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七年级上英语句型转换专项训练

发布时间:2013-12-05 14:27:28  

专项练习
——句型转换

陈述句

肯定句
否定句 一般疑问句 特殊疑问句

疑问句

一.肯定句变否定句
句子中有be,在be后加not。 ? 1.

1) I am a student. I am not a student. 2) They are blue . They aren’t blue. (aren’t= are not ) 3) He is Tom. He isn’t Tom. ( isn’t= is not )

二.肯定句变一般疑问句
1. 句子中有be,把be提到句首.I am改为Are you 1) I am a student. Are you a student? Yes, I am. No, I am not. 2) They are blue. Are they blue? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. 3) He is Tom. Is he Tom? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. 问句和答语的be动词和人称代词保持一致.

?2. 谓语是动词原形,在动词前加don’t。 1) I have a book . I don’t have a book. 2) They like Chinese . They don’t like Chinese. 3) We come from China. We don’t come from China.

3.谓语动词是第三人称单数,在动词前加 doesn’t,动词还原成原形。

1)She has a small mouth. She doesn’t have a small mouth. 2)Maria likes China. Maria doesn’t like China. 3)Jane comes from the U.S.A. Jane doesn’t come from the U.S.A.

练习:将下列句子变成否定句。
1. I am a teacher. I am not a teacher. 2. We are students. We aren’t students. 3. Jane is a girl. Jane isn’t a girl. 4. They like English. They don’t like Chinese 5. I come from China. Idon’t come from China. 6. He likes Chinese. He doesn’t like Chinese. 7. Maria comes from Cuba. Maria doesn’t come from Cuba. 8. We know Maria. We don’t know Maria.

2.谓语是动词原形,在句首加do。

1) I have a book . Do you have a book? 2) They like Chinese . Do they like Chinese? 3) We come from China. Do you come from China?

3.谓语动词是第三人称单数,在句首加

Does,动词用原形。
1) She has a small mouth. Does she have a small mouth? 2) Maria likes China. Does Maria like China? 3) Jane comes from the U.S.A. Does Jane come from the U.S.A? 4) She knows Maria. Does she know Maria?

练习:将下列句子变成一般疑问句。
Are you a teacher? 1. I am a teacher. Are they Students? 2. They are students. Is Jane a girl? 3. Jane is a girl. 4. They like English. Do they like English? 5. I come from China. Do you come from China? 6. He likes Chinese. Does he like Chinese? 7. Maria comes from Cuba. Does Maria come from Cuba? 8.We speak Chinese. Do you speak Chinese?

三.一般疑问句做肯定,否定回答
Are you Maria ? 肯定回答:Yes , I am.

否定回答:No,I’m not.
肯定回答: Yes , 主+助/be动词. 否定回答: No, 主+助/be动词+not.

2.问句和答语的be动词和助动词保持一致. 1) Are you a student? 肯: Yes, I am. 否: No, I’m not. 2) Is he Kangkang? 肯:Yes,he is. 否:No,he isn’t. 3) Do they like Chinese? 肯:Yes, they do.否:No , they don’t. 4) Does she have a small mouth? 肯:Yes, she does.否:No, she doesn’t.

3.问句和答语中的主语保持一致。(必须用主格)

1) Is Jane from the U.S.A?

肯:Yes, she is. 否:No, she isn’t.

2) Does Kangkang come from China?
肯:Yes, he does. 否:No, he doesn’t.

3) Do Jane and Maria like China?
肯:Yes, they do. 否:No, they don’t.

4) Is this a ruler?
肯:Yes, it is . 否:No,it isn’t.

5) Is that a desk?
肯:Yes,it is. 肯:Yes , it is . 否:No,it isn’t.

9) Is it an orange?
7) Are those pencils? 8) Are they erasers?
肯:Yes , they are. 否:No,they aren’t. 否:No,it isn’t.

肯:Yes,they are. 否:No,they aren’t.

6) Are these books?
肯:Yes,they are. 否:No,they aren’t.

练习:给下列句子做肯定回答或否定回答。 1.Are you a student? am . No, I’m not . Yes, I 2. Do they like English? Yes, they do . No, they don’t . 3.Is Jane a girl? Yes, she is . No, she isn’t . 4. Does Maria like China? Yes, she does . No, she doesn’t .

5.Is Kangkang a student? is . Yes , he No , he isn’t . 6.Is that a girl? is . Yes , it No , it isn’t . 7.Are those telephones? Yes , they are . No , they aren’t . 8.Does Tom know Jane? Yes , he does . No , he doesn’t . 9.Do they come from the U.S.A? Yes , they do . No , they don’t . 10.Is this an egg? is . Yes , it No , it isn’t .

一.肯定句变否定句 1.句子中有be,在be后加not。 2.谓语是动词原型,在动词前面加don’t。 3.谓语动词是第三人称单数,在动词前加doesn’t,动词用原形。 二.肯定句变一般疑问句 1.句子中有be,把be提到句首.I am改为Are you 2.谓语是动词原形,在句首加do。 3.谓语动词是第三人称单数,在句首加Does,动词用原形。 三.一般疑问句做肯定,否定回答 1.Are you … ?肯定回答:Yes , I am.否定回答:No,I’m not. 2.问句和答语的be动词和助动词保持一致. 3.问句和答语中的主语保持一致。(必须用主格)

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

特殊疑问词
What 什么 对姓名,电话,东西提问 What class 班级 对班级提问 What grade 年级 对年级提问 What color 颜色 对颜色提问 What time 几点钟 对时间提问 Where 哪里 对地点提问 Who 谁 对人提问 Whose 谁的 对物主提问 What does sb.look like? 询问某人的长相 What does sb. usually have for breakfast?问早餐吃什么 What does sb.do?询问某人的职业 What do you think of…?询问某人认为某事什么样 How do you like …?询问某人认为某事什么样 How 怎么样 对fine提问 How old 多少岁 对岁数提问 How many 多少 对可数名词提问 How much 多少(1)对不可数名词提 (2) 对价格提问

对画线部分提问(改特殊疑问句)
1. I come from China. 2. She is twelve 年龄 地点

1.Where do you come from?

2.How old is she?
定语 3.What color is his hair? 4.Which man is Tom?

3. His hair is blond.

颜色

4. The man in black is Tom.

5. That is his shirt. 物主代词 6. My name is Kate. 人名 7. That girl is Jane. 8. That is a box. 人物

人名 事物

5.Whose shirt is that?
6.What is your name? 7.Who is that girl? 8.What is that? 9.What is her name? 10.Who is she?

9. Her name is Sally. 10. She is Sally. 人物

人名 1. His name is Michael.

What is

his name ?
人物

2. He is Michael. Who is he ? 地点 3.Michael comes from the U.S.A.. Where does Michael come from 程度 4. I am fine. How are you ? ?

程度 5. His father is fine.

How is his father

?
年龄

6. My sister is six years old. How old is your sister ? 班级 7. He is in Class Seven, Grade Nine. he in ? 相貌 8. He has a big head. What does he look like ? What class is

颜色 9. This bag is red. What color is this bag 颜色 10.Jane likes red. What color does Jane like ? 定语 11.The girl in red is Jane. Which girl is Jane ? 定语 12.The boy over there is Michael. Which boy is Michael ? ?

物主代词
13. These apples are theirs.

Whose are

these apples ?

定语

14.The woman with red hair is Jane’s mother.
Which woman is Jane’s mother ? 名词所有格 15.The jacket is Li Ming’s Whose is this jacket ?

物主代词 16.My shoes are brown. Whose shoes are brown ?

人物

17. Tom looks like his father.
Who does Tom look like ? 颜色 18. I like orange. What color do you like ? 定语 19.Jane knows the girl with long red hair. Which girl does Jane know ? 地点 20. Maria comes from Cuba. Where does Maria come from ?

四.对划线部分提问. ? 将划线部分去掉,分析句意. 1.My name is Nancy. What’s your name? Where are you from? 2.I am from China. 3.I am fine . How are you? 4. Miss.Wang is our English teacher. Who is your English teacher? 5.Lucy is ten years old. How old are you? 6.He is in Class One Grade Two. What class is he in?

7.My telephone number is 5805000. What is your telephone number? What are these ? 8.They are cars. Whose cap is this? 9.This is my cap. 10.My favorite movie star is Bruce Lee. Who is your favorite movie star ? What color is it? 11.It is yellow . 12.She is tall. What does she look like ? 13.Jack is in Grade Seven. What grade is Jack in?

14. My mother is an English teacher. does your mother do ? ? What ? 15. Linda works in a hospital. does Linda work ? ? Where ? 16. I like the pants very much? ? How do you like the pants? ? 17.I want 3 bags of salt. much salt do you want? ? How ? 18.we have 58 students in our class. ? How many students do you have in your class? ? 19.The red pants are 30 yuan. ? How much are the pants?
?

五.同义句转换.
1.Please give Jane the book. Please give the book to Jane. 2. Could you please tell me your name? Could you please tell your name to me? 3. He has short hair. His hair is short. 4. I have a big nose. My nose is big. 5. You have a wide mouth. Your mouth is wide.

6.My English teacher is old . My English teacher is not young . 7. Betty is not short. Betty is tall . 8.This is my book. This is mine . 9.This jacket is not new. This jacket is old . 10.My ruler is not long. My ruler is short . 11

.She looks like her mom. She and her mom look the same . 12.They come from China. They are from China.

六.单复数转换.

1.将下列句子变成复数. They are boxes . It is a box . These are This is a ruler. rulers. Those are erasers. That is an eraser. They are students. He is a student. These This is a bus. . are buses Those are pens . That is a pen.

2.将下列句子变成单数。 It 1.They are pencils. 2.These are erasers. This 3.They are boys. He is is 4. They are girls . She 5.Those are books. That This 6.These are desks. 7.These are boxes. This That 8.Those are cars. is a pencil.

an eraser. a boy. a girl. is a book. is a desk. a box . is is a car .
is

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