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英语八年级上unit5—unit8知识点总结

发布时间:2013-12-01 10:32:57  

八年级上Unit 5——Unit 8知识点复习

7. Then, put the turkey in a hot oven and cook it for a few hours. 然后,把火鸡放入一个热烤箱烤上几个小时。

a few意为“一些;几个”,修饰可数名词复数,相当于several或some,表示肯定概念。 I have a few books about English. 我有几本关于英语的书。 a few,few,a little与little

There are few eggs in the fridge, so I must buy some. 冰箱里几乎没有鸡蛋了,所以我必须去买一些。

There are a few eggs in the fridge, so I needn’t buy any at once. 冰箱里还有几个鸡蛋,所以我不必立刻去买。

There’s little rice in the bowl. 碗里没多少米饭了。

I can only speak a little French. 我只会说一点法语。

练习

1. There are_____ birds in that big tree.

A. hundreds of B. five hundreds of C. five hundred of D. hundred of

already.

A. two bread B. two breads C. two pieces of bread D. two piece of bread

3. The _____ meeting room is near the reading room.

A. teacher B. teacher’s C. teachers’ D. teachers

4. It's dark (暗的) in the room. Please ______the light.

A. turn on B. turn up C. turn down D. turn off

5. Don't ______the milk into the cup. It's full.

A. peel B. pour C. leave D. drink

6. You can ______ some sugar ______ the water.

A. add; / B. add; into C. add; to D. add up to; /

7. —The banana is too big. —You can ______ first.

A. cut up them B. cut them up C. cut it up D. cut up it

8. This newspaper is very easy for the students because there are_____ new words in it.

A. little B. a little C. few D. a few

9. There______ a football match tomorrow.

A. will be B. is going to have C. has D. will has

10. He will come to our school again _______.

A. after 3 days B. in 3 days C. 3 days ago D. before 3 days

11. My friend, Henry, was born _____June 10,1997.

A. In B. on C. at D. for

12. —Could you please show me ______.

—Sure, no problem.

A. How I can use the computer

B. How can I use the computer

C. What I can use the computer

13. Why not _____a meeting at once?

A. have B. to have C. having D. had

14. Lin Tao and Ling Hai ______a swim tomorrow.

A. are going to has B. is going to have C. are having D. are going to have

15. Next Monday Lily _____ to Paris on vacation.

A. is going B. goes C. go D. went

三.Grammar

(一) 动词不定式作宾语

动词不定式是一种非谓语动词形式,其结构为“to+动词原形”,其中to不是介词,而是动词不定式的符号,称为小品词,动词不定式没有人称和数的变化。动词不定式和其后面的名词等构成动词不定式短语,在句子中可以作主语、表语、补足语、定语、状语等。今天我们重点学习后接动词不定式作宾语的常见动词。

1. 动词+ 不定式:want,hope,decide,agree,choose,would like,plan,fail等这些动词只能用动词不定式作宾语。

e.g. (1) The driver failed to see the other car in time. 司机没能及时看见另一辆车。

(2) I happen to know the answer to your question. 我碰巧知道你那道问题的答案。

(3) I decided to go to the countryside on vacation. 我决定去农村度假。

2. 动词+疑问词+不定式:know,ask,show,teach,think,guess,find out,understand等动词或短语后可用疑问词加动词不定式结构。

e.g. (1) Please teach me how to play the piano. 请教我怎么弹钢琴。

(2) I must think what to do next. 我必须考虑下一步做什么。

3. 动词+不定式∕动名词:

(1) like,love,begin,start等动词后既可以接动词不定式也可以接动名词形式,意义上差别不大。

e.g. I like singing, but I don’t like to sing now. 我喜欢唱歌,但是我现在不想唱歌。

(2) stop,forget,remember,try 等动词后面既可以接不定式也可以接动名词,但是意义上有差别。

1 stop to do sth. 表示“停下来去做某事” ○

stop doing sth. 表示“停止正在做的事”

e.g. I’m tired. Let’s stop to have a rest. 我累了,让我们停下来休息一下。

It’s time for class. Stop talking. 到上课的时间了,别说话了。

2 forget to do sth. 表示“忘记去做某事” ○

forget doing sth. 表示“忘记做过某事”

e.g. Don’t forget to close the door. 不要忘记关门。

I forgot telling you that before. 我忘记以前告诉过你这件事了。

3 remember to do sth. 表示“记住去做某事” ○

remember doing sth. 表示“记得做过某事了”

e.g. We must remember to turn off the TV. 我们一定要记住关上电视。

I remembered sending you some letters. 我记得给你寄了信了。

4 try to do sth 表示“设法做某事(下了点决心)还没做” ○

try doing sth 表示“尝试做某事(只是试试看)”

e.g. I must try to make a cake. 我一定要努力制作一个蛋糕。

I tried making a cake but failed. 我试着做了一个蛋糕,但是失败了。

4. 动词+it+形容词+动词不定式:find,think,feel等动词后+it+形容词+动词不定式,其中it为形式宾语,动词不定式为真正的宾语。

e.g. I find it difficult to learn English. 我发现学习英语很难。

(二) 一般将来时

概念:表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反复发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如tomorrow,next week,next year,in the future等。

我们除了用“be going to+动词原形”以表示一般将来时外,我们还可以用“will+动词原形”表示一般将来时。

1.“主谓(宾)句型”的一般将来时:

肯定句:主语+ will +动词原形+(宾语)+其他。

Some day people will go to the moon.

否定句:在will 的后面加not即可。will not 可缩写为 won’t。

They won’t use books.

一般疑问句:把will 提到句子主语之前,结尾变问号。

Will students go to school in the future?

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+will +主语+动词原形+其他?

What will your dream school have?

2. There be句型的一般将来时

肯定句:There will be +名词+其他成分。

There will be only one country.

否定句:在will后面加not.

There won’t be only one country.

一般疑问句:把will提到there之前。

Will there be only one country?

Yes, there will. / No, there won’t.

特殊疑问句:疑问词∕词组+一般疑问句?

When will there be a nice basketball match?

3. 一般将来时的主要用法:

(1) 表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态:

We will come to see you the day after tomorrow.

There will be a wonderful show next week.

(2) 表示将来某一段时间内经常的动作或状态:

The students will come and work in the lab once a week.

We will come and work in this factory every year.

4. 一般将来时两种基本句式的区别:

他们主要区别在于“be going to+动词原形”表示一个事先考虑好的意图,相当于“打算、计划、准备”,而will则表示未经事先考虑的意图。

练习

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going to be D. will go to be

2. Tom ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t work C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

4. There ________ a dolphin(海豚) show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be

5. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.

A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give

6. ________ a concert next Saturday?

A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

7. We ________ the work this way next time.

A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing

8. ________ you ________ free next Sunday?

A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be

9. The train ________ at 11.

A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving

10. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.

A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. are going to watch

四.课后作业

I. 单项选择

twice a day.

A .our tooth B. our tooths C. teeth D. our teeth

2. —I'd like to eat ______ bread. —Here you are.

A. many B. a C. a slice of D. two

3. That magazine A. comes out B. comes up C. comes over D. comes true

4. — What happened —I happened meet my old friend, Lucy.

A. to, to B. with, to C. to, with D. with, with

5. Does John want talk show?

A. to watch B. watch C. watches D. watchs

6. ,he made 87 cartoons with Mickey.

A. In 1930s B. In the 1930s C. In the 1930 D. On the 1930s

7. November 18,1978, Mickey became famous.

A. In B. At C. On D. Of

8. It’s difficult______ this question.

A. to answer B. answer C. answering D. answered

9. I want a coat the same ______yours.

A. like B .as C. for D. from

10. If you work hard, your dream to be an actor will come true______.

A. in the future B. in a future C. in future D. at the future II. 句型转换

1. You can drink some tea. (改为祈使句)

______some tea, ______. 不可数)(对划线部分提问) ______ ______ salad do they need?

3. We like tomatoes.(改为一般疑问句)

______ you ______ tomatoes?

4. Check your answers again.(改为否定句)

______ ______ your answers again. (对划线部分提问)

______ do you ______ the pizza? 对划线部分提问)

is he going to ?

7. My father wants to be a pilot. (写出一般疑问句)

your father 8. It’s a good time to make resolutions at the beginning of the year. (写出同义句)

resolutions.

9. Will you make a model plane for her? (写出同义句)

you to make a model plane for her?

10. The resolution is so hard that he can’t keep it. (写出同义句)

The resolution is III. 阅读理解

The best known vegetable in the world is the potato. It grows in many places and does not need rich soil like many other crops. But until four hundred years ago the potato was not known to the Europeans. But today it’s one of the main foods in Europe. About half of the world’s potatoes are grown in Europe.

In France the potato was not grown for a long time. Here is a story about Louis. In 1778 he saw some potato flowers for the first time. He liked them so much that he picked one and put it in his buttonhole. He was interested in the flowers not the potatoes themselves.

根据短文内容判断对错。

( ) 1. Potatoes are grown and eaten in Europe.

( ) 2. The potatoes are grown only in the rich soil.

( ) 3. Louis was the first man to eat the potato.

( ) 4. At first the Europeans grew potatoes to eat.

( ) 5. Louis liked the potato flowers better than the potatoes.

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