Lesson 101 A card from Jimmy
Listen to this story then answer:
? Where is Jimmy staying at now? ? Does Grandmother seem pleased to get a card from Jimmy? Why/Why not?
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
G: Read Jimmy's card to me please, penny. P: 'I have just arrive in Scotland and I'm staying at a Youth Hostel.' G: Eh? P: He say he's just arrived in Scotland. He says he's staying at a Youth Hostel. You know he's a member of the Y.H.A. G: The what? P: The Y.H.A., Mum. The Youth Hostels Association. G: What else does he say? P: 'I'll write a letter soon. I hope you all well.' G: What? Speak up. Penny. I'm afraid I can't hear you P: He say he'll write a letter soon. He hopes we are all well. 'Love, Jimmy.' G: Is that all? He doesn't say very much, does he? P: He can't write very muchon a card, Mum.
? Scotland /?sk ?tl?nd/ n.苏格兰 （英国） ? card /kɑ:d/ n. 明信片
? ? ? ? 明信片 post card 身份证 an ID card 生日卡片 birthday card youth /ju:θ/ n. 青年
? ? ? ? ? ?
hostel /'h?stl/ n. 招待所，旅馆 青年旅馆 the youth hostel association /??s? ???'e??n/ n. 协会 青年招待所协会 the Youth Hostel Association
? ? ? ? ? ?
soon /su:n/ adv. 不久 她不久就会回来。 She will return soon. write /ra?t/ (wrote written) n. 写 放学后，不要忘了写作文。 Don't foget to write an essay.
? 1、Read Jimmy's card to me please. ? = Read me Jimmy’s card please.
2、‘I have just arrived in Scotland and I'm staying at a Youth Hostel.’ ? in+大地方，at+小地方。
? 3、Eh? = What? = Pardon?
? 4、He says (that) he's just arrived in Scotland. He says (that) he's staying at a Youth Hostel. ? 间接引语
例如： John says, “I‘m tired.” （引号内是直接引语） John says that he is tired. （宾语从句是间接引语）
? 5、You know (that) he's a member of the Y. H. A. ? a member of... …的成员之一。 ? eg. He is a member of our class. ? 6、What else does he say? ? 这里else是“其他、另外”的意思。
? 7、‘I'll write a letter soon. I hope (that) you are all well.’ ? soon 不久之后，是一般将来时的标志词。 ? as soon as 一……就…… ? As soon as he comes,I’ll tell you. ? 8、Speak up. ? = Louder, please. ? = Say it loudly, please.
? 9、I'm afraid (that) I can't hear you. ? hear listen to ? ? ? ? hear 听见，及物动词，强调结果 Can you hear me at the back? listen to听，不及物动词，强调动作 Listen to me/the music, please!
? 10、‘Love, Jimmy.’ 信的末尾表示问候的常用 语。 ? =Yours, Jimmy.’ ? 11、Is that all? ? That’s all for today.
3、He doesn't say very much, does he? ? 反意疑问句： ? 定义：表示提问人的看法，但没有把握，需要对方的证实。 ? 结构：陈述句+简短疑问句。前肯后否，前否后肯。 ? 两部分的人称和时态要保持一致。 ? You are Jimmy, aren’t you? ? They won’t leave, will they? ? ? ? ? ? 回答时要根据事实，Yes/No也要与后面一致： No, he doesn’t. 是，他没写多少。 Yes, he does. 不，他写了很多。
Write the card:
Dear Mum, I have just arrive in Scotland and I'm staying at a Youth Hostel. I'll write a letter soon. I hope you all well.
祖母：请把吉米的明信片念给我听听，彭妮。 彭妮：“我刚到苏格兰，我现住在一家青年招待所。” 祖母：什么？ 彭妮：他说他刚到苏格兰。 他说他住在一家青年招待所。 你知道，他是“青招协”的一个成员 祖母：什么？ 彭妮：“青招协”，妈妈。青年招待所协会。 祖母：他还说了些什么？ 彭妮：“我很快会写信的。 祝你们大家身体都好。” 祖母：什么？彭妮，大声一点。 我可听不见你念的。 彭妮：他说他很快会写信的。 他祝我们大家身体好。“谨此问候，吉米。” 祖母：就这些吗？他没写许多，是吗？ 彭妮：在明信片上他写不了很多，妈妈。
What does he say? He says that he is/feels tired.
What’s the matter with them
They say that they are thirsty
a cold an earache
What’s the matter with him/them? He says that he has a cold.
a headache a toothache
a haricut an X- ray
What does he want/need? He says that he needs a haircut a licence some money
What can/must/will he do? He says he can/must/will catch the bus.
1. 当陈述部分的主语是I，而句子又用来征询对方的 意见时，附加疑问句中的主语用you。如： I find English very interesting, don’t you? I don’t like that film, do you? 2. 当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, nobody, no one, somebody等合成 代词时，附加疑问句中的主语通常用they。但亦 可用he，尤其是nobody, no one等作主语，具有 否定概念时。如： Somebody phoned while I was out, didn’t they? Nobody wants to go there, does he?
3. 当陈述部分的主语是不定代词everything, nothing, anything, something时,附加 疑问句用it Everything seems all right now, doesn’t it? Nothing is kept in good order, is it? 4. 当陈述部分的主语是指示代词this, that或these, those时，附加疑问句中的主语分别用it和they。如： This is important, isn’t it? These are your friends Tom and Jack, aren’t they? 5. 当陈述句为there be结构时，附加疑问句中用there。如： There’s no help for it, is there? There’s something wrong, isn’t there?
6．陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little,
nowhere, nothing等否定词或半否 定词时，附加疑问部分的动词用肯定形式。如： Bob rarely got drunk, did he? 如果陈述部分的否定词带有否定前缀，那么，该 陈述部分作肯定处理，附加疑问部分一般仍用否 定形式。如： He was unsuccessful, wasn’t he? Tom dislikes the book, doesn’t he?
7. 在由“祈使句+附加疑问”构成的附加疑问句中， 附加疑问部分一般用 will you, won’t you, would you,有时也可用can you, can’t you, why don’t you, could you等。如：
Don’t open the door, will you? Give me some cigarettes, can you? Take a rest, why don’t you?
Let’s have a basketball match this afternoon, shall we? Let us go out for a rest, will you?