用以修饰名词，表示事物的特征 的词。e.g. long, empty, cheap, hungry, etc. 在句中作定语、表语、宾语 补足语等成分．
e.g. He is a good student. I have something important to tell you. 当形容词修饰由some-,any-,no-,every构成的不定代词时,形容词要放在这些 不定代词的之后. e.g. Is there anything interesting in today’s newspaper ?
The trees turn green in spring. We are alone on the island. 只能作表语，不能作定语的形容词 你能说出几个？ alone afraid awake asleep alive able
常见的系动词：(系表结构) 1. be动词 2. ……起来： look/seem/appear; feel; sound; smell; taste eg. She seems/appears happy 3. 变得；变成： become; grow; get; turn; come; go His wish has come true. The tree is growing tall. 4. 保持: keep; stay Keep warm. Stay happy
形容词和宾语一起构成复合 宾语．e.g. We must keep the classroom clean. He made us happy. Colour it green.
Let’s fill in the blanks,
tallest 比较 最高 hardest 化taller harder 原级 larger wider largest widest 级 biggest 级 bigger hard tall hotter 单音节词在词尾加-er(比较级)或hottest fattest fatter wetter est(最高级)以字母e接尾的词加-r或- large wide wettest happiest st
词 尾 变
happier drier driest earliest big hot 以重读闭音节结尾的词末尾只有一 earlier 个辅音字母应双写辅音字母再加er thin fat wet narrowest 或est most difficult narrower cleverest 以辅音字母+y结尾的词变为i再加-er, happy dry popular most early morecleverer difficult 或-est most slowly more popular narrow 少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节 clever more slowly 词可加-er或-est
多音节词和多数双音节词在其前面 加more 和most
difficult popular slowly
原级 good well bad ill many much little far old
better worse more
best worst most
less least farther/further farthest/furthest older/elder oldest/eldest
巧记： 特殊形式比较级 共有三对二合一 坏病两多并两好 little意思不是小 一分为二有两个 一是老来二是远
as+形容词原形+as Tom is as tall as Mike. Tom is three times as old as Mike. There are as many students in our school as yours.
否定 not as+形容词原形+as “和… 不一样” 或 not so+形容词原形+as “不及／不如…
Tom is not as tall as Mike. Tom is not so tall as Mike.
so+ 形容词原级+that丛句 such+名词＋that丛句 He is so big that he can’t enter the room by the door .
… too+原级+ to do sth.
He is too young to join the army. 形容词原级+ enough to do sth. This truck is big enough to carry 5 tons.
Our school is larger than theirs. This bridge is longer than that one.
表示两者之间的选择，可使用 “Which is+ 比较级，…or…?”
Which is longer, this one or that? 表示不及另一方时，使用“less+原级 +than…” This park is less
beautiful than that one.
The smaller the house is, the less it will cost us the heat. “…比较级+and+比较级…”
In spring, the days are getting longer and longer.
…one of the+最高级+名词复数 Lu Xun is one of the greatest writers last century.
…最高级+of (in)… Of all the movie stars, I think Zhang Ziyi is the best. This is/ was the最高级+名词+that定语从句 This is the worst film that I have seen these years.
用来修饰动词、形容词、 其它副词、全句或 名词词组及句子的词。 e.g.
very, early, out, soon, quickly, etc.
作表语 My mother is out . 作定语 The girl there is my friend. 作状语 He runs fast .
作宾补 I found him outside.
副词的比较级和最高级的构成和形容 词的比较级和最高级的构成基本相同.e.g. fast-faster-fastest slowly- more slowly –most slowly
形容记的最高级前要用定冠词the,副 词的最高级前可用可不用定冠词the. Mount Qomolangma is the highest in the world.
Jim jumped (the) highest of the all.
C 1. The bread is ____ than these cakes A. very delicious B. much delicious C. more delicious D. as delicious C 2. Lin Tao jumped ____ in the long jump in the school sports meeting A. far B. farther C. farthest D. quite far
3. When they met in the hotel . They talked A and laughed ______ A. happily B. happy C. happier D. happiest
4. In our city it’sD ____ in July ,but it is even ____ in August A. hotter hottest B. hot hot C. hotter hot D. hot hotter 5. Hainan is a very large Island .It is the C second ______ island in china. A. large B. larger C. largest D. most largest
D 6. An elephant is ____ than a tiger . A. heavy B. very heavy C. the heaviest D. heavier
7. A horse is ______ than a dog . C A. much heavy B. more heavier C. much heavier D. more heavy 8. Emma always makes a lot of mistakes . D She is _____. A. care B. careful C. carefully D. careless C 9. Which subject is _____ , physics or chemistry ? A. interesting B. most interesting C. more interesting D. the most interesting
10. He is ___ enough to carry the heavy box . A A. strong B. stronger C. much stronger D. the strongest A 11. Li lei often talks ___ but does ___ so everyone says he is a good boy . A. less more B. few much C. more little D. little many 12. When the famous singer started to sing , everyone began to shout very ___ . A A. loudly B. loud C. heavily D. high
形容词和副词的意义及用法 形容词和副词的比较级和 最高级的构成及用法