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Unit 4 ---Grammar(形容词与副词的最高级)

发布时间:2013-09-20 13:45:56  

Unit 4
What’s the best movie theater?

学习目标
1.掌握形容词最高级的变化规则及不规 则变化。 2.掌握最高级的常见结构并能熟练运用 最高级描写身边人或事物。

¥4999

cheap
This computer is cheap.

¥3999

cheaper

This computer is cheaper than that one.

¥2999

the cheapest
This one is the cheapest of all.

Town Cinema the closest

Screen City closer

Movie World close

Movie World is close to my home. Screen City is closer to my home.

Town Cinema is the closest to my home.

funny

funnier

the funniest

Ge You is funny. Zhao Benshan is funnier.
Pan Changjiang is the funniest of the three .

a big screen
Town Cinema

Town Cinema has a big screen.

a bigger screen
Screen City

Screen City has a bigger screen

the biggest screen
Movie World has the biggest Movie World screen.

Town Cinema

comfortable seats
Town Cinema has comfortable seats.

Screen City

more comfortable seats
Screen City has more comfortable seats.

Movie World

the most comfortable seats
Movie World has the most comfortable seats.

better

good

The yellow car is good. The blue car is better than the yellow one. The red car is the best of the three.

the best

Beijing: bad

Jinan: worse

Shanghai: the worst
The weather in Beijing is bad.

The weather in Jinan is worse. The weather in Shanghai is the worst.

Summary:
cheap-cheaper-cheapest close-closer-closest funny-funnier-funniest big-bigger-biggest comfortable-more~ -the most~ good-better-best bad-worse-worst

1. 一般在形容词后加-est 2.以不发音的e结尾加-st 3.辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i加-est 4.辅元辅,再重读,双写尾字母再加-est 5.部分双音节词和多音节词在前面加most
good/well — better — best bad/ill/badly — worse — worst many/much — more — most little — less — least

old — older/elder —oldest/eldest
far — farther/further — farthest/furthest

1.great — greatest
3. happy — happiest

2. thin — thinnest 4. good— best 6. long — longest
8. fat — fattest

5. large — largest
7. most interesting — 9. easy — easiest 11. most difficult — 13. fine — finest 15.comfortable most comfortable — 17. bad— worst

10. hot — hottest
12. funny — funniest 14. big — biggest 16.high — highest 18. many— most

? This apple is the biggest of

all. ? This car is the best of the three. ? Zhou Bin is the tallest in our class.
? The Changjiang River is the longest in China.

1. 最高级表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的 比较,其中有一个在某一方面超过其它几个。 2.形容词最高级的前面一般要加__________,但 定冠词the 如果形容词最高级前有物主代词或名词所有格 等修饰语时,则不再用定冠词the。副词最高 级前可加the,也可省略the. 3. 最高级的最基本句型结构是 “A + 动词 + adj./adv.的________ + 比较范围”,表示“A 最高级 in 在……中最……”。比较范围常用___

_ 或 of ____ 等引导的短语来表示。

按要求填空, 每空词数不限。 1. 汤姆是我们班上最胖的。 Tom is _______________ our class. the fattest in 2. She works ___________________(careful) in (the) most carefully her school. 3. I think turkey is _________________(delicious) the most delicious of all. 4. This girl is my youngest _________(young) student. 5.These are his newest _______(new) shoes.

请认真观察并分析以下三组例句,注意 总结最高级的常见结构。

每个句子的结构和含义,然后小组讨论、

1. Which do you like best, Chinese, English or math?
2. Who is the shortest, Tom, Tim or Jim? 3. Tom is one of the tallest boys in his class. 4. Lu Xun is one of the greatest writers last century. 5.Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

6. Hainan is the second largest island in China.

1) Who/ Which+动词+ 最高级…, A, B or C ? 2) one of + the + 形容词的最高级 + 名词复数 表示“最……之一” 3) the +序数词 + 形容词最高级 + 单数名词 表示“第几最…”

1.Tian’anmen Square is one of the D ____ squares in the world. A.large B.larger C.largest D.the largest 2.Nanjing isn’t so large as Shanghai, however, it’s the second _____city in East China. B A.large B.largest C. the largest D.large

3.Xi’anis one of _____capital _____in China. D A.older,city B.the older,city C.oldest,cities D.the oldest,cities

I. 用形容词的最高级完成下列句子: 1. Screen City is _________________ (popular). the most popular 2. Town Cinema is _____________ (close) to home. the closest 3. Green Cinema is __________________ (cheap). the cheapest 4. Movie Palace has _______________________ the most comfortable (comfortable) seats. 5. Guangming Cinema is ________________ (big). the biggest 6. Showtime Cinema has _____________ (friendly) the friendliest service. the best 7. What’s _______________ (good) clothing store? 8. What’s _______________ (bad) radio station? the worst

II. 1-3补全句子, 4 翻译句子。
1. 王老师是我们学校最受欢迎的老师之一。

one of the most popular Mr. Wang is _______________________
________in teachers our school.

2. 谁是年龄最小的, 吉姆、杰克还是戴维?
__________________, Who is the youngest Jim, Jack or David? the first longest river 3. Changjiang is ________________ (第一长河) in China. 4. 英语是最重要的科目之一。

English is one of the most important subjects.

中考链接
1). (2011河北) Of all the subjects, chemistry seems to be ___ for me. A. difficult B. too difficult C. more difficult D. the most difficult 2). (2010河南) China is one of ___ countries in the world. A. old B. the older C. the oldest D. oldest

3) English is one of ______ important subjects in our school.(2007 山东济南) A. most B. the most C. more D. much more 4)—Which is _____, the sun, the moon or the earth? —Of course the sun is. (2006 浙江宁波) A. smallest B. the sma

llest C. bigger D. the biggest

Thanks for listening!


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