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初三unit7

发布时间:2013-12-01 12:24:30  

Unit7 Where would you like to visit?

Section A

1.tiring adj.引起疲劳的、累人的

Eg: The work is very tiring.

辨析tiring和tried

2. I’d like to trek through the jungle…

(1)trek v. (缓慢或艰难地)旅行,长途跋涉 其过去式和过去分词都为 trekked, 现在分词trekking.

Eg: Our medical workers trekked through high mountains to collect valuable medicinal herbs. 我们的医务人员踏遍高山峻岭采集珍贵药材。

(2) through 介词,意为“穿过,通过(指上空)”

辨析: through, across, cross与over

The Great Wall winds its way from west to east, across the deserts, over the mountains, through the valleys, till at last it reaches the sea.

长城从西到东,穿过沙漠,越过高山,蜿蜒而行,最后直达大海。

3.TAKE IT EASY ON A FLORIDA BEACH!在佛罗里达的州的海滩上放松!

take it easy 意为“从容;轻松;不紧张”,为固定短语,常用作安慰或鼓励别人是的用语。其中,it作take的宾语,easy是形容词做宾语补足语。该短语常用于祈使句或构成动词不定式短语。

Take it easy! We will take care of everything.别着急!一切有我们来处理。

The doctor told me to take it easy for a few weeks.

4. I love places where the people are really friendly.

(1) where 此处用作关系副词,指地点,在句中引导定语从句,修饰先行词 places,并在从句中充当地点状语。

eg: The hotel where we stayed wasn’t clean.

Have you been to the small town where you were born?

That is the house where he lived ten years ago.

(2)friendly adj. 友好的 其比较级和最高级分别为friendlier, friendliest或more friendly,the most friendly.常用短语: be friendly to sb

We should be friendly to our classmates.

5. I hope to see Niagara Falls some day.

(1) hope v. 希望、盼望、期待,其后接不定式作宾语,即hope to do或者跟that 从句,不能用hope sb to do 的形式。

We hope to see you soon.

I hope they can help us.

在简略答语中,hope之后可接so表示“希望如此”,接not表示“希望不是这样” --Will he be back tonight?

-- I hope so.

--Will the teacher report you to the headmaster?

--I hope not.

(2) someday或some day是指将来的某一天,用于将来时,而one day表示“有一天”,它既可指将来的某一天,也可指过去的某一天,常用于将来时或过去时。

I hope my dream will come true some day/ someday.

I met my best friend in the street one day.

6. I’d like to go somewhere relaxing.

(1) somewhere relaxing意为“令人放松的地方”。在英语中形容词修饰不定代词、不定副词时后置。

(2)relaxing adj.令人放松的,用来修饰物;relaxed adj. 感到放松的,用来修饰人。其动词形式为relax“放松”

We feel relaxed after a relaxing vacation.

(1)why not do…?=why don’t you do…?表建议,为什么不做……

Why not go to Qingdao for vacation?= Why don’t you go to Qingdao for vacation?

表建议的句型还有:

Let’s do…让我们做…… Let’s go shopping.

Shall we do….我们做……好吗? Shall we go to France.

What about…?/ How about….? ……怎么样? How about visiting Hong Kong?

(2)consider v.考虑 相当于think about, 后跟名词、代词、动名词、宾语从句或“疑问词+不定式”作宾语。但其后不能直接跟动词不定式做宾语。

Please ~ my suggestion.

I’m ~ing changing my job.

He has never considered how to solve the problem.

consider还有“认为”的意思,相当于think。

We all ~ that the music is well worth listening to.

后接动名词作宾语的动词及短语

完成,实践,值得,忙( finish, practice, be worth, be busy);

考虑,建议,不禁,想(consider, suggest, can’t help, feel like);

错过,习惯,(别)放弃( miss, be used to, give up);

继续,喜欢,(要)介意( keep on, enjoy, mind)

Section B (1)take a trip 相当于have a trip,意为“旅行”;而be on a trip意为“在旅行“。

eg: I will take a trip tomorrow.

If I have money, I will take a trip around the world.

(2)in介词,在此意为“位于”,表示在某范围之内;to表示在某范围之外,且相隔;on表示“毗邻,接壤,在… …之畔”。

eg: Beijing is in the north of China.

in, on, to表示方位时的区别:B is in the east of A.

C is on the east of A . D is to the east of A.

(3)eastern adj.东部的;来自东部的。其名词为east,东部。

China is an eastern country. can offer.

Provide v. 提供,供给,供应,常与介词with连用,provide sb. with sth.提供给某人某物。provide的宾语是被提供的东西,for的宾语是接受这些东西的人等。

The sun provides us with light and heart.= The sun provides light and heart for us.

辨析offer, provide, supply

(1) mind v. 介意,反对,常用于疑问句、否定句或条件句中。其后跟名词或动名词作宾语,

不跟不定式

Eg: I don’t mind the cold.

Do you mind giving me a glass of water.

(2) we don’t mind how far we have to go 是一个含有宾语从句的复合句,宾语从句how far we have to go用陈述语序.

4. ……

Especially adv.尤其,特别

eg: I hate getting up early ,especially in winter.

注意:specially和especially形似义近,但用法有区别。Specially意为“专门、特地”,多指为了某一特别的目的而做事,主要用来修饰动词;especially意为“尤其、特别”侧重强调某方面的特别,可修饰多种成分,用于被强调的词之前。

Eg: the weather has been especially cold. I came specially to see you.

最近天气特别冷。我特地来看你。 inexpensive adj. 便宜的,不贵的,同义词为cheap,反义词为expensive

物品的贵贱用expensive 或 cheap

价格的高低用high 或low own meals. 意为“一个带厨房的房间”,其中with a kitchen 是介词短语做后置定语,修饰room.

Do you know the man with a camera?

(2) save …by…意为“通过… …方式节省…….”

Please save electricity by switching off the lights on bright days.

请通过白天关灯的方式来节约用电。

7.Could you please give me some suggestions for vacation spots?你能给我一些关于度假地点的建议吗?

(1)Could you please……?/ Would (Will) you please……?是一种表示请求的句型,意为“请你……好吗?” 语气比较委婉客气。

(2) suggestion 是动词suggest的名词形式,此处用作可数名词,意为“建议”。

I have a suggestion to make.

做不可数名词时意为“建议(这一行为),暗示;联想”

I went there at/on your suggestion.

8. Also, please let us know if it’s best to travel by plane, train or bus.

let’s 用于提出建议,其中us包括对方在内; let us 请求对方允许,不包括对方在内。

9. We’d like to be away for about three weeks.

away adv. 离开,不在家,常和联系动词be连用,构成系表结构合成谓语。

Eg: I will be away for a week.

注意: leave 与be away 的相互转换

He left China three years ago.

He has been away from China for three years.

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