What does this picture remind you of ?
Lead - in
New Concept English Ⅱ
Lesson 20 One man in a boat 独坐孤舟
? catch ? fisherman ? boot ? waste ? realize
? v. 抓到 ? n. 钓鱼人，渔 民 ? n. 靴子 ? n. 浪费 ? v. 意识到
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语
★catch v. 抓到 （caught; caught) 近义词：grab， seize， hold ， take hold of
? catch the bus-----miss the bus ? catch/draw/attract one’s attention ? 吸引某人注意力=catch/ draw/attract one's eyes： ? catch fire(动作)---be on fire(状态） ? catch a cold--have a cold
catch sb. doing sth.抓住某人做某事
? eg. The little boy was caught stealing_ apples from the garden.
The early bird catches the worm. 笨鸟先飞，捷足先登。 catch sight of：看见=see catch up with :赶上，跟上 Go ahead please.I’ll soon catch up with you.
★fisherman n. 钓鱼人，渔民 fish→ fisherman (pl.fishermen) [注]不要忘了 er 1)fish 鱼 （pl.) 单复数同形 They caught many fish that morning. 2)fishes 不同种类的鱼
like enjoy am fond of am keen on
★waste vt./n. 浪费
1) waste vt.浪费 你在浪费时间！ 2)waste n. 浪费 a waste of 对…的浪费 It is a waste of time/money…… (doing sth./for sb. to do sth.) 和女人约会简直是在浪费青春！
★realize v. 意识到
real adj.真的 → realize v.意识到 →reality n.现实 1）认识到，意识到 （不用于 被动语态，不用于进行时态， 人做主语。） realize(=be aware of) one's mistake He realized that the beautiful girl was lying.
★realize v. 意识到
2) vt.实现（计划等） （可用于主动，也可用于被动） realize one's hope/dream/plan 张无忌终于实现了他的梦想。
Zhang wuji realized his dream at last. →His dream was realized at last. come true 成为现实 （物作主语，无被动语 态）
Listen and then answer the question. 听录音，然后回答以下问题。
1.What is the writer’s favourite sport? 2.What do some unlucky fishermen catch? 3.Does he ever catch anything? 4.Is he really interested in fishing? 5.What is the only thing that interests him?
【课文讲解】Fishing is my favourite sport.
动词＋ing(动名词)：1.做主语；2.做宾语 favourite adj. 最喜欢的 (无比较级，最高级) n. 心爱的人(物) ，最喜爱的东西 That song is one of his favourites.
often fish for hours without catching anything.
without prep. 没有 （可放句首，句尾） prep + n./v.-ing/pron. He went out without saying anything. =He went out and he didn’t say anything. I can not live without you. 鱼离开水不能活。
But this does not worry me.
worry v. 使…担心
worry sb.使…担心 困扰某人 My little daughter worried me a lot. be worried about 对…感到担心
Instead of catching
fish, they catch old boots and rubbish.
instead of 不做…而做… （可置于句首或句尾） instead of 后面的词一定是没有做的，可以放在主 句后面 我去了学校而不是待在家里。 I went to school instead of staying at home. 是他参军而不是他的哥哥。 He joins the army instead of his brother. instead of +n./ pron./v.-ing
I am even less lucky.
even 甚至 more/less lucky less+原级 (消极比较级) : A is less ... than B A比B更不... I am less happy than before. This story is less interesting than that one. not so/as ...as 不及，不如 I am not so happy as before. This story is not so interesting as that one.
After having spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag.
After I have spent whole mornings on the river, I always go home with an empty bag. after(conj.)+从句，（主从句的主语一致） after(prep.)+名词／动词的ing形式 After I go to school,I learned a lot of knowledge. =After going to school,I learned a lot of knowledge. After the students handed in their papers, the teacher left.
? 3. 多项选择题答案
? 1b 2c 3b 4b 5c 6b ? 7 c 8 a 9 c 10 c 11 d 12 a
1）动名词是动词的一种非谓语形式； 2）v.+ing形式; 3) 它在句中充当名词的作用，可单独或引起短语 作主语，表语，动词宾语，或介词的宾语以及定 语。）
1) V-ing 形式作主语 往往表示抽象、笼 统的动作或泛指某动作或行为。如： a.) Getting up early is a good habit. b.) Fishing is Tom’s favorite hobby. c.) Crying over spilt milk is no use. d.)Arguing with him is a waste of time.
动名词作主语通常表示抽象的或泛指的动作，一般不与特定的 往往与特定的动作执行者联系在一起，如： It’s no use crying over spilt milk. (抽象) He realized that to go on like this was no use. (具体)
主语也要用不定式，如： Seeing is believing.
To see is to believe.
b. 动名词和不定式作主语，一般都可以使用形式主语it，而将动名 词或不定式放在句尾。但是在下列句型中，一般宜用动名词，不宜 用不定式来代替： It’s no use doing … It’s no good doing… It’s a waste of time doing … 例如： It’s no use going there today; he won’t be at home. It’s a waste of time arguing about it.
而在It’s important … / It’s necessary … / It’s advisable … / It’s essential … / It’s fitting … 这类句型中，只能用不定式，如： It’s important to learn foreign languages. It’s quite necessary to read it many times.
2) V-ing形式作表语 (放在系动词之后,泛指 某种动作或行为,常用来说明主语的身份、内 容或特点。)如：
a.) My job is testing all kinds of software. b.) The purpose of my letter is advising you to do more sports. c.) His greatest happiness is serving the people. d.) Seeing is believing.
My favourite sport is swimming.
The first thing for us to do is to improve our
动名词作表语时相当于名词，说明主语的含义及内容，它与主语 是同等关系，主语与表语互换位置不影响句子的基本含义，但不可 用副词来修饰。 现在分词作表语时相当于形容词，说明主语的特征、性质、状态 等，主语与表语不可互换位置，但可用very, quite等副词来修饰，
My job is looking after the children. Our duty is serving the people heart and soul. The situation is encouraging. This cake is very inviting.
The volleyball match we watched was very exciting.
2) V-ing形式作宾语 a.) She sat there without speaking. b.) David is interested in driving. c.) Do you mind turning on the TV? d.)Betty enjoys listening to pop music.
能用动名词作宾语的动词有两类： 一类是只能用动名词作宾语的动词，其中有：avoid, admit, consider, delay, advise, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse, mind等，（+Ving的动词）如： Mary is considering changing her job. I enjoy working with you. Would you mind ringing me up tomorrow? 另一类是既可以用动名词，又可以用不定式作宾语的 动词，其中有：continue, forget, hate, intend, like, love, plan, prefer, propose, regret, remember, start, try, want, need, can’t afford等。
B. 在need, want, deserve等后，可用动名词的主动式表示被动含 义，或用不定式的被动式，意义上无差别。但用动名词较为普遍， （这时主语一般是物），如： The door needs oiling / to be oiled. C. 有的动词尽管可以用两种结构，但意义明显不同，须认真加以 区别： I forgot to close the door before I left the room. I forgot having closed the door. He tried to write better. (尽量努力地写) He tried writing with a brush. (用毛笔试着写) I couldn’t help finishing it. (不能不结束某事) I couldn’t help to finish it. (不能帮助结束某事) They left off fishing. (停止钓鱼) They left off to fish. (离开某处出发去钓鱼) I regret to say that there is no wine in the bottle. (对现在要发生的 事表示遗憾、抱歉) I regret not taking your advice. (后悔)
练习题 ： 用括号内动词的适当形式填空： 1._______ (listen) to pop music is something he Listeni
ng enjoys. finishing 2.The workers left after ________ (finish) the work. 3.After __________________ (spend) the money, he having spent/spending wrote to his father. 4.You should apologize to your teacher for ______ coming (come) late. 5.We can learn how to write by ______ (read). reading 6.Don’t be afraid of ______ (ask) questions. asking 7.Are you interested in playing (play) volleyball? ______ 8.He left home without locking ______(lock) the door.
9._________ (teach) English is my job. Teaching walking 10.Why does he enjoy________ (walk) in rain? 11.He apologized for _________ (not hand) in the not handing homework on time. 12.Instead of ________ (go) to see a doctor, he lay in going bed and had a sleep. 13.I stayed in bed all day instead of ________ (go) to going work. 14.A lot of men have given up _________(wear) hats. wearing 15.She is very interested in ________ (dance). dancing 16.On _______ (enter) the room, he turned on the light. entering
在必要的地方用适当的介词填空。 for 1.I often fish ______ hours without catching in anything. 2.What are you interested _____ ? to 3.--- Where are you going? of --- I’m going _____ Jimmy’s home. 4.Instead _____ going to school, the boy stayed at of home. 5.It’s a waste _____ time.
汉译英： 1.踢足球是我最喜欢的运动。 Playing football is my favorite sport. 2.她不吃午饭而上街去买东西了。(instead of) Instead of having lunch, she went shopping. 3.他是什么时候出国的？ When did he go abroad? 4.医生要我戒酒。 The doctor asked me to give up smoking. 5.我对音乐很感兴趣。 I’m interested in music.
1. 关键句型练习答案 A Fishing (1.1); catching (11.1-2); catching (1.3); having spent (1.5);fishing (1.6);fishing --sitting(1.8);doing (1.9) C 1 he went out of the restaurant without paying the bill. 2 she bought a pair of boots instead of getting a pair of shoes. 3 she was afraid of spending the night alone. 4 After hearing /having heard the news, she fainted. 5 Think carefully before answering my question. 6 On seeing the plane coming towards me, I dashed for cover.
? 2. 难点练习答案 ? 1 realized 2 it’s ---understand---its 3 exciting 4 interesting 5 exciting 6 interested ? 3. 多项选择题答案
? 1b 2c 3b 4b 5c 6b ? 7 c 8 a 9 c 10 c 11 d 12 a
Key to Summary writing
Fishing is the writer’s favourite sport. Some unlucky fishermen catch old boots and rubbish. The writer is not so lucky. He never catches anything. He is not really interested in fishing. Sitting in a boat and doing nothing at all is the only thing that interests him.
Tell the story: 1. Fishing—favourite aport 2. often—hours—anything 3. some—unlucky 4. Instead—fish—boots—rubbish 5. I—less 6. never—even—boots 7. whole mornings—river—home—empty 8. ‘give up’ —friends—‘waste—’ 9. don’t realize—important thing 10. only—sitting—nothing