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--※九年级英语Unit9 when was it invented?讲解及练习 注：当不与冠词a 连用时，两者可以互用 如：I am very happy.=== I am quite happy. 我非常高兴。 18. in the way 这样 1. 被动语态 19. pleased adj. 表示外部因素引起人发自内心的欣慰和愉快 (1). 被动语态表示句子的主语是谓语动词所表示的动作承受者。 pleasant adj. 愉快 高兴 指天气、时间、旅行令人高兴愉快 (2). 被动语态基本结构：be+及物动词的过去分词 please v. 使高兴 使同意 (如果是不用物动词，其过去分词应带有相应的介词) 20. battery—operated adj. 电池控制的是名词+动词的运动分词构成的合成形容词 (3). 被动语态中的be 是助动词，有人称、数和时态的变化。 21. in the sixth century 在第6世纪 一般现在时被动语态为：am/is/are+过去分词 22. travel around 周游 一般过去时被动语态为：was/were+ 过去分词 23. more than === over 超过 如： more than 300 == over 300 超过300 与情态动词连用的被动语态：情态动词+ be + 过去分词 24. including prep. 介词 包括 可以与名词和动名词连用 (4). 被动语态中动作的发出者或执行者做介词by的宾语，放在句末，by 表示“由，被”的意思 如何理解 如: Six people, including a baby, were hurt. 6个人包括一个小孩受伤了。 被动语态？ 为取胜更清晰、更深刻地理解被动语态的含义，可以将主动语态和被动语态的句子结构进行比较。 25. have been played 被上演 是现在完成时的被动语态 主动语态： 主语+ 谓语动词 + 宾语 + 其他成分 现在完成时的被动语态的结构：have /has been +过去分词 26. be born 出生 He was born in Canada. 他在加拿大出生 被动语态： 主语+ be +过去分词 + by +宾语 +其他成分 27. safety n. 安全 safe adj. 安全的 如： Many people speak English. 28. knock into 撞上(某人) 29. divide sth. into … 将…划分成..通常指将一个整体分成几个对应相对的部分 如： 被动语态 English is spoken by many people. Let’s divide ourselves into 4 groups. 让我们把我们自己划成4组。 2. 本单元要掌握的句型 见课本P69 中的Grammar Focus 30. since then 自从那以后常与完成时态连用 如：Since then, I have left Beijing. 自从那以后，我已经离开了北京。3. invent v. 发明 inventor n. 发明家 invention n. 发明 可数名词 练习： 4. be used for doing用来做…(是被动语态) 如： Pens are used for writing. 笔是用来写的。 1、Stamps are used for ______(send)letters. Pens aren’t used for eating. 笔不是用来吃的。 2、Would you like something ______(eat)? 5. 给某人某样东西give sth. to sb. 如：I gave a pen to him. 我给他一支笔。 3、There are too many patients in the _____ (wait)room. give sb. sth. I gave him a pen. 我给他一支笔。 4、Would you like to drink some _____ (boil/boiling/boiled/) water? 6. all day 整天 7. salty adj. 咸的 salt n. 盐 5、The temple(寺庙) was built over two thousand years ago. (同义替换划线部分) 8. by mistake 错误地 如： I took the umbrella by mistake. 我不小心拿错了雨伞。 6、Maybe you can ____ the problem_____ _____ ______ .(也许你能够用另外一种方法解决这个问题。) 9. make sb./sth. +形容词 使…怎么样 It made me happy. 它使我高兴 7、This _____(深受喜爱的)sport has become more and more popular. make sb./sth. +名词 让…做… It made me laugh. 它让我发笑 8、据说这棵树已经有一千多年了。 It ____ _____ that the tree is _____ _____ 1000 years old. 10. by accident 意外 偶然 I met her by accident at bus stop. 我在公共汽车站意外地见到了她。 9.We taught the foreigners how _____(use) chopsticks. 11. not…until… 直到…才做… 如：I didn’t go to bed until I finished my work. 我直到完成我的工作才去睡觉。 10.The number of the sports players of China _____(be) 700. 12. according to +名词 根据… 如： according to an legend 根据一个神话 11.If you add a little more salt to the soup ,it would be _____. according to this article根据这篇文章 13. over an open fire 野饮 A.more much delicious B.much more delicious C.much delicious; D.very more delicious 14. leaf n. 叶子 复数形式 leaves 12.选择：15. nearby adj. 附近的 如： the nearby river ①at least;②by mistake;③fall in love with;④knock into;⑤take part in;⑥fall behind; (1)If you don't study as hard as yo16. fall into 落入 掉进 如：The leaf fell into the river. 叶子落入了河里。fall down 摔倒 u did before,you will _____ in your studies. (2)Sorry,I took your book ______. (3)Seeing the cartoon,she _____ it. (4)B 如：She fell down from her bike. 她从她自行车摔倒了。 e careful!Or you may ____ others. (5)Everyone should ____ the tree-planting program. 17. quite 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时，冠词a必须放在它的后面 如：quite a beautiful girl 一个漂亮的女孩 (6)After quite a few failures,he invented the first electric bulbs ____ . very 非常 adv. 与冠词a连用时，冠词a必须放在它的前面 单项选择 如： a very beautiful girl 一个漂亮女孩 1. Sunglasses are used protecting your eyes. A. from B. by C. to D. for 第 1 页 （共4 页） 第 2 页 （共4 页）
2. the weather report, it will be snowy tomorrow. like this because we do not want to take other children home by mistake（错误）.When there are other
A. Because of B. Instead of C. According to D. Hearing children among ours, it is easy to see them because their clothes are different.”
3. I met a friend of mine in the street yesterday. 根据短文内容，选择正确答案。
A. by accident B. by the end C. by mistake D. by car 26. One day ______.
﹡4. Did the police catch the thief ?A. on the end B. by the end C. at the end D. in the end A. Mr. Robinson met a woman teacher with 10 school children
5. he isn’t tall enough, he is good at basketball.A. Because B. After C. Although D. Since B. Mr. Robinson met 10 children with their mother
6. The beef so delicious that I like to eat some more.A. tastes B. smells C. feels D. sounds C. the mother met Mr. Robinson with 10 school children
7. There was an important meeting last night. Mr Smith to it. D. the mother met Mr. Robinson with his 10 children
A. invites B. invited C. was invited D. is invited 27. －Why was Mr. Robinson surprised when he saw the ten children? －Because he saw that______. ﹡8. In our school library there a number of books on science and the number of them A. they all had the same look B. they were all the mother’s children growing larger and larger. A. is; are B. are; is C. has; is D. have; are C. the woman had so many children D. they were all dressed in the same way
9. If you someone, you should say “I’m sorry”. 28. When did the mother begin to dress her children in the same clothes?
A. knock at B. knock over C. knock into D. knock out A. Just after she had the fourth child. B. Just before the mother had ten children. ﹡10. Many boys and girls are made what they’re not . C. When she met Mr. Robinson in the street.
A. do; interesting B. to do; interesting C. do; interested in D. to do; interested in D. When she didn’t want to take other children home by mistake.
11. that some foreigners will come to visit our village. 29. According to the story, we know that_____.
A. It is said B. They are said C. That is said D. Who is said A. all the ten children are boys who are wearing the same clothes
12. I took the wrong train. I didn’t even know it half an hour later. A. to B. until C. by D. after B. all the woman’s children are girls who are in the same clothes
13. — , you can work out the problem easily.—I see. Thank you. C. the children’s clothes had the same colour
A. On the way B. In this way C. By the way D. In a way D. the ten children are both the woman’s and Mr. Robinson’s children
﹡14. I noticed them the teachers’ office just now. 30. When the woman has ten children, she dresses them in the same clothes because______.
A. went into B. go into C. are going into D. came out A. the mother wants to show it to Mr. Robinson B. she doesn’t want to take other children by mistake ﹡15. Can you tell me ？ C. she wants to take them to walk in the street D. it’s very easy to find them in the street
A. who the machine invented B. who the machine invented by 书面表达
C. who the machine was invented by D. who was the machine invented by 根据下面的提示，写一篇关于“汉堡包”这一发明的文章。词数不少于60。
阅读理解 内容提示：1. 以前西方人吃面包、肉和蔬菜；2. 一位欧洲人在面包中加入肉和蔬菜；
One day Mr. Robinson saw a woman in the street with ten children. He was very surprised because all 3. 是一位来自德国汉堡的人把它带到了美国，故被称作“汉堡”；4. 很受人们的喜爱，尤其是年轻the children were wearing the same clothes—white hats, blue coats and white pants. 人。参考词汇：欧洲人European；汉堡hamburg；德国Germany；德国人German “Are all those children yours? ”he asked the woman. There was no hamburger in the world before. Westerners ate bread, meat and vegetables. One day a “Yes, they are,” she answered. European put several pieces of meat and some fresh vegetables between two pieces of bread. He ate it “Do you always dress them in the same clothes?”asked Mr. Robinson. and it tasted delicious. So a kind of food was invented in this way. Later a man from the city of “Yes,” answered the mother,“When we had only four children, we dressed them in the same clothes hamburger in Germany brought it to America. And soon it became a kind of popular American food. because we didn’t want to lose any of them. It was easy to see our children when they were among（在……Now many people, especially young people , like hamburgers very much.
中间）others because they were all wearing the same clothes. And now, when we have ten, we dress them
第 3 页 （共4 页） 第 4 页 （共4 页）
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