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动词过去式过去分词不规则变化规律分析总结

发布时间:2013-12-08 09:31:33  

动词不规则变化整理表

1.原形、 过去式 过去分词三者一致 beat beat beat(beaten) cost cost cost cut cut cut put put put shut shut shut hurt hurt hurt let let let hit hit hit read read read

2.过去式和过去分词变动词原形的尾d为t build built built lend lend lend send sent sent spend spent spent 3.过去式和过去分词把动词原形从第一个元音字母后变成ought和aught bring brought brought buy bought bought fight fought fought seek sought sought think thought thought catch caught catught teach taught taught 4.过去式和过去分词是在动词原形基础上去e或去e加尾t

feed fed fed meet met met feel felt felt keep kept kept sleep slept slept sweep swept swept

5.动词原形中的元音字母i在过去式中变成a,在过去分词中变成u(即i-a-u变化) begin began begun drink drank drunk ring rang rung sing sang sung swim swam swum

6.过去分词是在原形基础上加n或en draw drew drawn drive drove driven give gave given know knew kown grow grew grown show showed shown see saw seen take took taken

ride rode ridden hide hid hidden write wrote written eat ate eaten fall fell fallen

7.过去分词是在过去式基础上加en awake awoke awoken break broke broken freeze froze frozen

8.过去式和过去分词形式相同,都是在原形基础上把某个元音字母变成另外一个元音字母

sit sat sat babysit babysat babysat come came came get got got

forget forgot forgot(forgotten) win won won hold held held

9.情态动词没有过去分词形式,只有过去式 can could shall should

will would may might

10.其他变化

lay laid laid pay paid paid lie lay lain sell sold sold tell told told make made made leave left left lose lost lost learn learnt learnt have/has had had go went gone do/does did done am/is was been are were been bear bore born become became become run ran run fly flew flown shoot shot shot smell smelt smelt

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