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九年级英语 Unit 9

发布时间:2013-12-04 10:26:19  

1a---1c

Four ancient adj.远古的, 旧的inventions

compass

gun powder

printing

paper

What’s this called in English?

car

television

telephone

umbrella

camera

calculator personal computer 计算器 n.计算机

alarm clock n. 警报

What are these called in English?

microwave ovens n.微波炉

abacuses

binoculars

双筒望远镜

light bulbs

Batteries

battery
电池

A: When was the car invented? B: Well, I think it was invented in ….

A.1885 B.1876 C.1927 D.1971

A: When was the telephone invented? B: Well, I think it was invented in ….

A.1885 B.1876 C.1927 D.1971

A: When was the television invented? B: Well, I think it was invented in ….

A.1885 B.1876 C.1927 D.1971

A: When was the person computer invented?
B: Well, I think it was invented in ….

A.1885 B.1976 C.1927 D.1971

A: When were the light bulbs invented?
B: Well, I think they were invented in ….

A.1885 B.1871 C.1927 D.1971

A: When were the binoculars invented?
B: Well, I think they were invented in ….

A.1854 B.1871 C.1927 D.1971

1a

Look at the things. In what order (顺序) do you think they were invented?

A: I think the calculator was invented before the computer. B: Well, I think the calculator was invented after the computer.

A: I think … was invented before … B: Well, I think … was invented after ….

The car was invented before the television.

A: I think … was invented before … B: Well, I think … was invented after ….

The telephone was invented before the personal computer.

A: I think … was invented before … B: Well, I think … was invented after …

The calculator was invented before the battery. The battery was invented after the calulator.

A: I think … was invented before … B: Well, I think … was invented after …

The camera was invented before the calculator. The calculator was invented after the camera.

A: I think … was invented before … B: Well, I think … was invented after …

The binoculars were invented before the calculator. The calculator was invented after the binoculars.

1b
a

Listen and match the inventions with the dates.

b

e d

1876___
1885___ 1927___

c

1971___
1976___

1a

Answer : the right order they were invented

5

2

4

1

3

Alice: Life must have been difficult when you were a kid. Woman: Oh, not really. Why do you say that? Alice: Well, you didn’t have many modern inventions. Like, you probably didn’t have a telephone, right? Woman: Of course we did! How old do you think I am? The When was /were….invented? telephone was invented in 1876. ________ Alice: How about cars? I bet cars weren’t invented yet. Woman: Sure they were. Cars were invented in 1885. ________ My family had a car. I think you need to take a history class, Alice. Alice: Ha, ha! Well, did you have a TV? Woman: No, we didn’t. The TV was invented around 1927, I think. ____________ Some friends of mine had one. But in those days, TVs were really expensive, and we couldn’t affor

d one. Alice: And I bet you didn’t have calculators and computers and stuff. That’s something I do know. We learned in school that hand-held calculators were invented in 1971 and _______ personal computers were invented in 1976. ________ Woman: You’re right. I didn’t have those things when I was young. But I do now!

Pairwork (1c:P68)
A: When was the _______ invented? B: I1976 it was invented think 1876 1971 1927 1885 in ______.

Pairwork (1c:P68) am / is / are + vt.pp
was / were + vt.pp A: What is this called in English? B: It is called a television. A: when was the television invented? B: It was invented in 1927.
in 1885 in 1876 in 1971 in 1871 in 1854 in 1800 in 1827

in 1927

in 1976

Edison invented the light bulb.

Who was the light bulb invented by?
The light bulb was invented by Edison.

Bell invented the telephone.

Who was the telephone invented by? was invented
The telephone

by Bell.

Karl Benz invented the car.

Who was the car invented by?
The car was invented by _______. Karl Benz ______

A: What is the car used for? B: The car is used for traveling.

A: What is the _______

used for? B: I think it is used for talking with people _______________ .

A: What is the used for? B: I think it is used for counting _______. (count)

A: What is the used for? B: I think it is used for working ________.(work)

A: What is the used for?
B: I think it is used for riding _____.(ride)

A: What is the _______ used for? B: It is used for counting __________. (count)

A: What is the used for?
B: It is used for counting ___________.(count)

A: What is the used for? B: It is used for
watching the things far away clearly.

___________. (watch the things far away clearly)

A: What is the ________ used for? B: It is used for making the food hot. __________________ .
(make the food hot)

A: B: A: B: A: B:

When was …invented? It was invented in… Who was it invented by? It was invented by… What is the … used for? The … is used for doing…

Who were they invented by?

What are they used for?

adjustable 可调整的

operate 操作

heat 加热

1.根据1a 的图片,仿造1c 的对话写出类似的其它4个对话 2. 完成作业本上的练习

2a---2c

What’s this called in English?

car

television

telephone

umbrella

camera

calculator personal computer n.计算机, 计算器

alarm n.警报 clock

What are these called in English?

abacuses Microwave ovens n.微波炉

binoculars双筒望远镜

light bulbs

Batteries

battery电池

Do you have a good memory?

abacus

car

television telephone

alarm clock

calculator batteries

camera light bulbs

personal computer microwave oven

binoculars

A: What is this called in English?
B: It is called a telephone.
.

A: When was it invented? B: It was invented in 1876.
A: Who was it invented by? B: It was invented by Bell. A: What is it used for ? B: It is used for talking with people.

in 1876

Bell

A: What is this called in English?
B: It is called a car.


A: When was it invented? B: It was invented in 1885.
A: Who was it invented by? B: It was invented by Karl Benz. A: What is it used for? B: It is used for traveling.
in 1885
Karl Benz travel

A: What are they called in English? B: They are called light bulbs. A: When were they invented?
B: They were invented in 187. A: Who were they invented by? B: They were invented by Edison. A: What are they used for? B: They are used for giving light.
in 1871 giving light Edison

binoculars,1854,

Pairwork:
1827, take photos

see things far away clearly

A: What is it /are they called in English?

B: It is /They are called--A: When is it / are they invented? B: It is / They are invented---

about4,000years ago A: Who was it /were they invented by? keep off the rain
B It was /They were invented by--A: What is it / are they used for? B: It is / They are used for ----

Knives, cut things

1971, count

battery
电池供电的拖鞋

slippers

battery-operated slippers

They were invented by Julie Thompson

ice cream scoop [sku:p]
heated ice cream scoop

加热的冰激凌勺

It was invented by Chelsea Lanmon

shoes with adjustable heels
可调节后跟的鞋

They were invented by Jayce Coziar and Jamie Ellsworth

A: What is it called? B: It is called---

scoop勺子
ice cream

heated ice cream scoop
加热的冰激淋勺

A: What are they called? B: They are called --shoes with adjustable heels shoes with high heels高跟
可调节后跟的鞋

battery-operated slippers
电池供电的拖鞋

slippers

batteries

Who was the heated ice cream scoop invented by?
What is the
加热的冰淇淋勺

used for

Who were the
What are the

shoes with adjustable heels

invented by? used for

battery-operated slippers 电池操作的拖鞋

2a

Listen and number the inventions in the order that you hear.

3

1

2

2b Listen again. Match the inventions with their inventors and uses. Invention shoes with adjustable heels batteryoperated slippers heated ice cream scoop Who was it/were they invented by? What is is/are they used for? scooping really cold ice cream

Chelsea Lanmon Jayce Coziar and Jamie Ellsworth Julie Thompsom

seeing in the dark
changing the style of the shoes

Boy: What are those? Girl: They’re battery-operated slippers. Boy: What are they used for? Girl: They’re used for seeing in the park. ________________ Boy: Oh, that’s cool! Who were they invented by? Girl: Julie Thompson. And look at this heated ice cream scoop. _________ Boy: I know what it’s for! It’s used for scooping out really cold ice cream. Girl: Right. It was invented by Chelsea Lanmon. Boy: My favorite are those shoes with adjustable heels. You know—you can move the heels up and down. They were invented by Jayce Coziar and Jamie Ellsworth. Girl: And what are they used for? Boy: Well, you can change the style of your shoes. You can make the shoes go from casual to dressy.

2c: Pairwork: Role play conversations
using the information in the chart above. A: What is it/are th

ey called in English? B: It is/They are ...

A: Who was it/were they invented by?
B: It was/They were invented by ... A: What is it/are they used for? B: It's/They're used for…

Because of some great inventions, our life becomes much easier and more comfortable.

gun powder compass

Paper making printing

We should be proud of being a Chinese.

Group work:

What Printing

When Song Dynasty

Who Chinese

Be used for Making copies

(The Passive Voice)
.主动语态与被动语态:

英语动词有两种语态,即主动语态(The Active Voice)与被动语态(The Passive Voice)。 主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者; 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。
e.g. 1.They make trains in Zhuzhou . Trains are made in Zhuzhou. 主动语态 被动语态 主动语态

2.The farmers grow cotton every year.

Cotton is grown by the farmers every year. 被动语态

主动语态变被动语态的步骤: 1、主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语; 2、主动句的谓语动词变为被动结构; 3、主动句的主语变为被动句的宾语,由by 引 出,当不强调动作的执行者时,常省略。 4.其它成分不变。 e.g Many people speak English.

English is spoken by many people.

The passive voice. 被动语态
主动语态变被动语态的结构图:
Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
主语 谓语动词 过去时 宾语 时间状语

The telephone was invented by Bell in 1876.
主语 谓语动词的 过去分词 宾语 时间状语

变被动语态时需要注意的事项
? 一变

宾变主,主变宾,宾语前面by 跟,谓语动词变过分,不忘前 面be动词跟 ? 二套 套时态,主被动时态一致 ? 三注意 注意因人称的变化而引起的 主谓一致问题。

各种时态的被动语态的构成:
1.一般现在时态 am, is, are +过去分词 2.一般过去时态 was, were +过去分词 3.一般将来时态 will/am.is.are going to + be +过去分词 4.过去将来时态 would/was.were going to + be + 过去分词 5.现在完成时态 have, has + been +过去分词 6.过去完成时态 had + been +过去分词 7.现在进行时态 am, is, are + being +过去分词 8.过去进行时态 was, were + being +过去分词 9.含情态动词的 情态动词 + be +过去分词

所有时态的被动语态否定就是在 最前面的助动词后加 not
Many trees are not being planted now

疑问就是把最前面的助动词提前。
Are many trees being planted now?

把下列的句子变为被动语态的句子: 1、They speak English in Canada . English is spoken in Canada(by them).

2、People used wood for making tables. Wood was used for making tables. 3、They are making computers in the USA. Computers are being made in the USA.
把被动句变否定 Computers aren’t being made in the USA.

4、They have grown rice in South China.

Rice has been grown in South China.
把被动句变疑问. Has rice been grown in South China?
5. We must plant more trees

next year.

More trees must be planted next year.
6.I am going to clean our classroom tomorrow.

Our classroom is going to be cleaned tomorrow.

变被动语态的特殊情况
? 一、双宾语 buy/make sb sth=buy/make sth for sb give sb sth =give sth to sb
1.My father bought me a computer. A computer was bought for me by my father. I was bought a computer by my father. 2.He gives me a book. A book is given to me by him. I am given a book by him

Sth+be+ 过去分词+ for/to sb+ by sb. Sb + be+ 过去分词 sth + by sb

二、无to不定式

变为被动时加上to
? 一感 feel 二听 listen to.hear ? 三让 let.have.make ? 四看 watch. see.look at. notice

eg. We often see him play basketball. He is often seen to play basketball by us. The boss made the children work for long. The children were made to work for long by the boss.

三、注意动词短语的 完整性
? 常考到的动词短语有

? take care of ? look after ? listen to ? speak to eg. 1.We should speak to the old politely. The old should be spoken to politely. 2. The nurse takes good care of the baby. The baby is taken good care of by the nurse.

四、无被动语态的动词。
? 不及物动词及系动词 ? happen ? take place ? die ? rise ? come true ? come out eg.1. An accidenthappened (happen) just now. 2. I’m sure that my dream will come true. (come true) some day in the future

常用的被动语态短语
看出原材料 be made of 由--制成的 看不出原材料 from into 原材料制成成品

eg. 1.Paper is made from wood. 2.Tables are made of wood. 3.Wood is made into paper and tables.
be used to do 被用来-for doing as 被用作 be filled with 用--充满 be covered with 被--覆盖

The passive voice. 被动语态
主动语态变被动语态的结构图:
Bell invented the telephone in 1876.
主语 谓语动词 过去时 宾语 时间状语

The telephone was invented by Bell in 1876.
主语 谓语动词的 过去分词 宾语 时间状语

将下列句子变为被动语态。

1.I open the door. (主动语态) The door is opened by me. (被动语态) 2.He often helps homeless people. (主动语态) Homeless people are often helped by him. (被动) 3.I handed out some papers just now.
主动语态:主语是动作的执行者。 被动语态:主语是动作的承受者。 (主动语态)

Some papers were handed out by me just now.
(被动语态)

被动语态结构为:be+过去分词

3a---4

Pairwork

telephone

1876
Bell
Talking with the people far away.

When Who
What

? ?
?

Tv set

Beld

1927
Watching and learning many things in the world.

When, who, what use?

3a
? 1.Just now we talked some inventions. Ask you: ? 2.Are these inventions helpful or annoying? ? 3.Are these inventions below helpful or annoying?

light bulb
A: Is the light bulb a useful invention or annoying invention?

B: I think it is a useful invention.
A: Why is it?

B: Because it gives people more time to work and play every day.


alarm clock
A: Is the alarm clock a useful invention or annoying invention? B: --------------------------------------------A: Why ? B: Because ---------------------------------

microwave oven

A: Is the microwave oven useful invention or annoying invention? B: --------------------------------------------A: Why ? B: Because --------------------------------

3a write three helpful and annoying inventions in the chart below.
Helpful inventions names 1.telephone 2.pen 3. reason Talk easily Annoying inventions name reason

1.alarm clock Make noise 2.cigerrate 3.

Wine, money, cigarette, camera, plane,

3b
? A: What do think is the most helpful invention? ? B: I think the most helpful invention is the light bulb. ? A: Why is that? ? B: Well, it gives people more time to work and play every day.

4 Groupwork

Imagine that you are alone on a tiny island .

What invention do you want to have ? Why ? Fill in the chart below and talking.

Fill in the chart and classwork
name 1. radio reason Listen to music every day

2. ? 3. ?

Read the model
? Class: What invention do you want to have first ? ? Sudent A : I want to have a radio. ? Class: Why is that? ? Sudent A : Because I could listen to music all day.

radio boat
plane mobile gun

参考范 例
? Class: What invention do you want to have first ? ? Sudent A : I want to have a radio. ? Class: Why is that? ? Sudent A : Because I could listen to music all day.

Explanation:
2. helpful adj. 有帮助的, 有益的 e.g. Mr. White is a very helpful man.

构词法:n + ful → adj
再如: use + ful → useful

thank + ful → thankful
beauty+ ful → beautiful

care + ful → careful

Exercises: 句型转换
1. She was seen to come out of the library by him.

(变为主动语态)

He _____ _____ ______ out of the library. saw her come
2. When are trees often planted. (变为主动语态) plant trees When ____ people often _____ ______? do 3. The League was founded in Guangzhou in 1922. (就画线部分提问) When and where was ______ _____ ______ ______ the League founded _______?

Exercises: 句型转换
4. Did the students wear the school clothes a lot? (变为被动语态)
______ the school clothes ______ a lot? Were worn 5. Kate took good care of the baby yesterday evening. (变为被动语态) The baby ______ ______ good care of was taken by ______ Kate yesterday evening.

homework
? 用单词适当形式填空---invent, slipper, use, heat, help ? 1. what’s a pen ---- for? ? 2. when was the piano ----? ? 3. I think paper is the most ---- invention. ? 4. when were electric (电) ---- invented? ? 5. Is this your ---- ice cream scoop?

?Good bye

Section B

salty:

咸的,含盐的. 名词,salty 加 y 构成形容词. 最后,终于. eg. Everything will be all right in the end. 弄错的,错误地. eg. He took the umbrella by mistake.

in the end:

by mistake:

by accident:

偶然,意外, 无意中. eg. I met her by accident in

a crowded bus.

according to:

根据…, 按照 eg. We?ll be paid according to the amount of work we do.

1a

crispy salty

sour sweet

sweet

sweet

1b. Write the name of a different food after each word.
sweet: banana, apple, cake

crispy:
salty:

potato chips, salad
pizza, french fries, olives grape, lemon, pickle, grapefruit

sour:

2aListen and circle “T” (for true) or “F” (for false).

1.The potato chips were invented by mistake. 2.They were invented in 1863. 3.The customer thought the potatoes weren’t thin enough. 4.The customer said they weren’t salty enough. 5.George wanted to make the customer happy. 6.The customer was happy in the end.

T

F

T

F

T

F

T T T

F F F

2bThe history of chips

Did you know that potato chips were were invented by mistake? Chips invented

by a chef called George Crum. They were invented in 1853 .George Crum cooked them for a long time until they were crispy . And he sprinkled lots of salt on them so they were really salty .

2c. Pairwork
A: Did you know potato chips were invented by mistake? B: Wow, I didn’t know that.Who invented them? A: it was invented by a chef called Geroge Crum.

How does it taste? It tastes + adj.

It’s a kind of beverage. It tastes sweet sometimes.

It’s healthy.
It was invented in China

Food inventions

Tea bowl Boil the tea water teapot first Put tea into the teacups Teacup teapot tea bowl then water Add the boiled next water to the teapot Teapot Pour the tea into after some the teacups minutes Enjoy finally the tea

Did you know that tea, the most popular drink in the world (after water), was invented by accident? Although tea wasn’t brought to the Western world until 1610, this beverage was discovered over three thousand years before that. According to an Ancient Chinese legend, the emperor Shen Nong Discovered tea when he was boiling drinking water over an open fire. Some leaves from a nearby bush fell into the water and remained there for some time. The emperor noticed that the leaves in the water produced a pleasant smell. Later he decided to taste the hot mixture. It was quite delicious. And in this way, one of the world’s favorite drinks was invented.

Who invented tea?

1. 最受欢迎的饮料
2. 偶然地

3. 直到…才
4. 根据 5. 烧水 6. 在篝火上 7. 附近的灌木 8. 掉进

9.留在那里一段时间 10.注意某人做某事 11.产生宜人的香味 12.决定做某事 13.这样 14.被发明

1. 最受欢迎的饮料
2. 偶然地

the most popular drink by accident not … until according to boil the (drinking) water

3. 直到…才
4. 根据

5. 烧水
6. 在篝火上

7. 附近的灌木
8. 掉进

over the open fire a nearby bush fall into

9.留在那里一段时间 10.注意某人做某事 11.产生宜人的香味 12.决定做某事 13.这样 14.被发明

remain there for some time notice sb. do/ doing sth. produce a pleasant smell decide to do sth. in this way be invented

Read and answer the Questions:

1. What

is this article about?

2. Was it invented on purpose or by
accident? 3. When was it invented? 4. Who invented it? 5. How was it invented?

1. What is this article about? I think it is about the invention of tea. 2. Was it invented on purpose or by

accident?
By accident.

3. When was it invented? Over 3,000 years before 1610. 4. Who invented it?

The emperor Shen Nong.

5. How was tea invented? Circle the verbs

Mind-map

How was tea invented?
The emperor Shen Nong discovered tea when
he was boiling drinking water over an open fire.

Some leaves from a nearby bush fell into the water
and remained there for some time. The emperor noticed that the leaves in the water produced a pleasant smell. Later he decided to taste the hot mixture. It was quite delicious. And in this way, one of the world’s favorite drinks was invented.

Shen Nong

discover, boil notice produce fall into remain
later

leaves from a nearby bush decide to taste was

over an open fire

be invented

1. 2. by accident 3. in 1610

most popular drink over an open fire 6 the water 7

TEA
4. over 3000 years ago pleasant smell 8 5. by emperor SN the hot mixture 9

10. was delicious

3bWrite an article using the notes in the box.
Who: college students What: metal pie plate, flying disk When: 1950 Where: bakery Bridgeport, Connecticut

Why: new toy
How: students eat pie, throw pie plates Today: clubs, magazines, festival

From pie plate to flying disk.
The flying disk was invented by college students. They used a metal pie plate from a bakery in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Students ate the bakery’s pies and then threw the pie plates. Today, there are flying disk clubs, magazines and a festival.

A sample version
From pie plate to flying disk The flying disk was invented by college students. Flying disk is a metal pie plate. In the 1950s, several college students ate pies made by a bakery in Bridgeport, Connecticut. They found it interesting to throw the pie plates with each other. Then it became a game. Today, there are flying disk clubs, magazines and even a festival.

4a. Think of something that you don’t like doing. Then think of an invention that could help you.Write the details in the chart.

Problem: we often get hurt by the hot

water in the cup.
New invention: a cup that can tell you the

temperature of the water.
Use: It can show the temperature of the water. Price: $ 50

New invention: a pen that listens and writes Use:

It can listen to the writer and write by itself.
Price : $ 50

music candle
activity glasses

temperature cup

1. Potato chips were invented by mistakes. mistake 作名词 “错误,误会”。也可以作动词 “弄错,犯错”。常见形式有: make a mistake 出错 e.g. You have made a mistake here. mistake…for… 错把??当作?? They mistook him for his brother. by mistake 错误地 e.g. They sent the letter to me by mistake.

Explanation

2. Geroge wanted to make the customer happy. make表示“使??怎么样”

,其后常带复 合宾语。常见结构为:主语+make+宾语+ 名词/形容词(做宾补)。例如: The boss can make the young man a rich man.

3. Did you know that tea…was invented by accident? by accident “偶然地,碰巧”。同义词组 是by chance,同义词是accidentally, 反义 词组是on purpose. e.g. he found a new way to solve the problem by accident.

4. Although tea wasn’t brought to the western world until 1610, … (1) although 作连词, 意为 “虽然,尽管”,引导 让步状语从句, 我们不能根据汉语习惯, 在 后面使用连词but, 不过它可以与yet, still连 用;若主从句的主语相同, 且从句谓语含有动 词be, 可将从句主语和动词be省略。 e.g. Although he is very busy, he always talks with us.

(2) not…until 意为 “直到??才”until 引导 一个时间状语从句。 I did not go to bed until I finished my homework. 5. According to an ancient Chinese legend, the emperor Shen Nong discovered tea… (1) according to 是个短语介词,意为 “根 据??;依照??”后接代词,名词或由疑问 词以及whether引出的名词性从句。

e.g. According to the radio, it will rain tomorrow. (2)discover意为“发现”,指发现的对象是 本来存在的。 find意为“找到”,强调结果。 invent意为“发明”,发明的对象是以前没 有的东西。

6. Some leaves from a nearby bush fell into the water and remained there for some time. (1) nearby adj. “附近的“, e.g. He works in a nearby factory. (2)leaf 的复数形式为leaves (3)remain 表示 “继续留在某处” e.g. How long will you remain here? (4) fall into “落入, 陷入” e.g. He was drunk and fell into the water

用所给词的正确形式填空。
was invented 1. The TV ____________ (invent) around 1927. seeing 2. They are used for _______ (see) in the park. was made 3. This kite _________ (make) by Uncle Wang. 4. Tea ______________ (discover) a long time was discovered ago. should be cleaned 5. Our classroom _________________ (should clean) every day.

Unit 9 When was it invented?

Self check

1. Fill in the blank with the correct word given. crispy, sweet, salty, sour 1. I don’t like eating chocolate. The taste is toosweet _______. 2. Mom added salt but it still wasn’tsalty _____ enough. 3. I prefer lemons to oranges. I like the sour _______ taste. 4. She likes ________ cookies. They are crispy hard, dry and easily broken.

Explanation
1. I prefer lemons to oranges. prefer是动词,意为“更喜欢”,常可与like better, instead进行替换。常见句式有prefer A to B, prefer doing to doing B, prefer to do A rather than do B. 例如: I would prefer playing outside to watching TV. I prefer to go to the movie rather than stay at home.

2. They are hard, dry and easily broken. broken为 break的过去分词,相当于形容 词的作用,意为“碎了的 ,坏了的”,可作 定语或表语。例如: --What

‘s wrong with your watch? --It’s broken. There is some broken glass on the ground. Be careful of the glass broken by the cat.

Please translate these sentences into English.
1. 这样的话,我们明天就可以完成任务了。 finish/ complete __ this way In ____ ____, we can _______________ our task tomorrow. 2. 茶是在很偶然的情况下发明出来的。 invented by mistake Tea was _________ __ _____________. 3. 我们爬山的时候不小心掉进一个山洞里了。 fell into were climbing We _____ ______ a hole when we _____ ________ the mountain. 4. 自从发明了电之后,人类历史进入了新的篇章。 got was ________, After electricity ____ invented our history _____ into _____ a new stage.

2. When were they invented?

abacus

in the 6th Century

binoculars

in 1600

camera

in 1839

bicycle in 1839

car in 1885

motorcycle in 1885

toothbrush

in 1780

washing machine in 1858

A sample version
The abacus was invented in the sixth century by Chinese people. The umbrella was invented about 4,000 years ago in China and Egypt. The binoculars was invented in 1854 by Galileo Porro in Italy. The camera was invented in 1827 by Joseph Nicephore Niepce who took the first picture. The bicycle was invented in 1880s in England.

Unit 9
READING

basketball court

football

tennis

basketball volleyball Ping-pong

baseball

badminton

Unit 9

Do you know when basketball was invented?

Before You Read
Section 1

List eight sports played in China.
Sport football volleyball Rank Sport basketball skating swimming Rank

Section 2

Section 3

Section 4

table tennis baseball

boxing

backboard
a metal hoop

net
It?s a net hanging from a metal hoop.
The backboard is used for guiding the ball into the basket.

We divided players two teams into___________. The aim(目标) of the game:

get the ball into the “basket” ________________________

How can you get the ball into the basket?
throw the ball…

get the ball into the basket backboard move the ball use the __________for guiding the ball into the basket towards …

shoot ______from below the basket

catch the ball

Scan (浏览) the text for information to the sentences.

1.Do you know when basketball was invented? On December 21st,1891 2. By whom was basketball invented? By James Naismith.

3. Why were the Berlin Olympics important for basketball?
Because since then the popularity of basketball has risen worldwide.

4. What is the aim of basketball?

It is for players to get a ball into the “basket”

5.Name a professional basketball organization in America. NBA

Learning strategy: MIND-MAPPING(脑中构图 )
To make a mind-map,change the information you read into a colorful “picture of words”.The brain recalls pictures more easily than written information. 使用脑中构图的方法记忆信息. 将你阅读到的信 息构成一副彩色的文字图案. 大脑回忆”图片” 比文字信息更容易.

BASKETBALL

Now played everywhere
par

ks school

factories

for fun and

exercise

200 countries

BASKETBALL

AMERICA EQUIPMENT

NBA

ball

basket backboard

James Naismith

history

December 21st1891
Berlin

10 team players

THE GAME

two teams get a ball into the basket

Unit 9

Do you know when basketball was invented?

After You Read
Section 1

Complete the mind-map with information from the reading. 1st game
played in 1891 in 1936,became an Olympic event

Section 2

Section 3
foreign players schools in NBA exercise played indoors on wooden floor aim to score ?baskets? basket (net, metal hoop) court

Section 4

parks

Read carefully to find out the language points.

环游中国 travel around China 你所到之处 somewhere you go 为了娱乐和锻炼 for fun and exercise 在大学里 at college 在漫长的冬天 during the long winter 发明一种运动 create a game ….的安全 the safety of…. 撞到…上 knock into 摔倒 fall down 把… 分成…

divide …into…

the aim of… …的目的 guide …into 引导…进入… 向球场的另一端移动 move towards one end of the court It is believed 被认为 in history 在 历史上
since then 自从那时 the popularity of basketball 篮球的流行程度 在全世界范围内提升 rise worldwide dream of doing 梦想做…

basketball stars

famous

rules

popularity

basketball
China’s CBA history

equipment

Which are NOT mentioned(没提及)in the passage?

Paragpaph 1—2 Be played in the world Be played in China
where

everywhere you go(你所到之处)
Over a hundred years ago Is enjoyed by many for fun and exercise

When
Popularity (流行) why

Be played abroad the number of More than 100 million people people the number of In over 200 countries including China countries

Paragrapgh 3 be invented by

name James Naismith

People Nationality(国籍)
Canadian Game floor

job doctor

was born In 1861

where Indoors

when

danger Knocking into (与..相撞)players and falling down

During Hard the long wooden winters (木制的)

Paragraph 4 How to play Two teams Divide分组 Get a ball into the basket Aim目标 Equipment A ball , a net hanging from a metal hoop 设备 and a backborad catch the ball
Course (过程) Move towards(朝向) one end of the court(球场) and throw the ball to each other Shoot(投) from below the basket

Paragraph 5 The history of basketball
Time
The first game Became an Olympic event

On December 21st 1891
Time Place

in1936

In Berlin
Many young people

Popularity

The number of foreign players in NBA

Since then

Has risen worldwide (全球上升)

Has increased

Dream of becoming famous basketball players

Retell(复述) the passage using the mind-map
200 countries

BASKETBALL

THE GAME

10 team players Now played everywhere
AMERICA

two teams get a ball into the basket

factories parks school NBA
James Naismith

history

December 21st1891 Berlin

After You Read
Complete the mind-map with information from the reading. 1st game
played in 1891 in 1936,be

came an Olympic event

parks

foreign players schools in NBA exercise

played indoors on wooden floor aim to score ?baskets? basket (net, metal hoop) court


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