Unit 5 Educational exchanges
educational, exchange, culture, host, local, British, glad, guest, chopstick, weekday, tour, fantastic, experience, already, introduce, success, yet, respect
at first, so far, a bit of, introduce... to..., come over (to...)
（1）An exchange visit is educational and interesting.
（2）I was very nervous at first.
（3）It’s been a fantastic experience so far.
（4）I’ve learnt a bit of t’ai chi and I really enjoy it.
（5）The teachers have introduced us to Chinese painting as well.
（6）We’ll see one another soon because they’ll come over to the UK for the second part of the exchange next month.
（7）I’ve seen almost all of the places of interest around Beijing.
（8）Take part in our educational exchange.
（9）Have you ever lived and studied in another country?
（10）You can apply for our educational exchange if you....
1. already 已经；早已
It’s only 11 o’clock and they have already had lunch.
at first 起初；起先
At first, human ate raw meat.
a bit of 小量 （相当于a little，修饰不可数名词）
Her mother feels a bit/ a little better today.
2. culture 文化
Beijing is a good city for anyone who is interested in culture.
come over (to...) （通常远距离地）从....到....
When did you first come over to China?
3. educational 教育的；有关教育的；有教育意义的
His life was entirely given up to the educational work.
拓展：education 变成形容词：educational，类似的构词有：international，national experience （一次）经历，体验
He has a lot of experience in the research.
4. introduce (to....) 使...初次了解....；使尝试；介绍
The shop keeper introduced us to the new tea.
拓展：introduce sb. to sb.把某人介绍给某人 introduce oneself自我介绍
5. success 成功
After several years, he finally achieved success.
拓展：succeed 成功；继承 successful 成功的
6. yet 尚未；仍未
They haven’t finished yet.
Have you met my sister yet?
He is not yet here.
At three o’clock they had not yet decided whether to play basketball or not.
Is everything ready yet?
keep doing sth. 继续做某事，也可以写作keep on doing sth.
拓展： keep sb. doing sth.
It’s not polite to keep guests waiting for you.
7. friendly 友好的 短语：be friendly to sb. 对某人
be friendly with sb.与某人友好相处
9. tour 旅行，旅游 tourist 可数名词，“旅行者，观光者，游客”
places of interest 名胜古迹
10. try to do sth. 尽力/试图做某事 try not to do sth. 尽力不要去做某事
try to do sth. 尽力去做某事，（不包含是否成功之意）
She tried to pass the exam.
try doing sth. （用某一办法）试着去做某事
You’d better try doing housework by yourself.
11. make friends 交朋友, make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友
12. plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事
Tom planned to improve my English.
make a plan/ plans，制定计划
I made a plan to improve my English.
13. can’t wait 迫不及待，后接动词不定式构成短语，can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事
14. take part in 参加，多指参加一些集会性活动，如会议、劳动等。
（1）She comes to visit China because she is very interested in Chinese c___________.
（2）If you are going to visit some families in America, you should phone the h__________.
（3）Boys and girls let me i_________ a new classmate to you.
（4）I have a wonderful e___________ in visiting China.
（5）Try your best and never give up and you will achieve s__________.
（1）I spent a week ________(learn) a bit of t’ai chi.
（2）Do you know how ________(get) to the nearest bookshop?
（3）As a_______ (success) teacher, he always regards the students as his own children.
（4）__________ (Britain) people often begin their conversations by talking about the weather.
（5）----What do you think of this _________ (educate) exchange?
----It’s really fantastic.
The children were shy ___________ _________, but now they can open their mouth and speak English.
_________ __________ we have learnt more than one thousand new words.
I want ________ _________ _________ salt to put into the soup.
Mr. Green __________ us _________ the American history.
Why don’t you __________ ___________ ___________ our place one evening?
Everyone likes gifts. Some little kid think they don’t get enough gifts. Some old people they get ______ (1) gifts. Different people like different ______ (2) gifts. Some presents are never too small. A little child may give his mother a leaf from a tree . It is _________ (3) her happy.
Gift giving is different in different countries. In Japan, people _______ (4) give special gifts.
But they are not pened. Later, the same gift may _____ (5) away to _______ (6) . Many people will not give big gifts to someone else. They will _______ (7) a park bench or a tree to help remember a person. In the USA, some people ask their families and friends ______ (8) money to charity rather than _______ (9) them gifts. In Sweden, doing something for someone is the best gift. People don’t need to spend too much money. Instead, _______ (10)a meal is enough.
( )1. A. too much B. much too C. too many D. many too
( )2.A. kind of B. kinds of C. a kind D. a kind of
( )3.A. enough making B. making enough C. enough to make D. to make enough
( )4.A. sometimes B. some times C. some time D. sometime
( )5.A. be giving B. be given C. to give D. give
( )6.A. someone other B. else someone C. someone else D. other someone
( )7.A. spend B. take C. cost D. pay for
( )8.A. give B. giving C. to give D. given
( )9. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. bought
( )10.A. make B. making C. made D. makes
Linda loves her dog Davy. They went to New York City last Saturday. ______(1) Linda was buying a newspaper at the train station, the dog _______ (2) his box and ran away. The station was _______(3) and Linda couldn’t see Davy _______ (4) . ______(5) Linda shouted his name, some people looked at her ______ (6) Davy didn’t come. Then she called the police. While she ______
(7) on the phone, Davy met another dog outside the station. While police were coming, Linda walked around the station and called Davy’s name. She didn’t think about ______ (8) outside the station. Finally, a little boy said to her, “ Did you look outside? I saw a big black dog when I came in.” When Linda finally saw Davy, he was jumping and running with ______ (9) dog. There was a police officer ______ (10) them. The police officer said to Linda, “ I think my dog found your dog.”
( )1. A. When B. Before C. While D. After
( )2.A. got up B. got out of C. got over D. got into
( )3.A. crowding B. crowd C. crowded D. to crowd
( )4.A. somewhere B. nowhere C. any places D. anywhere
( )5.A. When B. While C. If D. Though
( )6.A. so B. then C. however D. but
( )7.A. talked B. is talking C. was talking D. talks
( )8.A. to look B. looking C. looks D. looked
( )9.A. another B. other C. the others D. others
( )10.A. with B. next to C. in D. on
Reader’s Digest is a monthly magazine. Before the 1980s, it belonged to a privatelyheld company, which was started in 1922 by Lila Bell Wallace and Dewitt Wallace. This magazine is small and easy to carry, just half the size of most American magazines, which caused a phrase in 2005, “America in your pocket.” It is the bestselling magazine in the USA. At present, its
circulation(发行量） in the USA has reached 10 million copies and the number of the readers there is 38 million. Its global circulation outside the USA has reached 40 million people throughout more than 70 countries in 21 languages.
This magazines focus(焦点） is not news but more of cultural views because the editors think people now can get timely news from somewhere else. They hope this magazine can give readers something that is about special personal experiences, something the readers can share with their families. In different countries, this magazine provides a window to the world for the local readers. Some parts of the magazine are about the local customs and interests of the local readers. The other parts give the local readers information from all over the world.
This magazine actually used to be a family business until the Wallaces died in the 1980s. Because they had no children, there was no one to take over the company. Sixteen years ago, this company went public and became a public company.
( )1 How often does Readers Digest come out in the USA?
A. Once a year. B. Once a month. C. Once a week. D. Once a day.
( )2 Whats the number of the readers of this magazine all over the world?
A. 38 million. B. 40 million. C. 78 million. D. 108 million.
( )3 This magazine’s focus includes the following topics except .
A. something about the timely news
B. some special personal experiences
C. some information from all over the world
D. the local customs and interests of the local readers
The family planning policy （“计划生育”政策） was introduced in 1979 to solve the population problems. Most couples could have only one child except some special families and those in some special areas.
Usually, allaround good student, which was called “thricegood”, was given to the students who were virtuous(品德高尚的）, talented and good at PE. It was firstly used in to 1950s by Mao to encourage young people to keep fit, study well and work hard.
During the early 1990s, stateowned company reforms(国有企业改革）were getting tough. The workers were more than the jobs in most of the cities. Many workers were losing their jobs.
“Jobless” was a hot topic at that time, so the leaders hoped the laidoff workers could find new jobs or start up their own business.
One of Dengs clever ideas, “one country, two systems”, was first performed in 1997. It
described Hong Kong and Macao’s situation after they returned to China. This policy would also be suitable for Taiwan. There would be one China, but Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan could have their own economies and political systems.
Lei Feng was a soldier who was happy to help others. He died in an accident in 1962. On March 5th,1963, Mao wrote a piece, “Learn from comrade Lei Feng”, to say the Chinese should help others when necessary. After that, March 5th became a Volunteer Day.
The phrase “harmonious society” appeared in 2004, referring to a peaceful society where all people would work together to make the life better. This idea has become the main goal of the Chinese Communist Party now.
( )1. The first paragraph is mainly talking a bout .
A. the population of China B. the only child in China
C. the onechild family D. the family planning policy
( )2. The underlined word “allaround” (Line 1, Para.2) is closest in Chinese to “______”.
A. 与……相匹配的 B. 到处的 C. 向各个方向的 D. 有多方面才能的
( )3. Do you know who mentioned “on country, two systems” according to the passage?
A. Deng Xiaoping. B. Hu Jintao. C. Mao Zedong. D. Jiang Zemin.
( )4. Please rearrange the events above in the correct order according to the time.
A. 2→1→4→3→5→6 B. 2→5→4→3→1→6
C. 2→5→1→3→4→6 D. 2→1→5→3→6→4
Many years before the United States was founded(建立), Americans had already invented
barbecues. But the first barbecues, in fact ,were the invention of the Taino Indians of Haiti, who dried their meat on raised frames(架子)of sticks over fires. Spanish explorers spelled the Taino word as barbacoa, and as time passed, English settlers along the Atlantic coat had their own barbecues.
One summer day in 1773, Benjamin Lynde, a citizen of Massachusetts, wrote in his diary, “Fair and hot ; Browne;hack overset.” That is , on a bright and hot day he went to the Brownes to attedn a barbecue, and his carriage(马车)fell over. It shows that the barbecue had its social occasion by that time. Large animals would be roasted whole on frames over hot fires, and neighbours would be invited to dinner.
In later centuries, as settlers moved to the west, the barbecue went along with it, reaching an
especially large size in Texas, where a pit (坑)for fuels(燃料) such as tree branches might be over ten feet deep. Today , the barbecue grills(烧烤架)which are fueled by charcoal(木炭) or electricity are likely to be small and easy to move , and can cook only parts of an animal at a time, but people still have barbecues out of doors and always invite their neighbours or friends over.
1.Who invented the barbecues first in history?
A.American people. B.Taino Indians.
C.Spanish explorers. D.English settlers.
2.The second paragraph mainly tells us that the barbecue_______________.
A.is only held on a hot sunny day
B.welcomes people who keep diaries
C.is held both indoors and outdoors
D.has its social occasion for over 200 years
3.The underlined expression “ social occasion” can be best translated into______________.
A.社交功能 B.社会福利 C.社会地位 D.社会背景
4.The following are all the barbecue ways EXCEPT __________________.
A. drying meat on raised frames of sticks over fires
B. roasting a whole animal over a pit full of burning tree branches
C.cooking parts of animals over fires on grills fueled by charcoal
D.heating meat in the bright and hot daylight