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初一英语上册Unit1-2知识点总结及单元检测

发布时间:2013-12-04 11:28:29  

Unit 1 My name’s Gina.
Section A
【视野聚焦】
重点短语
1. 我的名字 my name
2. 名字 first name
3. 姓氏 last name
经典句型
1. What’s your / his / her name? 你/ 他/ 她叫什么名字?
2. My / His / Her name’s … 我的/ 他的/ 她的名字叫…
3. Nice to meet you! 见到你很高兴!
【学海拾贝】
◆1.What’s your name? My name’s Gina.
 (1)两人初次见面互相询问姓名时可用这个句型。后面可加上please,用升调以表示礼貌、客气。如想反问时可说:And you?或者And what’s your name?
 ●例如:A: Hello. What’s your name? B: My name is Linda. And you?/And what’s your name?
(2)回答时还可以说I’m….其中My name’s…是My name is …的缩写。I’m…是I am的缩写。
●例如:我的名字叫玛丽。 My name’s Mary./I’m Mary.
(3)am, is, are叫做联系动词,用来表示人或事物的性质、状态等,在句中起连接主语和表语的作用,基本意思是“是”,有时不译出。其原形是be。
●例如:我的尺子是蓝色的。 My ruler is blue.
方法指津: 巧记am, is, are
 我(I)用am, 你(you)用are, is 跟着他(he)、她(she)、它(it),所有复数都用are。
◆2. Hello!你好!
 Hello一般可作为熟人、朋友、青年人之间的招呼用语,语气较随便,译为“您好”;此外打电话或遇熟人时也可用, 译为“喂”。在表示问候或唤起注意时,有时可用Hi来代替Hello,显得更为随便。
●例如:你好,简! Hello/Hi, Jane!
特别提示
hello/hi一般不用于与师长、上级、年长者以及有体面的人打招呼,以免显得对长辈不够尊重。






◆3. Nice to meet you!
(1)这是初次见面时的客套话,还可以说 I’m glad to meet you.该句是一个个省略句,完整的句子应该是It’s nice to meet you. 回答时一般用 Nice to meet you, too.
 (2)meet意思是“遇见,碰到,迎接,会合,开会”等, 也可以做名词“会议”。与meat(肉)谐音。
●例如:我经常碰到你的老师。 I often meet your teacher.
◆4. What’s his name? His name’s Tony.
句中的his 叫做物主代词。物主代词是表示所有关系的代词。本课所介绍的是形容词性的物主代词
它们一般放在所修饰名词的前面,后面必须跟一个名词。同时它们也有人称和数的变化。
●例如:我的自行车my bike 他的名字 his last name 她的名字 her name
本课主要学习的物主代词见下表:
形容词性物主代词
my
your
his
Her
中文意思
我的
你的
他的
她的
特别提示:形容词性物主代词的前后是不出现冠词的,这是在书写句子时最容易犯的错误。如:my name 而不能说 my a name。

方法指津: 口诀串记形容词性物主代


我的my, 你的your,
男他的是his, 女她的改为her,
Its它的要记着,
我们的our 你们的your,
Their他们的是复数,
牢记句法功能做定语。
◆5. What’s your first name ?Jack.
What’s your last name? Smith.
(1)first name名字;last name姓氏。英美人姓名的顺序与中国人的相反。如:Jack Smith中Jack是名,Smith是姓。而中国人将姓放在前,名字放在后面,如:Zhang Mingming中,Zhang是姓, Mingming是名字。
(2)英美人的姓名与中国人的姓名相似,有一些专用于姓氏,而有一些多用于名字。如:Smith, Green, Brown, Miller多用于姓氏,而Gina, Tony, Mary, Tim, Tom等等多用于名字。
思维拓展
英美人的姓名一般由三部分组成:first name, middle name, last name. 三部分一起称作full name(全名)。first name是名字,也可以叫做given name,放在最前面;middle name也可以叫做second name,中间名字,但这部分队签署法律文件外一般不用。last name是姓,也可以叫做family name。
特别提示 Mr, Miss, Ms 这些称呼一般用在姓氏family name的前面,而不用在名字first name前面。如:我们可以说Mr Smith, 而不能说Mr Jack.
◆6. 在英语中中国人姓名的拼写: 姓和名分开,姓在前,名在后。
(1)如果是单姓,名又是单字,则姓与名的第一个字母要大写,其余字母用小写。
●例如:李雷Li Lei。
(2)如果是单姓,名是双字,则姓的第一个字母大写,名的双字合在一起算一个词,只把第一个字母大写就可以了。
 ●例如:韩梅梅Han Meimei。
(3)如果是复姓,则把复姓字母连在一起,只大写第一个字母,名字的拼写方法同上。
●例如:司马迁Sima Qian, 欧阳震华Ouyang Zhenhua。
(4)如果名字里有可能造成音的混淆的拼写时,要用连字号“-”或隔音号“’”隔开。
●例如:杨立安Yang Li-an (或Yang Li’an),如写成Yang Lian 就成了杨连。
【牛刀小试】
单项选择
( )1. Hello! My name is Jim Green. Jim is my .
A. first name B. last name C. given name D. Chinese name
( )2. ---My name is Tony.
---
A. How are you? B. Nice to meet you. C. Spell it , please. D. What’s your name?
( )3. ---Hello!
--- .
A. Good morning B. Hello C. Good D. Yes
( )4. name is Bob. is eleven years old.
A. He, His B. His, His C. He, He D. His, he
找出下列句子的错误并改正。
 1. What’s you name? 错误: 改正:
 2. He is Smith Jack. 错误: 改正:
 3. This is Zhang Ming Min

g. 错误: 改正:
用be的适当形式填空。
(1) My new sweater nice.
(2) his shoes white.
(3) you Mr. Smith?
(4) I Tony.
(5) It’s name MiMi.
【超越自我】
1. I am a student. _________ name is Tom. (2004 北京)
 A. My B. Your C. His D. Her
2. —????????? your name, please?
 —My name is ?????????.
A. What’s, Green Jim?????B. Who’s, Jim Green C.?What’s, Jim Green????D. Who’s, Green Jim
3. It isn’t watch. I left mine at home. (2006 北京)
A. me B. my C. I D. myself
4. 在对话的空格处填写适当的单词,使对话意思完整。

B: OK, here’s the key. By the way , where do you have to go now?
A: To the railway station to a friend of mine.
5---Excuse me. Is this watch? (2005 浙江)
---No, it’s not . It’s Tom’s.
A. yourself; your B. yours; mine C. your; my D. your; mine
【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
单项选择
1. A 2. B 3. B 4. D
找出下列句子的错误并改正。
 1. 错误:you 改正: your 2. 错误:He 改正: His
 3. 错误:Zhang Ming Ming 改正: Zhang Mingming
用be的适当形式填空。
1. is 2. are 3. are 4. am 5. is
超越自我答案
1.A 本题考查形容词性物主代词的用法,修饰名词name, 且要与前面句子主语相对应。
2.C 第一句是询问对方的姓名是“什么”,故用What’s ,回答时用My name is…。而英语国家人的姓名是名在前,姓在后。
3. B 这句话的意思是“这不是我的手表”。也是考查形容词性物主代词的用法,修饰名词watch。
4. meet 对话的上句问:你现在要去哪儿? 答语:去火车站接我的一个朋友。接见某人用meet sb.
5.D(形容词性物主代词必须和名词连用,故首先排除A和B;名词性物主代词不和名词连用,故又排除C。正确答案为D)
Section B
【视野聚焦】
重点短语
1. 电话号码 telephone number / phone number
2. 姓 family name / last name
3. 身份证 ID card (ID= identification)
经典句型
1. What’s your/ his /her telephone number? 你的/他的/她的电话号码是多少?
It’s 281-9176. 是281-9176。
2. What’s your / his / her family name? 你/ 他/ 她姓什么?
【学海拾贝】
◆1. -What’s your telephone number?-It’s 281-9176. ?
(1)这种疑问句叫特殊疑问句, 它的回答是针对特殊疑问词来回答的,不能用“Yes”或“No”来回答。这一句型同我们学过的What’s your name?属同一类句型,前者是询问电话号码是多少,后者是询问某人叫什么名字,但都用What “什么”放在句首来提问。
该句的回答是针对所问的内容(telephone number)来具体

回答的,回答是281-9176。注意为了避免重复,回答时用It指代上文的telephone number。
  (2)What’s…number?是用来对号码进行提问的。答语是It’s+号码。
  ●例如:你的身份证号是多少?
   What’s your ID card number?
特别提示
对号码提问还有另一种方式:What’s the number of…?
※ 你的电话号码是多少?
What’s the number of your telephone?

◆2. It’s 281-9176.
  表达数目多少的数词叫基数词,本单元出现0~9的基数词。基数词常用来表示号码、年代等。书写时一般用阿拉伯数字,而读的时候用英语。其中0可以读作zero也可以读作字母o的读音,当号码中有相同两个数字相连时,可以借助double(双的、两倍的)加数字来完成,也可逐个读出来。
●例如:It’s 929-3160读作:nine two nine three one six zero或 nine two nine three one six O.
     500698 读作:five double zero(O)six nine eight
◆3. What’s her family name?
family 的意思是“家庭, 家庭, 家族, 家属”。
●例如:我和家人一起吃晚饭。
I have dinner with my family.
方法指津:巧记family 一词
想要快速记住这个词,可以试一试记一下这个句子:Father and mother, I love you. 你发现了吗?family一词就是这个句子中每个单词的首字母组成的。
【牛刀小试】
单项选择
( )1. ---- What’s your _________ number?
??????? ---- ________ 3256654.
??????? A . phone, He’s ?? B. ID card, That’s??????? C. phone, It’s
(??? ) 2. ---- What’s her first name?
??????? ---- _________ Alice.
??????? A. It’s????????? B. Her????????? C. She’s
( )3. --- her phone number?
--- It’s 555-6780.
A. What B. How old C. What’s
( )4. Three and two is .
A. fifth B. five C. six D. one
( )5. --- What’s your ? ---It’s three four two.
A. name B. color C. bike D. number
句型转换
1. My name is Lily. (对划线部分提问)
name?
2. Her father’s name is Tim Black. (对划线部分提问)
her father’s .
3. What , his , number, is , telephone. (连词组句)
.
4. Her QQ number is 376184572. (对划线部分提问)
her ?
5. Four and one is five. (对划线部分提问)
four and five?
根据情景补全对话
A: Hello! What’s 1 name?
B: My name is Bill Smith.
A: 2 Kate Brown.
B: Nice to 3 you.
A: Me, too. 4 his name?
B: 5 name’s Mike Miller.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
【超越自我】
( )1. ---What’s eight plus seven? (2006 济南)
   ---It’s .
   A. t

hirteen B. one C. fiveteen D. fifteen
( )2. ---What’s your name? ---My name Jim Green. (2006 荆州)
A. am B. are C. is D. he
3. 在对话的空格处填写适当的单词,使对话意思完整。(2005 广东)
...
B: OK, here’s the key. By the way, where do you have to go now?
A: To the railway station to a friend of mine.
4. ---Tony, what’s ten and six? (2005 济南)
---It’s .
A. twenty B. fifty C. ten D. sixteen
【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
单项选择
1—5 D A C B D
句型转换
1. What’s , your 2. What’s, last / family name 3. What is his telephone number?
4. What’s , QQ, number 5. What, is
根据情景补全对话
1. your 2. My 3. meet 4. What’s 5. His
超越自我答案
1. D. 本题考查学生对数字的认识。eight 是八,seven是七,plus意思是“加”。所以答案应为fifteen十五。其中C答案是一个干扰项,five是五,而变为十五时应该是fifteen.
2. C. 本题考查be动词的用法。因为主语是my name,单数,故用is。
3. 对话的上句问:你现在要去哪儿?回答说:要去火车站“接”我一个朋友。“接见某人”用meet sb. 故答案为meet。
4. D(本题考查学生对基数词的辨析。问十加六是几,答案很简单,应该是十六)
Self Check
【重点单词】
◆1. last 形容词,意思是“最后的;上一个的”。
●例如:他是最后一个到学校的。
He is the last to school.
●上星期我们去了动物园。
We went to the zoo last week.
思维拓展
1. last 副词,意思是“最后”。
※ Saturday comes last in the week. 星期六在一周之中排最后。
2. last 动词,意思是“持续”。
※ The rain lasts two days. 大雨持续(下了)两天。
◆2. Zigzag是一个单词,意思是“之字形,Z字形”。在Just for fun中,用这一名字以幽默的方式讲解英美人的姓名特点。在漫画中,zigzag被用作卡通人物的姓名,真是“名如其形”。它把zigzag这一个词一分为二,zig作为名(first name),zag作为姓(last name)。
【参考答案】
3. Introduce two classmates in the cards below. 填写下面的卡片,介绍你的两个同学。
His name is Zhou Jielun.
His first name is Zhou.
His last name is Jielun.
His telephone number is 85623147.
Her name is Gina Green.
Her first name is Gina.
Her last name is Green.
Her telephone number is 253-6587.
【牛刀小试】
按正确的顺序排序
( ) 1. Nice to meet you, too.
( ) 2. My name’s Jane. Nice to meet you.
( ) 3. Hello. I’m Bill. What’s your name ?
( ) 4. C-O-R-N-E-R ,Corner.
( ) 5. May I have your last name ?

词汇
1. Nice to _______________ (遇见) you.
2. ---What’s this? ---It’s

a ________________ (时钟).
3. ______________ (看) at this picture, please.
4. My _____________ (第一) name is Tony.
5. Is _____________ (零) a number?
6. I have a sister. H_________ name is Jenny.
7. ---What’s your f______________ name? ---Smith.
8. I have a new p__________. Its number is 567—9863.
9. Please make a l____________of fruit.
10. Look at the ID c___________ and answer the questions.
任务型阅读
I am a girl. My name is Gina Green. I’m twelve years old. I’m in Class Two Grade Seven. My father is Mr Green. He is forty years old. He is an English teacher. My mother is Mrs Green. She is thirty-eight years old. She is a math teacher. My father and mother are in the same school, in No. One Middle School. My telephone number is 863—2975.

First name __________________ Last name _________________
Age (年龄) _________________ Class___________________________
Father’s age _________________ Mother’s age ____________________
Work place of her parents (她父母亲的工作地) _______________________________
Father teaches (教) __________________ Mother teaches _________________
Family numbers ______________________
书面表达
根据下面的ID card写至少四句话。
First name: Mary
Last name: Green
Age: 13
Phone number: 687-7423.
This is my friend.


【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
按正确的顺序排序
3, 2, 1, 5, 4
词汇
1. meet 2. clock 3. Look 4. first 5. zero
6. Her 7, family 8. phone 9. list 10. card
任务型阅读
First name ___Gina_________ Last name __Green_______
Age (年龄) _____12 years old _ Class___Class Two Grade Seven__
Father’s age ______40_______ Mother’s age ______38_________
Work place of her parents (她父母亲的工作地) ___in No. One Middle School__
Father teaches (教) __English____ Mother teaches ___math_______
Family phone numbers ___863—2975______
书面表达
This is my friend. Her first name is Mary. Her last name is Green. She is 13 years old. And her phone number is 687-7423.
综合测评
一、根据句意和首字母填空。(10分)
1. What’s your phone n___________?
2. What’s your f___________ name? It’s Gina.
3. Please answer this q____________.
4 .He has a big f . There are 6 people in his home.
5. Five minus(减) five is z____________.
6 .Four and four is ____________(八).
7 .Please send (寄)me a post c from Hong Kong.
8 L__________ at the boy. He is Jack.
9. Please look at the c . It’s 9:00.
10. I’m glad to m you!
二、单项选择。(20分)

( ) 1. .---Hello! My name_____ Tom. ---Hello! I _____ Kate.
A. is ; is     B. am ; am     C. am ; is       D. is ; am
( )2. His name is .
A. Gina B. Smith C. Bob D. Miller
( )3. ---Nice to meet you! --- .
A. Thank you. B. I’m fine, thank you C. I’m Tony. D. Nice to meet you, too.
( )4. What’s name?
A. you B. your C. she D. he
( )5. His name is James Alan Miller. James is his name.
A. given name B. last name C. family name D. middle name
( )6. ---- What’s your _________ number?
??????? ---- ________ 347-5186.
??????? A phone, He’s?? B bike, That’s??????? C phone, It’s D. bike’s ; It’s
( )7. ---- Is your last name Brown?
??????? ---- __________.
??????? A Yes, it is????? B No, I’m not????? C Yes, I’m D. No, it not.
( )8. This is Miss Lin. is my English teacher. full name is Lin Mei.
A. I ; My B. She ; She C. She ; His D. She; Her
( )9. What’s eight plus two? It’s .
A. six B. ten C. number ten D. twelve
( )10. --- What’s this? --- .
A. Yes, it’s “a”. B. It’s “a” C. I’m eleven. D. No, it isn’t.
三、 用人称代词的适当形式填空(10分)
1. _______ am a student. ________ school is Foreign Language School(外国语学校). ( I )
2. My teacher is Ms Brown. ________ is an English teacher. _______ home(家) is near(靠近) school.(she)
3. What’s _________ name? Are _________ in Class 1? (you)
4 .Eric likes(喜欢) red. _________ jacket is red. _______ pen is red, too. (he)
*5 .________ are students. _________ teacher is Mr Smith. (they)
四、从Ⅱ栏中找出与Ⅰ栏相对的答语(10分)
Ⅰ                  Ⅱ
(??? ) 1 Nice to meet you.??????????? A His first name is Bill.
(??? ) 2 Hello. I’m Mary.??????????? B Nice to meet you, too.
(??? ) 3 What’s her phone number????? C Hi, Mary. I’m Tom.
(??? ) 4 What’s his first name????????? D My name is Ryan Hunt.
(??? ) 5 What’s your name??????? E Her phone number is 889-545.
五、根据汉语完成英语句子。(20分)
1. 你叫什么名字? 我叫吉娜。
is your ? Gina.
2. 见到你也很高兴。
to you, .
3. ----她的电话号码是多少? ----是286-7619.
---- her ? ---- 286-7619.
4. 你的老师姓什么?
your teacher’s ?
5. 你能拼一下“零”这个单词吗?
you “zero”?
6. 请回答我的问题。
Please

.
7. 这用英语怎么说?
this English?
六、完型填空。(10分)
I have a good friend. ____1____ name is Bob. _____2____ is his family name. ____3____ is ten. ____4____ phone number is 432—5678. Bob and I ___5____ in Class 3. We help each other(相互帮助).
(??? ) 1 . A. My??? B. Her??? C. His??? D. She
(??? ) 2. A. Bob??? B Tony?? C Smith?? D Jim
(??? ) 3 .A He???? B She???? C It????? D His
(??? ) 4 .A His???? B Her???? C My???? D Your
(??? ) 5 .A am???? B is?????? C are???? D /
七、阅读理解: 判断对 (T) 错(F)。(10分)
  My name’s Roy Green. I’m a student. I am not 11. I’m 12. I’m not in Grade Six. I’m in Class Three, Grade
Seven. My English teacher is Drew. I like him. I like English. Linda is my Chinese teacher. My favorite color is blue. My phone number is 8856978.
( )1. My family name is Roy.
( )2. I’m eleven years old and I’m is Grade Seven..
( )3. I like blue best.
( )4. Linda is my English teacher.
( )5. The number of my telephone is 8856978.
八、写作。假设你是Jim, 根据提示写一篇介绍自己的小文章,不少于40字。(10分)
First name
Jim
Last name
Green
Age
11
Tel
828-7656













综合测评答案:
一、根据句意和首字母填空
1. number 2. first 3. question 4. family 5. zero
 6. eight 7. card 8. Look 9. clock 10. meet.
二、单项选择
1---5. D C D B A 6---10. C A D B B
三、 用人称代词的适当形式填空
1. I, my 2. She, her 3. your, you 4. His, His 5. They, their
四、从Ⅱ栏中找出与Ⅰ栏相对的答语
1. B 2. C 3. E 4. A 5. D
五、根据汉语完成英语句子
1. What , name, I’m 2. Nice, meet, too 3. What’s , telephone/ phone , number
4. What’s, family, name 5. Can, spell 6. answer, my , questions 7. What’s, in
六、完型填空
1---5 C C A A C
七、阅读理解
 F F T F T
快乐文化博览
英美人的姓名
英美人的姓名很有意思。据记载,姓氏在形成的过程中受到以下各种因素的影响:
1. 以职业名称为姓。英语国家中的Carpenter(卡彭特),Thatcher(撒切尔),Tailor(泰勒),Smith(史密斯),Baker(贝克)等姓氏源于木匠、盖屋顶的人、裁缝、铁匠、面包师傅等。
2.以居住地的城镇或村庄的名称为姓,比如York(约克),Kent(肯特)等。
3.以居住地附近的地形地貌为姓。如:Moor

(穆尔),Hill(希尔),Wood(伍德)等姓原是荒野、小山和树林的意思。
4.以个人特征为姓。Small(斯莫尔),Long(朗),Wise(怀斯),便分别是“小个子”、“大个子”、“聪明”等个人身体或个性特征。
5.有一部分带有浓厚宗教色彩的姓名。如Adam(亚当)→基督教《圣经》中的“人类始祖”;John(约翰)→基督教耶稣的12门徒之一等。
6.某些英语姓氏的前面带有Mac或(Mc)或O之类的前缀,比如MacArthur(麦克阿瑟),McCarthy(麦卡锡),O’Neil(欧尼尔)等。前缀Mac或Mc说明姓该姓的人是苏格兰人的后代,O表示是爱尔兰人的后代。
7.英美人的有些名字源于外来语,如Martinez(马丁内斯),Carcia(加西亚)等就来自于西班牙语。
8.英美人的有些姓名来源于颜色。如Green(格林)就是“绿色”的意思;再如White(怀特),Brown(布朗),Black(布莱克)就是源于白色、棕色、黑色之意。
Unit 2 Is this your pencil?
Section A
【视野聚焦】
重点短语
1. 铅笔盒 pencil case
2. 卷笔刀 pencil sharpener
3. 请原谅 excuse me
4. 谢谢你 thank you
5. 用英语 in English
经典句型
1. Is this your pencil? 这是你的铅笔吗?
2. No, it isn’t. It’s her ruler. 不,不是。这是她的尺子。
3. Excuse me, Sonia. 打扰了,索尼娅。
4. What’s this in English? 这用英语怎么说?
5. How do you spell it? 你怎样拼写它?
【学海拾贝】
◆1.Is that your backpack? Yes, it is.
 (1)Is that your backpack? 这种句型叫一般疑问句,是由陈述句That is my backpack.变来的。陈述句中的动词如果是am, is , are,变疑问句时可以直接把am, is, are提前到主语前面,首字母变为大写,将句号改为问号。变否定句时则直接在am, is, are的后面加not.
 ●例如:This is my ruler. → Is this your ruler? (一般疑问句)
  →This is not my ruler.(否定句)
方法指津: 巧用be动词
be动词用处大,变化am, is ,are。
表否定很简单,not加在be 后边。
若要变为疑问句,be应移到主语前。
还有一点要注意,句末问号莫忘记。
 
思维拓展:一般疑问句和特殊疑问句
最常见的问句有一般疑问句和特殊疑问句。
(1)一般疑问句是要用yes或no来回答的问句,一般译文中用“….吗?”
如:Is this your pencil? Yes, it is . / No, it isn’t.
(2)特殊疑问句不需要用yes或no来回答,它的结构是“特殊疑问词+一般疑问句”,要根据特殊疑问词来做答。
如:What color is your backpack? It’s blue.
How many watches do you have? Two.
 (2)that 意思是“那个”,用于指代时间或空间上距离说话人较远的人或事物。它的反义词是this, 意思是“这个”,用于指代在时间或空

间上距离说话人较近的人或事物。
●例如:这是我的尺子,那把是你的。This is my ruler. And that is your ruler.
特别提示 :
当问句中是用this , that 来提问时,答语要用it.
如:Is this your pencil? 回答用Yes, it is. 而不能说Yes, this is.
◆2. Excuse me, Sonia.
Excuse me意思是“打扰了,请原谅,对不起,劳驾您”,多用于向对方提出请求、询问情况、打搅别
人时所说,以向对方表示歉意或礼貌。具体有以下几种情况:
1)向不认识的人问路时
●例如:劳驾,请问这附近有银行吗?
Excuse me, is there a bank near here?
2)向别人询问情况时
●例如:请问,您是李先生吗?
Excuse me, are you Mr Lee?
3)客气地请求别人时
●例如:抱歉,我能出去一下吗?
Excuse me, may I go out for a moment?
4)做出不适当的行为请求谅解时(打喷嚏,撞到别人,进餐过程中离开等)
5)想要引起别人的注意时
●例如:各位,请听我说。
Excuse me, please listen to me.
方法指津:Excuse me与I’m sorry, pardon的区别
※I’m sorry 一般用于做错了事,有愧于某人或某事而道歉时,或者用于向别人表示同情或遗憾时。
如:A: My mother is ill in hospital. B: Oh, I’m sorry to hear that.
※Excuse me 多用于打扰、麻烦或有求于别人时所用。
※pardon 是I beg your pardon的缩略形式,一般用于正式的场合。
◆3. Yes, thank you.
Thank you用来表达谢意,还可以说thanks,若要加强语气后面可以加very much。回答别人的感谢时可以说Not at all,You are welcome 或者That’s all right。
●例如:Please have a cup of tea. 请喝杯茶吧。Thank you. 谢谢您。
特别提示: 在西方文化中,当你接受别人的帮助,得到别人的赞扬或赞美,或者别人向你表示祝愿、祝贺时,都要向对方表示谢意,通常用thank you 或thanks来回应。
如: A: Your handwriting is very good.
B: Thank you. / Thanks.
◆4. What’s this in English?
in English 意思是“用英语”, “in”是介词,在这里表示使用某种语言。In有多种意思,当表示“方法、工具、语言”时,其意思为“用”。
●例如:用这种方法 in this way 用中文 in Chinese 用墨水写 write in ink
思维拓展 in的其他用法:
表方位(在…的里面) 如:在盒子里in the box
表穿衣戴帽 如:穿着红外衣 in a red coat
戴着帽子 in a hat
◆5. How do you spell it?
  该句是由how引导的特殊疑问句,how 在这里叫做特殊疑问词,意思是“怎么、怎样、如何”,与what , who , when一样,可以引导特殊疑问句。句中的do是个助动词,在句中起辅助作用,用来帮助构成疑问句或否定

句。
  ●例如:你身体好吗?(你怎么样?) How are you?
思维拓展: how的其他用法
1. how还可以引导感叹句,意思为“多么”。
如:今天的天气多么好啊!How nice the weather is!
2. how 还可以跟其他形容词连用,共同构成特殊疑问词:how old多大 how much多少钱 how many多少…等。
如:你多大了? How old are you?
【牛刀小试】
单项选择
( )1. What’s this ______ English???
A. of B. to C. at ? D. in
(??? ) 2.--Is this your ruler? —Yes,_________.
A. this is B. it is C. it isn’t D. he is
(??? ) 3.That’s a girl. _______name is Lucy.
   A. Its B. His C. Her D. Your
(??? ) 4.--Is that his computer?--________________.
?????? A. Yes, he is B. No, it isn’t C. Yes, it isn’t D. No, this isn’t
(??? ) 5.______do you spell your name?
A. What B. How C. Who D. What color
(??? ) 6._____that a pencil sharpener?
A. is B. Are C. Is D. am
( )7. –Your English is very good. --- .
A. Not very good. B. Don’t say so C. Thank you D. No, my English is poor.
(??? ) 8.__________.Is this your bag?
A.?I’m sorry? B. Thank you? C. Excuse me? D. Hello
(??? ) 9.---How _____you spell “ruler”?---R-U-L-E-R.
??????? A. is B. are C. am D. do
( ) 10. —Is that an orange? —No,_______.
???? ???A. that’s not B. that isn’t C. this isn’t D. it isn’t
对话排序
A It’s a car. B. C-A-R.
C. Excuse me. D. How do you spell it?
E. What’s this in English? F. You’re welcome.
G. Thank you.
正确顺序:
翻译句子
1. 打扰了,这是你的铅笔吗?
, is this pencil?
2. 你的名字怎么拼?
you your name?
3. ---那是你的双肩背包吗? --不是。 是他的。
--- your backpack? --- No, . It’s backpack.
【超越自我】
1. ---Your skirt is pretty! (2005 贵州)
--- .
2. In our school library, there a number of books on science… (2005 包头)
A. is B. are C. has D. have
3. A message sent between computers, an e-mail. (2005 宁夏)
A. are B. is C. have D. has
4.--- do you like Chinese food? (2005 江苏)
--- Very much.
A. What B. Why C. How D. For what
【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
单项选择
1---5 D B C B B 6---10 C C C D D
对话排序
正确顺序:C E A D B G F
翻译句子
1. Excuse me, your 2. How, do, spell 3. Is , that , it , isn’t , his
超越自我答案
1. Thank you.

或 Thanks. (在英语国家里,当受到别人的赞美时,要表示谢意。)
2. B (该句是there be句型,因此排除C和D。又因为后面的主语是books,复数,因此选择B. are。)
3. B (本句不是从属关系,因此排除C 和D。又因为主语是message,是单数形式,故排除A选项。)
4. C (根据第二句回答问题应该是提问有关“程度”,而A选项是“什么”,B和D是询问原因,故应该选择C “怎么”。)

Section B
【视野聚焦】
重点短语
1.电子游戏 computer game
2.身份证 ID card
3.失物招领 lost and found
4. 一串钥匙 a set of keys
经典句型
1. Call Alan at 495-3539. 拨495-3539给艾伦打电话。
2. Is that your computer game in the lost and found case? 失物招领处里是你的电子游戏吗?
3. Is this your notebook? 这是你的笔记本吗?
【学海拾贝】
◆1. Call Alan at 459-3539.
(1)call=telephone或phone,在这里是动词,意思是“打电话”,后跟人或电话号码。
●例如:明天请给我打电话。
Please call me tomorrow.
●请拨打235-0285。 Please call 235-0285.

特别提示:
call还可以作为名词,意思是“(一次)电话,通话”
※请给你的父母打个电话。
Please give your parents a call.
(2)at 介词,“以,在(点钟);在(里面或附近)
●例如:他早上六点钟起床。
  He gets up at six o’clock.
●他现在在学校。 He is at school now.
◆2. Is that your computer game in the lost and found case?
lost and found “失物招领”。当某人丢失东西时,可用Lost 的形式张贴出海报即“寻物启示”,而当有人拾到他人物品时,可用Found的形式贴出海报,即“失物招领”。
◆3. Found: A set of keys.
  a set of 一串,一套,一列。
  ●例如:这是一套书。This is a set of books.
  ●我有一套高尔夫球球杆。 I have a set of golf-clubs.
特别提示:
set(套,副)是单位词,英语中名词前常可用单位词加上of表示数量,特别是一些不可数名词,本身无复数形式,可以通过单位词来表示数的概念,如:a glass of water一杯水,a bag of rice一袋大米等。如果句子中有单位词时,则谓语动词根据单位词来变化。
※ This set of books is new published. 这套书是新出版的。
※ I usually drink a cup of milk every night. 我通常晚上喝一杯牛奶。
【牛刀小试】
单项选择
( )1._____that a computer game?
  A. is B. Are C. Is D. am
( )2. Your baseball is in the _________case.
????? A. lost and found B. found and lost C. lose and find D. find and lose
( )3. This is ________ watch. That is ______school ID card.
??????? A. I, you B. my, you C. my, your D. I, your
( )4. _____my computer game.
??????? A. This B. He is C. It’s

D. This is a
(??? )5.—Is this your ruler?
   —Yes, it is.___________.
??????? A. Thank you B. Here you are C. Here are you D. It is your ruler
(??? )6. Please call Mary 479-8876.
A. in B. at C. for D. /
(??? )7. That set of keys in the lost and found case.
A. are B. be C. do D. is
(??? )8. Please give me to drink.
A. a milk B. a cup milk C. a cup of milk D. an orange
句型转换
1. I can spell my name? (变为一般疑问句)
you your name?
2. This is her watch. (变为一般疑问名并作肯定及否定回答)
this watch?
Yes, .
No, .
3. My computer game is in the lost and found case.(变为一般疑问句)
computer game in the and case?
4. Can you spell “notebook”? (同义句)
you “notebook”?
5. call, at , please, Nick, 452-7768. (连词组句)
.
英汉词组互译
1. 姓氏 2. 失物招领
3. 一辆英国小汽车 4. 一幅中国地图
5. 一串钥匙 6. his new dictionary
7. my pencil sharpener 8. call sb. at 231-4567
9. spell your name 10.in English
【超越自我】
( )1. ---I’d like something to read. (2006 温州)
---OK. Here are some .
A. CDs B. pencils C. photos D. books
( )2. Kate is a kind girl. often helps us learn English. (2006 舟山市)
A. I B. You C. She D. We
( )3. ---Oh, what a nice picture! You draw very well. (2004 哈尔滨)
--- .
A. Yes, it’s very good B. Yours is good
C. Of course not D. Thank you
【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
单项选择
1~5 C A C C A 6~8 B D C
句型转换
1. Can, spell 2. Is , her, it ,is , it ,isn’t 3. Is , your, lost, found 4. How, do, spell
5. Please call Nick at 452-7768. 或 Call Nick at 452-7768, please.
英汉词组互译
1. last name/ family name 2 . lost and found 3. an English car
4. a Chinese map 5. a set of keys 6. 他的新词典 7. 我的卷笔刀
8. 拨打231-4567找某人 9. 拼写你的名字 10. 用英语

超越自我答案
1.D(根据前面提示“我想读点东西”,因此答案应该为D. books)
2. C(Kate 是个女孩,故答案应该是C. She )
3.D(在表达对别人的“赞叹”或“赞扬”时,要用Thank you或Thanks来回答。 表示“感谢”)
Self Check
【重点单词】
◆1. backpack名词,意思是“双肩背包”。
backpack

是个合成词,back背部+pack背包=backpack
拓展:pencil铅笔+case盒子=pencil-case铅笔盒
note笔记+book书;本=notebook笔记本
◆2. dictionary 名词,意思是“字典,词典”。
●例如:一本汉英词典 a Chinese-English dictionary
一本英汉词典 an English-Chinese dictionary
拓展:查字典 look up a word in a dictionary
◆3. ring名词,意思是“环(状物);戒指”。
●例如:一个钥匙环 a key ring
思维拓展
ring 动词,意思是“铃响;打电话”。
※ The bell rings. Let’s have our lessons. 上课铃响了。咱们上课吧。
※ If you have any questions, please ring me up. 如果你有什么问题,请给我打电话。








【参考答案】
3. Look at the picture and write the conversations.
1) Is that your backpack? No, it isn’t.
2) Is that your pencil? Yes, it is.
3) Is this your key? Yes, it is.
4) Is that your basketball? No, it isn’t.
【Just for fun】
说明:漫画以一种幽默的方式来讲解英语中指示代词的用法。在最后一幅画中,左边的人问到:How do you spell that?此句中的that是指示代词,指的是前面他们谈论的物品watch,因左边的人实际上问的是:How do you spell watch?而右边的人却误解了that 的用法,以为他要问:How do you spell “that”?,因此闹了一人笑话。
【牛刀小试】
选词填空
how, am, are, his, your, her, my, is, an, what


1. He is a student and _ _ __ name is Jim.
2. Wang Li, this is _ _ __ eraser. Here you are (给你).
3. Where is _ _ __ eraser? I can’t find it (我找不到了).
4. Emma is English. Miss Zhang is _ _ __ English teacher.
5. Excuse me! _ _ __ this your ring?
6. —_ _ __ you Mary? — Yes,I am.
7. This is _ _ __ orange watch.
8. I _ _ __ a Chinese boy.
9. _ _ __ is that in English? It’s a watch.
10. —_ _ __ do you spell “computer”? — C-O-M-P-U-T-E-R.
选择正确的答语连线
( )1. What’s your phone number? A. No, it’s his notebook.
( )2. Is this your notebook? B. No, it’s a computer game.
( )3. How do you spell“English”? C. It’s E-N-G-L-I-S-H.
( )4. What’s this in English? D. It’s 668789.
( )5. Is this a TV game in English? E. It’s a notebook.
读短文,完成任务
Miss Zhang: Afternoon, class.
Studnets: Afternoon, Miss Zhang.
Miss Zhang: OK. Linda, is this an eraser?
Linda: Yes, it is. (A)
Miss Zhang: Spell it, please.
Linda: E-R-A-S-E-R.
Miss Zhang: Good. What’s this in English, Nick?
Nick: Sorry. I don’t know (我不知道).
Jenny: I know. (B)
Miss Zhang: Very good. ( C)
Jenny: It’s a ruler.
Miss Zhang: Spell it, please.
Jenny: Sorry. (D)
Miss Zhang: Well, please spell it. Who can(谁能)?

Kim: R-U-L-E-R, ruler.
( )1. Afternoon. 是___ _更为口语化的表达形式。
( )2. 句子What’s this in English? 应还原到对话中的___ _处。
( )3. 句子It’s a backpack. B-A-C-K-P-A-C-K, backpack.应还原到对话中的____处。
( )4. 单词sorry在对话中出现了两次,请你根据上下语句,猜出它的意思:__ __。
( )5. 句子Spell it, please.还可以用特殊疑问句表达为_____ ___?
【创新全解】
牛刀小试版块答案:
选词填空
1. his 2. your 3. my 4. her 5. Is
6. Are 7. an 8. am 9. What 10. How
选择正确的答语连线
1. D 2. A 3. C 4. E 5. B
读短文,完成任务
1. Good afternoon! 2. C 3. B 4. 抱歉,对不起 5. How do you spell it?

综合测评
一、根据句意和首字母提示完成单词。(10分)
1. E me, is this your pencil sharpener?
2. ---How do you s “ruler”? ---R-U-L-E-R.
3. Your notebook is in the l and found case.
4. ---I don’t know the word “ ring”. --- Please look it up in a d .
5. W this in English?
6. ---Here is your book. ---T you.
7. We go to s from Monday to Friday.
8. F : Watch. Please call Mary at 258-5667.
9. ---What’s that in the case? ---It’s a s of keys.
10. ---What’s this in English? ---It’s an e .
二、按要求写出下列词的正确形式。(10分)
1. is not (缩写形式)_______ ____ 2. thanks (同义词组) _______ ____
3. what is (缩写形式) _______ ____ 4. your (人称代词主格) _______ ____
5. this (对应词)_______ ____ 6. I (形容词性物主代词) _______ ____
7. I am (缩写形式)_______ ____ 8. it is (缩写形式) _______ ____
9. my(宾格) 10. find(过去式)
三、选择填空。(10分)
( )1.---What’s this in English? --- a pencil.
A. This is B. Its C. It’s D. That’s
( )2. ---Is that your ruler? --- .
A. It’s my ruler B. Yes, it is C. No, it is D. Yes, it isn’t.
( )3. ---Are you Lucy Miller? ---No, .
A. I’m B. I am C. I’m not D. I am’t
( )4. Please call me 468-7688.
A. in B. for C. at D. with
( )5. Sonia, is this your pen?
A. Yes B. Excuse me C. I’m sorry D. Thank you
( )6. --- Is this dictionary? --- Yes, .
A. your; it is B. you; it is C. his; it’s D. she; it is
( )7. --- . ---Nice to meet you, too.
A. How are you? B. Good morning C. How do you do? D. Nice to meet you
( )8. His name is .
A. Wang Lidong B. Wang Li Dong C. Wang liDong D. Wanglidong
( )9. ---W

hat’s Bob’s telephone number?
--- telephone number is 236-7645.
A. your B. his C. Li Ming’s D. her
( )10. ---What’s ? --- .
A. it’ Keys B. your name; Keys C. this; Keys D. that; A set of keys
四、阅读理解。(10分)
  Most English people have three names: a first name, a middle name and a family name. Their family names come last. But people don’t use their middle name very much. So “John Henry Brown” is usually called(称作) “John Brown”. People never use Mr, Mrs or Miss before their first names. So, you can say John Brown; but you should never say Mr. John. They use Mr, Mrs or Miss with the family name but never with the first name.
Sometimes people ask me about my name. “Why do your parents call you Jim? Why do they choose(选择) that name for you?” The answer is they don’t call me Jim. They call me James. People usually call me Jim for short.(缩写,简称)
( )1. Most English people have ____________ names.
A. one B. two C. three D. four
( )2. My full name is Jim Allan Green. __________ is my family name.
A. Jim B. James C. Green D. Allan
( )3. English people use Mr, Mrs or Miss with ____________.
   A. the family name B. the first name
   C. the middle name D. the first name and the middle name
( )4. The teacher’s name is Mary Joan Chute. Her students usually call her ___________.
A. Miss Mary B. Miss Chute C. Mr. Chute D. Miss Joan
( )5. _________ is short for James.
A. Jame B. Jimmy C. Jim D. Allan
五、连词组句。(10分)
1. is, this ,pencil. your
.
2. in English, what, this, is
?
3. spell, how, do, your name, you
?
4. my ruler, is, this, and, Jane, your , eraser, that, is
.
5. that, watch, lost, in, found, and , your, is, the , case
?
六、将下列句子按正确的顺序排列。(10分)
  A. I think it’s his book.
  B. No, it isn’t.
  C. Excuse me! Is this your book, Mary?
  D. That’s all right.
  E. Lin Tao, is this your book?
  F. Oh, yes, it is.
  G. Here you are.
  H. Thanks a lot.
  I. My book is here.
  J. It’s my English book.
  1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
七、用适当的词填空。(10分)
  her his my your this that at in me
  1. Excuse ________. What’s _______ phone number?
   My phone number is 287-5431.
  2. _______ is a ruler and _______

_ is a pen over there.
  3. Please call Mike _________ 548-7962.
  4. What’s that _________ English?
  5. Tom is an English boy. __________ family name is Smith.
  6. Mrs. Wang is a teacher. __________ pen is black and white.
  7. I have (有) a dog. ________ dog’s name is Lele.
八、句型转换。(10分)
  1. This is my pencil. (改为一般疑问句)
   your pencil?
  2. Is that your ruler? (作肯定和否定回答)
   Yes, .
   No, .
  3. I can spell it. (改为一般疑问句)
   you it?
  4. It’s “a sharpener” in English. (对划线提问)
   in English?
九、根据汉语意思完成英语句子。(10分)
  1. ---那是什么?
   ---是一个戒指。
   --- that?
   --- a ring.
  2. 那用英语怎么说?
   that ?
  3. 怎样拼写“computer”这个词?
   do you “computer”?
  4. 捡到一串钥匙。请拨打231-4865给杰克。
   Found: a of keys. Please Jack 231-4865.
十、写作。(10分)
你的好朋友Mary丢了一个铅笔盒,颜色是绿色的,请你帮她写一个寻物启事找回。她的电话295-3678。





参考答案:
一、根据句意和首字母提示完成单词
1. Excuse 2. spell 3. lost 4. dictionary 5. What’s
6. Thank 7. school 8. Found 9. set 10. eraser
二、按要求写出下列词的正确形式
1. isn’t 2 . thank you 3. what’s 4. you 5. that
6. my 7. I’m 8. it’s 9. me 10. found
三、选择填空
  1---5 C B C C B 6---10 A D A B D
四、阅读理解
  1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C
五、连词组句
  1. This is your pencil.
  2. What is this in English?
  3. How do you spell your name?
  4. This is my ruler and that is your eraser, Jane.
  5. Is that your watch in the lost and found case?
六、将下列句子按正确的顺序排列
  1. C 2. B 3. I 4. A 5. E
  6. F. 7. J 8. G 9. H 10. D
七、用适当的词填空
  1. me, your 2. This, that 3. at 4. in 5. His 6. Her 7. My
八、句型转换
  1. Is this 2. it is, it isn’t 3. Can, spell 4. What’s it
九、根据汉语意思完成英语句子
  1. What’s, it’s 2. What’s, in English 3. How, spell 4. set, call, at
快乐文化博览
Just for fun:
  There is a doctor. He

likes to play games with some of his young patients to test their knowledge of body parts. One day, while pointing to a boy’s ear, the doctor asked, “Is this your nose?” The boy answered, “No, it’s my ear.” Then the doctor pointed to the boy’s leg and asked, “Is this your arm?” Immediately the child turned to his mother and said, “I think we’d better find a new doctor!”
  
  有一位医生,他喜欢和他的小患者们开玩笑,来检查他们对身体各部位的常识。一天,医生指着一个小男孩的耳朵问:“这是你的鼻子吗?”小男孩回答说:“不,这是我的耳朵。”然后,医生指着小男孩的腿又问道:“这是你的胳膊吗?”小男孩立刻转身对他的妈妈说:“我想我们最好换个医生。”






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