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新目标八上中考考点链接

发布时间:2013-12-07 09:32:30  

新目标八上中考考点链接

1. How often …? ……多久一次?(P1)

如: - ________ is “Lucky 52” shown on CCTV-2?

-Every week.

A. How long B. How often C. How many times D. how soon

【点拨】B。四个选项都含有how,根据题意“中央2台的幸运52多久播放一次”“每周一次”可选出正确答案为B。how often意为“多久一次”,用来询问动作发生的频率,通常对always, often, every day, once a week等表示频率的状语提问,答语用“次数+times”。

再如:-How often do you watch TV?

-Maybe _________. You know, we’re students in Grade 3, so we don’t have much time.

A. in the evening B. for twenty minutes C. once a week (答案为C)

2. want sb. to do … 想要某人做…… (P4)

如:You are so busy. What do you want me ________ for you? (2006重庆市实验区)

A. do B. done C. to do D. doing

【点拨】C。四个选项是do 的四种形式,根据题意“你太忙了,你想让我为你做什么?”可选出正确答案为C。want sb. to do …表示“想要某人做某事”,其中动词不定式在句中作宾语补足语。

3. How many …? ……多少?(P4)

如:-Could you tell me __________?

-I’m not sure.

A. how many people have been out of hospital B. when is Thanksgiving Day

C. which animal does he like best D. what time will the dolphin show start

【点拨】A。本题是一个宾语从句,所以应该用陈述句语序,这样可排除B、C、D选项。how many意为“多少”,用来修饰可数名词的复数形式。

4. What’s the matter with …? (P7)

如:-___________?

-Nothing serious, but a bit tired.

-Better have a rest now, dear.

A. Is that all B. Is there anything else

C. What’s this D. What’s the matter with you

【点拨】D。四个选项分别意为“那是全部的吗(就这些吗)”、“有别的东西吗”、“这是什么”、“你怎么了”,结合下文语境“没什么严重的,只是感觉有点累”和“亲爱的,现在最好休息一下”可选出D为正确答案。“What’s the matter …?”是看病的常用语之一,表示“某人怎么了”时,要在后面加介词with。

5. I think so. 我认为如此。 (P9)

如:-Emma has been ill for a week. Is she all right now?

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-__________. The teacher says she can come to school tomorrow.

A. I think so B. That’s it C. I’m afraid not D. That’s true

【点拨】A。“I think so”意为”我认为如此”,多用在表示同意别人的看法;“That’s

it”意为“那就是它”;“I’m afraid not”意为“恐怕不能”;“That’s true”意为“那是真

的”。根据下文题意“老师说她明天就能来上学了”可知“我认为她(身体)好了”,

故选A。

6. It’s … to do …. 做某事是……。(P11)

如:It’s a good habit ____ breakfast every day.)

A. had B. have C. has D. to have

【点拨】D。“It’s … to do …”中的it是形式主语,真正的主语是to do sth.。这里

需要强调的是,动词不定式在句中作主语时,应用it作形式主语,而把动词不定

式放在后面,这样可以使句子避免头重脚轻。就本题而言,由关键词it’s即可确

定正确答案为D。 再如:

People everywhere celebrate the New Year. _________ is a time to say goodbye to the

past and to think about new beginnings. (2006山东潍坊)

A. That B. It C. This D. Such (答案为B)

7. Doing sth. is …. 做某事是……的。(P11)

如:Flying kites in the open air are far more enjoyable than playing chess.

A B C D (改错)

【点拨】B are→ is。动名词在句中作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式,故把are

改为is。

8. have a good time 玩得高兴;过得愉快 (P15)

如:-I’m going to Dalian to spend the holiday tomorrow.

-__________

A. Congratulations. B. That’s true. C. Have a good time. D. That’s nothing.

【点拨】C。四个选项分别意为“祝贺你”、“那是真的”、“祝你玩得愉快”、“没有

什么”,结合上文语境“我明天打算去大连度假”可排除A、B、D,选C。另have

a good time中的good可以改为great, wonderful,其同义词组是have fun。再如: .(词语释义) (2006四川成都)

A.get bored B.be funny C.have a good time (答案

为C)

9. How long …? ……有多长时间?(P15)

如。-__________ have you been away from your hometown?

-For about 13 years.

A. How soon B. How far C. How long D. How often

【点拨】C。how long意为“多长”,常用来问时间的长短,常用“for+时间段”或

“since+时间点”来回答,有时也可以问物体的长度。故本题由答语“For about 13

years”可选定答案为C。需要注意的是,how soon意为“多久之后”,常用“in+时

间段”来回答,如:

-__________ will your father come back?

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-In a week.

A. How far B. How soon C. How long D. How often (答案为B)

10. finish doing .... 做完…… (P17)

如:When I _________ the farm, the children had finished _________ the apple.

A. reached, picking B. got, picking C. came, picked D. arrived in, to pick

【点拨】A。动词finish后面接动词时,应用动词-ing形式,可排除C、D;另A中的reach和B中的get都可以表示“到达”,其区别是:reach后面可以直接跟地点名词,而get后面要加to才可以跟地点名词。故舍B选A。

11. It takes … to do …. 做某事花费……(时间/金钱)。(P20)

如:-It _________ the Chinese people eight years to build the Three Gorges Dam (三峡大坝).

-How great!

A. spends B. costs C. paid D. took

【点拨】D。四个选项有“花费”的意思,spend和pay的主语都是人,其中spend常用于“Sb. spends some money / time in doing sth.(其中介词in可以省略)”和“Sb. spends some money / time on sth.”两种句型,表示“某人花了多少钱买某物/时间做某事”;而pay常与介词for连用;cost的主语是物,常用于Sth. costs sb. some money.句型;take常用于It takes sb. some time/money to do sth. 句型,其中it为形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式。故本题由关键词it和后面的动词不定式短语to practice it可直接选出正确答案为D。

12. How far is it from … to …? 从……到……有多远?(P21)

如:-__________ is it from your home to the school?

-It’s five miles.

A. How far B. How often C. How long D. How many

【点拨】A。四个选项都含有how,根据答语“It’s five miles.”可直接选A。how far意为“多远”,常用来询问距离的远近。

13. depend on …依靠;依赖;靠……决定 (P23)

如:The price of the computer __________ what kind you want to buy.

A. goes on B. takes after C. depends on

【点拨】C。三个选项分别意为“继续”、“像”、“依靠;决定”,根据题意“电脑的价格决定你要买的款式”可选正确答案为C。另外,depend on也可以说成depend upon,后面接名词、代词、动名词或that从句作宾语。

14. Can you come to …? 你能来……吗?(P25)

如:-Today is my birthday. Can you come to my party tonight?

-__________.

A. Don’t worry B. Sure, I’d love to C. That’s too bad D. No, I don’t know

【点拨】B。四个选项分别意为“别担心”、“当然了,我愿意去”、“那太糟了”、“不,我不知道”,根据题意“你今晚能来参加我的聚会吗?”可知B符合题意,故答案为B。Can you come to …?意为“你能来……吗?”,其肯定答语用“Sure, I’d love 3

to”,否定回答用“I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to ….”。

15. Thanks for… 因…...而感谢(P35)

如:Thank you ______ inviting me to your birthday party. I really had a good time there. A. on B. of C. in D. for

【点拨】D。“Thank you for…”和“Thanks for…”的用法一样,都是对别人已做的事表示感谢,后面接名词、代词或动词-ing形式。本题由关键信息thank you和inviting可排除A、B、C,故选D。

16. too … to … 太……而不能…… (P55)

如:-This box is ________ heavy for me to carry. Can you help me?

-Certainly.

A. so B. much C. very D. too

【点拨】D。too…to …从形式上看是肯定的,但表达的却是否定的意义,表示“太……而不能……”。根据题意“这个箱子太重了,我搬不动”和关键信息to carry可排除A、B、C,故选D

17. Could you please do …? 请你做……,好吗?(P65)

如:-Could you please do the dishes, Lana? I’m cleaning the room.

-__________.

A. Yes, sure B. Yes, you can C. No, thanks D. No, you can’t

【点拨】A。“Could you please do …?”常用来表示请求、许可,意为“请你做……,好吗?”,其肯定答语用“Yes, sure.”,否定答语用“Sorry, I can’t.”。故分析比较四个选项,并结合问句可断定正确答案为A。

18. forget to do … 忘记将要做某事 (P69)

如:-I’m sorry, I _________ my exercise book at home.

-Don’t forget __________ it to school tomorrow, please.

A. forget, to take B. left, to bring C. forget, to bring D. left, to take

【点拨】B。“forget to do sth.”意为“忘了将要做某事”,即不定式表示的动作还没有做;而forget doing sth. 意为“忘了做过某事”,即动名词表示的动作已做,但忘记了。根据上文“我把练习本忘在家里了”可推断下文的意思是“明天不要忘记把它带到学校”,这样可排除A、D。需要强调的是,leave和forget都可以表示“遗忘”,其区别是:前者通常接遗忘的地点,而后者则没有遗忘的地点。故舍C选B。

19.… one of ………中的一个(或……之一)(P80)

如:Paris is one of _______ cities in the world.

A. more beautifully B. more beautiful C. the most beautifully D. the most beautiful

【点拨】D。众所周知,one of后面接复数名词,当名词前有形容词修饰时,形容词应用其最高级形式。因此,本题由关键信息one of可排除A、B选项;C选项用beautifully不符合语法要求,故选D。需要注意的是,one of短语在句中作主语时,动词应用单数形式。

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