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unit11Section A(1)

发布时间:2013-12-02 16:24:52  

get/magazine get dictionary

save money buy some stamps

buy writing paper buy get information shampoo about the town

Unit 11 Could you tell me

where the restrooms are ?

1a-----1c

教学目标:1、学会使用有礼貌的问法
2、宾语从句的用法和运用

教学重点:宾语从句的用法和运用
教学难点:宾语从句的用法和运用 教学内容:Unit 11 Section A 1a—1c

Could you please spell the words ?
公共厕所,休息室
洗发剂,香波

杂货店,药店
咖啡馆,小餐馆

部门,部,局
百货商店,百货公司

自动扶梯
魔术,魔力

对比下列两个句子在语气上有什么不同 1)Where is the bank ? 2)Could you please tell me where the bank is ? 句2要有礼貌

Could you please tell me where …? Do you know where/if …? Can you tell me how I can get to …?
Can you tell me which is the way to …?

Excuse me. Do you know where I can save money ____________?

Sure. There’s a _____ bank on___________. Center Street

1b Listen and complete the conversations.
Could you tell me where I buy some stamps can_________________? Yes. There’s a post office on __________ ____________. Center Street

观察下面各句,你知道蓝色句子在句子中所做的成分吗?
1.People believe that the light bulb was invented by

Edsion.
2.Do you know the potato chips were invented by mistake? 3.The authorities revealed that the story was a hoax.

它们在句子中做动词的宾语,而且是完整的 句子,所以叫做宾语从句。

Could you please tell me where …? Do you know where/if …? Can you tell me how I can get to …?
Can you tell me which is the way to …?

宾语从句
1.宾语从句在复合句中作主句谓语动词 的宾语. I know (that) he is a teacher . 2.宾语从句的标点: 宾语从句的标点符号由主句决定. Can you tell me where I can get a dictionary ? I don’t know if he is a doctor .

宾语从句的注意事项
一要注意从句的语序: 永远都是陈述句 He asked me who was the boy? He asked me who the boy was?

宾语从句的时态 1)当主句谓语是一般现在时, 宾语从句可 以根据需要来使用某种时态(保持不变). It is going to rain. (I think…) = I think (that) it is going to rain 2)当主句谓语是一般过去时, 宾语从句用 表示过去的某种时态. “I can go with me,” He said.= He said he could go with me

3)当主句谓语是一般过去时, 宾语从句的 内容表示客观真理时, 宾语从句中的谓语动 词不受主句谓语动词的影响, 应保留一般 现在时态形式. The teacher told me the light travels faster than the soud . Our teacher told us the earth goes round the sun.

三要注意关联词: 引导词:

1) 陈述句用作宾语从句时, 用that 引导, 也可以省略。 I have seen the film, I told her.
= I told her (that) I had seen the film.

2) 一般疑问句用做宾语从句时,用 if 或 whether 引导。 Are you a

student? Please tell me.
= Please tell me if /whether you are a student. Is there a bank near the school ?(I want to know…) Did you watch TV yesterday ?( I wondered…)

3) 特殊疑问句用作宾语从句时,用原句中 的疑问词引导。 Who are you waiting for? Can you tell me?
=Can you tell me who you are waiting for?

Where can I buy any CDs?
(I didn’t know…) How can I get to the bus stop ?

(Could you tell me …)

几个特殊的句型
本身为陈述句的几个特殊句型:
1.Which is the way to ……
2. What’s +介词词组? 3.What’s wrong /the matter/the trouble with you?

4. What happened to sb. ?

几个特殊的句型。
1.Could you tell me. Which is the way to the police station? Could you tell me which is the way to the police station. 2. Do you know? What’s in the box? Do you know what’s in the box? 3. I want to know. What’s the matter with you? I want to know what’s the matter with you.

总结:(变宾语从句时的注意事项)
1. 人称变化 2. 时态变化. 3.语序的变化 4.引导词。原句为陈述句时用that, that 可省略;原句为特殊疑问句时用 其原来的引导词。原句为一般疑问句 时用if/whether引导。

Practice1:
1. I want to know . Could you swim when you were 10? I want to know if you could swim when you were10. 2. Please tell me . Is there a drugstore? . Please tell me if there is a drugstore.

3. Tom asked me . Do you know about the accident?
. Tom asked me if I knew about the accident. 4. Mother asked me . Have you washed the dishes? . Mother asked me if I had washed the dishes.

Exercises2: 1.I want to know. Where is the supermarket? I want to know where the supermarket is. 2.Could you tell me. How can I get to the bookstore? Could you tell me how I can get to the bookstore? 3.Why is the train late? I wondered. I wondered why the train was late.

C 1、Could you tell me_____? A. where is the station B. who is he C. how I can get there D.when does the train leave D 2、Can you tell me ____________? A. how much does it cost B. how much it is C. how much it costs D. Both B and C c 3、 Do you know ? A.what the news are B.what is the news C.what the news is D.what are the news 4、Could you tell me B a meeting in Guangzhou next week ? A if there was going to be B if there is going to be C whether is there going to be D whether there is going to have

5、The teacher asked the students

C

.

A why the earth went around the sun
B why does the earth go around the sun C why the earth goes around the sun

6、--Do you know B
--Yes .Last Sunday .

in Shanghai ?

A when they will arrive B when they arrived C when will they arrive D when did they arrive

Practice4:
1. You aren’t right. I think.(请将两句合成一 句)

I don’t think you are right ___________________________.
2. shampoo, where, can, buy, you, do, know, I. (连词成句)

Do you know where I can buy shampoo __________________________________?

Make two conversation

s about asking for information.

拓展:主句和从句的主语为同一人,宾语从 句可转换为动词不定式结构。如下所示:

I don’t know what I can say next. = I don’t know what to say next.

He doesn’t where he can make a phone call.=
He doesn’t know where to make a phone call.

A: Excuse me. Can/Could you please tell me where/if I can buy some stamps ?

B: Sure. There’s a post office on Center Street .

?主句是一般过去时, 从句必须是过去 时态的一种.
一般现在时 一般过去时 过去完成时

一般过去时 现在进行时
一般将来时 现在完成时

过去进行时
过去将来时 过去完成时

3.You should eat more vegetables and less meat.(改为否定句) You _________ _____more vegetables shouldn’t eat ___less meat. or 4.Do you know where the bookstore is? (同 义句替换)

_____you ____ me _____to ____to the Can tell how get bookstore?

5.The bank is next to the library.(对画线部 分提问) ______ ___the bank? Where is

2a Listen. You will hear some of directions below. Number the directions in the order that you hear them.

Number the directions in the order that you hear.

2 1 4 3

Take the elevator to the second floor. Turn left. Take the escalator to the second floor. Turn right. The drugstore is between the furniture store and the bookstore. Go past the bank.

2b Listen again and show how the boy walks to
the drugstore. Draw a line on the picture above.

拓展:

以 疑问词引导的宾语从句与动词不定 式可相互转换: 疑问代词 who, what, which 及疑问副词 when, where, why 等和动词不定式连用, 构成动词不定式短语。
I didn’t know what to do. The policeman showed us where to go. Can you tell me how to make a kite?

拓展:主句和从句的主语为同一人,宾语从 句可转换为动词不定式结构。如下所示:

I don’t know what I can say next. = I don’t know what to say next.

He doesn’t where he can make a phone call.=
He doesn’t know where to make a phone call.

时态: 1) 主句是一般现在时,宾语从句时态不变。 It is going to rain. I think. = I think it is going to rain. 2) 主句是一般过去时,宾语从句时态要与主 句时态保持一致。 “I can go with me,” He said.= He said he could go with me.

c ___ buy shampoo d/eget some information __ about the town a/d get some magazine a/c buy some writing __ __ paper a/e make a telephone call __ buy some e __ stamps __ get a dictionary __ save money d b

Tapescripts
Conversation 1 Girl 1: Excuse me. Could you tell me where I can buy some stamps? Boy 1: Yes. There’s a post office on Center Street. Girl 1: Oh. Can you tell me where Center Street is? Boy 1: Sure. Go past the bank. Center Street is on your right. Girl 1: Thanks a lot. Boy 1: No problem.

Tapescripts
Conversation 2 Girl 2: Excuse me. Do you know where I can save money? Boy 2: Sure. There’s a bank on Main Street. Girl 2:

Oh. Could you please tell me how to get there? Boy 2: Yes... Go straight ahead. The bank is on your left. Girl 2: Thank you. Boy 2: You’re welcome.

Make conversations using the pictures given. A: Excuse me. Can you please tell me where I can get a dictionary?
B: Sure. There’s a bookstore on River Road.

get/magazine get dictionary

save money buy stamps

buy writing paper buy get information shampoo about the town

Practice makes perfect!
Caféhouse

Main center

bank

Daily’s department store

library post office

Excuse me. Do you know where I can save money ____________?

Sure. There’s a _____ bank on___________. Main Street

A: Excuse me. Can you

please tell me where I
can _____________ ? B: Sure. There’s a ____on River Road.

Practice

Listening

drugstore

furniture store

tapescripts
Boy 1: Excuse me. Can you tell me where I can buy some shampoo? Boy 2: Yes. There’s a drug store on the second floor. Um. Let me think... Take the escalator to the second floor and then... then you turn left.

Let’s see... Then go past the bank. And um... The drug store is between the furniture store and the bookstore. You should be able to get shampoo there. Boy 1: OK, great. Thanks a lot. Boy 2: You’re welcome.

2c

Pairwork

A: Excuse me. Do you know where I can exchange money? B: Sure. There’s bank on the second floor. Take the escalator to the second floor and turn right. The bank is next to the bookstore.

A: Excuse me. Do you know where I can …? B: Sure. There’s a … on the …floor. Take the escalator to the … floor and turn….

Excuse me,Do you know where I can buy some shampoo? Sure, There’s a drugstore on the second floor. Could you tell me how to get to the post office? Could you please tell me where I can get a dictionary?

Can you tell me where Center Street is?

Can you tell me where there’s a good place to eat? Could you please tell me if there are any good museums in Newtown? Do you know if there are any public restrooms around here?

Short forms 缩略语

S P O Att Adv Com Pre C

subject predicate object attribute adverbial complement predicative clause

主语 谓语 宾语 定语 状语 补语 表语 从句

宾语从句(Object Clause) S P OC

1. I don’t know when we shall meet again. 我不知道我们什么时间会见面。 S OC P
2. This reminded me of what he had once promised me. 这使我想起他曾对我的许诺。

引导词:

1) 陈述句用作宾语从句时, 用that 引导, 也可以省略。 I have seen the film, I told her.
= I told her (that) I had seen the film.

2) 一般疑问句用做宾语从句时,用 if 或 whether 引导。 Are you a student? Please tell me.
= Please tell me if /whether you are a student.

3) 特殊疑问句用作宾语从句时,用原句 中的疑问词引导。

Who are you waiting for? Can you tell me?
=Can you tell me who you are waiting for?

时态: 1) 主句是一般现在时,宾语从句时态不变。 It is going to rain.

I think. = I think it is going to rain. 2) 主句是一般过去时,宾语从句时态要与主 句时态保持一致。 “I can go with me,” He said.= He said he could go with me.

以 wh- 疑问词或 how 引导的宾语从句 与动词不定式可相互转换: 疑问代词 who, what, which 及疑问副词 when, where, why 等和动词不定式连用, 构成动词不定式短语。

I didn’t know what to do.
The policeman showed us where to go.

Can you tell me how to make a kite?

主句和从句的主语为同一人,宾语从句 可转换为动词不定式结构。如下所示: I don’t know what I can say next. = I don’t know what to say next.

He doesn’t where he can make a phone call.=
He doesn’t know where to make a phone call.

Make two conversations about asking for information.

Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

Why does she look so worried? What’s wrong?


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