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人教八年级英语上第一单元

发布时间:2013-12-06 12:30:32  

Unit1 How often do you exercise?

第1课时 重点词语

Practice section A

一、 翻译下列短语:

1多久一次 2一周一次 3一个月两次 4一年三四次 5几乎不 6网上冲浪 7就学生而言 8滑滑板 9动物世界

二、用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Exercise

A. We should ___________ every day.

B. My brother often does eye __________ in the morning and spelling __________in

the afternoon.

C. Our teacher always asks us to take more __________.

D. __________ helps make your body healthy and strong.

2. Hardly

A. I think math problems are very _________. Though I study __________, I

________ ever pass the exam.

B. Mom tells me that cotton(棉花) is soft(软的) but the stone(石头) is _________.

C.—— Can you understand me?

—— Sorry, I can ________ understand what you have said.

3.Time

A.—— What’s the _________?

——It’s five o’clock.

B.—— How many ________ Do you go to school every day?

—— Two.

C. He studied computer science for a long _________.

4. sometimes/ some times/ some time/ sometime

A. I will visit you _______ next week.

B. I read this book __________ last month.

C. I’ll spend _____________ with my pen pal on my holiday.

D. ___________ it’s warm and ____________ it’s cold here.

E. She __________ goes to the movies.

Practice section B

一、 翻译下列短语

1垃圾食品 2保持健康 3多少牛奶 4多少采访者 5饮食习惯 6当然 7照顾 8健康的生活方式 9好成绩 10学得更好 11和??一样 12和??不同 13我们之间的差异 14大量,许多 15对??有好处

二、用所给词的适当形式填空

1.health

A. Exercising is good for your ________ so we must do more exercise to stay

________ and don’t eat any ________ food. That is why our teacher asks us to eat 1

___________. It means to eat well.

B. ___________ lifestyle is good for our _________.It helps us to grow __________ and not to live___________.

2.try ??

A. My little brother is only one year old but he tries________(walk)by himself every day.

B. We tried _______(finish) the work yesterday but we didn’t.

C. He tries _______(he) best to help the poor.

D. This T-shirt is very beautiful. Please ______(try) it on.

E. He ________ (try) the dish. It was very delicious.

F. This is an easy question, Who wants to have a _______(try)?

3.different/ difference

A. Lily and Lucy are __________ from each other.

B.I can’t see any __________ between them.

C. My English is very poor. Reading every day doesn’t make a _________.

4. maybe/ may be

A. My pen is black. The red one __________ yours.

B. She isn’t here. __________ she is going skateboarding outside now. 5 keep ??

A. One way to keep _________(health) is to keep the classroom_______(clean).

B. My mother always asks me ______(keep) my bedroom in order and to keep in good health.

C.I want to _______(借)the book for a week.

D. He loves pets very much so he _____(keep) some dogs and cats at home. E. Please keep _______(read) English for one hour every day.

F. Don’t keep me ________(wait) for so long.

G. We must keep the children from ________(play) with fire. It’s dangerous.

6. must/ have to

A. Tom comes from America. He _______ be good at English.

B. My mother was ill yesterday, so I ___________ look after her at home.

C. We _________ keep our classroom clean.

D.—— _________ I wait for her till 12 o’clock? —— No, You needn’t.

7. every day/ everyday

A. I have many ____________ rules. They are boring.

B. Go to school ____________ and read English ______________.

8. a lot of/ a lot

A. They have ____________ money but they are unhappy

B. My grandma likes me ________.

C. We learned ______________ from Mr. Green.

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第2课时 语法专练

一、 按要求改变句子

1.I usually play soccer on weekends.(对划线部分提问)

___________ do you usually________ on weekends? 2.He always watch TV at home.(对划线部分提问)

________ _______ does he watch TV at home? 3.Lin Tao often helps me with my English. (对划线部分提问) ________ ________ does Lin Tao help you with your English?

4.My sister is ill. I must take care of her at home. (改为同义句) My sister is ill. I must _________ _________ her at home. 5.I sleep nine hours every night.( 对划线部分提问)

_____ ______ _______ do you sleep every night?

6. never, father, goes ,work, my ,to, with me.(连词成句)

____________________________________________________________.

7.they, often, surf, Internet, how, do, the . (连词成句)

____________________________________________________________?

8.—— Could you help me? —— Certainly. (改为同义句)

—— Could you help me? —— ______ ______.

9. The red book is different from the green one. (改为同义句) The red book is not _______ ______ _______ the green one.

10. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health. (改为同义句)

A lot of vegetables help you to _______ ________.

二、用How 及其疑问词组填空

1.——_____________ is your T-shirt?

——100 yuan

2.——______________apples are there on the table?

—— Nine.

3.—— _____________do you go to the movies?

—— Once a week.

4.—— ______________ meat do you want?

—— Two kilos, please.

5.—— _______________ does he go to school?

—— By bike.

6.—— _______________ do you do homework every day?

—— About one hour.

7.—— _______________ is it from your school to the bank? —— It’s five meters away

8. —— _______________ is your mother?

—— She is 35 years old.

9.——______________will your father come back?

—— He will come back in an hour.

10.——_______________ did you watch TV last year?

—— Let me see. Only 30 times.

11.—— ____________ are you?

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—— I am fine , thank you.

三、选择填空

1.—— ______do you have a sports meeting?

—— Twice a year.

A. How soon B. How often C. How long D. How far

2. My mother wants me __________ at home today.

A. stays B. stayed C. to stay D. staying

3.Look! Here ____________.

A. comes the bus B. the bus comes C. the bus is coming D. the bus is

4. ——My teacher is over there. —— I see. There __________.

A. is she B she is C she is over D. over is your teacher

5. Although they feel tired, ______ they still go on working.

A. and B. but C. / D. so

6.________ homework, we do it on Sundays.

A. As for B. As to C. As of D. As from

7.I think walking ______ good for our health.

A. is often B. often is C. does often D. often does.

8.Mary _____ eats vegetables, although it’s good for her health.

A. hardly ever B. usually C. often D. always

9.I often help my mother _____ the housework after school.

A. do B. to do C doing D. A and B

10. We should keep our bedrooms _______

A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleaned

11.My father ________ goes to work on foot.

A. sometime B. sometimes C. some time D. some times

12.They exercise every day and try_____ themselves healthy.

A. keep B. to keeping C. kept D. to keep

13. ___________ milk is good for your body.

A. Drink B. Drinking C. Drank D. Drinks

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第3课时 语言运用

一、请从方框中选出最佳选项填入对话中空白处,完成对话。

A: Hi, Mr Smith . Thanks for coming to the interview. We are doing a survey of the students activity at Green High School.

B:Sure.

A:

B:Only 15% students exercise every day .

A: B:Most of them exercise three or four times a week

A:

B:About 90% and a few of them do their homework three or four times a week.

A:Do you know how many students watch TV every day ?

. And some of them watch TV three or four times a week and a few of them watch TV once or twice a week.

1、2、3、 4、 5、

二、用括号里的提示回答问题。

1、How often do the students exercise ? (three or four times a week)

2、How often does she drink milk ?(every day)

3、How many hours does she sleep every day?(nine hours)

4、How many students do their homework every day?( (90%)

5、How often does your brother play basketball? ( two or three times a week)

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第4课时 阅读与写作

一、阅读

1. 句子摘录A: So you see, I look after my health. And my healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. B: Good food and exercise help me to study better. C: Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? What are the differences? ’(1)仿造例句补充句子

A:因此你明白了吧,我努力学习,我好的学习习惯帮助我取得好成绩。

_______ _______ _______, I work hard. And my good study habits ______ me _____ _______ _______.

B: 健康的食物以及健康的生活方式帮助我学得更好。

Healthy food and lifestyle help me _______ _______ _______.

C:他最喜欢的电视节目和你的一样呢还是不同呢?有什么不同?

Is his favorite TV program ______ ______ ______ yours or ______? What are the ________?

D.因此或许我不是很漂亮,尽管我穿很多漂亮的衣服。

So ________ I am not very beautiful, ________ I wear a lot of smart clothes.

(2)翻译句子

A:现在我们明白了,我们必须努力学习才能取得好成绩。

_______________________________________________________________________. B:音乐和巧克力能帮助他画得更好。

__________________________________________________________________________. C:刘鹏的笔记本和我的一样但是和李明的不同。

_________________________________________________________________________. D:或许她不是很活跃,尽管她每天都唱一首歌。

__________________________________________________________________________.

2. 阅读下面短文,完成后面练习题。

Everyone knows that exercise is important. We all need to exercise. Doctors say it is good for us. It makes your heart and body strong. Children who often exercise are more alert(灵活的). This means they do better in tests and schoolwork than those who don’t exercise.

There are many ways to exercise. You can walk, run, swim, skate or play ball games. Make sure you exercise in the following ways: You have to like what you are doing. Exercise enough but not too much. It’s the best to exercise twice each week. Thirty minutes each time is enough. Try all kinds of things until you find one, two or even three sports that feel right for you.

You can exercise at fitness centers. They have a lot of equipment(设备) there. The equipment will help exercise your arms, legs and other parts of your body to make you fit. Some people buy equipment for their homes. But it is very expensive.

Exercising can be fun. Friends can exercise together at a fitness center, or they can play sports together. How do you exercise?

1. The first paragraph(段落) tells us___________________. The second paragraph tells us ________________. The third paragraph tells us ________________ and the last paragraph tells us to enjoy exercise with friends.

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2.Exercise is important because it makes your _________ and _________ strong.

3.If you want to exercise, you can________,________, ________ , _________ or ________.

4.When you exercise, Make sure the flowing three things except(除了)_______.

A. You like what you are doing.

B. You exercise enough but not too much.

C. You eat some food when you are hungry after exercising.

D. You exercise twice a week and thirty minutes each time.

5. The places to exercise are __________ and ___________.

二、写作

假如你是Frank, 你是如何保持健康的呢? 通过锻炼还是饮食还是健康的生活习惯? 请给你美国的笔友John写一封信,告诉他你的生活习惯。 下面的信息可供参考。不少于60词。

Activities How often

Exercise three times a week

Eat fruit and vegetables every day

Eat junk food hardly ever

Do some reading twice a week

Go to the movies once a month

Dear John,

I’d like to tell you my living

habits._________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________You see, I have a healthy lifestyle. What about you?

Yours,

Frank

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第5课时 综合训练

一、 单项选择

1. Don’t talk! Please _________quiet at the meeting.

A. live B. keep C. study D. enjoy

2.——Jane, pass me my glasses, please. I can _______read the words in the newspaper. ——With pleasure.

A. hardly B. nearly C. clearly D almost

3.—— _____ do you send an e-mail to your pen pal?

—— About once a month.

A. How soon B. How long C. How far D. How often

4.—— Mom, must I finish my homework tonight?

—— No, you _____. You may do it tomorrow.

A. needn’t B mustn’t C. can’t D. won’t

5.—— I can’t give up (放弃) smoking, doctor.

—— For your health, I’m afraid you________.

A. may B. can C. must D. have to

6.Li Lei is _____ _____ playing football.

A. well in B. good at C. kind to D. looking after

7. John, I’ll be on holiday for a week. Could you help me_________ my dog?

A. look for B. look at C. look over D. look after

8. _____ are interested in the fashion show.

A. Most students B. Most of students C. Mostly students D. Most student

9.——It’s very nice ____ you ______ so.

—— Thank you.

A. for, doing B. of, to do C. of, do D. to, did

10.—— _______ did your uncle go to Canada?

—— Only twice.

A. How many times B. How often C. How long D. How far

11. The teacher keeps the students______ a lot of homework every day.

A. do B. to do C. doing D. does

12.He tries _______ Japanese and he practices _______Japanese every day.

A. to learn; speak B. learning; speaking C. to learn; speaking D. learning; to speak.

13. Most ______ come from America.

A. they B. of them C. of they D. them

14. Don’t read in bed, it’s ________ your eyes.

A. good for B. bad at C. bad for D. good at

15. Some of us watch TV three ____ four _____ a week.

A. and, times B. but, time C. and , time D. or, times

16.My family goes for a trip ______ a year, in summer vacation or in winter vacation.

A. once B. twice C. three times D. four times

17. She does _____ exercise and eats _____ vegetables every week, so she is very healthy.

A. many; many B. a lot of; much C. a lot of; many D. much; much 8

二、按要求变换句子

1. Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.(同义句转换)

It’s bad for your eyes_____ ______ ______ ______.

2. Maybe you are right. (同义句转换)

You ______ _______ right. 对划线部分提问)

_____ _____ students in ____ class like English?

4.Tom is a healthy boy。(同义句转换)

Tom is _____ good _____.

5.Vegetables help you to keep healthy. (同义句转换)

Vegetables help you to _____ _____ _____ ______.

6.“网上冲浪”的结果是很有趣的。(补充句子)

The _______ ______ “surf the Internet” are ________.

7.你应尽量少吃食物,多锻炼。(补充句子)

You should ______ ______ eat ______ food and _______ _______.

8. 我们去动物园吧。至于时间。这个星期天怎么样?(补充句子)

Let’s go to the zoo. _____ _____ the time, _____ _____ this Sunday?

9. 他与你完全不同。(补充句子)

He’s quite _____ _____ ______.

获胜者) of the Athens

Olympics(雅典奥运会)。 The Chinese people are proud(自豪night. He often says, “ It’”

( )1 A. player B. runner C. actor D. singer

( )2 A. me B. her C. him D. us

( )3 A. young B. old C. unhealthy D. well

( )4 A. Where B. When C. How D. Why

( )5 A. smokes B. exercises C. drinks D. works

( )6 A. listening B. listening to C. to hear D. to hear of

( )7 A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. ate

( )8 A. hard B. hardly C. difficult D. difficultly

( )9 A. early B. late C. often D. sometimes

( )10 A. to B. of C. by D. for

四,阅读理解

There is an old saying: Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy(富有) and clever。 It means that we should go to bed early and get up early the next morning. By doing this, we will be in good health. And we’ll also be rich and clever.

It’s true that our bodies need to have enough(足够的) sleep to be healthy. Children should have a ten-hour sleep every night. Those who do not have enough sleep can’t do their work very well. They will not be clever and they may not get wealthy in the future.

The body needs exercise as well. Walking, running, jumping, riding bikes and playing games 9

are all exercises. Exercise helps to keep the body strong and healthy. It also helps the blood(血液)to move around inside the body. The blood takes food to all parts of the body. The head needs blood too. So exercise helps people think better.

( ) 1. What does the word “rise” mean?

A. To do exercise B. To get up C. To stand up D. To put up

( ) 2.If children don’t sleep for 10 hours a day, they may_______.

A. not be late for school. B. become clever C. do badly in their work D. become rich

( ) 3.People who don’t sleep enough______.

A. can’t go to work in day B. won’t get good grades

C. won’t play games or walk D. can’t work well in day

( )4.A person needs exercise because _____.

A. it makes him healthy B. he has a lot of work to do C. he is strong D. he does exercise

( ) 5. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Exercise is good for people’s sleep. B. It’s good for you to get up early and go to bed early.

C.If you have enough blood, you will be wise. D.A student should have 10 hours’ sleep a day.

五、翻译句子:

1. 你多久看一次电影呢? 一个月两次。

___________________________________________________________________________ ? ____________________________________________________________________________.

2. 你爸爸多久洗一次车?一周一次。

____________________________________________________________________________? ______________________________________________________________________________.

3. 我们每天早晨做眼保健操,,他们通常周末作锻炼。

______________________________________________________________________________. ______________________________________________________________________________.

4. 这儿有一些学生参加英语考试的调查结果。

_________________________________________________________________________.

5. 至于说英语, 有些学生说得很好。

____________________________________________________________________________.

6. 大多数女孩都很活跃,她们想让男孩们和她们一起玩。她们认为每天锻炼对身体健

康有益。

______________________________________________________________________________. ______________________________________________________________________________.

7. 或许我不是很健康,尽管我吃大量的健康食品,但是我会尽最大努力保持健康。 ____________________________________________________________________________.

8他们多吃蔬菜少吃肉,结果, 这样帮助他们学得更好。

______________________________________________________________________________.

9和我一样健康的生活方式会帮你取得好成绩.

______________________________________________________________________________.

10.我们之间的差异是食物与锻炼。

______________________________________________________________________________.

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Test for Unit 1 How often do you exercise?

总分:100 学号: 姓名:

听力部分(20分)

一、听句子,先择正确的答语。(5分)

1、A、Once a week. B、Yes ,he can. C、Yes, he is.

2、A、Yes, he does. B、Never . C、Sometimes

3、A、She is going to the movies. B、She often goes to the movies.

C、She went to the movies.

4、A、Nine times B、One day C、Nine hours

5、A、Jet Li B、Big Big World C、Animal World

二、听对话,选择正确答案。(5分)

6、How often does Grace exercise?

A、Twice a week. B、Four times a week . C、Five times a week.

7、Sally often A、watches TV B、Plays computer games C、surfs the Internet

8、Who wants some oranges?

A、Amy’s sister. B、Amy. C、Jerry

9、Bob eats junk food.

A、Never B、always C、sometimes

10、How many boys are there in Mr. Smith’s class?

A、45 B、20 C、25

一、 笔试部分(80分) 单项选择(10分)

1.—— _____ does he watch TV each week?

—— Twice.

A. How often B. How long C. How many times D. How soon.

2. Jerry went to visit her best friend ______ yesterday.

A. sometimes B. sometime C. some times D. some time

3. I don’t like milk, but my mother wants _____ it .

A. me to drink B. her to drink C. me drink D. me drinking

4. _______ hours of sports do you do every week?

A. How many B. How long C. How much D. How soon.

5. He likes action movies, but he _____ watches them.

A. often B. always C. hardly D. all the time

6. Here ______ some good news for you.

A. are B. is C. have D. had

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7. Her lifestyle is the same as _____.

A. our B. ours C. we D. us.

8. Sorry, I can’t go with you, I have to _____ my little sister.

A. look at B. look like C. look after D. look

9. He tries ______ English well, so he practices ______ it every day.

A. to study, studying B. studying, to study C. to study, to study D. studies, to study

10. ______ he is tired, _____ he still works hard.

A. Although, but B. But, / C. Although, / D. Because, so

二、 完型填空(15分)

How often do you eat chocolate and chips? Five a week? That’s a bad habit. Every day we eat food. Some are good our health, and some are bad for our health. What’s good food? Here a food pyramid(金字塔). Every day, we should eat bread and rice; we should some vegetables and fruit, maybe two apples or three oranges. A lot of bread, rice, vegetables and fruit help you in good health. We should have one glass or two glasses of milk and less fish, meat, chicken or eggs. Of course, we should ever eat junk food. Although sweets(甜食)and cola are very delicious, 9 we can’t often eat them. They are 10 food.

( ) 1. A. time B. a time C. times D. /

( ) 2. A. eat B. to eat C. eats D. eating

( ) 3. A. lots of B. lot C. a lot D. many

( ) 4. A. in B. at C. of D. for

( ) 5. A. are B have C. is D. has

( ) 6. A. to eat B. eat C. eating D. eating

( ) 7. A. keep B. keeping C. make D. making

( ) 8. A. hard B. hardly C. often D. usually

( ) 9 A. but B. for C. of D. /

( ) 10 A. healthy B. unhealthy C. health D. unhealth

三、 阅读理解(20分)

A

One of the secrets(秘诀) of successful people is that they have good habits. The good habits help them to be successful.

What are good habits? How can you get into good habits? Here is some advice(建议) for you. Firs, everyone has his merits(优点)。You should always look for the good in peoples and learn from them.

Second, you should try to learn new things and new skills every day. Reading a few pages of a book or a newspaper every day may help you.

Third, start the day the right way. When you get up in the morning, look at yourself in the mirror(镜子) and tell yourself today you must keep your good habits.

I think the last one is the most important(重要的develop, you should try to keep them. Then you can have a life with success and happiness.

( ) 1. According to the passage, what secret makes some people successful?

A. They eat healthy food. B. They keep good habits.

C. They meet good friends. D. They have successful parents.

( ) 2. Which point (哪一点) does the writer think is the most important about good habits?

A. The first one B. The second one C. The third one D. the fourth one.

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( ) 3. What do the underlined words “ no matter what ” mean(意思是) in Chinese?

A.没问题 B. 无论什么 C. 没关系 D. 不管怎样

( )4. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true?

A. Everyone has merits. B. Starting the day the right way is important.

B. You can learn new things from newspapers. D. Everyone must be successful if he or she

has good habits.

( ) 5. What’s the main(主要的)idea of the passage.

A. What our lifestyle is like. B. How to be successful

C. We should have a secret. D. Advice about good habits.

B

One of the easiest ways to keep fit(健康) is to do jogging: “Jogging (慢跑) is the name for a very gentle(舒缓的) kind of running—— it is just a little faster than walking.”

Start slow jog 20 meters, then walk 20 meters. Little by little, if you are not feeling very tired, you may do more jogging and less walking. Finally, jog the whole way. It will be easy for you to start jogging for 15 minutes twice a week, slowly, increase(增加) this to 20~ 30 minutes every day. The longer you join in jogging, the more you enjoy it and the healthier you will become. Some people like jogging alone, and others enjoy doing it with friends. Jogging in groups makes more people keener(更热心的) , because you just can’t stay in bed while there is a group of friends waiting outside.

If you want to start jogging, prepare(准备) a pair of comfortable shoes and a mind.

( ) 1. Jogging means________.

A. walking B. running as fast as possible C. slow running.

( ) 2. If you are not feeling very tired, ______.

A. You may do more jogging. B. you may not do more jogging C.you are very healthy and

needn’t do more jogging.

( ) 3. One good point of jogging in groups is _____.

A. you don’t feel lonely(孤独的). B. you are not likely to give it up halfway. C. you can

run faster.

( ) 4. If you want to start jogging, what you need most is ______.

A. a pair of comfortable shoes and a determined mind. B. a sports suit and a lot of students

B. a partner and a good plan.

( ) 5. What’s the meaning of the word “determined” in the passage? It’s _____.

A. 刚强的 B.坚定的 C.伟大的

四、基础练习(15分)

A) 根据括号中的汉语提示,用单词的适当形式填空。(5分)

1. I surf the _________(互联网) twice a week.

2. My favorite TV_______ (节目)is Animal World.

3.Do you know the ________(结果) of the basketball game?

4. Don’t eat too much _______ (巧克力). You are getting heavy.

5.There are lots of ______(差异) between American culture and Chinese culture.

B) 按要求完成句子。(10分) 对划线部分提问)

________ ______ days does your uncle go to work a week?

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对划线部分提问) _________ _______ does your school have a tennis game? 3. My friends don’t eat junk food.(改写为同义句) My friends ______ eat junk food.

4. Those old people are very healthy. (改写为同义句) Those old people are ________ ________ ________.

5. Eating too much meat is bad for him, but he eats it every day. (改写为同义句) ________ eating too much meat is bad for him, he eats it every day. 五、 情景交际(10分)

用框中所给信息补全对话,有两项是多余的。

A:Excuse me, may I ask you some questions? B:Sure .

A:

B:I eat them every day. A:Do you like them?

B: But the doctor says they’re good for my health. A:Do you like junk food?

B: But I try to eat it only once a week. A:Why? B:

A:How many hours do you sleep every night? B:

六、 书面表达(10分)

下面是Tom 的一些生活习惯,根据表格所提供的信息,写一篇不少于60词的短文。

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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