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新概念英语第一册109-110PPT

发布时间:2013-12-07 13:29:16  

Lesson 109

A good idea

单词学习
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? idea a little teaspoonful less a few pity instead advice n. 主意 少许 n. 一满茶匙的 adj. 较少的,更少的 几个 n. 遗憾 adv. 代替 n. 建议,忠告

? idea n.
? 1) 主意 ? 我有个主意,你打扫房间,我来洗车。 ? I have an idea; you clean the room and I’ll wash the car. ? 2)意见,见解,想法 ? 我不喜欢金钱就是一切的想法 ? I don’t like the idea that money is everything.

? a little 少许
? (置于不可数名词之前) ? 你要不要吃点蛋糕? ? Will you eat a little cake?

? little 几乎没有,很少的(置于不
可数名词之前) ? 我几乎没有时间读书。 ? I have little time for reading.

? a little 与little ? a little表示“少“,但是还有一点,即重点放 在‘有‘,而little则表示“有但是极少”,即 重点强调“几乎没有” ? 瓶子里还剩一点酒。 ? There is a little wine left in the bottle. ? 瓶子里没剩下多少酒。 ? There is little wine left in the bottle.

? teaspoonful n. 一满茶匙
? ? ? ? ? 一茶匙的糖 a teaspoonful of sugar mouthful n. 一满嘴 嘴里塞满了饭时,不要讲话. Don’t talk with a mouthful of food.

? less
? adj. (little的比较级) 较小的,更小的 ? 我明天的工作就更少了。 ? I will have less work to do tomorrow.

? a few 几个
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (通常置于可数名词之前) few 和a few few是“几乎没有”的否定性意见 a few 是“有一些”的肯定性意见。 他几乎没有朋友 He has few friends. 他有一些 朋友 He has a few friends. in a few days 过几天 她过几天会回来 She will come back in a few days.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

not a few 不少的,相当多的 不少人犯过这种错误。 Not a few people have made that mistake. only a few 仅少数,只有几个… 房间中只有几个男性。 Only a few men were in the room. quite a few (口语中)相当多的 你必须等上好几个礼拜。 You will have to wait quite a few weeks.

? pity n.遗憾
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 真遗憾,他又失败了 It’s a pity that he failed again. 真可惜,实在可怜。 What a pity! What a pity (that)…! ….的真是遗憾! 她不能来真是遗憾。 What a pity (that) she cannot come!

? instead adv. 代 替
? 我不喜欢喝啤酒,给我可乐好了。 ? I don’t like beer; give me Coca-Cola instead. ? instead of 代替…,而不 ? 我要去看的是她而不是你。 ? I will go to see her instead of you. ? 她宁可买书而不愿到图书馆去借。 ? She prefers buying books instead of borrowing them from the library.

? advice n. 建议,忠告
? Ask for advice

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

寻求建议 我请老师对我的英语学习给些建议。 I asked my teacher for advice on my En

glish. give/offer sb a piece of advice 给某人忠告 让我给你个忠告。 Let me give you a piece of advice. take one’s advice 听取某人的忠告 听听我的劝吧,离他远点。 Take my advice and stay away from him!

Listen an answer:
? 1.How much sugar does Jane put into her coffe? ? 2.What does Jane have with her coffe?

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? Shall I make some coffee, Jane? ? Shall I ….? 我…. 好吗? ? shall 构成疑问句,表来表示征求对方意见或请求对方指 示。 ? 我们出去喝一杯好吗?(征求意见) ? Shall we go out for a drink? ? 让那个人在外面等吗?(请求指示) ? Shall the man wait outside? ? make some coffee 煮咖啡 ? 我给你煮点咖啡。 ? I will make some coffee for you. ? some通常用于肯定句,而在疑问句中要变成any ? 但是在征询意见的问句中仍用some。 ? 你想来给苹果吗? ? Would you like an apple?

课文讲解

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Just a little, please. a little “一些,一点” 用于修饰不可数名词 在杯子里有一点咖啡。 There is a little coffee in the cup. 我只有一点钱。 I have only a little money. a few “一些,几个“ 用于可数名词 在外面有几个学生。 There are a few students outside. 他只有几个小时做这件事。 He has only a few hours to do it.

? No, less than that. One and a half teaspoonfuls, please. ? less是little 和few 的比较级“更少的“ ? 在此处是little的比较级。 ? less than … 少于。。。 ? one and a half 一个半 ? One and a half teaspoonfuls ? 在英语中,一般比1大的东西,即使比2小,也 需要用复数形式。 ? 我早上吃了一个半苹果当作早餐 ? I ate one and a half apples as breakfast.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

That’s enough for me be enough for sb 对某人来说…足够了 我有三只笔就足够了。 Three pens are enough for me. enough to do 足够做… 我己经够大了,可以自己生活了。 I am old enough to live alone. not… enough… to do …. 可与 too….to…..互换 她长得不够高,拿不到架子上的书。 She is not tall enough to reach the book on the shelf. ? 她太矮了,拿不到架子上的书。 ? She is too short to reach the book on the shelf.

? I’d like a cigarette, too. May I have one? ? ‘d like= would like 想要… ? 没有人称和数格的变化,疑问句式是把would提前, 它相当于want, 但比want 口气委婉 ? 我想喝杯茶 ? I’d like a cup of tea.=I want a cup of tea. ? 他想要去国外 ? He’d like to go abroad.=He wants to go abroad. ? 你想和我们一起去吗? ? Would you like to go with us? ? = Do you want to go with us? ? May I …? 我可以… 吗? ? 表示请求或请求充许。

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Have a biscuit instead. have a biscuit 吃一块饼

干 instead adv. 作为替代 她没有吃面包,而是吃的饼干 She didn’t have bread, instead, she had biscuits. 她病了,你可以替她上这次课。 She is ill; you can give this lesson instead. instead of 代替,而不是 她想要个电脑,而不是钢琴。 She would like a computer instead of a piano.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Eat more and smoke less! eat more 多吃点 more是副词,修饰eat, 是much 的 比较级 smoke less 少抽点 less 是little 的比较级,修饰smoke That’s very good advice! advice 忠告(不可数名词) a piece of advice 一个忠告 advice on… 关于…的忠告 你能给我一些关于减肥的忠告吗? Can you give me some advice on losing weight?

Time is up!
? Goodbye!!!

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