海量文库 文档专家
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语


发布时间:2013-12-05 14:27:29  


一、Be 动词(am, is, are)的用法

口诀:I 用am , you 用are ,is 连着他(he)她(she)它(it)。单数统统用is,复数一律都用are. 变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃,变否定,更容易,be 后not莫忘记,疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。I ________ a student. This book________ very interesting. You ________ Japanese. Li Lei and I __________ good friends. He _______ my brother. These ________ apples. My name ________Harry. Those_________ bananas. Lily _________ very tall. They _________students. Mary, this _________ Tom. ________ she from China? Miss Zhou ________ my teacher. ________ you good at English? The cat________ black. The books ________ on the desk. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. What_____ this? The girl______ Jack's sister. The black pants ______ for Su Yang. The dog _______ tall and fat. This pair of boots ______ for Yang Ling. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher. There some milk for me. ______ your brother in the classroom? Some tea ______ in the glass. Where _____ your mother? Gao Shan's shirt _______ over there. How _______ your father. My sister's name ______Nancy. Whose dress ______ this? ______ David and Helen from England? Whose socks ______ they? There ______ a girl in the room. That ______ my red skirt. There ______ some apples on the tree. Who ______ I? _______ there any kites in the classroom? The jeans ______ on the desk. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle? Here ______ some sweaters for you. There _______ some bread on the plate.

are你是You are你们是He is他是She is 她是They are 他(她,它)们是It is它是。另外: are 是 is 的复数,主语是复数与 are 连用, 主语是单数与 is连用。人称代词主格会与跟在它后面的be动词缩写。如I am=I’m ,you are=you’re, He is=he’s, she is=she’s, it is =it’s we are=we’re,they are=they’re

形容词性的物主代词(只作定语)+名词, 如my book 我的书 her hat 她的帽子。形容词可作定语,形容词(定语) + 名词, 如good boy好男孩favorite subject最喜欢的科目。形容词可与 be (am, is, are) 连用作定语, be (am, is, are) + 形容词 (表语) 如 He is happy.


Exercise:一 根据句子前后内容,写出正确的代词。

1. Li lei is from China.___________ is Chinese.

2. My name is Gina._________ am a student.

3. This is Tom.________ is in Grade Two.

4. His name is Tony.___________ telephone number is 856-0770.

5. She is a student. ________name is Julia.


1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I )

2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she )

3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )

4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )

5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What colour are _________? ( you )

6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )

7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )

8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)

9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )

10. Are these _________ tickets? No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )

11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )

12. Look at that desk. Those books are on _________. ( it )

13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )

14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )

15. The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )

16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )

17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )

18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )

19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he )

20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )

三、指示代词this ,that, these, those.

These 是this 的复数形式,指时间、距离较近的或下面要提到的人或事。Those 是that的复数形式,指时间、距离较远或者前面已经提到的人或事。

如:This is my room. That is Lucy’s room. These are his brothers. Those are he books.


(一)冠词分为不定冠词(a ,an)、定冠词(the)和零冠词(不用冠词的情况)三种。

(二)不定冠词a(an)与数词 one 同源,是“一个”的意思。a 用于辅音音素前,如 a boy 一个男孩a teacher一个老师;而 an 则用于元音音素前。如 an orange 一个橙子an apple一个苹果 an eraser一块橡皮 an egg 一个鸡蛋 an English girl一个英国女孩an answer一个答案an aunt一个阿姨 an uncle一个叔叔an alarm clock一个闹钟an example 一个例子an art festival 一个艺术节an action movie 一部动作片 an actor一个演员,an email一封电子邮件an addres一个地址an opera 一部戏剧an interesting book一本有趣的书an exciting movie 一部激动人心的电影


1. 用于可数名词的单数形式前,表示"一"There is a tiger in the zoo.动物园里有一只老虎。

2. 表示一类人和东西A tiger can be dangerous.老虎可能有危害性。

3. 表示"某一个"的意思A gentleman wants to see you.有一位先生要见你。

4. 表示"同一"的意思They are nearly of an age.他们几乎同岁。The two shirts are much of a size.这两件衬衫大小差不多。

5. 表示"每一"的意思We go swimming four times a week. 我们每周去游泳四次。

6. 用在单数可数名词前,表示身份、职业My mother is a teacher.我妈妈是教师。


7. 第一次提到的人或事物,但不特别指明是哪一个Long long ago there was an old king who had a very beautiful daughter.很久很久以前,有一个年老的国王,他有一个非常美丽的女儿。

8. 在such a,quite a句式中。He is quite a good actor.他是一个相当好的演员。Don't be in such a hurry. 不要如此匆忙。

9. 在感叹句 what...的句式中What a pretty girl she is!她是一个多么漂亮的女孩呀!

10.用在某些表示数量的词组中:a lot of许多a couple of一对a great many很多a dozen一打a great deal of 大量



定冠词the (表示特指)相当于this (这个)that (那个) these (这些) those (那些)如 the sweater这 (/那)件毛衣the skirts这些( /那些 )裙子某些专有名词,还有复数姓氏。序数词最高级,习惯用语要牢记。

1. 用以特指某(些)人或事物This is the house where Luxun once lived.这是鲁迅曾经住过的房子。

2. 用于指谈话双方都明确所指的人或事物Open the door, please.请把门打开。

3. 用以复述上文提过的人或事物(第一次提到用“a或an”,以后再次提到用“the”)I have a black pen. This is the pen.

4. 用在序数词和最高级前January is the first month of the year.一月份是一年当中的第一个月。 Shanghai is the biggest city in China.上海是中国最大的城市。

5. 表示宇宙中世界上独一无二的事物。the sun 太阳 the moon 月亮 the earth 地球 the sky 天空 the world 世界

6. 指由普通名词构成的。the West Lake西湖the Great Wall长城the United States美国

7. 表示方向、方位。in the east 在东方 in the west 在西方in the front 在前面 at the back 在后面in the bottom 在底部 at the top 在顶部on the right 在右边 on the left 在左边

8. 在海洋、江河、湖泊、山脉、海峡、海湾等地理名词前the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 the Huanghe River 黄河the Tianshan Mountains 天山山脉 the Taiwan Straits 台湾海峡

9. 在姓氏复数前,表示一家人The Bakers came to see me yesterday.贝克一家人昨天来看我。

10. 和某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,代表一类人或物

the poor 穷人 the rich 富人the sick 病人the wounded 伤员the good 好人 the beautiful 美丽的事物

11. 用在表示阶级、政党的名词前the working class 工人阶级the Chinese Communist Party 中国共产党

12. 用在the very强调句中This is the very book I want.这就是我想要的那本书。

13. 在the more, the more的句式中The more you drink, the more you like it.你越喝就越爱喝。

14. 表示演奏乐器时,乐器的前面要加theplay the piano 弹钢琴play the violin 拉小提琴

*中国乐器名词前不与冠词连用:play erhu(二胡)]the+n{发明物} 必须是单数 who invented the telephone?

15. 某些固定的表达法in the morning 在早上 in the afternoon 在下午in the evening 在晚上 go to the cinema 去看电影go to the theatre 去看戏 all the year round 一年到头on the way to 前往...去的路上

16. the加单数可数名词可以表示一类人或事物The horse is a useful animal. 马是一种有用的动物。

17.用在世纪或逢时{1990}的复数名词前in the18th century 在18世纪 in the 1960s 在20世纪60年代 18 多与民族 国籍的形容词连用The Chinese are brave hard-working people 中国人是勤劳和勇敢的人

19. 用于报刊 杂志 会议 条义 历史 时期 朝代的名词前the Xian incident 西安事变


1. 专有名词前一般不加冠词。China 中国 Europe 欧洲Lei Feng 雷锋 William Shakespeare 威廉·莎士比亚

2. 月份、星期、节日前一般不加冠词January 一月份 Sunday 星期日Christmas Day 圣诞节Thanksgiving 感恩节National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节 注:民族节日前要加the 如:the Spring Festival

3. 三餐、四季前一般不加冠词。

I have lunch at school.我在学校吃午餐。

比较:I had a big lunch yesterday.昨天我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。(表示某一个)

Summer is the best season for swimming.夏天是游泳的好季节。

比较: I will never forget the summer we spent in Hawaii.我永远不会忘记我们一起在夏威夷度过的那个夏天。(表示特指)

4. 进行球类运动。 play basketball 打篮球 play volleyball 打排球play football 踢足球


5.by+交通工具。 by bus 乘公交车 by bike骑自行车

6. 没有特指的物质名词This cart is made of wood.这辆手推车是用木头作的。

比较: The wood outside was all wet. 外面的那些木头都湿了。(表示特指)

7. 没有特指的不可数。 Time is precious.时间是宝贵的。

8. 没有特指的可数名词复数形式后。 I like tomatoes.我喜欢西红柿。

9. 山峰。 Mount Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰

10. 泛指人类。Man is mortal.人必有一死。

11. 指职位、头衔称呼的词,如king,captain,president,chairman 等。He is (the) captain of the team.他是球队的队长。12. 固定词组go to school 去上学 go to bed 上床睡觉go by train 乘火车去 go by boat 乘船去at table 在用餐 in hospital 住院at school 求学 in school 求学at noon 在中午at night 在晚上at midnight 在半夜 in town 在城里



1.What’s this? It’s ______ clock.

2.What’s that? It’s_____alarm clock.

3.What is it? It’s _____ “w”.

4. My favorite subject is______P.E.

5.Jim’s mother is______Mrs.Green. She is ____ teacher.

6.Those pens are in _______ pencil-case.

7.Here’s ________ interesting family photo.

8.When does Lily go to ______ bed in ______evening?

9._____ “h”,____ “o”and ____“w” in the word “how”.

10.This is _________my English book.

11.Where is ________bag? It’s under_______table.

12.I often go to _______school at _______7:00.

13.Take_______ cup to______your mother.

14.They like playing ______ football.

15. What color is your coat? It’s ___orange. It’s ___orange coat.

16.Do you have_______pingpong bat? Yes, I do.

17.Do you want to see _________ action movie? No, I want to play_______chess.

18.When is his sister’s birthday? It’s_________April _______ eleventh.

19.Does Bill like__________hamburgers? No ,he doesn’t.

20.A:Let’s play soccer. B:I don’t have______soccer ball. A:Well,let’s play _____drums. B: That sounds good.

21.Do you have Art Festival at your school? Yes, we do.

22.How much are ________ two hats? They are 10 dollars.

23.Rich often goes to see _______Beijing Opera on_______weekends.

24.Can Tom play_________piano? Yes, he can.Can he play _______it well? No, he can’t.

25.When do people usually eat _______breakfast? They usually have________it in ______morning.








专有名词表示个人、地方、机构、组织等。如:Tom,the Great Wall,the Spring Festival,France,the United States)。




a.以 o 结尾的词,只有tomato加es. tomato-tomatoes西红柿

b. 以s, sh, ch, x等结尾的词加es. bus-buses公共汽车watch-watches手表class-classe班级/课, address-addresses地址, wish-wishes愿望, speech-speeches演讲

c.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,把改为 I 再加es. strawberry-strawberries草莓city-cities城市comedy-comedies喜剧 documentary-documentaries记录片party-parties聚会dictionary-dictionaries字典family-families家庭hobby-hobbies爱好

d.另外: tooth-teeth 牙齿 life-lives 生活.





③某些外来词变复数时词尾加s,eg. piano—pianos

④一些名词的缩写形式变复数时,词尾加s,eg.photo(photograph)——photos,kilo(kilogram)kilos ⑤zero变复数时,既可加s,也可加 eg.zeros/zeroes

g.有些名词由单数变复数时,不是在词尾加s或es,而是变换其中的字母。 eg. man——men,woman——women,policeman——policemen,Englishman——Englishmen, foot——feet, tooth——teeth, child——children,mouse—mice,ox—oxen



另外,①当一个名词作定语说明另一个名词时,这个名词一般用单数。eg.an apple tree,five apple trees,a girl friend,two girl friends,a twin sister但是,当man和woman作定语修饰复数名词时,就要用其复数形式。eg.two men teachers,three women doctors②可用“量词+of+名词复数”这一结构表示可数名词的数量。eg.a room of students,two boxes of pencils

2.不可数名词一般没有复数形式,如broccoli花椰菜French fries炸薯条ice冰ice cream 冰淇淋salad 沙拉它的“量”的表示方式如下。(1)表不定数量时,一般用much,(a)little,a lot of/lots of,some,any等修饰。eg.much money,a little bread

(2)表确定数量时,一般用“数词+量词+of+不可数名词。如:two/three/…+量词复数十of+不可数名词。eg. a bag of rice,two glasses of milk,four bottles of water


eg: fruit水果——fruits表示不同种类的水果;food食物——foods各种食品;fish鱼——fishes鱼的种类;drink饮料、酒——a drink一杯/一份饮料、一杯酒; cloth布——,a cloth桌布、抹布; sand沙——sands沙滩; tea茶——a tea一杯茶;chicken鸡肉——a chicken小鸡;orange橘汁——an orange橘子; glass玻璃——a glass玻璃杯,glasses眼镜; paper纸——a paper试卷、论文;wood木头——a wood小森林;room空间、余地——a room房间

本册已经学过的不可数名词有:broccoli, food, dessert, orange, fruit, soccer, tennis, breakfast, lunch, dinner, help, opera, work, homework, time ice-cream, salad, chicken(既可作可数名词,又可作不可数名词)



①不是以s结尾的名词变成所有格时,在词尾加’s.eg.Mike’s watch;Women’s Day



eg.Tom and Mike’s room汤姆和迈克的房间(表示汤姆和迈克共有一间房)



eg.Mary’s and Jenny’s bikes玛丽和詹妮的自行车(表示玛丽和詹妮各自的自行车)

(2)无生命的事物的名词所有格常用of结构eg.a map of China,the beginning of this game,the door of the room


①可用’s和of短语表示的名词所有格。eg.the boy’s name=the name of the boy(男孩的名字)the dog’s legs=the legs of the dog(狗的腿)China’s population=the population of China(中国的人口)China’s capital=the capital of China(中国的首都)

②双重所有格eg.a fiend of my mother’s我妈妈的一个朋友a picture of Tom’s汤姆的一张图片



potato_________key_________watch_________ name_________ strawberry_________ tomato_________dollar_________orange_________people_________ documentary_________ boy_________piano_________child_________man_________this_________ that_________ she_________you_________bus_________ wish_________ Japanese_________am_________


五门学科___________________________ 三部电影___________________________

一些动作片___________________________ 许多手表____________________________

一点食品___________________________ 一点蔬菜___________________________

四辆公共汽车_______________________ 三块鸡肉___________________________

一些工作___________________________ 许多作业___________________________


( )1.There on the wall .They are beautiful. A. are photoes B. are photos C. is a photo ( )2. This kind of car made in Shanghai. A. is B .are C .were

( )3. 11. In Britain _____ are all painted red. A.letter boxes B.letters boxes C.letter box ( )4. That’s art book. A. an B. a C. the

( )5. The boys have got already. A. two bread B. two breads C. two pieces of bread ( )6. The old man wants . A. six boxes of apples B. six boxes of apple C. six box of apples ( )7. There some in the river. A. is ,fish B. are, fishes C. are ,fish

( )8. There two in the box. A. is watch B. are watches C. are watch ( )9. We should clean twice a day. A .our tooth B. our tooths C. our teeth

( )10.The _____ meeting room is near the reading room. A.teacher B.teacher’s C.teachers’


1. This is my friend.

2. This is a bike.

3. That is her brother.

4. This is a book.

5. That is an eraser.

6. It is a red orange.

7. He is a teacher.

8. What’s this?

9. This is my brother.

10. He is a Chinese boy.

11. I am a student.

12. A photo is on the wall.

13. You are a Chinese.

14. It is an action movie.

15. She has a nice dress.



1. I want to see a Beijing Opera.____________________________________________

2. The student does a few homework every day._____________________________________

3. I want to go to movie._______________________________________________________

4. We can see much clothes in the store.____________________________________________

5. Does she have three cousin?__________________________________________________

6. They are Japaneses.___________________________________________________________

7. I have some apple._____________________________________________________________


(一)基数词 在英语中表示数目的词称为基数词。


(1)1-20 one,two,three,four,five,six,seven,eight,nine,ten,eleven,twelve,thirteen,fourteen,fifteen,sixteen,seventeen,eighteen,nineteen,twenty

(2)21-99 先说“几十”,再说“几”,中间加连字符。 23→twenty-three,34→thirty-four,45→forty—five,56→fifty-six,67→sixty-seven,78→seventy-eight,89→eighty-nine,91→ninety-one

(3)101—999先说“几百”,再加and,再加末两位数或末位数;586→five hundred and eighty-six,803→eight hundred and three

(4)l,000以上,先从右往左数,每三位数加一个“,”,第一个“,”前为thousand.第二个“,”前为million,第三个“,”前为billion(美式)或thousand ,million(英式),然后一节一节地表示。

1,001→one thousand and one 9,785→nine thousand,seven hundred and eighty-five

18,423→eighteen thousand,four hundred and twenty-three

6,260,309→six million two hundred and sixty thousand three hundred and nine

750,000,000,000→seven hundred and fifty,billion(美式) seven hundred and fifty thousand million(英式)

(二)序数词 在英语中表示顺序、次序的词称为序数词。


(1)一般在基数词后加th eg.four→fourth,thirteen→thirteenth

(2)不规则变化 one→first,two→second,three→third,five→fifth,eight→eighth,nine→ninth,twelve——twelfih

(3)以y结尾的十位整数,变y为ie再加th twenty→twentieth, forty→fortieth, ninety→ninetieth

(4)从二十一后的“几十几”直至“几百几十几”或“几千几百几十几”只将个位的基数词变为序数词。twenty-first,two hundred and forty-fifth


(1)序数词作定语时,一般要与定冠词或物主代词连用。Tom is their second son. He is the first one to come here. ( 2)序数词有时可与不定冠词连用,表示数量上“又—”,“再一” eg: He tried a second time.他又试了—次。 Shall l ask him a third time?还要我再问他—次吗?(我已问了他两次)

(3)序数词的缩写形式为:阿拉伯数字加上词的末尾两个字母。1st 2nd,3rd,4th,20th,21st,22nd,23rd

(4)表示年、月、日时,年用基数词,日用序数词。2005年8月15日:(英)15,8,2005=15th,August,2005;(美)8,15,2005=August 15th,2005

(三)基数词和序数词都可以用来给数字编号。No.1(1号),No.3bus(3路公共汽车),Room 103,(103号房间)The first lesson=Lesson Two(第二课)

(四)分数词的表达: 分子用基数词,分母用序数词,分子大于1时,分母加s 1/3-one third;2/5-two fifths

(五)数学运算的表达: eg.3+5=8 Three plus/and five is eight. 9-2=7 Nine minus two is seven. 6x5=30 Five times six is thirty 8÷2=4 Eight divided by two is four.


There are _________________________________(58个学生)in our class.

There are ________________________________(65个班级)in our school.

I have ____________________________(13本书) in my schoolbag.

Are there _______________________________(73套桌椅) in this classroom.

There’re ____________________________(27个男生)and ________________________(31个女生) in my class. 7

There are __________________________________(15台电脑) in that room.

My grandma is _______________________________(82岁).

There are ________________________________(44位女老师) in her school.

There are __________________________(94位男医生) in that big hospital,

I can see __________________________________(几只鸟) in the tree.

______________________________(多少幅画) are there in you bedroom ?

I have ________________________________(3本字典).

Can you see ________________________________(一些风筝) in the sky ?

Our school has _________________________________(2个图书馆) .

There are ___________________________________(12个月) in a year.

Paul’s father is _____________________________________(57岁).

There are ______________________________(13辆公共汽车) on the street.

We can see __________________________________(18个妇女) over there.

There are ___________________________________(22个孩子) in the room.

I can see ____________________________________(六杯茶) on the table.


1. 用法:a.表示现在的状态, 如: He is twelve 他十二岁. She is at school. 她在学校.

b.表示经常的或习惯性的动作,如 :She goes to school at 6:30 every day. 他每天6:30去学校.

c.表示主语具备的性格和能力, 如: He likes strawberries, 他喜欢草莓.They speak English. 他们说英语.

2.动词be (am, is, are),句型如下:

a.肯定句: 主语 + be ( am, is ,are) +……… He is a student.他是个学生.

b.否定句: 主语 + be ( am, is ,are) + not……… He is not a student. 他不是学生.

c.一般疑问句:A: Be ( Am, Is ,Are)+ 主语 +…….? A: Is he a student?他是学生吗?

B:Yes,主语+be (am,is are). /No, 主语+be (am,is are)+not. B:Yes,he is . 是的,/No,he isn’t.不是.



a.以 o 结尾的词加es . do-does做 go-goes 去

b.以 s, sh , ch, x等结尾的词加es. watch-watches观看teacher-teaches教brush-brushes刷

c.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,把y改为i再加es . study-studies学习

d.另外: have -has有/吃

e.其他动词的第三人称单数加s. meet-meets见面 ask-asks问look-looks看spell-spells拼call-calls打电话 know-knows知道 take-takes拿走bring-brings带来need-needs需要play-plays玩buy-buys买sound-sounds听起来like-likes喜欢love-love喜欢see-sees看见afford-affords买得起 eat-eats吃run-runs跑help-helps帮助want-wants想 come-comes来 sell-selll卖find-finds找到dance-dance跳舞swim-swims游泳 sing-sings唱歌paint-paints画speak-speaks说draw-draws画get up-gets up起床start-starts开始write-writes写,tell-tells告诉 work-works工作


a.肯定句: 主语(第三人称单数)+ 动词的第三人称单数+……He likes apples.他喜欢苹果。

b.否定句: 主语(第三人称单数)+ does not (=doesn’t) + 动词原形+……He doesn’t like apples.他不喜欢苹果。

c.一般疑问句:A: Does + 主语(第三人称单数)+动词原形+……? B:Yes, 主语 does. / No, 主语doesn’t. A: Does he like apples? 他喜欢苹果吗? B: Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t 是的,他喜欢。/不,他不喜欢。

注: 第三人称单数为第三人称的单个的人或物(如he /Li Ming, she / Xie Li, it / the sweater)


a.肯定句:主语(非第三人称单数)+动词原形+……They like apples. 他们喜欢苹果。

b.否定句: 主语(非第三人称单数)+ do not(=don’t)+动词原形+… They don’t like apples.他们不喜欢苹果。

c.一般疑问句: A: Do + 主语(非第三人称单数)+动词原形+……? B: Yes, 主语 do./ No, 主语don’t. . A: Do they like apples? 他们喜欢苹果吗? B: Yes, they do. /No, they don’t 是的,他们喜欢。 /不,他们不喜欢。

(4) 情态动词can。情态动词(can, may, must)后动词用原形。如: I can play the guitar. He can play the violin. 8


let后用动词原形 Let’s play soccer.

Like后加动词不定式,即like to do 表示具体的,一次性的爱好,偶尔喜欢做。I like to swim.

like doing sth 表示一贯的爱好,是习惯性的动作。I like swimming. want 加to 再加动词原形(即动词不定式)=would like to do sth I want to be a doctor.

Help +人+动词原形 help+人+with sth/doing sth



1. I ______ a student. 11. Our mother ______forty.

2.________your father a worker? Yes, he_______. 12. You can _______ in our school music club.

3. They _________in the classroom. 13. I want to ______a teacher.

4. This________ an apple. 14. Let’s _______friends.

5. Where _______ my books? 15. He and I ______friends.

6. We_______ friends. 16. Tina_____a student.

7. You_______ a good student. 17. Mary and Tom_______students.

8. These_______ her peas. 18. Someone______ in the room.

9. How much ______the T-shirt? 19. Who______your brother?

10. How much______ the socks? 20. When_______ your uncle’s birthday?


1. He usually _____ (get) up at six in the morning.

2. Mike usually_________ (ride) a bike with his friends in the park.

3. He usually_______ (come) to school early.

4. I often_______ (have) rice, meat and vegetables.

5. My grandfather _______ (play) sports in the park.

6. Miss Li _________ (teach) English in our school.

7. The students of Class Four________(sing) a song on Monday.

8. Who_____ (want) to go swimming?

9. We________ (take) a shower in the evening.

10. How many lessons_______your classmate______(have) on Monday?

11. _____ (do) she _____ (like) playing the violin? Yes, she_____ (do).

12. Alice and Jerry ________ _(not do) homework after school.

13._______your mother_________(watch)TV every day?

14. _____your sister_____(know)English?

15. Mary________ ______ (not come) from America. She ____(come) from Britain.

16. Many people often _______ (listen) to the radio in the morning.

17. ________you _________ (brush) your teeth every morning.

18. What________ (do) he usually ________(do) after school?

19.______Mike sometimes ______(go) to the park with his sister.

20. _______Mike ________ (read) English every day?

21. The boy _________ (like) playing football.

22. She________ (write) to her mother once a week.

23. It _____ (rain) quite often during the month of July every year.





4.他们的书包在书桌里。____________________________________________________________________ 9



7.Lily 和Lucy有一个大房间。_______________________________________________________________







1.肯定句:主语+be(am, is, are)+… ;主语+can+动词原形+…;主语+ 行为动词原形/ 行为动词单三形式+其他…

2.否定句: 主语+be(am, is,are)+not+…;主语+can’t(can not) +动词原形+…;主语+don’t(do not)+动词原形+…

3.一般疑问句 a.Be(Am/Is/Are)+主语+…? Yes,主语+be No,主语+be not.

b. Can+主语+动词原形+…? Yes,主语+can. No,主语+can’t.

c.Do/Does+主语+动词原形+…? Yes,主语+do/does. No,主语+don’t/doesn’t.

4.特殊疑问句 a.疑问词+be+主语+…? 主语+be+…


c.疑问词+do/does+主语+动词原形+…?主语+ 动词原形/动词三单形式+其他…

d.疑问词:who/how/how old/how much/where/ when/why/what/which/ what kind of/ what time/what color/what subject

5.There be句型:There be 表示的概念是“有”,是一种存在的关系,即“某地有某物”。There 是引导词,be是谓语动词(am, is , are),后面就是名词,也就是句子的主语。

There is +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。There are +名词复数+地点。

肯定式:There is +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。There are +名词复数+地点。

否定式: There is+not +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点。 There are+not +名词复数+地点。

一般疑问句形式:Is there +可数名词的单数或不可数名词+地点+? Are there +名词复数+地点+?

Exercise:一 、写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式。

take be like play swim run do go watch wish

think eat have want study help learn teach start


1. My name’s Bob.

2. I’m his uncle.

3. Our shirts are too long.

4. My friend gets up at five o’clock.

5. Lucy and Lily like sports.

6. Jerry’s teacher can play chess.

7. Alica is my aunt.

8. She wants to see Beijing Opera.


1. (Is/Are) his eraser on the sofa? 2. (Where/What) are your baseballs?

3. (Do/Does) Mary have a clock? 4. (Are/Do) they want to see a movie?

5. (Is/Can) she play the violin? 6. I (don’t/doesn’t) like hamburgers.

7. Why does Alice (likes/like) music? 8. Who (am/is) your father?

9. (What/What’s) her favorite subject? 10. How much (are/is) her socks?


1. Peter is 12 years old.

2. This is an English book.

3. The backpacks are black.


4. Scott likes history.

5. They have vegetables for lunch.

6. She can play chess and sing.

7. It’s nine o’clock.

8. We go to bed at ten o’clock.

9. His shoes are under the table.

10. Her basketball is 5 dollars.

11. Dave’s favorite food is ice cream.

12. He likes documentaries.

13. My birthday is October 1st.

14. They are fine.

15. Nick wants to join the swimming club.

16. Rick Smith is my favorite actor.

17. Her favorite subject is science.

18. Mike and Jack like math because it’s interesting.

19. My mother’s favorite color is blue.

20. We go to school in the morning.

21. It’s December 30th today.

五、there be 句型练习。

( )1.There _____ a clock on the table. A. is B. are C. has

( )2.______ there a radio on your desk? A. Are B. Is C. Have

( )3. -- Are there _____ shops near here? - No, there are _____ shops near here.

A. some, not B. some, any C. any, not D. any, no

( )4. There _____ some students in the classroom. A. are B. is

( )5. There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table. A. is B. are

( )6. There isn't a book in his hand. There is _____ book in his hand. A. no B. not

( )7. Are there _____ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't _____ A. any , any B. some, any C. some ,some 一般现在时用法专练


1. He often (have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.

3. We (not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick (not go) to the zoo on Sunday.

5. they (like) the World Cup? 6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?

7. your parents (read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.

9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening. 10. There (be) some water in the bottle.

11. The child often (watch) TV in the evening. 12. They (have) the same hobby.

13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always (do) your homework well.

15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.


1. Daniel watches TV every evening. (改为否定句)

2. I do my homework every day. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

3. She likes milk. (改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

4. Amy likes playing computer games. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

5. We go to school every morning. (改为否定句)

6. He speaks English very well. (改为否定句)


7. I like taking photos in the park. (对划线部分提问)

8. John comes from Canada. (对划线部分提问)

9. She is always a good student. (改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating. (改为否定句 12

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。