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初中英语动词时态复习课件2

发布时间:2013-09-20 16:40:18  

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一般现在时
用法:经常性的和习惯性的动作 常用时间状语 : usually,sometimes,in spring,

every day,in the morning 动词构成 :动词原型. work 动词+S.(主语是第三人称单数)works 否定构成 : don’t+动原 doesn’t+动原 一般疑问构成及简答:Do+主语+动原+其它?Yes,I do. Does+主语+动原+其它?No,he doesn’t. 特殊疑问举例 :What do you often do on Sundays? Where does he live? 注意: start,leave,go,come等的一般现在时可表示按 规定要发生的未来动作,如列车将离开。客观真理在从 句中也用一般现在时.

一般现在时的用法
1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。
I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。
The earth moves around the sun.
Shanghai lies in the east of China.

3) 表示格言或警句中。
Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。
I don’t want so much. Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well. 比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup. I am doing my homework now.

练习
( c ) 1 -_____ they often ___ these old men? -Yes, they___. A. Do; help; are B.Are; helping; are C. Do; help; do D. Are; helped; are ( A ) 2 They usually_____TV in the evening. A. watch B. will watch C. are watching D. watches ( C ) 3The sun ___ in the east and___ in the west. A. raises; set B. rise; sets C. rises; sets D. rises; set

现在进行时
用法:说话时正在进行的动作或当 前一段时间正在进行的动作 常用时间状语 :now,these days 动词构成 : am/is/are+现在分词(--ing) am/is/are working 否定构成 : am/is/are+not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答:Am/Is/Are+主语+现 在分词+ 其它?Yes,I am(he is.) No,they aren’t 特殊疑问举例:What are you doing now? Who is flying a kite there? 注意:go,come,leave,arrive,return,die等的进

现在进行时的基本用法:
a. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
We are waiting for you.

b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。
Mr. Green is writing another novel. (说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。) She is learning piano under Mr. Smith. c. 表示渐变的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。 The leaves are turning red.

It’s getting warmer and warmer.
d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续 存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩. You are always changing your mind.

练习
( ) 1 ______ you ___ your homework now? A. Do; doing B. Are; doing C. Were; doing D. Does; do ) 2 ___ your mother ___ shopping at the moment? A. Are; doing B. Is; doing C. Is; taking D. Are; taking ) 3 ___ the children ___ the radio? A. Is; listening B. Is; listening to C. Are; listening to D. Are; listening

(

(

用法

:将来会出现或发生的动作 常用时间状语:this evening,tomorrow,next month, in a few minutes,at the end of this term 动词构成: I,will/shall+动原 2,am/is/are going to+动词原型 3,am/is/are(about)+动词不定式 4,am/is/are+coming等现在分词 以work为例:will/shall work am/is/are going to work am/is/are(about) to work am/is/are coming/leaving… 否定构成:will/shall not… am/is/are not… 特殊疑问句举例:What will you do tomorrow? When are we going to have a class meeting? 备注:在if条件或as soon as等时间状语从句中用一般现在 时代替一般将来时。

一般将来时
一 1)

shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。 will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在争求意见时常用于第二人称。
Which paragraph shall I read first. Will you be at home at seven this evening?

2)

be going to +不定式,表示将来。 a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。
What are you going to do tomorrow? b. 计划,安排要发生的事。 The play is going to be produced next month。

c. 有迹象要发生的事
Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 3)

be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。
We are to discuss the report next Saturday.

4)

be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。
He is about to leave for Beijing. 注意:be about to 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用

练习
( ) 1 Look at the clouds. ___.

A. It's going to rain B. It'll be raining C. It will be rained D. If it rains
( ) 2There___ two English films next week. A. is going to be B. are going to have C. will have D. are going to be ) 3 There is going to___ a volleyball match on our school playground. The match is going to___ at six this evening. A. have; be B. be; have C. be; be D. have; have

(

用法:过去时间发生的或过去经常性的动作

常用时间状语:yesterday,last night,two days ago, in 2000,at that time,before liberation,when 等引导的含 过去时的句子。 动词构成:动词过去时(--ed) worked/used to work 否定构成:didn’t+动原 didn’t work used not(didn’t use) to work 一般疑问构成及简答举例:Did+主语+动原+其它? 特殊疑问句举例:What did he do yesterday? When did he get up this morning? 备注:He has opened the door.(表示过去“开门”的动作对现在的 影响是门还开着)He opened the door.(不能确定门现在是否开着)

一般过去时的用法
1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 Where did you go just now? 2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。 When I was a child, I often played football in the street. Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.

练习
( ) 1 _____ here and ask him about it yesterday? A. Did you come B. Would you not go C. You didn't come D. Aren't you go ) 2 ___ he ___ a good time last Sunday? A. Were

; were B. Did; do C. Did; has D. Did; have ) 3 The students hardly studied the English language, ___ they? A. did B. didn't C. were D. weren't (

(

用法: 1、发生在过去的动作且对现在仍有影响的动作, 强调对现在的影响.2、从过去一直延续到现在的动作 常用时间状语:already,just,never,before,recently,in the past few years,ever,so far,since+过去的点时 间,for+段时间 动词构成:have/has+过去分词(--ed) have/has worked 否定构成:have/has not+过去分词 一般疑问构成: Have/Has+主语+过去分词…? 特殊疑问句举例:What have you done recently? How long has he lived in Beijing? 备注:暂时性动词不能与for…, since…,How long…等 表示段时间 的短语同时使用。

比较过去时与现在完成时
1)过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;

现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。 2)过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语 连用,或无时间状语。 一般过去时的时间状语:
yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语

现在完成时的时间状语
for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet,till / until, up to now, in past years, always,

共同的时间状语:
this morning, tonight,this April, now, once,before, already, recently,lately

练习
( ) 1 ______ you ___ the novel that I lent you last week? A. Did; finish B. Have; finished C. Are; finished D. Do; finish

(

) 2 He ___ in our school for 20 years and he ___ here in 1977. A. has taught; came B. has taught; has come C. taught; came D. has teached; has came
) 3 They are late. The film ___ for five minutes. A. has begun B. has started C. has been on D. began

(

用法:过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在发生 的动作 常用时间状语:at this time yesterday,at that time, at ten o’clock yesterday或when引导的从句 动词构成: was/were+现在分词(--ing) 以work为例:was/were working 否定构成: was/were not+现在分词 一般疑问构成及简答举例: Was/Were+主语+现在分词+其它? Yes,I was No,I wasn’t 特殊疑问句举例: What were you dong this time yesterday? Where was he standing when the teacher came in?

练习
( ) 1 ___the Blacks ___TV at seven yesterday? A. Did; watch B. Are, watching C. Were; watching D. Do; watch ) 2 The scientist___ a walk in his garden at four last Sunday. A. was taking B. would take C. took D. was taken ) 3 What___ from nine to ten last night? A. did you do B. had you done C. have you done D. were you doing

(

(

用法:从过去某时间来看将要发生的动作或状态, 常用于宾从 常用时间状语:the next week等 动词构成: 1、would/should+动原 2、 was/were going to+动原 3、was/were(about) to+动原 以work为例:would/should work was/were going to work was/we

re(about) to work 否定构成:would/should not… was/were not… 一般疑问构成:常用if或whether引导宾从 特殊疑问句举例:He asked what they would do the next week.

用法:1、过去某时间或动作之前完成的动作或状态(过去 的过去)。2、过去某一时间的动作延续到过去另一时间 常用时间状语: by that time,by the end of… , when/before+ 从句,said/knew/asked的宾从中 动词构成:had+过去分词(--ed) 以work为例: had worked 否定构成:had not+过去分词 一般疑问构成:Had+主语+过去分词+其它? Yes,I had. No,I hadn’t. 特殊疑问句举例: How many English words had you learned by the end of last term?


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