定 语 从 句
The Attributive Clause
1. The man who/that is wearing a red tie is Clinton. 句子作定语
2. Wen Jiabao is the man that/who is giving a talk. 句子作定语
知道定语从句、先行词的概念 ? 能熟练使用关系代词 who/whom/whose/which/that ? 能简单使用关系副词where/when/why ? 能区分关系词在定语从句中的成分 ? 知道特定使用关系代词that和who的情况
Mary is a beautiful girl.
Mary is a ○ who has long hair. girl
Mary is a girl who has long hair.
定语从句 关系副词 Where, when, why
which, who, whom, whose, that
定语从句 用作定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的 名（代）词叫作先行词。定语从句一般紧跟在先 行词的后面。 1. The students (who don’t study hard) will not pass 先行词 定语从句 the exam. 主句: The students will not pass the exam. 2. The woman (whom you saw in the park) is our 先行词 定语从句 English teacher. 主句: The woman is our English teacher. 从句的主语： you 从句的宾语： whom
3. A shoe shop is a shop (which sells shoes). 主句：A shoe shop is a shop. 从句的主语: which 4. The book (that you want) is on the desk. 主句 The book is on the desk. that 从句的主语: you 从句的宾语： 引导定语从句的关系代词常见的有that, which,who whom等。关系代词放在先行词和定语从句之间， 起连接作用，同时又作定语从句的一个成份。 The man (that/who told us a funny story) is in the next room. 主语 I lost the book(( that/which ) you gave me). 宾语
?如果先行词是人, 关系代词可用 who, whom, whose, that，它们的用法区别：
?who 作定语从句的主语或宾语. The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker. The man is a worker. 分解 The man is speaking at the meeting.
?Whom 作定语从句的宾语 The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher.
The woman is a teacher. They wanted to visit the woman.
I know the girl whose mother is a teacher. I know the girl.
The girl’s mother is a teacher.
关系代词作动词宾语时可省略. The woman (whom/ that) they wanted to visit is a teacher.
归纳：that,即指人又指物，作主语或宾语。 which,指物，作主语或宾语。 who, whom指人,who作主语,whom作宾语。 that,which,whom在定语从句中作宾语时，可省去。 1) A plane is a machine ________________ can fly. which/that which/that 2) The car _______________________ my uncle bought last week was stolen. who/that 3) The students ________________ don’t study hard will not pass the exam. 4) The woman ___________________ you saw in whom/that / the park is ou
r English teacher. 5) He talked happily about the men and books____ that __________ interested him greatly in the school.
who、that在指人时,可以通用, 但下列 宜用 who, 不用
that 1).先行词是anyone, someone, those时，关系词使用who Those who want to go to the Great Wall are our friends. Is there anyone who wants to go there? 2). 在there be 句型中，先行词指人,关系词用who There is an old man who wants to see you. There are many young men who are against him.
用who, whom, that, whose 填空
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. who Do you know the woman _______ you met at the gate? whom The person to _______ you just talked is Mr Li. who We’re looking for a thief ______ likes stealing necklace. Who is the man ______ is reading the book over there? that The babies ______ the nurses are looking after are healthy. whom
6. The boy ______ parents died two years ago lives with whose his grandpa now. 7. This dictionary is for the students ______ first whose language isn’t English.
that which 如果先行词指物, 关系代词可用 ______或_____
This is the most interesting story( that )I have ever heard.
The first meeting( that) we will take part in will be held in the afternoon. 2.先行词是 something, nothing, anything等时, 用that. Here is something( that) I will tell you. 3. 先行词是all, any, few, much, little, the one 或被他们 修饰时, 用 that .
Is it the one that you want ?
4. 先行词有the very, the only, the same等修饰时,用 that . My necklace is not the only thing that is missing. 5.先行词既有人也有物时,只能用that. I can remember the persons and some pictures (that) I see. ? 注意：！！介词提前时只能用which 而不能用 that 。 Is this the library from which you borrow books?
Fill in the gaps: 1.The terrible typhoon killed the people and cattle _______ were in the fields. that that 2.The wind blew down the tallest tree _______ is in front of our school gate. 3.This is the very thing ______ I was looking for. that that 4.This is the second novel ______ I have ever read. 5.There is nothing in the world _______ can frighten that me. that 6.Who is the man _______ is reading under the tree? 7.My hometown is not the same one _______ it used that to be twenty years ago.
(1)These are the trees which/that were planted last year. (2)This mp3 (which/that) he is using is made in Japan. (3)Is this the library (which/that)you borrow books from? (4)Is this the library from which you borrow books?
when, where, why
when在定语从句中作时间状语，相当于“介词+ 关系代词（which）”。 when = on/ in + which I’ll never forget the day when I joined the league. on which Where 在定语从句中作地点状语，相当于“介词+ 关系代词（which）”。
in which This is the house where I lived two years ago. I would like to go to Beijing where I can visit the Great Wall.
Why 在定语从句中作原因状语，相当于“介词for+ 关 系代（which）”。
Do you know the reason why she was late. for which she was late
Fill in the blanks. that/which 1. I still remember the day _________ we spent in the forest. when/on which 2. I still remember the day ____________ I first came to Beijing. 3. The factory that/which we will visit is large. _________ where 4. The factory ___________ his father works is large. when/at which 5. I’ll never forget the time _____________ we work on the farm. where/in which 6. This is the house ____________ we lived last year. 归纳:关系副词when指时间,关系副词where指地点, 在定语从句中作状语。即使先行词是时间地点,若 作从句中的宾语，只能用关系代词that, which.
词 关 系 代 词
先行词 人或物 物 人 人 人或物 时间 地点 原因
在句中作用 主,宾语 主,宾语 主,宾语 宾语 定语 状语 状语 状语
that which who whom
Whose(=of whom/ of which)
关 系 副 词
When(=介词 +which) Where(=介词 +which)
Ⅰ.单项选择 (A) 1.There is nothing _________ I can do. A. that B. which C. who D. what (A) 2.Do you know the man _________ is wearing glasses? A. who B. which C. what D. where (B) 3.The boy _________ is playing football is my brother. A. which B. who C. what D. where (D) 4.I'll never forget the day _________ I first met her. A. what B. who C. which D. when (C) 5.I can't find the book _________ my mother bought A. who B. when C. which D. what
practice (D) 6.The film ________I saw yesterday was very interesting. A. who B. when C. what D. that 7.Is there anything _________ I can help you? (A) A. that B. which C. who D. what 8.All ____ is needed is a few hands to help with the (B) work. A. what B. that C. which D. things (A) 9.Is this the factory _________you wish to visit? A. that B. where C. when D. what
11. He is the very one of the students____ good at B English. A. who does B. that is C. whom do D. which are B 12.The second book ___ I want to read is Harry Potter. A. which B. that C. what D. as 13.The days ___ I spent in the countryside in my D childhood was the happiest time ___ I had ever had in my life. A. when/when B. when/that C. that /which D. that/that