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unit2how often do you exercise

发布时间:2013-09-20 10:49:47  

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

本单元重点句子读背

What do you usually do on weekends? I always exercise.

What do they do on weekends? They often help with housework.

What does she do on weekends? She sometimes goes shopping.

How often do you go to the movies? I go to the movies maybe once a month.

How often does he watch TV? He hardly ever watches TV.

Do you go shopping? No, I never go shopping.

用法

1) be good for对什么有益 2) be bad for对什么有害

3) want to do sth想做某事 4) want sb to do sth想某人做某事

5)try to do sth尽量做某事 6)help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

7)ask sb about sth 问某人关于某事

一.语法

一般现在时:一般现在时:表示通常性、规律性、习惯性的状态或者动作. 通常与副词sometimes, often, usually, always, every day (year, month ),等时间状语连用。

在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式,即常在动词原形后加-s或-es。主语不是第三人称单数,动词用原形。

例如:1.She has lunch at twelve. 她十二点吃午餐。2.Tom and Mike like waching TV.

肯定句: She often watches TV in the evening.

否定句(加助动词don’t 或doesn’t):She doesn’t often watches tv in the evening.

一般疑问句(把do或者does提前):Does she watches TV in the evening?

肯定回答: Yes, she does. 否定回答: No, she doesn’t.

动词的三单形式规则:

1)一般动词+s:make – makes;

2)以s、sh、ch、o、z、x结尾的动词+es:wash – washes go – goes;

3)以辅音字母加y结尾的动词改y为i再加es:fly – flies cry – cries;

4)以元音字母加y结尾的动词直接加s:play – plays。

写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式。

like drink _____ go _____ stay ____ study___ _ teach_____

make ______look ______have____ come_____ watch______ plant_____ fly _____ do_____

用括号内动词的适当形式填空。

1. He often ________(have) dinner at home.

2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One.

3. We_______(not watch) TV on Monday.

5. ______ they ________(like) pears?

6. _______ your parents _______(have) eggs every day?

7. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

18. Mike _______(like) cooking.

9. They _______(have) the same hobby. 11. This boy often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

___________________________________________________

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2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

___________________________________________________

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

____________________________________________________

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

__________________________________________________ (加拿大).(对划线部分提问)

___________________________________________________

7. She is a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

___________________________________________________

8. Simon and Daniel like to play sports .(改为否定句)

________________________________. 课前练习:短语翻译并记忆

1.在周末_________ 2.去看电影 _________ 3.去购物_________ 4.每天 _________

5.每星期三四次__________ 6.每月两次_________ 7.帮忙做家务_________

8.钢琴课 _________ 9.动物世界_________ 10.你最喜欢的节目 _________

11多久___________ 12去踩滑冰_____________ 13几乎从来不____________

14网上冲浪_____________ 15一周一次 _____________ 16在周末 ______________

17.至少_________________ 18.垃圾食品________________ 19.结果_______________

20.熬夜_________________ 21.例如_____________ 22.多于________________

23.少于_________________

2、根据需要填空:

1.The old man ____________(体育锻炼)every morning.

2.I often go shopping ____________ ____________(在周末).

3.That little boy ____________ (曾经)falls off that tall tree.

4.____________ ____________(多久一次)do you see your grandma?

5.He __________ _________ (几乎不曾)goes to restaurant for dinner.

6.I don't often _______ ______ ______ _____(看电影).I usually watch TⅤ.

7. 10. My favorite p__________is the CCTV news.

8. You should look after your______________ (健康).

3、填空:

1. Mary does some _______(shop) on Sundays.

2. Mike goes to see his grandparents _________(one) a week.

3. He didn’t go to school. He could ________(hard) read or write.

4. She _________(exercise) every day to keep healthy.

5 .How many _________(time) have you been to Beijing?

6.Eating junk food is bad for your ______(healthy).

7.Please find out the _____ (different) between this picture and that picture.

8.There is little light in the room. I can ______ (hard) see anything.

9. Mr Wang goes to Shanghai ______ (one) a year.

1. How often do you exercise? → 疑问词how often是问频率(多经常), 在这里助动词do(does或did) 是

起帮助构成疑问的作用

Every day / Once a week / Twice a month / Three times a month / Three or four times a month.

拓展: how的用法

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(1)情况如何(指身体健康状况)

How are you? How’s it going?

(2)how many,how much表示―多少‖。how many后接可数名词复数,how much接不可数名词。 How many times do you go to the park? How many apples are there on the table?

How much water do we need every day?

(3) how much表价格 How much are those tomatoes?

(4)how often是对动作发生的―次数‖提问,询问的是频率―多久一次‖

回答可以是:Every day./ Once a week./Three times a week./ Often./ ...

eg:How often do you play tennis? How often do you surf the internet.

(5) How long... ?询问的是时间长短―多长时间‖

回答可以是:About one hour./ ForThree hours. / Since thirty minutesago.

How long do you usually watch TV?你通常看多长时间电视?About one hour.

.(6)how far表示―多远‖对距离的提问

如:How far is it from your home to school? 你家离学校有多远? It’s about 2 kilometres. 或者It’s about 15 minutes’ ride/walk.

练习

1).―_____does he take this medicine?‖ ―Twice a day.‖ A. How soon B. How long C. How much D. How often

2) _______does your sister write to your parents?

A. How many B. How often c. How long D. How far

3) ________does it take you to finish you homework every day? A. How long B. How often C. How soon D. How much

4)-- How far is it from the bank to the post office? --- It’s _____.

A. five minutes walk B. an hour form here C. three kilometers far D. about one hundred meters

5)-- Excuse me, sir. ______ is it to the nearest hotel? --- About 15 minutes’ walk along this road.

A. How much B. How soon C. How long D. How far

6) _______ milk do you drink?

A. How many B. How much C.How often D. How soon

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用方框内的单词或短语完成下面的句子(有多余 选项)

Always, every day, often, sometimes, never, hardly ever

1) He _________.gets up at six o’clock.

2) How ________do you go to the movies?

3) It _______________rains here. It’s usually sunny and warm.

4) Some of my friends exercise every day and hardly ever eat junk food,but the others eat junk food ____________.

5) 1 can’t swim. So I ____________go to the beach to swim. Sometimes I go there with my friends to run.

3.what kind of dance are you learning?

Kind “种类”n “友善的” adj

拓展:(1)kind of用来修饰形容词,意为“稍微,几分”,是一个固定短语,

.

The panda is

(2)a kind of意为“一种‖,用在名词前。all kinds of “各种各样”

.大象是一种动物。

fish in the river.河里有各种各样的鱼。

(3 )kind用作形容词,意为“友善的”。常见结构be kind to sb.,意为―对某人和蔼(友好)‖。

4. (1) want to do sth. 想要做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人干某事

Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?

I want you to help me with my math.我想要你帮我学数学。

有很多动词后面用这种结构做动词的复合宾语:

ask sb. to do sth. 叫某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人去做某事

help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

(2)be good at doing sth. 擅长做某事=do well in 在….方面做得好

例子:I am good at English,but I am not good at listening.我擅长英语但是不擅长听力.

= I do well in English ,but I don’t do well in listening.

be good with sb. 善于与某人相处

例子:Are you good with old people?你善于和老人相处吗?

be good for 对…有好处 be bad for 对….有坏处

Eating vegetables is good for our health. 吃蔬菜对我们的健康有好处。

Eating junk food is bad for our health. 吃垃圾食品对我们的健康有坏处。

1)—Are you good ______ swimming?

—Yes, and I think I can help kids ______ it.

A. with; in B. with; with C. at; with D.with, at

2)Miss Read is good ________ music.She can be good ________ children in the music club.

A.at, at B.with, with C.at, with D.with, at

3)We want two good ________ our rock band.

A.music for B.musician in C.music in D.musicians for

4)My teacher wants me _________ hard.

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A.study B. studying C. to study D. studies

5)Eating fruit and vegetables _____________ our health.

A. is good to B. is good C.is good for D.is well for

6)Miss Liu is very ________, because she exercises every day.

A. health B. healthy C. unhealthy D. unhealth

7)Thank you for _______ me with my English.

A. help B. to help C.helping

8).Don’t read in bed. It’s bad ___ your eyes.

A. for B.of C. with

5. I .maybe / may be

maybe 是副词,意为―大概, 可能,或许‖,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为―可能是..,也许是..,大概是..‖.

①.The baby is crying, she is hungry. = The baby is crying, she _________ hungry.

②.The woman a teacher . = ______ the woman is a teacher.

hard / hardly hard作形容词,意为―困难的,艰苦的,硬的‖;作副词,意为―努力地,猛烈地‖。hardly意为―几乎不‖

(1). Tom studies _______.He _______plays with his friends.

A. hard; hard B. hardly; hardly C. Hard;hardly D. hardly; hard

(2)A: How often does Lara play the trumpet? B: _____ once or ________ a week, I’m not sure.

A. May be, twice B. Maybe, twice C. Maybe, two times D. May be, two time

(3)There are ________ pencils on the desk.You needn't buy one.

A. few B. little C. a few D. a little

(4)This math problem is so difficult that only ____students can work it out.

A. a few B .few C. a little D .little

6. spend意为―花费‖,常用来说明某人买某物花了多少钱或某人花了多少时间做某事,主语通常为人,常见的句子结构有两种:

a. sb spend some money/time on sth

She spends a lot of money on books. 她花很多钱买书。

b. sb spend some money/time (in) doing sth,其中介词in可以省略。

They spent two hours (in) looking for the cat. 他们花了两个小时找那只猫。

注意:take, pay与cost也可以表示―花费‖:

(1) take意为―花费‖,常用形式主语it,真正的主语是动词不定式,常见的句子结构有:

―It takes (took)+时间/金钱+动词不定式‖(表示―做某事花费了多少时间/金钱‖)和

―It takes+sb+时间/金钱+动词不定式‖(―做某事花费了某人多少时间/金钱‖)。

It’ll take only ten minutes to walk to the supermarket.只要十分钟,就可以走到那家超市。

It took Yang Liwei about 21 hours to circle the earth in his spaceship.

乘宇宙飞船环绕地球大约花费了杨利伟21个小时。

(2) pay的基本意思是―支付‖,主语是人,常与for连用。

How much did you pay for all these books? 这些书你是花多少钱买的?

(3)cost也可作―花费‖解,其主语是―物‖或―事‖,常用于sth cost (sb) some money结构。

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The dictionary costs me 40 yuan. 这本字典花了我40元钱。

练习:

the report

A. writing B. to write C. on writing D. write

2).--What beautiful shoes you’re wearing! They must be expensive.--No,they only___10 yuan.

A.spent B.took C.paid D.cost

3). --Will you please for my dinner Peter? --Sure!

A. spend B. pay C. cost D.take

4). It will me too much time to read this book.

A. take B. cost C. spend D.pay

5).This science book ____ me a great amount of money.

A. took B. cost C. used D. spent

课后作业

单项选择

(1)-_____ do you do your homework? --- Every day.

A.When B. How often C. How many times D. What time

(2) I visit my grandparents _________a month.

A. two time B. second time C. the second time D. twice

(3)One of my favorite programs ________ Animal World.

A. am B. is C.are D. don't

(4)She hardly ever ________ sports games _____ TV on Sunday evening..

A. watching ; over B. to watch; in C. watch; by D. watches , on

(5).I try to eat junk food once a week _____ I love it very much.

A. although B. through C. but

(6).Jenny _____ lifestyle.

A. has a healthy B. have a healthy C. has a health

(7).If you want to be healthier, you must eat ____ junk food, I think.

A. more B. less C. fewer

(8).I try ____ vegetables eleven times a week.

A. eat B. eating C. to eat

(9).Eating more vegetables helps you to keep ________ good health.

A. for B.in C. to

(10).Is Katrina's life the same ____ (和……相同)yours?

A. as B. to C. with

(11).--Sally, how often do you use the Internet ?-_________.

A. Twice a week 3. Three hours C. Two years ago D. This afternoon

(12). (2012,浙江宁波)-Zhang Lili , “ the most beautiful teacher”,has moved us deeply.

--Yes,and she is ___________popular with her students.

A.sometimes B. never C. Always D. hardly

(13). (2011,南京) -- __________do you watch TV every week?

--Less than two hours. I often have much homework to do.

A.How many B. How much C. How long D. How often

(14).Her father ________ time.

A. usually waste B. never wastes C. hardly ever waste D. always wasting

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(15) Wang Mei ____ music and often ____ to music.

A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening

(16). A: I’ll give the boys _______ to eat. B: Oh, I know fish and salad.

A. something healthy B. healthy something C. anything healthy D. healthy anything

(17). What _______ the differences between your habit and _____?

A. are, hers B. is, his C. does, her D. do, his

用下列适当的词填空(surf , program , once , result , health )

(1) My grandma is pretty _____ because she exercises every day.

(2) ---What's your favorite TV_______? --- It's CCTV news

(3) Here are the ______ of the students' activity at Hilltop School.

(4) He hardly ever ______ the Internet.

(5) ______ a year,they have a Christmas Party.

用所给词的正确形式填空

1. We often___________(play) in the playground.

2. He _________(get) up at six o’clock.

3.__________you_________(brush) your teeth every morning.

4. What______ he usually_______(do) after school?

5. Danny ______ (study) English,Chinese,Maths,Science and Art an school.

6. Mike sometimes __________(go) to the park with his sister.

7. At eight at night, she __________(watch) TV with his parents.

8. ________ Mike________(read) English every day?

9.How many lessons______ your classmate______(have) on Monday?

10. What time_______ his mother_______(do) the housework?

11. Mike _______(like) cooking.

12. They _______(have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully.

14. You always _______(do) your homework well.

15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed.

16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday.

17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE.

18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening.

19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term.

20. -What day _______(be) it today?- It’s Saturday.

完形填空

Bob wants to get some money. He finds a job at a shop. Every day he some work after school. he works day. Every day after school, he takes a bus to the shop. He there at 4:00. At the shop he cleans and washes vegetables, , then puts them in bags. he sweeps the floor. Bob likes his work. He works 4 to 6.Then he goes home. He supper at half past six. After supper he studies. He is usually tired , he goes to bed early.

56. A. finishes B. does C. gets D. has

57. A. on B. in C. for D. at

58. A. the B. other C. all D. a

59. A. gets B. gets to C. comes D. comes to

60. A. eats them B. puts away them

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C. waters them D. puts them away

61. A. Some time B. Sometime C. sometimes D. /

62. A. at B. on C. from D. between

63. A. eat B. has C. does D. have

64. A. before the night B. after school

C. before supper D. at night

65. A. So B. But C. For D. And

阅读理解

Fruit is good for people. Many people eat some fruit every day. Mr and Mrs Green like fruit very much and every Monday Mrs Green goes to buy some fruit in the shop near her house. The man in the shop knows her well and helps a lot.She can buy all kinds of fruit there, apples, pears, oranges and bananas. ln different time of the year, the price of each kind of fruit is not the same,sometimes high,sometimes low. Mrs Green wants to buy cheap fruit. But Mr Green only likes bananas. She buys bananas for him every week. She only buys cheap fruit for herself.

( )l. When does Mrs Green go to buy some fruit?

A. Saturday' B. Monday. C. Thursday.

( )2. Where does Mrs Green buy fruit?

A. ln the shop near her house. B. In the town. C. Near the shop

( )3. Mrs Green buys ____for Mr Green.

A. pears B. apples C. bananas

( )4. Which of following is not right?

A. Fruit is good for peopIe. B. Mrs Green buys apples for herself C. Mrs Green can buy all kinds of fruit.

( )5. ln different time of the year,the price of each kind of fruit is______.

A. the same B. not the same C. high

We all need to exercise. Doctors say it is good for us. It makes your heart and body strong. It also gives you more energy. And you will feel better about yourself. lt's best to exercise twice ’ week. Twenty minutes each time is enough.

There are many ways to exercise. You can walk,run,play sports,or swim. Many people go to special places to exercise.They are ca1led "fitness centers." These p―aces have a lot ‖f equipment. Some People buy equipment for their homes. But it is very expensive.

Exercising can be fun. Friends can exercise together at a fitness center. Or they can play sports together. How do you exercise ?

( )1. What is the main idea?

A. Exercise equipment is expensive. B. Playing sports is a good way to exercise.

C. Every person shou1d exercise.

( )2. We should exercise ________.

A. every day B. 2O minutes a week C. twice a week

( 3. At fitness centers,________.

A. you can buy expensive equipment B. people can do many kinds of exercising C. it is very expensive

( )4. Which of these kinds of exercising is not in the article?

A. Dancing. B. Swimming. C. Sports.

( )5. Which of these sentences about exercising is true?

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A. Exercising is expensive. B. Exercise is good for your heart. C. Only doctors exereise.

Bill is a tricycle driver. Yesterday afternoon when he wason the road. Suddenly ,a foreigner bike. Bill got off his He thought the foreigner was his customer. Bill couldn’t

twenty yuan for the trip, but Bill didn’t. Then the foreigner decided to pay (支付)7 yuan. Bill agreed. To Bill’s surprise, the foreigner began to8. the tribicycle and he asked Bill to sit on the seat. Bill was very puzzled(迷惑的), he understand(理解) why the foreigner paid the money for riding the bike. Look, the foreigner was sowhen he rode the bike.

书面表达。

根据下列班级活动调查表,用英语写一篇文章。

( All students=100℅ Most students=51℅-99℅ Some students = 1℅-50℅ No students = 0℅)

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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