The Object Clause (Revision)
宾 语 从 句 三 要 素
连 接 词 语 时 序 态
that １．当陈述句充当宾语时，由 ____ 连接 （ that可以省略）． eg： I hear (that) he will be back in an hour. He said (that) he was very nervous.
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1. She says … 2. Tell your friend …
1.This is a book. 2.You like singing. 3.He worked last night. 4.They will go home. 5.Jim has been to Beijing. 6.She sings well.
if/whether ２．当一般疑问句充当宾语时，由________ 连 接．
(1) Is Jim a good student?
I don’t know．
I don’t know if /whether Jim is a good student. (2) Does Kate get up early? Do you know? Do you know if /whether Kate gets up early?
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3.The teacher asks …
1.Is he reading ? 2.Do you get up at six? 3.Does Tom work hard? 4.Did you watch TV ? 5.Will they read books ? 6.Can you sing ?
注意：只能用whether不 用if 的三种情况
? 一般情况下，if 和whether可以互换，但以下3种 情况只能用whether： ? ①与or not连用： He asked me whether or not I was coming. ? ②在介词之后： It depends on whether it is going to rain. ? ③在不定式之前： We haven’t decided whether to go there.
特殊疑问词 3.当特殊疑问句充当宾语时，由 ________ 连接．
1.What is she doing? Can you tell me? Can you tell me what she is doing? 2.Where does she live? Do you know? Do you know where she lives?
从句是特殊疑问句, 当主句的主语或宾语与 从句主语是一致, 可简化成: 特殊疑问词+to do. Can you tell me how I can get to the nearest post office？ Can you tell me how to get to the nearest post office？
用以下开头与下列句子连成宾语从句: 1.Do you know … 2.I want to know … 3. Can you tell me …
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
What is this ? What are you doing ? Where do you live ? When does he get up ? How did you go to work? Who will you play with?
1 Can you tell me______you were born, Betty? C A. who B. what C. when D. that 2 I don't know ___ they have passed the exam. B A. what B. if C. when D. where 3 I hardly understand. ___ he has told me. B A. that B. what C. which D. who 4 She didn't know___ back soon. A A. whether he would be B. if would he be C. he will be 5. I don't know ___ he still lives here after so many years. A A. whether B where C. what D. when A 6. Do you know _____ they listened to yesterday evening? A. what B when C why D how 7. He asked me _____told me the accident. C A whom B which C who D whose 8. He asked his friend _______ to go there or not. B A. if B whether C. what D. that
用that, if/whether, how,wh
that 1.I hear_____ they will visit our school next week. who 2.Do you know_____ the girl is?
how 3.Could you tell me _____I can get to the park? that 4.We thought ______you had never been there before . where 5.Please tell me_______ you live. if/whether 6.Mother asked me ___________ I had finished my homework.
7.Do you know_____ she is angry? why 8.The teacher asked_____ your name was. what
9.Tom is ten.I want to know _________ you are. how old
10.He asked you_______ you were a student or not. whether
There is a shop near here.
Is there a shop near here?
宾语从句必须用 陈述语序 ________
1. What’s the matter/trouble等
2. Which is the way to ……句式 3.Who 做主语的情况。
平行训练： 将下列句子改成陈述句语序： 1.Is there a bank near here?
There is a bank near here
2.Is it on Fifth Avenue? It is on Fifth Avenue 3.Are they doing homework? They are doing homework
4.Does she work in a hospital? she works in a hospital 5.Did you go to Center Park? you went to Center Park 6.Do we have to wear a uniform? we have to wear a uniform 7.Can we wear hats in school? we can wear hats in school
8.Where’s your pen pal from? Where your pen pal is from 9. Where does he live? Where he lives 10.What language does she speak? What language she speaks 11.Why do you like pandas?
Why you like pandas
? （三）宾语从句的时态 ? 1. 如果主句的时态是一般现在时，宾语从 句的时态根据具体情况来确定，可以是 任何 _________时态。 I don’t think (that) you are right. Please tell us where we’ll go fishing tomorrow. ? Do you know when Mr. Smith moved here?
? 2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用 过去 相应的_________时态（一般过去时， 过去进行 时， 过去将来时，过去完成时）。例如：
? He told me that he was born in Beijing in 1992.
? He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
? 3. 如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理，即使 一般现在 主句用了过去时，从句仍用 _______ 时态。 例如： The teacher said that the earth moves around the sun.
1 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with A them. A. took B. take C. takes D. will take 2 Catherine said that she ___ to Guangzhou. D ? A. has never gone B. had never gone ? C. has never been D. had never been 3 Could you tell me whether they___ dictation today. C A. had B. has . C. will have D. are 4 She asked Linda if___ go and get some. B ? A. could she B. she could C. she can D. she may 5 Linda said the moon___ round the earth. C A. traveled B. has traveled C. travels D. had traveled Could you tell me+宾语从句？表达的是委婉 的语气，是一般现在时。
定的转移： 当主句的谓语动词是think, believe, guess, suppose等词 时，其后面的宾语从句的否定应转移到主句上。 ?如： I don’t think he is right. 我认为他不对。 ?附加疑问句（反意疑问句）： 1. 一般根据主句的谓语动词判断： 如： ?She didn’t say that he would come here, ________? did she 2.当主句主语为I（我），主句动词为suppose,believe， think等，则根据从句判断，但肯、否定形式根据主句判断： ?I don’t think he is serious,_________? is he I believe he can finish it on time, ____________? can’t he ?标点符号的确定： ?带有宾语从句的主从复合句的标点符号取决于主句。 主句是 陈述句: 。 He asked me where I went just now. 问句： ？ Do you know when he’ll be back?
don’t think will rain I ____________ that it ____________.
I _____________your answer ＿＿ right. don’t think is
３. 我们相信他还没走？ don’t believe has gone We _____________ that he ____________.
宾语从句的否定转移： 如果主句的谓语动词是 think, believe, guess , suppose 等， 而且主句的主语又是第一人称时，它后面接的宾语从句的 否定词通常要前移到主句中，即否定主语中的动词．
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
一、引导词 if/whether区别 特殊疑问句的简化：疑问词+to do 二、语序 what is the matter?（怎么了？）语序不变 三 、时态 如宾语从句表客观真理或自然现象 ,仍用一般现在时 Could you tell me…? 四、反意疑问句 一般看主句 Think,believe,suppose,guess等看从句 五、否定转移 在think , believe , suppose,imagine等动词所跟的宾语中，如 果从句谓语是否定的，一般要将否定词not转移至主句谓语上去， 而将从句谓语改为肯定形式。如： ? I don’t think he has time to play with girl. ? 我认为他没时间和女孩玩。
１．Do you know __________________? C
A. where does she live
C. where she lives
B. she lives where
D. where she live
2. His parents wanted to know what he ______at B that time. A. is doing C. has done B. was doing D. will do
3.—We don’t know ______. C -- It is said that he was born in Canada. A. what he is B. when he was born C. where he comes from D. if he lives here
4．Lily’s mother looked for her for half an hour, but could not find ________? C A. what Lily was B. what was Lily
C. where Lily was
D. where was Lily
A 5 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.
A. took C. takes B. take D. will take
6 Linda said the moon___ round the earth. C A. travelled C. travels B. has travelled D. had travelled
A ? 7. Could you please tell me ________ he will come here tomorrow? ? A.
if B. weather C. what D. which ? 8. Could you tell me ___? C
A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing C. when they will leave Beijing
D. when did they leave Beijing
will be 1. The radio says it _________ cloudy tomorrow. (be) goes 2. The headmaster hopes everything ______ well. (go)
3. Tom says that they ____________ (play) basketball at were playing six o’clock yesterday evening. 4. I hear they has returned(return) it already. __________
had been 5. He said that they _________ members of the Party since 1948. (be) were doing 6. He asked what they __________ at eight last night. (do) travels 7. The teacher told his class that light _______ faster than sound. (travel)
are talking 8. I think you __________ about the relay race now. (talk)
were 9. I didn’t know whom the letters _________ from. (be)
wrote 10. I didn’t know what time he _______ the letter.
moves 11. Miss Wang told me that the earth ______(move)
round the earth.
has taken 12. Could you tell me who _________ away the book
13. Ling Feng told me he _________ to several times. (be) has been
rises 14. Our teacher told us in class the sun _______ in the
did 15. Can you tell me what they ______ yesterday? (do)