从近几年来的中考试卷分析可以看出， 单项选择题的考点主要分布在：名词、动词、 形容词、副词、代词、冠词、连词、介词、 情态动词；时态、语态；词义辨析、语序、 各种不同的从句及交际用语上。 做单项选择题时，同学们首先要全面捕 捉题干信息,把握好语言环境,切中句子意思, 然后对各个选项进行筛选，从中确定最佳答 案．同学们除应具有较扎实的语言基础知识 和善于思考外，掌握一些解题方法是很有必 要的.
即直接利用相关语法知识，通过题干中的已供 信息，捕捉到解题线索，从而得出正确答案的解题 方法。例： 1、—Will you come to the net bars with me? —Sorry.My mother always tells me____there. A.not so B.go C.not to go D.to go
根据句意可知此题考查动词不定式的否定形式， 即 tell sb not to do sth.故此题应选C。
2.--The passage is quite hard to understand, isn’t it?
C --Yes.______ it’s very short and there’s no new
words in it.
A.So B. And C.Though D. Because D 3. All the students and their class teather_____ interested in the film they saw yesterday evening. A.is B.will C.was D.were
4.---Have you heard of the accident about Lucy and her father? A ---Accident? No. I haven’t .Tell me about________. A.it B.her C.him D.them
5.---Jim is leaving for a holidays. B ---Really? Where _____ he____? A.has ,gone B.will,go C.did, go D.does, go
6.---You look so happy! D ---Jack says I am pretty.____has ever told me that before. A.Somebody B.Anybody C.Everybody D.Nobody
二、关键词法 许多题目中都有这样一些词，它们对于快速而准确 地判定答案起着至关重要的作用。我们称这些词为关 键词(key words)，找到句中的关键词，也就找到了解 题的突破口。例：
C 1. He hardly hurt himself in the accident，_____? A.doesn't he B. didn't he C.did he D.does he 2.Since 2000, Nanchang has become a new city. C Everything ______ . A.is changing B.was changed C.has changed D.had changed
B 3.—What’s bamboo often_____? ---Building, I think. A.used to B. used for C. used to do D. used to be 4.---All right, and what about some oranges and apples? A ---Oh, yeah. _______ of us likes them. A.Everyone B.All C.No one D.Most
如果对题目的备选答案没有十分把握或把握很小，不妨利 用“如果A对，那么B也对”的类推法，从而可将A、B予 以否定。例：
1.---Who’s the man at the door? C ---________. A.He is a doctor B. He is a friend of mine
C.He is a famous singer D. He is twenty
2.—When shall I phone you, morning or afternoon?
B --______. I’ll be in all day. A.Both B. Either C. Neither D. All
3.---Are you a League member? ---No. But I want_______. A A.to be B. to do C. to have D.to 4.---How many of these book
s have you read? C ---_____ of them. Every one. A.Many B.Some C.All D.None
5.—Harry _____ to New York.
---Has he? How soon will he be back?
A.will go B. went
C. has to go
D. has gone
6.—It started to rain while I was walking home.
--_____? Did you have an umbrella?
A.Did it B. Did you C. Was it D. Were you
此方法多用于两个以上句子或对话形式命题的题目。· 解题 前，透彻理解，然后联系上下文，捕捉隐含信息，方能准确找 出答案。例：
1.----He isn't a teacher，is he? ----______.He works in a hospital． A. Yes, he is C. Yes, he isn’t B. No, he isn’t D. No, he is
本题考查否定句的反意疑问句回答。由后半句的回答，我们知 道“他”的身份不是教师；否定反意疑问句回答中的Yes其实 际含义为“不”，No的实际含义为“是”。因此应选择的是B。
2.---Did your parents go to see the film yesterday evening? B ---No, we ____ stayed at home watching TV. A.both B.all C.either D.none
3.---I’m afraid I’ve got a headache. C --______? Wait there and I’ll get some medicine for you. A .Are you B. Aren’t you C. Have you D. Haven’t you
4. ---Have you finished your composition yet?
D ---No, I’ll finish it in ______ten minutes.
A. more B. less C. few D. another
B 5.---Four? A little ____. Say, a quarter to four, OK?
A.less B. later C.more D. earlier
根据题干提供的信息，先把一眼就看出的干扰的选项排除，缩 小选择范围，然后将剩余的选项填入空白处进行检验，辨别真 伪。例： 1.The girl asked the teacher_______. A.what does the museum looks like B.what did the museum look like C.what the museum looks like
D.what the museum looked like
本题主要考查宾语从句中的语序及时态的对应关系。主句动 词是过去时，从句的谓语动词也应是过去时的某种时态，故A、 C被排除。而B中有词序错误，所以D为正确答案。
2.--Did you see Betty at the party last night? C --Yes, she _____ a very nice skirt. A. wears B. wore C. was wearing D. had worn
3.---George looks strong! Has he ever been sick?
D ----He’s a superman. He_____ goes to the doctor.
3.—I went to the swimming pool just now, but it was closed. --It won’t be open today. They ____the water . A. are changing C.have changed B. were changing D. had changed
4.—Could you lend me some money? ---I’m sorry, I would if_______. A.none B. little C. any D.some
1. ---Would you like to have another cup of coffee?
A.Yes, I do
B. Not at all
D. Help yourself
本题主要考查简答交际用语的应答。对别人的邀请， 如果表示不接受时，应委婉说出，不能断然拒绝。 因此，选C 是最佳答案。
2.—Excuse me. May I use your
dictionary ? --_____. It’s over there, on the shelf. A A.Help yourself B. Here you are C.You ’re welcome D.It’s my pleasure
3.—Have a nice time in the holiday. D --_______. A.Of course I have B. The same to you C.What about you D.Of course I will
4. If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a
B drink and________.
A. take it easy C.don’t be nervous
B. make yourself at home D. be careful
A 5. ---There is coffee and tea, you can have_____.
---Thanks. A.either B.each C.one D.it
6.--It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now.
D ---OK. ______.
A. Take it easy
7.----What delicious food! A ----_______ A.I’m glad you enjoy it. B. Do you really think so? C. But I’m not good at cooking D.I’m proud of it.
8.—Thanks so much for your help. D ---_______.
A.It’s nice of you to say so C.Oh,forget it B.Nothing at all D. It’s my pleasure
9.—I had a really a good time at the party. D --_______.
A.You were lucky B. I’m very glad to hear that
C.Congratulations D.That’s very nice of you
真题演练： A 1. ----_____ was your holiday? ----Great. A.How B. How long C. How about D. What about
B 2.We will have a _______ holiday. A. three month B. three-month C. three-months’ D. three-months
B 3.He wanted to know _______.
A.when she will be back B. if she would be back soon C. if she will be back D. when would she be back 4.---How is everything going in the university, my boy? ---_______. D A.I’m all right, thanks B.Not at all C.Very good, thank you D. Not too bad, I guess
5.---I’d like to have a drink if you don’t mind.
A. Yes, what would you like?
B. Of course, I’d like, too.
C. Not at all. Help yourself, please.
D. No, I don’t have a drink. 6.---I’d like a pen which _____ well. A
---Will this one _____?
C. is written, do
D. is written,work
7.Do you know ______ he didn’t go to school yesterday? A. how B. where C. why D. which 8.Could you tell me how much____ to Beijing? A. it costs to fly B. does it cost to fly C. it spent to fly D.it spends to fly 9.---May I come round in the evening? A ---_________. A.Yes, do please B.No, you needn’t C.Yes, that’s right D.That’s all
A 10.He thinks ______ the students would like to read this kind of book. A. that B. if C. what D .whether or not
11.---Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
A ---_______. It hasn’t rained for a whole month! It’s too dry. A. I hope so B. I hope not C.I’m sure it will D. I’ll afraid it will
12.---Can I use your bike ? D ----_______.
A. Certainly not C.No, you can’t B. It’s a pity that you can’t now D.I’m sorry, but I’m going out myself
13.---Excuse me, can I smoke here? B ---_______. A. A.You mustn’t B. You’d better not C. I’m sorry, you can D. No
14.Mr Green _________ China for two years.
A. has been to
C. has gone to
B. has been in
D. has come to
21.Two weeks _______ not a long time.
B. is C. were D. will
22.Neither of us _______ the TV play. A. like B. love C. likes D. watch 23.The Japanese doesn’t know how to ___this words in English. A. speak B. talk C. tell D.say
24.The bed ______ 800 Yuan.
A. takes B. spends C. pays D.costs 25.—Do you know Lucy missed the film last night? ---Oh, _________. A .What a pity B. That’s OK
C. It’s nothing
D.It doesn’t matter
26. ---- A latest newspaper, please! ---- Only one copy left. Would you have ______, sir? A. it B. one C. this D. that
27. ---- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday. ---- Really? Where ______ he ______? A. has /gone B. will /go C. did / go D. does /go 28. ---- Shall we go on working? ---- Yes, ______ I prefer to have a rest. A. when B. if C. because D. though 29. ---- Shopping with me? ---- Sorry. I have a lot of clothes _____. A. to wash B. washed C. wash D. to be washed
30.---- It’s a long story, but you can hardly find new words in it. ---- Good! ______ it will be too hard for children. A. So B. And C. But D. Or
31.--What’s wrong with your TV set? --The picture out. A. won’t come B. can’t come C. doesn’t come D. hasn’t come
32.--Why are you so late? We’ve almost missed the train. --Sorry. I’ve kept you waiting. I for my ticket. A. was looking B. am looking C. looked D. have looked 33. —What about the sleeping pills I Don’t they work? —Yes, but not very . A. good B. well C. bad gave you?
34. —You ____ come and see us when you are in Beijing again. —Yes, I will. A. must B. need C. have to D. will 35.—There are different kinds of cameras here. Which type would you like? —I want ______ one. A. a new B. a newer C. the newest D. the newer
36.—There are different kinds of cameras here. Which type would you like? —I want ______ one. A. a new B. a newer C. the newest D. the newer 37.—What were you doing when Tony phoned you? —I had just finished my work and __to take a bath. A. had started B. started C. have started D. was starting
38.—Hey, Tom! We’re going to play football. Would you like to _____ us? —Why not? I’ll change my clothes right now. A. watch B. help C. follow D. join 39.—Do you think that learning English is not so hard as learning Chinese? —No, I don’t. ___ need to be learnt with hard working. A. All B. Both C. We D. They
40.—Computer is so useful. It can do almost everything! —Yes, but it ____ what to do. A. must be told B. will tell C. has to be known D. will know 41.－Can you repeat the address, please? －Lincoln Street, Number 12. ____? A. Got it B. Catch it C. Write it D. Understand it
42.－What do you think of the hotel? －Wonderful. You couldn’t have found ______. A. a good one B. a better one C. a best one D. the best one