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反义疑问句

发布时间:2013-09-20 16:40:20  

反义疑问句讲解

什么是反意疑问句?

英语中,反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。

一、反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词在语气上成相反的对应关系,即:肯定+否定? 否定+肯定?如:

①You can’t do it, can you?

②They are very late for the meeting, aren’t they?

二、 反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词种类要对应一致。如: ①He has supper at home every day, doesn’t he? (不能用hasn’t he?)

②They have known the matter, haven’t they? (不能用don’t they?)

三、 反意疑问句中问句部分的动词在时态上应和陈述部分的时态一致。如: ①They will go to town soon, won’t they?

②He works very hard, doesn’t he?

四、 反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-, 等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义,问句部分用否定形式。如:

五、 ①Your father is unhappy, isn’t he?

②The man is dishonest, isn’t he?

③It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn’t it?

六、反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom

Nobody,nothing等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。如:

①She never tells a lie, does she?(不用doesn’t she?)

②He was seldom late, was he?(不用wasn’t he?)

七、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I am……时,问句部分习惯上用

aren’t I?表示。如:

I am a very honest man, aren’t I?

八、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I / We think (believe, suppose,

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consider) + that从句时,问句部分的动词及主语与that从句内的动

词和主语保持一致。如:

①I think that he has done his best, hasn’t he?

②We think that English is very useful, isn’t it? (不用don’t we?)

九、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I / We don’t think (believe, suppose,

consider)+ that从句时,从句为否定意义,问句部分的动词和主语仍与

that从句保持一致且用肯定式。如:

①I don’t think that you can do it, can you? (不用do I?)

②We don’t believe that the news is true, is it? (不用do we?)

十、反意疑问句的陈述部分为”非第一人称主语”+ think (believe,

suppose, consider) + that从句时,问句部分的动词和主语与陈述(从句)部分的主句动词和主语保持一致。如:

①They all think that English is very important, don’t they?

(不用isn’t it?)

②He didn’t think that the news was true, did he?

(不用wasn’t/ was it?)

十一、反意疑问句的陈述部分为主语+said( told, reported,

asked……) + that从句时,问句部分的动词和主语与从句部分的主

句动词和主语保持一致。如:

①They said that you had finished your work, didn’t they?

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(不用hadn’t you)

②Kate told you that she would go there, didn’t she?

(不用wouldn’t she?)

十二、陈述部分的主语为不定代词something, anything,

nothing, everything时,问句部分的主语用it。如:

①Something is wrong with the computer, isn’t it?

②Nothing has happened to them, has it?

十三、陈述部分的主语为不定代词somebody (someone),

Anybody (anyone), nobody (no one), everybody (everyone)

时,问句部分的主语用he或 they,这时问句动词的数应和he或

they一致。如:

①Someone has taken the seat, hasn’t he?

②Everyone has done their best in the game, haven’t they?

十四、陈述部分为Let me……时,问句部分习惯上用shall I? 或will you?

如: Let me have a try, shall I?/(will you?)

十五、陈述部分为Let us……时,问句部分习惯上用 will you?

如: Let us stop to rest, will you?

十六、陈述部分为Let’s……时,问句部分习惯上用 shall we?

如: Let’s go home together, shall we?

十七、陈述部分用上述情况以外的祈使句时,问句部分一般用will you?

形式表示请求,用won’t you?形式表示委婉请求或邀请。

如:①Do sit down, won’t you?/ will you?

②You feed the bird today, will you?

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③Please open the window, will you? (won’t you?)

十八、陈述部分为否定祈使句时,问句部分一般用will you?形式。

如: Don’t make any noise, will you?

十九、陈述部分为There (Here) + be + 主语时,问句部分用动词

+there (here)?形式。

①There are two cakes on the plate, aren’t there?

②Here is a story about Mark Twain, isn’t here?

二十、陈述部分用had better +原形动词表示建议时,问句部分用

hadn’t +主语?形式。

①You’d better tell him about the matter, hadn’t you?

②We had better do it by ourselves, hadn’t we?

二十一、陈述部分用used to +主语时,问句部分用didn’t + 主语?或usedn’t +主语?形式。

①He used to live in the country, didn’t he?/usedn’t he?

②They used to be good friends, didn’t they?/usedn’t they?

二十二、陈述部分用must (may, might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,

若句中带有明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用过去时形式。如:

①He might have forgotten his pen in the classroom yesterday, didn’t he?

②You must have got up late this morning, didn’t you?

二十三、陈述部分用must (may, might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,

若句中没有带明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用现在完成时形式。如:

①Everyone must have known the death of the waitress, haven’t they? (不用mustn’t they?)

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二十四、陈述部分的主语为从句时,问句部分的主语一般用it代替,如:

①What he said is true, isn't it? (不用didn’t he?)

②Where we will build the dam has not been decided yet, has it?

(不用won’t we?)

①: I suppose you’re not going today, __?

A. are you B. do you C. don’t you D. aren’t you

②: I wish to shake hands with you, __?

A. shall B. may I C. do I D. will I

③:Three hours ought to be enough time, __?

A. oughtn’t three hours B. didn’t they C.shouldn’t it D. shouldn’t three hours

④:They have to study a lot, __?

A. don’t they B. haven’t they

C. did they D. hadn’t they

⑤:I‘m sure dirty, __?

A. am I B. isn’t I C. aren’t I D. am not I

⑥:You seem to be dissatisfied with your present post. I don’t think you judged your ability objectively when you applied for it, __you? A. do B. did C. don’t D. didn’t

⑦:That’s the sort of the book you want, __?

A. is it B. isn’t that C. is that D. isn’t it

⑧:All these dictionaries are a great help to you, ___?

A. are they B. aren’t they

C. are all these dictionaries D. aren’t all these dictionaries

⑨:Tom has been writing letters all afternoon, but he should have finished them by now, ___?

A. hasn’t he B. has he C. shouldn’t he D. didn’t you ⑽:David told me that you would take a trip to America, __?

A. would you B. wouldn’t you C. did you D. didn’t you

⑾:You has some trouble finding where I live, _____?

A. Don’t you B. hadn’t you C. do I D. don’t I

⑿:He has his hair cut every month, ___?

A. has he B. hasn’t he C. does he D. doesn’t he ⒀:Your friend needs to come earlier, __?

A. does he B. doesn’t he C. need he D. needn’t he ⒁:The little boy dare not go to church, ___?

A. dare he B. daren’t he C. does he D. doesn’t he 5

⒂:Susan’d have worked abroad if she’d had the chance, __?

A. has she B. hadn’t she C. would she D. wouldn’t she ⒃: Everyone’s having a good time, ___?

A. is he B. isn’t everyone C. does he D. aren’t they ⒄:Tell me how to operate the electronic computer, ____?

A. will you B. shan’t you C. do you D. don’t you ⒅:Magaret scarcely comes to visit you on Christmas Day, ____? A. doesn’t she B. does she C. do you D. don’t you

⒆:Let’s listen to the radio program that the teacher mentioned, __? A. do we B. don’t we C. shall we D. shan’t we ⒇:Janet used to take part in labor in that village, _____?

A. used she B. did she C. didn’t she D. should she He ought to go to Kwangchow by plane, _____?

A. should he B. shouldn’t he C. would he D. wouldn’t he We never dared to ask him a question, ____?

A. did we B. didn’t we C. dared we D. daren’t we Nobody will believe how difficult his work has been ___?

A. will he B. won’t nobody C. will they D. won’t they You must have made the mistake, ____?

A. mustn’t you B. haven’t you C. didn’t you D. hadn’t you They must have stayed at hotel last night, ____?

A. mustn’t they B. haven’t they C. didn’t they D. hadn’t they

Learning how to repair computers takes a long time, _____?

A. isn’t it B. aren’t they C. doesn’t it D. don’t they There isn’t anything wrong with the radio, ____?

A. is there B. is it C. does it D. does there

You must be hungry, ____?

A. must you B. mustn’t you C. are you D. aren’t you Her daughter had the carpets and curtains cleaned, _____?

A. had she B. hadn’t she C. didn’t she D. didn’t her daughter

The teacher had a talk with you, ___?

A. has you B. hadn’t she C. did she D. didn’t she

Something’ll have to be done about the air pollution, ____?

A. won’t it B. will it C. has it D. does it Linda ate nothing this morning, ___?

A. didn’t she B. was she C. did she D. wasn’t she There’s hardly___ milk in the bottle, _____there?

A. no, isn’t B. some, is C. little, isn’t D. any, is

He has never ridden a horse before, __?

A. does he B. has he C. hasn’t he D. doesn’t he

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Nobody was absent from the meeting, ____ ?

A. was it B. were they C. wasn’t he D. weren’t they

No one failed in the exam, ___ ?

A. was he B. did one C. did they

D. didn’t he

I’m a little late for class, _____ I?

A. amn’t B. am not C. isn’t D.

ain’t

am not = ain‘t 不过大多数只有在反问句或反意问句中才能看到,也就是说,

一般你只能看到 ain't I 这种语序,而看不到 I ain't 的语序

Neither you nor I am a artist, ____ ?

A. am I B. aren’t we C. are we

D. ain’t

He can’t be her father, __ he?

A. is B. isn’t C. can

D. can’t

Everything seems all right, _____ ?

A. does it B. don’t they C. won’t it D. doesn’t it

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