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七上Unit7Shopping-Grammar(开课)

发布时间:2013-12-06 10:32:53  

初 中 英 语
七 上

Unit 7 Shopping
Grammar

I have some books. There is some water in the glass.

There aren’t any cards on the desk.
Millie doesn’t have any money.
some和any 表示“一些”,既可以加可数名词, 又可以加不可数名词。

There is some water in the glass. Is there any water in the glass? There isn’t any water in the glass. 总结: some用于肯定句; any用于否定句和疑问句。

I get some gifts on my birthday.
否定句: I don’t get any gifts on my

birthday.
疑问句: Do you get any gifts on your

birthday?

注意:在表示请求或征求意见的句式 中,及在语气委婉并希望得到对方的肯 回答时,通常用some. e.g. Would you like some tea? Do you want some chocolate? Can I have some cakes?

Complete the sentences by using ‘some’ or ‘any’.

any 1. Do you get ______ presents at Christmas? 2. I usually get a red packet from my some grandparents and there is always ______ money in it. any 3. We don’t have _____ mooncakes at Halloween. 4. Would you like ______ cards for your some birthday?

some

any
some some any some

Using there be

There is a cat under the tree.

There are two dogs under the tree.

There be 句型
概念

“有” 表示“某地存在某人/物”。
表示某地方有某物,也可以表达 某地方有某人。

用法

结构

There is/are+某物/某人+地点。
(主语)

There is a pear on the table. There is some chicken on the table. There are three carrots on the table.

There is 后加单数可数名词和不可数名词。 There are 后加复数可数名词。

看名词

看名词
1.There _____ a doll in the toy box. A. is B. are

2.There _____ some bread on the plate. A. is B. are
3.There _____ a lot of green trees in the Park. A. is B. are

There is a cat and two dogs under the tree. There are two dogs and a cat under the tree. “就近一致”原则

1. There _____ a desk and fifty-five chairs in the classroom. A. are B. is 2. There _____ fifty-five chairs and a desk in the classroom. A. are B. is

there are There is There are There are there is there are There are

三、there be句型与have的区别 当表示“人”(有生命的)有的时候,用have或has,强调 所属关系; 当表示“物”(无生命的)有的时候,用there is 或 there are,强调空间上的存在。 I have a brother. 我有一个弟弟。 There are many apples on the table. 桌子上有许多苹果。 但表示某物的组成部分时,二者可以互换。 There are 1200 students in our school. = Our school has 1200 students. 我们学校有1200名学生。

1. There _____ some water in the bottle. A. is B. are C. have D. be 2. There is ______ on the desk. A. a pencil B. two books C. five apples D. a water 3. There _____ a pencil box and many pencils in Tom’s schoolbag. A. is B. are C. have D. be 4. There are a lot of _____ in the fridge(冰箱). A. meat B. chicken C. eggs D. milk

There ______ a pea

r on the table. is There ______ some chicken on the table. is There ______ three carrots on the table. are There ______ some tomatoes on the table. are There ______ a bottle of cola and five bananas is on the table. There ______ four apples and some rice on are the table.

There be 句型的一般疑问句
? There is a radio on the desk. Is there a radio on the desk ? Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t. ? There are some shoes under the bed. Are there any shoes under the bed? Yes, there are. / No, there aren’t.

? 规则: is/are要提前, some 变any,其他都不变.

1. There is some water in the glass. Is there any water in the glass? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.

2. There are some children in the park. Are there any children in the park?

Yes, there are.

No, there aren’t.

There be 句型的否定句
? There is a book on the desk. There is not a book on the desk. (isn’t) ? There are some apples in the box. There are not any apples in the box. (aren’t)

1. There is some water in the glass.
There isn’t any water in the glass. 2. There are some children in the park. There aren’t any children in the park.

提问

1. There are some books in the bag.
How many books are there in the bag?

2. There is some juice in the bottle.
How much juice is there in the bottle?

一、选择 ( B ) 1.There _____ a clock on the table. A. is B. are ( B ) 2.______ there a radio on your desk? A. are B. is ( C ) 3. ____ there a map on the wall? Yes, there ______. A. are / is B. is / are C. is / is D. are /are ( A ) 4. There _____ some students in the classroom. A. are B. is ( A ) 5. There _____ a pencil, a book and two pens on the table. A. Is B. are ( B ) 6. There _____ two apples, one orange and one banana on the table. A. Is B. are

( A) 7. Are there _____ pictures on the wall? No, there aren't ______ .

A. any / any

B. some / any

C. some / some

( A) 8. There isn't a book in his hand. There is _____ book in his hand. A. no B. not ( B) 9. There is a tree ____ the playground.

A. at

B. near
-- No, there are _____ shops near here.

( D )10. -- Are there _____ shops near here? A . some, not C. any, not B. some, any D. any, no

(1) 在桌子上有一个苹果.

There is an apple on the table. __________________________________________
(2) 在篮子里有八个西红柿.

There are eight tomatoes in the basket. _________________________________________
(3) 在教室里有一个老师和八个学生.
______________________________________________ There is a teacher and eight students

in the classroom. ________________________
(4) 在教室里有八个学生和一个老师. ______________________________________________ There are eight teachers and one student

in the classroom. ____________________________

用所给词的正确形式填空

1. There _______ (be) a pen and two pencils in the is pencil-box. 2. How many __________ (watch) are there in the watches supermarket? 3. There_______ (be) some bread on the

plate . is 4. There ______(be) a pair of glasses on the desk. is 5. There _________(be not) any rice in the bowl. isn't 6. __________(there be) some trees in our school. There are 7. ______________(there be) any crayons on the Are there book?

8. How many people _____________(be there) in your are there family? There is 9. ___________ (there be) some rice in the bowl. 10. __________ (there be) an apple and some pears on There is the table. 11.___________ (there be) some apples and a pear on There are the table. 12. ___________ (there be) two beds in the room? Are there No, _____________ . there aren’t 13. _____________(there be) two boxes of rice on the There are table. 14. ___________ (there be) any bread on the plate? Is there Yes,____________. there is

变下列句子为否定句. 1) There is a watermelon on the table.

There isn’t a watermelon on the table.
2) There are eight children in the classroom.

There aren't any children in the classroom.
3) There are some books in the bag.

There aren’t any books in the bag.

变下列句子为一般疑问句并回答. 1) There is a dog on the chair.

Is there a dog on the chair?
2) There is some fruit on the table.

Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.

Yes, there is. Is there any fruit on the table ? No, there isn’t.
3) There are some pencils in the pencil box.

Are there any many pencils in the pencil box? Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.


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