I used to be afraid of the dark.
Tell your partner about a time your parents helped you with a problem. Make notes. Example: didn’t use to study hard at school — got
bad grades — father helped him to understand that it
was important to do well at school
II. 根据短文内容, 选出最佳选项。 1. How was their life after Martin’s father died?
2. Why did Martin make a lot of trouble after
his father died?
A. Because he missed his father.
B. Because he wanted to make his mother pay
more attention to him. C. Because his mother wasn’t strict with him.
D. Because he didn’t have enough food to eat.
3. What changed Martin’s life at last?
A. His mother's love. B. His teacher's speech.
C. His friend's help.
D. The police's advice.
4. How is Martin at school now?
A. He is working hard. B. He is a top student in his class.
C. He is often late for school.
D. A and B.
5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? his father died.
A. Martin Murray was 15 years old when B. Martin's mother used to dislike him. C. Martin might be a good boy before his father's death. D. Martin was interested in doing his homework after his father's death.
death n. 死, 死亡
It was a matter of life and death to them.
The car accident caused many deaths.
That failure meant the death of all my hopes. 那次失败毁灭了我所有的希望。
到目前为止,我们学过许多表示“死,死亡”的不同 词性的词, 总结如下: ◆die是瞬间动词,意为“死亡”,不能与表示一段时 间的时间状语连用。
◆dead是形容词,意为“死了的,枯了的”, 既可以作 表语也可以作定语, 可与表示一段时间的时间状 语连用。
◆dying是die的现在分词, 可以用作形容词, 意为 “垂死的, 即将死去的”。
用die, dead, death或dying填空。
1. I’m very sorry to hear about your grandfather’s death _____. dead 2. The fish has been ________ for two hours. dying 3. The dog is ______. Its owner is trying to save it. 4. The man is going to ______. His children are die all very sad.
cause可以用作动词, 意为“造成, 引起”。
What caused his illness?
是什么使他生病？ Unfortunately, Martin still caused problems for himself and his family. 遗憾的是,马丁仍然给自己和家人带来麻烦。
cause可用于cause sb. sth. (给某人带来……) 和 cause sb. to do sth. (使某人做某事)结构中。
His unhealthy diet caused him some illness.
I'm afraid I'm causing you much trouble.
What caused you to do that?
cause还可以用作名词, 意为“原因”,相当于 reason。
Smoking is one of the causes of heart disease. 吸烟是引起心脏病的原因之一。
What was the cause of the accident?
You have no cause to complain.
同义句转换。 1. He brought some trouble to his parents. caused for He _______ some trouble ____ his parents. 用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。 to change 2. What caused her __________ (change) her ideas? 从括号内选择正确的单词填空。 result 3. Global warming is the ______ (cause; result) of pollution.
give up意为“放弃”,后面可以接名词或动 词-ing形式作宾语。 Luckily, his mother was very patient and didn’t give up trying to help him. 幸运的是,他的妈妈非常耐心,并且没有放 弃尽量帮助他。 I wish I could give up drinking.
give up是动副短语,如果宾语是名词,既可以 将其放在give与up的中间,也可以放在give up的后面。 We won’t give up this project.
= We won’t give this project up. 我们不会放弃这项工程。 如果宾语是代词,则必须将其放在give与up 之间。
Don’t give him up. 不要放弃他。
用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。 doing 1. Don’t give up ______ (do) that. 翻译句子。 2. 这项工作很难,我想放弃它。 ___________________________________ This job is very hard, and I want to give it up. ___________________________________
pay attention to意为“对……注意,留心”,在这里to 是介词,后面可以接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。
Tom pays much attention to that beautiful girl. 汤姆很注意那个漂亮的女孩。 I have tried to make my mother pay more attention to me. 我试着让我的妈妈更关注我。
You should pay attention to spelling this word.
Place in reading
How was he able to change
and didn’t give up trying to help him That’s when I decided to change
after his father’s death a few years ago
Even the teacher agreed that Martin was wasting his time
Check true or false.
1. Martin is still a bad boy.
2. There wasn’t enough money for the family.
3. Martin finally understood what his problem was.
4. Martin’s father didn’t use to help him.
5. What his mother said didn’t change Martin’s mind.
Think of things you used to do and you do now. Then list all the information about your group.
IN THE PAST
1. Tian Jun didn’t use to 1. He plays basketball play basketball. He used every week. He doesn’t
to play tennis.
2. 3. 4.
play tennis any more.
2. 3. 4.
Imagine you are going to start a club to
help students who are not interested in school work. Think of two activities you can do with them, and discuss why it might help them.
1. go and visit hist
to make learning history
places near the school
a real experience