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初三英语第一轮复习八年级上册U1--U6

发布时间:2013-12-07 14:36:44  

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]八年级上册U1-U3综合复习 一课时

复习目标

1 1 熟记1—6单元单词和短语,并能熟练运用。

2 掌握本课时考试考点,并能熟练做题。

【热身训练】

【1.单词回顾]

1. V.&n.锻炼:运动 14. __________ adj.口渴的

2. _________ adv.几乎不;几乎没有 15. _________ adv.提早(地);提前(地)

3. __________adv.两次 16. ____________ v.相信;认为

4. __________n.节目;表演 17. ___________ adj.生气的;愤怒的

5. ___________ v.喝;饮 18. ___________ pron.每人;人人

6. ___________v.试图;设法;努力 19. __________ adj.重要的;重大的

7. ___________adv.或许;大概 20. _________ conj.直到.....之前;在.....之前

8. ___________ conj.虽然;即使 21. __________v.听见;听说

9. ___________v.保持 22. ___________ v.发送;寄

10. ___________ v.休息 23. _________ adj.著名的;出名的

11. __________modal v. 应该 24. __________ v.离开;出发

12. __________adv. 以前 25. ___________v.忘记

13.__________ n.劝告;建议 26. ____________ v.结束

【2词汇拓展】

1.health n.—(形容词) _________健康的— (反义词)____________ 不健康的

2.different adj.—(名词)___________不同;差异;区别—(反义词)____________相同的

3.tooth n.—(复数)___________牙齿 4.west n.—(形容词)__________西方的

5.illness n.—(形容词)___________生病的—(同义词)__________生病的

6.important adj.—(名词)___________重要性 7.famous adj.—(同义词)__________著名的

8.early adv.—(反义词)____________迟的

【3.翻译短语】

1.多久一次 ___________ 7.有压力的;紧张的 __________

2.至于;关于 ___________ 8.此时;现在 ______________

3.对......有益 _____________ 9.多长时间;多久__________

4.照顾;照看_____________ 10.回来________________

5.和......一样 _____________ 11.决定;选定______________

6.许多;大量的___________

12.很;非常(修饰比较级)__________

【考点精讲】

你多久锻炼一次?(P1 Unit 1)

how often 意思是“多久一次” ,用来提问在某一特定的时间进

行某个动作的次数,答语通常是 never,sometimes,often,usually,

Three times a year 等表示频率的副词或副词短语。例如:

——______ _________n do you surf the Internet?——__________ a week

——你多久上一次网?——每周两次.

1

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]

(1)( )----____do you visit your uncle ? -----Once a week ,at least。

A. How long B.How much C.How often D.How soon

(2)( )---Have you lived in China? ----Since 2000

B.How much C.How often D.How soon

,although I have one healthy habit。

所以,我可能不是很健康,尽管我有着健康的(饮食)习惯。(P5 Unit 1)

Although/though 引导让步状语从句,从句在主句之前/之后皆可。

注意:Although与but不能同时出现。例如:

_________ his family was poor,_________he worked hard and did well in his lessons。

虽然他的家庭贫困,但是她学习很刻苦,学习成绩很好。

【考点拓展】

Because引导原因状语从句,不能与but/so同时出现。

_________ he stayed up too last niaght ,_________he was late for class this morning。

昨天晚上他熬夜太晚了,今天早上他上课迟到了。

(3)___scientists have done a lot of researches on A/H1N1 flu ,there are some cases for further study.

A. As B.Once C. If D.Although

(4)____hamburgers are junk food ,many children like them。

A. If B.Unless C.because D.Although

What’the matter?—I’m not feeling well。我觉得不舒服(P9 Unite 2)

询问病情的句型以及感官动词feel的用法

What’the matter (with sb.) ?=What’wrong/the trouble (with sb.) ?=What’up?

用于询问"(某人)怎么了,哪不舒服出了什么事",作为宾语从句是语序不变。

——What‘s_____ _____ _____ you?你怎么了? ——I have a bad headache。我头痛得厉害。

(5)——What is the matter with Mary?——_________

A.She is a student B.She is reading C.She has a bad cold

(6)This silk dress______so smooth. It' s made in China

B.smells C.sounds D.feels

但是那些压力太大艺声气的人阳气太重(P11 Unit2)

Too much 意为“太多”,即可修饰不可数名词,也可用作程度副词。例如:

It's bad for your health to eat_______ ________junk food。

吃太多垃圾食品对你的健康是有害的

【考点拓展】Too many 意为“太多,用来修饰可数名词的复数;much too 副词的原型。

1. There are________ ________ students in the talent show。有太多的学生参加了这次才艺表演

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]2. It’s_______ ________ difficult to word out the math problem。算出这道数学题太难。

【学以致用】

(7)He eats _____food, so he is ____fat

A.much too ;too much B.much too;too much C.too much ;much too

D.too much;too man(8)There is ______snow here.It’s_____cold。

;much too B.much too;too much C.too;too D.much;much

。 均衡的饮食是非常重要的(P11 unit2)

it用作形式主语的用法

不定式作主语往往用形式主语的不定式后置。常用句型:It's+adj.+for/of sb.to do sth

在 for sb.的句型中,形容词往往是表示客观情况的词,如:easy,hard,important,impossible等;

在of sb的句型中,形容词往往是表示主观情感或态度的词,如:good,kind,nice,clever,careful,silly, friendly等

例如:It’necessary______ us _____ _______ English well。学好英语对我们来说是非常必要的

It’s kind _____ you _____ ________ me with my English你太好了帮助我学习英语

【学以致用】

(9)It’good______others when they are in trouble

A.helping B.to help C.help D.helps

(10)---It‘s very important us to make a plan before a new term.

---Yes. You must try make it carefully.

A. of B. for C. to D. in

time I want to do something different.这次我想做点不同的事情。(P17 Unit 3)

(11)Everyone I come form Sichuan . Actually, I come form Shangdong.

A. find B. think C. finds D. thinks

(12)----Have you read today‘s newspaper ? -----Not yet .Is there A. anything important B.nothing interesting C.important anything

3

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]八年级上册U1-U3综合复习 二课时

学习目标:掌握本课时考试考点,并能熟练做题。

【基础过关】一.单项选择

( )1.----- I didn‘t know you take a bus to school.

-----OH. take a bus , but it is snowing today .

A. hardly B. never C.sometimes D. usually

( )2. Amy, I‘ll on holiday for a week. Could you help me my dog ?

A.look for B. look at C. look after D. look over

( )3. Luckily, the boy didn‘t hurt his in the acctendt, so he can walk as usually . A. arms B.legs C. eyes D.hands

( )4. I learned a lot form my cousin I‘m 5 years older than her .

A .so B.but C. although D. because

( )5. He works very hard . Every night he doesn‘t go to bed eleven o‘clock.

A. after B.until C.since D. in

( )6. Mrs Black eats______meat ,so she is ______fat.

A. too much;much too B. much too ; too many

C. too much;too much D. too many ;much too

( )7. ----- How soon can they finish the house ? ----- In sbout 3 weeks.

A.build B.to build C . building D.bulit

( )8.----- I‘m stressed out. I have so much work to do every day .

-----You‘d better rest very often . And it‘s good for you to take some_______.I think .

A.health B.lesson C. exercise D.work

( )9.----The milk looks_______. Drink some, my boy? ----NO,thanks. I don‘t feel______today.

A.good;good B. good,well C.well;well D.well;good

( )10.-----Don‘t forget______my parents when you are in Beijing .

-----OK! I won‘t. A. to see B. sees C. seeing D.saw

二.词语运用。

A)根据首字母或汉语提示写出单词,使句子意思完整正确。

1. If you want to keep_________(健康), do more exercise and eat less junk food .

2.I am not really_________(口渴)。I?ll just have a cup of tea .

3.When you are in troubie , you can ask your teacher for some__________(建议)。

4.Tom , you are late again .Why not come a little e________next time ?

5.There was s_________ wrong with my bike ,so Itook a taxi to school this morning

B)用所给词的适当形式填空。

6.I don‘t like drinking milk every day ,but my mother wants me____________(drink) it.

7.Pass me my glasses ,Tom. I can_________(hard) see the pictures .

8. Because of her bad___________ (ill), she can‘t go to school.

9.Are you going___________(hike)with your friends tomorrow.

4

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]10. I am sorry to _________(keep) you waiting for me so long.

III.连词成句.

1. watch,how,TV, you, often, do ______________________________________________________

2. favorite,what‘s, program, your_______________________________________________________

3. i, feel, you, soon, better, hope________________________________________________________

4. matter,her, the, with, what‘s_________________________________________________________

5. doing,what,for,you,are,vacation______________________________________________________

【能力提升】

Chinese schools are having a hard time this winter. The A/HINI flu and common flu have hit he country as many students get infected(感染).

According to recent report, more than 42,000 people in China have got the A/HINI flu. And 96% of the outbreaks(爆发 Agirl in my class got a commom flu andhad a fever. She had to stay at home for a week. The teacher asked me to help her. Every day when i got home,i‘d callher and tell herwhat the teacher taught in class that day. When she had problemswith homework, she called me, too.

第1题为判断正误(T表示正确,F表示错误);第2题为完成句子,第3-4题为简略回答问题.第5题将画线部分翻译成汉语)

( ) 1. The students in school need to take their temperature a day because of the A/HINI flu.

2.Some students have to __________the common flue or the A/HINI flu.

3. How many Chinese people have got the A/HINI according to a recent report?

______________________________________________________________________________

4. Why did the girl have to stay at home for a week?

___________________________________________________________________________________

5. _______________________________________________________________________________.

II. 话题作文。

随着人们生活水平的提高,人们的健康意识越来越强,请你谈谈如何才能保持健康,结合实际,从饮食,保健及习惯等方面提几条建议。

How to Be Healthy

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

【中考链接】

I. 单项选择。

1. (2010 浙江宁波)----I saw you come to school by bus this morning,

-----Oh. I _________come to school by bus,but it is training today.

A. hardly B. always C. sometimes D. usually

2. (2010 山东滨州)______many chidren like KFC, i think they‘d better try not to eat it too often.

A. Because B. When C. Although D. If

3. (2010 安徽芜湖)----Mary, you look so tired.

----Oh. I didn‘t go to bed_____it was 12 o‘clock last night.

A. unless B. after C. until D. as

5

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]4. (2010 山东菏泽)I‘m sorry, i didn‘t ______you clearly. Would you say it again?

A. hear B. notice C. see D. watch

5. (2010 江西)---Mary dances best in our school.

----I agree. I‘ll never forget _____her dance for the first time.

A. seeing B. to see C. see D. seeen

II. 词语运用。

1. (2010 江苏无锡)That‘s not much ____________(different ) in price between the two mobile pghones.

2. ( 2010江苏连云港)----How often do you play badminton with your classmates? ----_________(一次)

a week.

3. (2010 江苏南京)You can‘t watch TV until you finish _________(do) your homework.

4. (2010 江苏南京)Most parents don‘t think it is __________(health) for children to stay up too late at

night.

5. (2010 陕西)It is a good habit to brush your _________(tooth) after each meal.

6. (2010新疆)I __________(相信) that Mary can answer the question.

7. (2010 新疆)What are you ____________(do) for vacation?

8. (2010 湖北黄石)I have been playing volleyball for hours. Now i‘m so tired and t________. Could you

get me some water?

6

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]八年级上册U4-U6综合复习 一课时

复习目标 1 1 熟记1—6单元单词和短语,并能熟练运用。

2 掌握本课时考试考点,并能熟练做题。

【热身训练】

【1.单词回顾]

1.一百2.分钟3.花费快速的,迅速的

5.一定(表示推测)试图,设法,努力7.担心,担忧

8.有一的,在一的音乐会10.明天

11.整个的,全部的空闲的。有空的13.两个都,两者都14.然而笑,感到好笑相信,认为

17.兴趣,爱好18.虽然,即使,纵然友谊20.信息,消息____________ 【2词汇拓展】

1.quick adj,副词迅速地,同义词 2.worry v ,形容词担心的(指人)3.invite v ,名词邀请(书)

4.intrest n&v,形容词有趣的(物),有趣的(人)5.care v,形容词仔细地,小心地

6.use v ,形容词有用的 7.begin v,名词开始.开头

8.safe adj ,名词安全,反义词不安全的

【3.翻译短语】

1.乘公交车 2.多远 3.动身去 4视.....而定,决定于 5.后天 6.整天

7.顺便来访 8.在某些方面 9.

超出10.共有的,公有的 11.和...一样 12.擅长,在某方面做得好

【考点精讲】

How long does it take you to get from home to school?从你家到学校花费你多长时间?(P21 7

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]Unit4)

(1)how long 是对一段时间的提问,答语通常是for+时间段已为:多长,how soon是对将来时间的提问,大于通常为in+时间段意为多久如:

---______ ________ are you staying in Shanghai?你打算在上海待多产时间?

----For another week.再待一周

----______ ________ will you be back from Shanghai?你多久从上海回来啊?

----In a week.

(2)take 作花费讲,常用句型:It takes sb some time to do sth .意为做某事花费某人多长时间.如 It ______ her 15 minutes _______ _______to school every day.

他每天上学会花费15分钟. 【考点拓展】

take拿走带走,反义词是bring

Bob_______ the moble phone to school but did not_________ it back .

鲍勃把手机带到了学校,但没有拿回家.

2.take sb to 送(带)某人去...

She was badly ill. You'd better ______her to hospital _____ _________

他病得很厉害,你最好马上送她去医院.

【学以致用】

(1)---_________ have you stayed in this school ? ---For three years .

A.How far B.How long C.How often D.How many

(2)It took us 30 minutes ___________(walk)home in the heavy rain.

考点二②That must be a lot more fun than taking the bus !那一定比乘公共汽车有意思得多!(P23Unit4)

must表示肯定的推测,意为一定,而can't表示否定猜测意为一定不是。如

The story ______ ________ true .It ______ __________ a joke from the writer.

这个故事不可能是真的,一定是作者开的一个玩笑

【考点拓展】

must开头的一般疑问句否定回答用needn't

---________ I hand in my writing after school?放学后我必须叫上作文吗。

---No,you ________.You can give it to me tomorrow .不,不必了你可以明天交给我.

【学以致用】

(3)You________be tired after playing the sports for a long time without a rest .

A.must B.need C.can't D. can

(4)---- Must I clean the floor now ? ---No you_________ .

A.needn't B.can't C.shouidn't D.mustn't

考点三 And I have to study for my chemistry test on Thursady.而且我得为星期四的化学考试而学习(P29Unit5)

have to及介词on的用法

have to与must相同点:都可理解为必须,后接动词原形.

不同点:have to :1.表示客观条件限制而:―不得不‖做某事. 2.have to 有________ ______ ______的变化,3.否定或疑问句要借助于助动词do、does、did、.do、does 、didnot have to、=needn?t 意为―不必‖

must :1.表示有责任或有义务必须做某事.2.无人称、数及时态的变化.3.一般疑问句是将must提到主语前,否定回答应用needn't或don't、doesn't have to 4.mustn't 表示禁止.

Eg:1. Your brother ______ ______ finish the work by himself ,but he doesn't_______ ________ be in a 8

2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]

hurry.你弟弟必须独立完成这项工作,但是不必着急.

2. Student ________ listen to the teacher carefully in class.学生上课时必须认真听老师讲课.

(2)on 表示―具体某天‖或―具体某天的上午,下午或晚上‖

【 学以致用】

(5)----Mum,can I go to the movie today ? ----Sure ,but you ____finish your schoolwork first .

A.can B.can't C.have to D.needn't

(6)Let's play table tennis _______Tuesday morning ,shall we ?

A.on B.in C.to D.at

考点四 we borth have black eyes and black hair ,although my hair is shorter than hers .我们两个人都有着黑黑的眼睛和头发尽管我的头发比他的短(P33Until 6)

2. There is water pump on _______ bank of the river .河的两岸各有一台抽水机.

3.____ the students attended the meeting yesterday afternoon .昨天下午所有学生都参加会议了.

名词性物主代词

名词性物主代词相当于―____________________+名词‖ 如

hers =her +名词 ,his =his +名词

-----lucy‘s shirt is black .What about ______?/ ______ _____? 露西的衬衫是灰色的,你的呢?

----________/ ______ ______ Is white.我的是白色的.

【学以致用】

(7)Sam looks like his dad .They are tall.

A.either B.any C. all D.both

(8)Is there any difference between your idea and ?

A.he B. his C. she D. her

Ling is not as good at sports as her sister .刘英不如他的姐姐体育好(P33Unit6)

be good at 意为:“擅长...”相当_________ .后接名词、代词或动名词作介词的宾语。例如: I ______ _______ ____singing, but my elder brother ____ ______ ______ drawing.

我擅长唱歌,而我的哥哥擅长画画。

【考点拓展】

其比较形式为:be better at与do well in .

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2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]

I ____ _____ ____ math than my best friend, Lily.= I ____ _____ _____ math than my best friend,Lily.

… as … 结构

(1)―as+ adj./adv.(原级)+as…‖表示“和…..一样……”例如:

Do you think English is as _________ as math? 你认为英语和数学一样重要么?

(2)not as… as …= not so…as…相当于less than …意为“不如,赶不上”。例如:

Science is_____ _____ _________ ______ other subjects in our school .

= Science is ________ ________ _________ other subjects in our school.

在我们学校科学不如其他科目受欢迎。

【学以致用】

(9)Mr Yang‘s daughter is pretty good _____drawing pictures and won many prizes.

A. with B. for C. in D. at

(10) (连词成句) at, is, good, nobody, everying_____________________________________________

(11)---I think English is ____ math. --Yes, I think so

A. much important than B. so important as C. as important as D. as more important

八年级上册U4-U6综合复习 二课时

复习目标

掌握本课时考试考点,并能熟练做题。

【基础过关】

I. 单项选择。

( )1.There are a lot of colourful fiowers on ______sides of the streets.

A. each B. both C. either D. all

( ) 2. --_____is it from your home to school ? --It‘s three miles.

A. How long B. How far C. How often D. How soon

( ) 3Try to guess its meaning when you meet a new word.Don‘t ____your dictionary all the time.

A. work on B. try on C. keep on D. depend on

( ) 4.----Thanks you very much ______helping me. --Not at all.

( ) 5.This is ______ important than anything else.

A. much more B. too much C. much too D. more much

( ) 6.--______are you going on a visit to Beijing ? --We‘ll drive there.

A. What B. When C. How D. Where

( ) 7.—Susan has bought a large house with a swimming pool .

--It _____ be very expensive. I never even dream about it .

A. must B. might C. can‘t D. shouldn‘t

( ) 8. It‘s raining hard , so we ____ stay at home.

A. can B. may C. has to D. have to

( ) 9. –Which colour do you like _____ , blue or green ? -- Blue .

A. good B. better C. best D. the best

( ) 10. In our school ,_______ 80% of the students come to school by bike . (同义词)

A. more B. about C. more than D. in all

II. 词语运用。

根据句意及所给提示,补全单词或用单词、固定短语、固定搭配的正确形式填空。

1. Shandong is one of the biggest provinces in the n__________.

2. Will you be f___________ tomorrow morning? Let‘s go to the park , shell we ?

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2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ]3. It‘s not polite to l______________ at others in trouble .

4. The boy showed an ______________(兴趣) in drawing at an early age .

5. I had a __________(快的) breakfast this morning because I got up a little late .

6. The sad news made many children __________ (cry).

7. It took her only two weeks __________ (finish) the news report.

8. –How are you feeling now , Mary ? --I ?m feeling even __________ (well). 9. Don‘t ______ ______ (担心) your little baby , Miss Green . I can help you.

10. When are you _____ ______(动身去) Hong Kong, tomorrow afternoon or the day after tomorrow? III. 连词成句。

1. do , get , school , how , you , to ___________________________________

2. come , can , party , you , to , my ___________________________________

3. more , my , sister , outgoing , I‘m , than___________________________________

4. invitation , for , thank , the , you___________________________________

5. me , makes , laugh , she , always ___________________________________

【能力提升】

I. 任务型阅读。

Over 50% of New Zealand children go to school in their parents‘ car each day. It‘s surprising that in some schools nearly 90% of children go to school in this way each day.

Driving to school instead of walking makes children do exercise less ,so we can see children are getting Walking to school is a good activity to make children healthy and also good to the environment(环境) . Schools and parents can encourage(鼓励) children to walk to school in a safe and enjoyable environment.

We should have a First Feet Walk to School Project to encourage school students to walk to school (at least 10 minutes of the day), with parents or a friend.

第1题为判断正误(T表示正确,F表示错误);第2题未完成橘子;第3~4题为简略回答问题;第5题为将文中画线句子译成汉语。

( )1. Driving to school makes children get fatter and brings more air pollution.

2. Schools and parents can encourage children ____________________________________________ .

3. How do most students in New Zealand go to school?

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. How long should we encourage children to exercise a day?

___________________________________________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________________________________________________ II. 话题作文。

外籍教师Richard 想了解一下你所在班级学生的到校方式。假如你是李华,请以The Way I Go to School 为题,写一篇英语短文,向Richard 介绍自己到校的方式。

提示:(1)How do you go to school?

(2)Why do you prefer to go in that way?

要求:(1)短文须包括所有提示内容,并围绕你所选择的某种交通方式,写出二至三个理由,可是当发挥。

(2)文中不得出现真实的人名、校名和地名。

(3)词数:不少于80.

The Way I Go to School

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2011—2012学年度初三英语综合复习导学案 编写人:陈武鹏 审核人:初三英语组全体教师 ] 【中考连接】

I. 单项选择。

( ) 1. (2010·浙江义乌) Zhou Yang is ____ skating. She won a gold medal at the 2010 Olympic Winter Games.

A. good at B. weak in C. tired of D. angry with

( ) 2. (2010·河北) Sometimes walking is even _____ than driving during the busy traffic time.

A. fast B. faster C. slow D. slower

( ) 3. (2010·上海) Listening is just as _____as speaking in language learning .

A. important B. more important C. most important D. the most important

( ) 4. (2010·山东聊城) –Hi! A purse is on the ground. Whose is it ?

--It‘s a girl over there. Maybe it‘s _____.

A. her B. hers C. she D. herself

( ) 5. (2010·河北) –Do we have to finish our homework this afternoon?

--Yes, you____.

A. must B. can C. may D. need

II. 词语运用。

1.(2010·江苏常州)English dictionaries are very __________(use) to you when you study English .

2. (2010·浙江宁波) Please don‘t w___________. Everything will be better soon.

3. (2010·江苏盐城) When the fire happened, the firemen hurried there and carried the children to____________ (safe).

4. (2010·广西梧州) It‘s time to go to bed . Please finish your homework ____________(quick).

5. (2010·山东烟台) It‘s _____________(有必要的) for us to master some life skills.

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