用法：经常性的和习惯性的动作 常用时间状语 ： usually,sometimes,in spring,
every day,in the morning 动词构成 ：动词原型. work 动词+S.（主语是第三人称单数）works 否定构成 ： don’t+动原 doesn’t+动原 一般疑问构成及简答：Do+主语+动原+其它？Yes,I do. Does+主语+动原+其它？No,he doesn’t. 特殊疑问举例 ：What do you often do on Sundays? Where does he live? 注意： start,leave,go,come等的一般现在时可表示按 规定要发生的未来动作，如列车将离开。客观真理在从 句中也用一般现在时.
I leave home for school at 7 every morning.
The earth moves around the sun.
Shanghai lies in the east of China.
Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。
I don’t want so much. Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well. 比较：Now I put the sugar in the cup. I am doing my homework now.
( c ) 1 -_____ they often ___ these old men? -Yes, they___. A. Do; help; are B.Are; helping; are C. Do; help; do D. Are; helped; are ( A ) 2 They usually_____TV in the evening. A. watch B. will watch C. are watching D. watches ( C ) 3The sun ___ in the east and___ in the west. A. raises; set B. rise; sets C. rises; sets D. rises; set
用法：说话时正在进行的动作或当 前一段时间正在进行的动作 常用时间状语 ：now,these days 动词构成 ： am/is/are+现在分词(--ing) am/is/are working 否定构成 ： am/is/are+not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答：Am/Is/Are+主语+现 在分词+ 其它？Yes,I am(he is.) No,they aren’t 特殊疑问举例：What are you doing now? Who is flying a kite there? 注意：go,come,leave,arrive,return,die等的进
a. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
We are waiting for you.
Mr. Green is writing another novel. (说话时并未在写，只处于写作的状态。) She is learning piano under Mr. Smith. c. 表示渐变的动词有：get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。 The leaves are turning red.
It’s getting warmer and warmer.
d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用，表示反复发生的动作或持续 存在的状态，往往带有说话人的主观色彩. You are always changing your mind.
( ) 1 ______ you ___ your homework now? A. Do; doing B. Are; doing C. Were; doing D. Does; do ) 2 ___ your mother ___ shopping at the moment? A. Are; doing B. Is; doing C. Is; taking D. Are; taking ) 3 ___ the children ___ the radio? A. Is; listening B. Is; listening to C. Are; listening to D. Are; listening
：将来会出现或发生的动作 常用时间状语：this evening,tomorrow,next month, in a few minutes,at the end of this term 动词构成: I,will/shall+动原 2,am/is/are going to+动词原型 3,am/is/are(about)+动词不定式 4,am/is/are+coming等现在分词 以work为例:will/shall work am/is/are going to work am/is/are(about) to work am/is/are coming/leaving… 否定构成：will/shall not… am/is/are not… 特殊疑问句举例:What will you do tomorrow? When are we going to have a class meeting? 备注：在if条件或as soon as等时间状语从句中用一般现在 时代替一般将来时。
shall用于第一人称，常被will 所代替。 will 在陈述句中用于各人称，在争求意见时常用于第二人称。
Which paragraph shall I read first. Will you be at home at seven this evening?
be going to +不定式，表示将来。 a. 主语的意图，即将做某事。
What are you going to do tomorrow? b. 计划，安排要发生的事。 The play is going to be produced next month。
Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 3)
We are to discuss the report next Saturday.
be about to +不定式，意为马上做某事。
He is about to leave for Beijing. 注意：be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用
( ) 1 Look at the clouds. ___.
A. It's going to rain B. It'll be raining C. It will be rained D. If it rains
( ) 2There___ two English films next week. A. is going to be B. are going to have C. will have D. are going to be ) 3 There is going to___ a volleyball match on our school playground. The match is going to___ at six this evening. A. have; be B. be; have C. be; be D. have; have
常用时间状语：yesterday,last night,two days ago, in 2000,at that time,before liberation，when 等引导的含 过去时的句子。 动词构成：动词过去时（--ed） worked/used to work 否定构成：didn’t+动原 didn’t work used not(didn’t use) to work 一般疑问构成及简答举例：Did+主语+动原+其它？ 特殊疑问句举例：What did he do yesterday? When did he get up this morning? 备注：He has opened the door.（表示过去“开门”的动作对现在的 影响是门还开着）He opened the door.(不能确定门现在是否开着)
1）在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 Where did you go just now? 2）表示在过去一段时间内，经常性或习惯性的动作。 When I was a child, I often played football in the street. Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.
( ) 1 _____ here and ask him about it yesterday? A. Did you come B. Would you not go C. You didn't come D. Aren't you go ) 2 ___ he ___ a good time last Sunday? A. Were
; were B. Did; do C. Did; has D. Did; have ) 3 The students hardly studied the English language, ___ they? A. did B. didn't C. were D. weren't (
用法: 1、发生在过去的动作且对现在仍有影响的动作， 强调对现在的影响.2、从过去一直延续到现在的动作 常用时间状语：already,just,never,before,recently,in the past few years,ever,so far,since+过去的点时 间,for+段时间 动词构成：have/has+过去分词(--ed) have/has worked 否定构成：have/has not+过去分词 一般疑问构成： Have/Has+主语+过去分词…? 特殊疑问句举例：What have you done recently? How long has he lived in Beijing? 备注：暂时性动词不能与for…, since…,How long…等 表示段时间 的短语同时使用。
现在完成时为过去发生的，强调过去的事情对现在的影响，强调的是影响。 2）过去时常与具体的时间状语连用，而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语 连用，或无时间状语。 一般过去时的时间状语:
yesterday, last week，…ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语
for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet,till / until, up to now, in past years, always,
this morning, tonight,this April, now, once，before, already, recently，lately
( ) 1 ______ you ___ the novel that I lent you last week? A. Did; finish B. Have; finished C. Are; finished D. Do; finish
) 2 He ___ in our school for 20 years and he ___ here in 1977. A. has taught; came B. has taught; has come C. taught; came D. has teached; has came
) 3 They are late. The film ___ for five minutes. A. has begun B. has started C. has been on D. began
用法：过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在发生 的动作 常用时间状语：at this time yesterday,at that time, at ten o’clock yesterday或when引导的从句 动词构成： was/were+现在分词(--ing) 以work为例：was/were working 否定构成： was/were not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答举例: Was/Were+主语+现在分词+其它？ Yes,I was No,I wasn’t 特殊疑问句举例： What were you dong this time yesterday? Where was he standing when the teacher came in?
( ) 1 ___the Blacks ___TV at seven yesterday? A. Did; watch B. Are, watching C. Were; watching D. Do; watch ) 2 The scientist___ a walk in his garden at four last Sunday. A. was taking B. would take C. took D. was taken ) 3 What___ from nine to ten last night? A. did you do B. had you done C. have you done D. were you doing
用法：从过去某时间来看将要发生的动作或状态， 常用于宾从 常用时间状语：the next week等 动词构成： 1、would/should+动原 2、 was/were going to+动原 3、was/were(about) to+动原 以work为例：would/should work was/were going to work was/we
re(about) to work 否定构成：would/should not… was/were not… 一般疑问构成：常用if或whether引导宾从 特殊疑问句举例：He asked what they would do the next week.
用法：1、过去某时间或动作之前完成的动作或状态(过去 的过去)。2、过去某一时间的动作延续到过去另一时间 常用时间状语： by that time,by the end of… , when/before+ 从句，said/knew/asked的宾从中 动词构成:had+过去分词(--ed) 以work为例： had worked 否定构成:had not+过去分词 一般疑问构成：Had+主语+过去分词+其它？ Yes,I had. No,I hadn’t. 特殊疑问句举例： How many English words had you learned by the end of last term?