Unit 9 When was it invented? Reading
Talk about sports. Do you like ball games? Which is your favorite ball game? What do you think of basketball game? Do you know when basketball was invented?
And do you know how it was invented?
Go for it !
Equipment about basketball
装备,器材 basketball metal hoop backboard net wooden floor 木地板
Before You Read
1a List eight sports played in China.
Sport football volleyball table tennis baseball Rank Sport basketball skating swimming boxing Rank
1b How popular is each sport? Rank them [1-8] in order
of popularity. basketball table tennis football volleyball swimming boxing skating baseball
While You Read
After You Read
1.Basketball is very popular in China. T 2. Basketball is played by over 100 million people in China. F 3. James Naismith was born in 1861. T
4. Basketball became an Olympic event in 1936. T 5. Chinese team won the match in Berlin Olympics. F
3b Use what you remember from the mind-map to answer
the following questions.
1. Who invented basketball?
James Naismith. 2. Why was the Berlin Olympic important for basketball? In 1936 in Berlin, basketball became an Olympic event. 3. What is the aim of basketball? To get the ball into the hoop (basket). 4. Name a professional basketball organization in America.
NBA (The National Basketball Association).
Do you know when basketball was invented?
If you travel around China you will notice a very
popular activity everywhere you go--basketball. This much-loved and active sport is enjoyed by many, for fun and exercise.
means more 包括 Thethan of basketball is a little more than a hundred sport
years old. It is played by more than 100 million people in over 200 countries including China, where basketball has
been played in parks, schools, and even in factories.
Basketball was invented by a Canadian doctor named James Naismith, who was born in 1861. When he was at college, his class创造 once asked to invent a new was game that could be played indoors during the long winters. Dr Naismith created a game to be played on a hard
wooden floor, so the safety of the players was important. 撞上(某人)
Knocking into players and falling down would be dangerous.
Dr Naismith divided the men in his class into two
teams, and taught them how to play his new game. The aim
of basketball is for players to try to get a ball into the “basket”: a net hanging from a metal hoop. Players shoot from below the basket, and may use the “backboard”
is used for guiding the ball into the basket. Players move towards one end of the court while throwing the ball to
It is believed that on December 21st, 1891, the first basketball game in history was played. Then in 1936 in 发展 Berlin, it became a
n Olympic event. A team from China took part, and although they didn’t win they used the experience to help develop the game at home. Since then, the popularity of basketball has risen worldwide, and the number of foreign players in America’s NBA (National Basketball Association) has increased. Basketball has also become a more popular sport for people to watch, and many young people dream of becoming famous basketball players.
1.Players move towards one end of the court while throwing the ball to each other.队员们在传球的过程中，朝场地的一 边移动。 句中while throwing the ball to each other省略了主语和be
动词，其完整形式应为while the players are throwing the
ball to each other。在英语中，如果状语从句的主语与主句 一致，且从句中谓语动词由“be动词+动词的其他形式”构 成时，常可省略从句中的主语和be动词。
2.It is believed that on December 21st, 1891, the first
basketball game in history was played.
人们认为历史上第一场篮球赛是在1891年12月21日。 It is believed that ...意为“人们认为···”，是固定句型， ··· 其中it为形式主语，真正的主语为that引导的从句。其他 常见类似的句型还有：
It is said that...据说··· ···
It is supposed that...据猜测··· ···
1. The room _____ I live _____ is very large. A. which, / B. that, / C. which, in D. where, in 2. This is the doctor _____ saved the baby’s life. A. who B. whom C. whose D. which 3. The film reminded him _____ what he had seen in America. A. to B. in C. of D. for 4. What animal do you like ______, a dog, a cat or a pig? A. well B. better C. best D. very
5. Not only I but also Tom and Jack _____ interested in
English because it _____ useful. A. is, is B. is, are C. are, is D. are, are
6. I can’t go _____ because I have to go home at once. A. else anywhere C. else nowhere B. anywhere else D. somewhere else
7. It _____ us five hours to work out the problem.
8. Would you please help me _____ the picture on the wall? A. put up B. put on C. put into D. put off
9. We have never seen _____ good a car _____ this. A. as; as B. so; as C. such; that D. so; that
10. _____ of them is a farm worker. A. Both B. All C. Neither D. Some
Choose an invention and do research on it. Make a mind-map of the information you
find.Then give a report to class.
The first wealth is health. 健康是人生第一财富。