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讲义一八上M1

发布时间:2013-12-04 16:28:44  

Jinxing Education Training School wishes you success!

讲义一 八年级英语上册 Module1How to learn English

教学目标:对于Module 1所出现的单词、短语、句型、课文进行复习巩固,夯实基础,提高能力。 教学步骤:

Step one:基础知识回顾 单词:

1. 两个人,一对 2. 改正,正确的 3. 拼写 4. 练习 5. 意义,意思 6. 把…填完整 7. 句子 8. 词典,字典 9. 语法 10. 字母 11. 查找 12. 错误 13. 犯错误 14. 理解,明白 15. (过去式) 16. 意见,建议 17. 应该 18. 可能的 19. 写下,记下 20. 笔记本 21. 忘记 22. (过去式) 23. 发……音 24. 大声地 25. 电台,广播 26. 发音 27. 关键性的

28. 主要的 29. 优秀的 30. 赞同 31. 同意某人 32. 词汇 33. 请求 34. 改进,改善 35. 主要的,基础的 36. 提出意见 37. 羞怯的 38. 谈话 39. 快地 40. 合理的 41. 建议,提议 42.放置

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短语:

1.欢迎回来 2. 写下;记下

3.靠着;挨着 4.尽可能多地

5.尽力去做某事 6.那么多新单词

7.做某事的办法 8.谈论

9.关键词和中心思想 10.开始一次谈话

11.同意某人的话 12.寻求建议

13.某些新东西 14.建议某人做某事

15.害怕去做某事 16.朝某人微笑

17.忘记新单词是自然的事 18.擅长于

Step two:重点单词和短语的讲解

1. advice n. 不可数 一条建议: a piece of advice 两条建议:________________ give advice on/about sth 在某事上给出建议

ask sb’s advice 征求某人的建议

follow/take one’s advice 听从某人的建议

训练:在这本书里有很多关于英语学习方面的建议。

医生给了他一些保持健康的建议。(keep fit)

2.

remember to do sth 记着要去做某事

remember doing sth 记着做过某事

forget to do sth 忘记去做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做了某事

try to do sth 设法做某事

try doing sth 试着做某事

stop to do sth 停下来去做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事

训练:

1). She remembers ____________ somewhere before.

她记得以前在什么地方见过他。

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2). Please remember _____________ before you leave.

请你离开时记得锁门。

3). I will never forget _____________ when we were children.

我永远不会忘记我们小时候一起踢足球。

4). I forgot _________________ when I went out.

我出门的时候忘了关窗户了。

5). As he was busy that day, he didn’t stop _____________.

那天他因为忙,就没有停下来跟我说话。

6). Please stop __________, let’s have a rest.

不要干活了,让我们休息一下。

7). He tried ___________________ neatly and correctly.

他设法把每个单词写得既清楚又正确。

8). If you can’t do it in this way, why not try ______________.

如果你用这种办法做不了这件事,为什么不试试其它办法呢?

3. watchn.手表;v. 看

Would you like to watch the World Cup on TV with me? 

1)watch作名词,其复数为watches。

2)watch作动词,后常接电视、比赛等,有“观望、观看、欣赏”之意。

3)同义词辨析:look at强调“看”的动作;see强调“看”的结果,看见;

read指看书、报纸、地图、杂志。

选词并用其适当形式填空watch see read look at

1) Please the blackboard.

2) Can you the new words on the blackboard? 

3) Look! He _________ English in the classroom.

4) Tim Animal World on TV now.

4. write down 写下,记下

I’d like to write down what the teacher said.我想把老师说的记下来。

1)同义词组:put down,注意这里的down是副词,代词要放在中间。

2)要记住以down为中心的一些短语:

turn down 关小,把(音量)调低sit down 坐下lie down 躺下 fall down 跌倒

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go down 下沉,沿着……走walk down 沿着……走

用上面所提到的词组的正确形式填空

the street until the end of it, and you’ll find the cinema.

3) He Lee’s telephone number in the newspaper.

5. look up 查找,查

This word is new, and you can look it up in the dictionary.

这是一个新单词,你可以查查字典。

区分look up 与look for

look up 着重指的是在字典中或在网络中查询某些资料或信息等。

look for 着重指的是寻找丢失的人或物。

用look up 或look for 的适当形式填空。

1)My pet dog is lost. All of my friends are helping me __________ it.

2) ---- Could you tell me what time the last train leaves Beijing for HK?

----- Sorry you should ______ it _____ on the Internet.

Step three:语法讲解

一般现在时 表示现阶段经常或习惯发生的动作或存在的状态,或说明主语的特征。

① 一般现在时句子中常有的时间状语:often,usually,sometimes,always,every (day等), once/twice,a (week等), on (Sunday等),never,in the (morning等)。如:They go to the Palace Museum (他们每年去一次故宫)他们经常在晚上商谈生意)

② 表示客观真理、事实、人的技能或现在的状态时句子里一般不用时间状语。如:The earth turns round the sun.(地球绕着太阳转)/ Light travels faster than sound.(光传播比声音快)

一般过去时 表示过去某时发生的动作或状态,这种动作或状态可能是一次性,也可能经常发生。 ① 表示过去具体时刻发生的一次性动作时,时间状语有:at (eight) (yesterday morning),(ten minutes) ago, when引导的时间状语从句。如:I got up at 6:(我是早上六点钟起床的)/ Little Tom broke the window at half past nine this morning.(小汤姆今天早上九点半把窗子打破了)/ When he went into the room,he saw a stranger talking with his father.(他走进房间时发现一个陌生人正和他父亲谈话)

② 表示过去一段时间内不知何时发生的一次性动作时,时间状语有:yesterday, last (year等), in

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(1998 等)。如:他2000年来到我们市)

③ 表示过去一个阶段中经常发生的事情时,时间状语有:last…, in…, from…to…, for(10 years),often,usually, sometimes, always, never等。如:Mr Jackson usually went to evening schools .

④ 讲故事、对过去经历的回忆、双方都明白的过去事件等一般用过去时,而且经常省略时间状语。如:I happened to meet Rose in the street.(我正好在街上遇到露西)

一般将来时 表示将来某一时刻或经常发生的动作或状态。

①一般将来时的时间状语有:tomorrow,this (afternoon),next (year),one day,now,soon, someday,sometime, in the future, when引导的从句等。

② 用will构成的将来时,表示动作与人的主观愿望无关。

如:I will graduate from this school soon.(我很快就要从这所中学毕业了)

③ “am/is/are going to+动词原形”表示打算或准备要做的事情,或者主观判断即将要发生的事情,而“am/is/are to +动词原形”表示安排或计划中的动作。如:.(有一个人告诉他们那个妇女就会生下那个特别的男孩)/ It rain soon.(天快要下雨了)

现在进行时 现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作或是现阶段正发生而此刻不一定在进行的动作。 ① 现在进行时由“助动词be (am is are ) +现在分词”构成。

② 现在进行时的时间状语有: now, this …, these…等,但经常不用。如:What are you doing up in the tree?(你在树上干什么?)我最近在写一本长篇小说) Exercise

( )1. What _____ you _____ over the weekend?

A. will; do B. does; do C. did; do D. were,; doing

( )2. Xiao Li usually _____ to school by bike last year.

A. goes B. went C. will go D. is going

( )3. What _____ in our town 100 years from now?

A. happened B. is happened C. has happened D. will happen

( )4. Mr. Smith _____ to see you in an hour.

A. came B. has come C. will come D. comes

( )5. We all know that the earth _____ round the sun.

A. goes B. went C. is going D. will go

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( )6. “Where are the boys?” “They _____ soccer on the playground.”

A. play B. are playing C. were playing D. played

( )7. Look! Lucy _____ under the tree.

A. reads B. is reading C. was reading D. read

( )8. “When _____ you _____ the bike?” “Last Monday.”

A. have; bought B. did; buy C. will; buy D. do; buy

( )9. Look! The boy _____English now.

A. likes B. liked C. is liking D. was liking

( )10. Most students in our class _____ TV twice a week.

A. watch B. watched C. will watch D. are watching

( )11. How soon _____ they _____ back from work?

A. do; come B. did; come C. have; come D. will; come

( )12. “Where _____ you _____ Mr. Li?” “In his office, half an hour ago.”

A. will; see B. did; see C. have, seen D. do; see

( )13. I _____ a new dictionary. Look! It’s very useful.

A. bought B. will buy C. have bought D. would buy

( )14. He _____ a fire and then cooked a meal.

A. had made B. was making C. made D. has made

( )15. Hurry up, or you _____ the early bus.

A. will miss B. has missed C. would miss D. missed

( )16. Tom is strong and he _____ to school every day.

A. walked B. walks C. will walk D. has walked Step four:当堂训练

Ⅰ. 根据句意和提示完成单词

1.I don’t like English ________ (语法) because it is very difficult for me.

2.Please make some __________(句子) with these words.

3.I think some books by Lu Xun are hard to _____________(理解).

4.My English teacher asked us to (改正)the false sentences in class

(提高)my English.

6.You must try to improve your 

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(害羞) to speak in front of class.

8.My English teacher _____________ (建议) us to write down the key words on the notebook.

9.This _____________ (对话) about shopping is very important. Please read it again.

10.Can I use your ___________ (字典)? I want to look up a word in it.

Ⅱ.用方框里适当的单词完成句子

to speak English all the time in class.

your answer.

3.If you in English study, you will improve your English and love it very much.

remember eight or ten words a day.

in my study daily.

6.We 

writing down your mistakes?

8.You should the manager about it.

9.Sometimes I other things to write a letter. 句型转换

6.Why don’t you ask Tom for help?(改为同义句)

7.Have you got any pen friends?(改为同义句)

any pen friends?

8.Don’t forget to speak English, ?(完成反意疑问句) 9.To remember new words is difficult.(改为同义句)

remember new words.

对画线部分提问)

单项选择

1.—Do you often go to the movies Sunday?

—No, we 

A.in;don’t B.on;aren’t C.in;do D.on;don’t

2.Tom’s parents want him more fruits.

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B.to eat C.eats D.eating A.eat

3.What do you think is the best way learning English?

A.of B.for C.in D.with

4.Don’t forget the windows when you leave the room.

A.to close B.closing C.close D.closed

5.How about to that song now?

A.listen B.listenning C.listening D.to listen

6.Li Tao takes a long time films every month.

A.watching B.to watch C.watched D.watches

7.-----I think listening more is good _____ your English study.

----- Yes. I agree ___ you.

A.at; for B.with; to C.for; with D.at; with

8-----Would you like ___________ , Tony?

-------No, thanks. That’s all.

A. else something B. else C. something else D. else anything

9.------ Jim, can you ____ this word in English?

------ Yes, I can ___ a little English.

A.tell; speak B.speak;say C.talk;say D.say;speak

10.The English story is very easy for us, because there are ____ new words in it.

A.a few B.a little C.few D.little

二、完型填空

When learning new vocabulary , don’t just memorize a list of words. Instead, try to _____ five sentences using each new word. Then use the new word as often as you can _____ day you learn it. This ______ you will remember new words much longer.

Practising sounds, as you know, is _______, the “th” sound for example. Choose words that begin ______ “th” and reapeat them over and over again ______ you are comfortable with them. Let’s try! This, that , those , them, think, thought, thin, thick…

Read, read, read in English, of course! Reading is one of the best ways to increase your vocabulary ______ improve your grammar in a natural way. Be _______ to choose topics or books you are interested in.

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When someone is talking in English, ______ the main point. If you hear a word you don’t understand, ignore it and go on listening. If you stop and think about the word, you will ______ everything else the person is saying. Always remember ---Practice makes perfect.

1. A. say B. make C. remember D. speak

2. A. the first B. the second C. all D. some

3. A. day B. time C. way D. word

4. A. difficult

5. A. with

6. A. when

7. A. but

8. A. quick

9. A. look for

10. A. miss

B. terrible B. from B. after B. so B. sure B. see B. guess C. funny C. at C. until C. or C. important C. listen to C. get D. easy D. in D. since D. and D. necessary D. hear D. catch

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