英汉词组互译(10分)

1. come to my party 2. 上钢琴课

3. study for a test 4. 去听音乐会

6. 在周五晚上

7. keep quiet 8. 帮忙干家务活9. join the club 10. 两整天

B)根据句意和首字母完成句子(10分)

to visit your school next week.

on Saturdays and Sundays but we have to do the homework.

next month.

, but I never work at the weekend.

one.

tonight.

lesson yesterday.

18. I didn’t go out today because it rained the w day.

.

to my home if you are free?

二 .单项选择(15分)

( ) 21.You can keep the book for another week, but you lend it to others.

A. needn’t B. mustn’t C. aren’t D. must

( ) 22.He can go with you, but I ____________.

A. am not B. can't C. don't D. must

( ) 23.What are you doing ____________ Monday morning?

3

A. on B at C. in D. /

( ) 24.Thanks for ____________ me to the party.

A. ask B. to ask C. asks D. asking

( ) 25.Bob can't come out to play because he ____________help Dad in the garden.

A. can B. can't C. has to D. must

( ) 26.—Would you like to go boating with me?

—Sure, .

A. I’d like B. I’d love C. I’ll be glad D. I’d love to

( ) 27. — Can you help me with my math?

—_________, I can’t, I’m too busy.

A. Certainly B. No C. Sorry D. Sure

( ) 28.She can play soccer and guitar.

A. /, / B. the, the C. /, the D. the, /

( ) 29.—Must I finish my homework now?

—No, you________. But you finish it after supper.

A. needn’t, must B. mustn’t, must C. needn’t, need D. mustn’t, may

( ) 30.—My mother is ill. I have to take care of her at home.

—____________.

A. Thank you B. Oh, I don't know C. I'm sorry to hear that D. Bad luck

( ) 31.I have work to do every day.

A. too much B. lot of C. so many D. a lot

( ) 32. The boys always have some fun computer games.

A. to play B. playing C. plays D. for playing

( ) 33. One of my best friends going to me next month.

A. is, come B. is, visit C. are, play D. are, enjoy

( ) 34. My mother is busy the room.

A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleans

( ) 35. — What day is today?

— .

A. It’s October 1st B. It’s Sunday C. It’s fine D. It’s good

三.完形填空(10分)

I am going to have a party tomorrow night. I promised my mother that she needn’t do__36__ for me. My friend Jane is coming, too. She would like to help me, __37__ she can’t. Because she has a piano lesson in the morning and in the afternoon she has to babysit her sister. So I will do everything by myself. I try to make __38__party a nice one.

I sent invitation to my friends __39__. Now I am thinking about what I need to do tomorrow. Yes! I have to clean the room and do some shopping. I am going __40__some food, drinks and some fruit in the supermarket. I am going to make a shopping list __41__I go. I also have to decorate(装饰)the room. I need to do so many things, so I__42__see the movie “Da Vinci Code” after lunch. A terrible

thing!

The party begins__43__8 pm, so I must have dinner __44__.I am tired after I finish __45__ so many things and after dinner I can have a short rest.

( ) 36. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything

( ) 37. A. so B. although C. but D. because

( ) 38. A. a B. an C. the D. /

( ) 39. A. yesterday B. tomorrow C. tomorrow morning D. the day after tomorrow

( ) 40. A. buy B. sell C. to buy D. buying

( ) 41. A. after B. when C. how D. before

( ) 42. A. can B. not C. can’t D. never

( ) 43. A. at B. in C. on D. with

4

( ) 44. A. late B. early C. short D. quick

( ) 45.A. do B. to do C. did D. doing

四.阅读理解(30分)A

In many parts of the world, people live to healthy old ages. What is the secret of their long lives?

Three things are very important: fresh air, fresh food and a simple way of life. People living in Himalayas(喜马拉雅山)are famous for their long and healthy lives. They work near their homes in the clean mountains. They do not have buses, cars or trains. They do not sit all day in busy offices. They take more exercise and eat less food than people in the cities. They eat vegetables grown by themselves. They drink milk taken from their own cows. For years, the Hunzas of the Himalayas do not need doctors, for there is not much illness. They are happy and healthy people.

( ) 46. Which is NOT the life of the people living in Himalayas?

A. They work near their homes in the clean mountains.

B. They take more exercise and eat more food than people in the cities.

C. They eat vegetables grown by themselves.

D. They drink milk taken from their own cows.

( ) 47. Which one is NOT true about the people living in Himalayas?

A. They live in a simple life in the mountains.

B. They grow vegetables and milk cows themselves.

C. When they’re ill, they do not go to see the doctors.

D. They do not sit all day in busy offices.

( ) 48. Which is NOT the secret of long life?

A. Fresh air. B. Fresh food. C. A simple way of life. D. A simple way of eating.

( ) 49. What are the Hunzas famous for?

A. Vegetables. B. Milk. C. Food. D. Their long and healthy lives.

( A. the doctors are not good B. there is not much illness

C. there is no illness D. they are happy

B

It was Jimmy's birthday, and he was five years old. He got a lot of nice birthday presents from his family, and one of them was a beautiful drum(鼓).

"Who gave him that thing?" Jimmy's father said when he saw it. "His grandfather did," answered Jimmy's mother.

Jimmy liked his drum very much. He made a terrible noise with it, but his father didn't mind. He was working during the day and Jimmy was already in bed when he got home in the evening, so he couldn't hear the noise.

But one of the neighbors(邻居) didn't like the noise at all, so a few days later, she took a sharp(锋利的) knife and went to Jimmy's house while he was hitting his drum. She said to him, "Hello, Jimmy, there is something very nice inside your drum. Here is a knife. Open the drum and let's find it."

( ) 51. Jimmy got a lot of nice presents from his ________.

A. classmates B. friends C. teachers D. family

( ) 52. Who gave Jimmy the drum?________.

A. His father B. His mother

C. His neighbor D. His grandfather

( ) 53. Why didn't Jimmy's father stop him from making noise with the drum? Because ________.

A. he liked Jimmy very much B. he didn't hear it

C. Jimmy was in bed D. Jimmy only played in the evening

( ) 54. One of the neighbors________.

A. liked Jimmy very much

B. enjoyed listening to the sound of the drum

C. wanted to show Jimmy a sharp knife

D. didn't like the noise at all

( ) 55. What did Jimmy's neighbor really want him to do?

5

To ________.

A. stop him making noises B. make a noise on his drum with a knife

C. show him how to hit the drum D. find something nice in his drum

C

Many people like to travel by plane ,but I don't like it because an airport is usually far from the city. You have to get there early and wait for hours for the plane to take off and it is often late. You can't open the windows. You can't choose the food. Planes are fast, but they still take hours to go out

of the airport and into the city.

I like traveling by train. I think trains are safe. Railway station are usually in cities. When you are late for a train, you can catch another one. You can walk around in the train and open the windows. You can see many interesting things on your way. I know it takes a little more time. I also like cars. You can start your journey when you want to, and you don't need to get to a railway station or a bus stop. Also you can carry many things with you in a car. But sometimes there are too many cars on the road.

( ) 56. Why do many people like to travel by plane?

A. Because it is fast. B. Because it is safe.

C. Because you can walk around in the plane. D. Because it is cheap.

( ) 57.Which is not the good thing about the train?

A. It is safe. B. It takes a little more time.

C. You can open the windows. D. You can walk around in the train.

( ) 58.If you want to take a lot of things with you ,what do you take to go out?

A. A bus. B. A car. C. A train. D. A bike.

( ) 59. What is the bad thing about the car?

A. You needn't go to a station.

B. You can start your journey when you want to.

C. There are too many cars on the road.

D. You needn't go to a bus station.

( ) 60. What does the writer think of the plane, the train and the car?

A. He thinks it takes a lot of time to go to and get out of the airport.

B. He likes to take a train because it takes a little more time.

C. He likes to take a car because he has a car.

D. He likes to take a plane because it's fast.

五.同义句转换,每空一词(10分)

61. Do you want to come to my birthday party?

________you ________to come to my birthday party?

62. I will go to bed after I finish my homework.

I ________ go to bed ________ I finish my homework.

63. It took her an hour to wash the clothes.

She ________ an hour ________ the clothes.

64. You needn’t finish your homework now.

You________ ________ finish your homework now.

65. Why not play soccer with me?

Why________ ________play soccer with me?

六.书面表达(15分)

根据提示写一封60-80字的信。Tom 邀请Li Ping 参加他这周日的生日宴会,但Li Ping的父母出差要到下个月回来,奶奶又卧病在床,需要人照顾。再说英语考试即将来临,因此,无法前去参加生日宴会。Li Ping感到很抱歉,只好写信辞谢。

Dear Tom,

Thank you very much for inviting me to your birthday party. I'd love to go but I can't.

6

My parents…

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

From Li Ping

八年级(上) Unit5单元测试参考答案

一、词汇(20分)

A) 1. 来参加我的聚会 2. have a piano lesson 3. 为考试而学习

4. go to a concert 5. 太多作业 6. on Friday evening 7. 保持安静

8. help with the housework 9. 参加俱乐部 10. two whole days

B) 11. invitation 12. lessons 13. concert 14. weekdays 15. another

16. match 17.chemistry 18. whole 19. calendar 20. over

二 .单项选择(15分)

21-25:B B A D C 26-30:D C C A C 31-35:A B B C B

三.完形填空(10分)

36-40:B C C A C 41-45:D C A B D

四.阅读理解(30分)

46-50:B C D D B 51-55:D D B D A 56-60:A B B C A

五.同义句转换,每空一词(10分)

61. Would, like 62. won’t, until 63. spent, washing

64. don’t have to 65. don’t you

六.书面表达(15分)

Dear Tom,

Thank you very much for inviting me to your birthday party. I'd love to go,but I can't. My parents are out on business. They are coming back next month. And now I have to look after my grandma because she is ill in bed. And I also need to study 7

for my coming English exam. I'm very sorry but I can't go to your party. Thank you for asking me. I hope you can have a good time.

From Li Ping

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