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七年级英语-人称代词和物主代词

发布时间:2013-12-05 14:27:31  

A good beginning is half done. 良好的开端是成功的一半。

Grammar: Pronouns(代词)
一、定义与分类
? 代词是代替名词及起名词作用的短语或句 子的词。代词根据其意思和用法可分为人 称代词、物主代词、指示代词、相互代词、 疑问代词、连接代词、关系代词、不定代 词等九类。

you 你

you 你们

he 他

she 她

it 它

they 她们,他们,它们

一.人称代词 数 格 人称

单 数
主格 宾格

复 数
主格 宾格

第一人称

I

me you him her

we you they

us you them

第二人称 you
he

第三人称

she

it

it

人称代词
? 人称代词有主格和宾语之分:主格用作主语,宾 格用作宾语。
1.人称代词主格:作主语,表示谁怎么样了,干什么了。 例句:I am a teacher. You are student. He is a student, too. They are students.
2.人称代词宾格:作宾语,表示动作行为的对象,用在 动词或介词后。 例句:Give it to me. Let’s go. (let’s =let us)

人称代词知识要点
当主语为并列的几个人称代词时, I要放在 最后,you要放在最前。人称代词在并列使 用时的顺序为 “第二人称,第三人称,第 一人称”。

You, he and I are all students. 注:但承认错误时,I 通常在最前。 I and Mary are to blame(责备).

? 练习
1.写出下列人称代词的宾格形式 me I______ you______ he______ you him her us them she______ we_______ they________ 2.单项选择 (1) ____ is a good student. All the teachers like____ very much. A.She,her B.Her,she C.He,her D.she,him (2) Mary,please give(给) ___ your book. A.my B.mine C.I D.me

二.物主代词
说明事物所属关系的代词, 分为形容词性和名词性两种
数 人称 形容词 性物主 代词 第一 人称


第二 人称


第三 人称 第一 人称




第三 人称

第二人 称

my

your

his

her

its

our

your

their
他们、她 们、它们 的

汉语

我的

你的

他的

她的

它的 我们的

你们的

形容词性物主代词相当于形容词 (my/your/his/her/its/our/their)+名词
Is this your book? Is that your umbrella? They are their books. Our school is very beautiful(美丽的).

1. What is ______(她的)English name? her
My 2. _____(我的)father is a doctor. your 3. Where is ______(你们的)library? I its 4. _____(我)have a pet cat. _____(它的)name is Joy. 5. ______(我们的)classroom is big. Our 6. ______(他们的) books are colorful. Their

( B)1.She gives the erasers to Lucy and __. A. I B. me C. my D. mine
( A)2.There are some apples behind___. A. him B. they C. he D. my ( A) 3.____go to school every day. ____ like school very much. A. Tom and I, We B.I and Tom, We C. Tom and me, We D.Tom and I, They ( D)4.Can you let ____ go with____? A. him,I B.he,I C. he,me D. him,me

( C )5. Only ____ know it. A. I and he B. he and you C. he and I D. I and you ( C )6. _____like sports very much, but they

only watch_____ on TV. A. they,they B.them, them C. they, them D. them, they
( B )7. The boys like English, ___read(看,读) it every day. so_____English is very good. A. they,them B. they,their C. their, they D. them, they


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