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直接引语与间接引语

发布时间:2013-12-02 09:02:09  

直接引语变间接引语

引述别人的话时,一般采用两种方式:一是引用别人的原话, 把它放在引号内,称为直接引语间接引语就是用自己的话转 述别人的话,这叫作间接引语。应注意: (一)时态的变化:主句中的谓语动词如果是过去时态,直接 引语中的谓语动词的时态须做下列变化:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

一般现在时变为一般过去时
(但直接引语是客观事实、永恒真理,变成间接引语时, 时态不变。 例如:They told their son :”The earth goes around the sun.” They told their son that the earth goes around the sun.)。 现在进行时变为过去进行时; 现在完成时变为过去完成时; 一般过去时则不变; 过去完成时则不变,仍是过去完成时;

一般将来时变为过去将来时

人称的变化:要根据句子 意思改变人称,如:I--he,she; we--they等等

? 三)指示代词、时间状语、地点状语的变 化: ? this--that; these--those; now-then; yesterday--the day before; today--that day; tomorrow--the next day; ? next week(month, year)--the next week(month,year); ? ago--before; here--there.

(四) 直接引语转间接引语结构
? 1、直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语,由
连词that 引导。句式…said/told that… ? 例如:She said: “ I am very happy to help you.” ? She said that she was very happy to help you.

She said, "I am very happy to help you."→ ? She said that she was very happy to help you.
?

2、直接引语是一般、选择或反问疑问句, 变成间接引语,由连词whether或if 引导。

? He asked me, "Do you like playing football?"→ ? He asked me if/whether I liked playing football. ? He asked me: “Do you come from China?” ? He asked me if/whether I came from China.

注意:大多数情况下,if ,whether 可以互换,但句中出现 or not,或放在介词后作连接词,只用whether。例如: She asked whether he could do it or not. They cried out whether he was all right.

直接引语是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语,由相应 的疑问词who ,whom, whose, how, when, why, where 等引导。句式…asked+疑问 词…

? 例如:My sister asked me : “ What is your friend?” My sister asked me what your friend was. ? My sister asked me, "How do you like the film?"→ ? My sister asked me how I liked the film.

直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语,把动词原形变成 动词不定式,并在动词不定前加tell, ask, order 的宾 语。句式….tell, ask, order sb to do

? 例如:The solider ordered:” Be quiet.”
The solider ordered us to be quiet. 注意:否定句,在动词不定式前加not My teacher asked me :” Don’t laugh .” My teacher asked me not to laugh

一些注意事项 (1)直接引语是客观事实、普遍 真理等,变成间接引语时,时态不 变。. ? 例如:
They told their son,"Th

e earth goes round the sun."→ They told their son that the earth goes round the sun

2)直接引语变间接引语时, 指示代词、时间状语、 地点状语等要作相应的变化。

? (如:this/that→ these/those, now→then, today→that day, yesterday→the day before, last year→the year before, ago→before, here→there等。例如: ? He said, "I haven't seen her today."→ ? He said that he hadn't seen her that day.

1. He often says “ I shall tell you about them.” B He often tells me that _____ will tell _____ about ______. A. I…you…them B. he…me…them C. he…you…us D. I…me…you 2. You must say to her, “ I depend on you and him .” You must tell her that _____ depend on ____ and _____. C A. I…you…him B. she…you…me C. you…her…him D. you…me…him 3. I shall tell him, “ I have written to you and her twice.” I shall tell him that _____ have written to _____ and ______ A twice. A. I…him…her B. you…him…her C. I …you…me D. you…me…her 5. We said to her,” They’re walking through the street now.” C We told her that ------ through the street ______. A. we were walking…then B. you are walking…now C .they were walking…then D. they walking…now

? ? ? ?

6She asked,” Whose house will he break into next time ?” She asked whose house ____ break into _____. D A. will he…next time B. would he…the next time C. he will…next time D. he would…the next time

7 Jack said to her ,”Where do you spend your holidays ?” Jack asked her where ____ holidays. C A.she spend her B. you spend your C. she spent her D. you spent your 8 The man said to me, “Please send for a doctor now !” C The man ____ me _____ for a doctor. A.order…to send…then B. told …send…now C. asked…to send…then D. asked…send…now 9.I said to my daughter, ”Don’t make any mistakes in it .” C I _____ my daughter _____ any mistakes in it. A. asked…don’t make B. ordered…didn’t make C. told…not to make D. told…to not make

? 6He said, “Do I have anything to do with her ?” ? He asked ____ anything to do with _____> C ? A. if did he have …me B. if he had…me C. whether he had…her D. whether he had…her

7 I said to Jenny, “Are you getting on well with him now ?” I asked Jenny _____ getting on well with him ____. B A.whether was she …then B. if she was …then C. how was I …now D. how I was …now

? 10. Would you like coffee or tea ?” asked Mother. ? Mother asked us ______. c ? A. if I would like coffee and tea B. if would I like coffee or tea ? C. whether I would like coffee or tea D. whether would I like coffer or tea 11.“Why didn’t you call me an hour ago ?” he said. D A.He asked me why I didn’t call him an hour ago B.He said why I hadn’t called him an hour before C.He asked why hadn’t I called him an hour before ? D.He asked why I hadn’t called him an hour before 12.. He said to his son “ Put on more cl

othes>” A A.He told his son to put on more clothes B.He asked his son put on more clothes C.He said to his son that he would put on more clothes D.He told his son that he should put on more clothes

What can you see in the picture?

Can you see bees and butterflies dancing?
Is the West Hill a beautiful place now?

Is the West Hill a beautiful place now? What has happened here? The flowers and grass have gone! There are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the stream.

Bye -bye


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