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12.7 九年级 unit10 预习

发布时间:2013-12-06 12:30:28  

九年级 王俊朝 unit10

Unit 10 By the time I got outside,the bus had already left

一、知识点归纳

1. 过去完成时

(1 )过去完成时态表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动作或存在的状态。

(2)其结构是由“助动词had(用于各种人称和数)+动词的过去分词”构成。

2. by the time 直到…时候

指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间 如:

By the time we got to his house, he had finished supper. 在我们到达他就已经吃完了晚饭。

3. 英语中表示“把某物遗忘在某处”常用 leave + 地点 ,而不是forget+地点

如:Unluckily, I left my book at home不幸的是,我把书忘在家里了。

4. on time 按时 准时 既不早也不迟 in time 及时 指在时限到来之前

5. luckily adv. 幸运地 lucky adj. 幸运的 luck n. 好运 Good luck!祝你好运! lucky dog幸运儿

6. give sb. a ride 让某搭便车 如:

He often gives me a ride to school. 他经常让我搭便车去学校。

7.only just 刚刚好、恰好

8. go off (闹钟)闹响 The alarm went off just now. 刚才警钟响了。

9. break down 坏掉 break up with 和··分手 break through 突破 break into 闯入

10.从…离开去…leave (from)…for …

把某物遗忘在某地leave sth. +介宾短语(表地点的)

11.忘记某人/某事forget sb /sth.

忘记去作…forget to do …

忘记已作了…forget doing …

12.在洗沐浴get in the shower

九年级 王俊朝 unit10

13.开始作…start/begin to do …(前后不同的事)start/begin doing …(前后相同的事)

14.我上学从未迟到,但昨天我差点迟到.I 've never been late for school ,but yesterday I came very close.

15.等待(某人)作…wait (for sb )to do …

16.出来;开花come out 实现come ture 从旁而过come by 来自…come/be from…

17.我必须抓紧了.I had to really rush.

18.飞快冲了个 澡take/have a quick shower

19.给/让某人搭便车give/get sb. a ride =give /get a ride to sb.

20.我恰好赶上上课.I only just made it to my class.(此时,指"约定"之意)

21. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. (P78)我开始步行,但我知道我已经不能按时到达学校了。

(1)start to do sth和start doing sth都表示“开始做某事”,常可相互替换。

(2)made it在这里表示“按时到达某地、成功”的意思。例如:

You can't make it to the top of the mountain in such bad weather. 天气这么恶劣,你到不了山顶。

22. show up 出现 出席 She didn’t show up last night. 昨晚她没有出现

23. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某做事 如:

My friend invited me to watch TV. 我的朋友邀请我看电视。

24. set off 激起 出发 set up 建立

25. ①so … that 如此…以致于

引导结果状语从句,so后面接形容词、副词.

②so that作“为了”时,引导目的状语从句,从句常出现情态动词,

作结果状语从句时,从句中一般不用情态动词 。

如:She got up early so that she could catch the bus.

为了能赶上车,她起得很早。(目的状语从句)

She was so sad that she couldn’t say a word.

九年级 王俊朝 unit10

她悲伤得一句话也说不出来。(结果状语从句)

26. flee from 从…逃跑 避开 如:They fled from their home.

他们从他们的家里逃了出来。

27. thrill v . 使人非常激动,使人非常紧张

thrilled adj. 指某人感到激动或感到紧张

thrilling adj. 指某事物使人心情激动

28. get married 结婚

29. convince v. 使信服 convincing adj. 令人信服的

30(1)get married是固定短语,意为“结婚”,表示动作;而be married表示状态,意为“结婚了”,这两个短语都可以和介词to连用。

She’s married to my brother. 她嫁给了我哥哥。

They’re saving up to get married. 他们储蓄准备结婚。

当表示“与……结婚”时,marry用作及物动词,其后接介词to,而不能用with。

【拓展】(1)marry是短暂性动词,当表示“结婚多长时间”时,要用be married。

Lucy married Robert two years ago.

= Lucy has been married to Robert for two years.

=It is two years since Lucy married Robert.

=Two years have passed since Lucy married Robert. 露茜和罗伯特结婚两年了。

(2)问某人“婚否”时应说Are you married?或Is he married?等;如果“未婚”,可以说I’m single.。

(3)问某人“何时结的婚”应说When were you married?或When did you get married?。

up 词组

1.给某人穿衣服dress sb.

穿(…)衣服 be /get dressed (in +衣服)

化装;打扮dress up

九年级 王俊朝 unit10

2.熬夜stay /sit up (late)

3.给某人看某物show sb .sth.=show sth .to sb.

带某人参观…show sb.around sth.

卖弄…show off…

出席,露面show up

展览 be on show =be on display

4. 醒来wake up 叫…醒来wake sb. up

二、中考链接

( )1. — Listen! Is Professor Johnson giving a report in the hall?

— No, it be him. He has gone to Japan.

A. needn’t B. may not C. mustn’t D. can’t

( )2. The teacher has already told me but I’m still not clear

A. how B. what C. why

to do next. D. whether

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