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2009版复习九年级英语中考总复习之连词课件78

发布时间:2013-12-09 10:27:24  

中考总复习之 连词

中考说明及要求
? 连词的用法

一、连词的定义
? 连接词与词、短语与短语、 句子与句子的词,叫连词。 例如: ? It is neither too cold nor too hot in spring. (neither…nor连接两个 词) ? You can read either in the morning or in the afternoon.(either…or 连接两个短语) ? Hu Lan was late yesterday because she woke up too late. (because连接两个句子)

二、连词的种类和常考连词的用法
? 从连词本身的含意及其所连接的成分的性质 来看,可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。 ? 并列连词。用来连接有并列关系的词、短语 或分句的连词是并列连词;并列连词连接分 句构成并列句。

(一)常用来并列同类性质的词与词、短语与短语的并列连词and,or,
neither...nor,either...or,not only...but also, both...and
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?



1. and 和,并且 My uncle lives and works in Shanghai. 我叔叔在上海居住和工作。 He's big and tall. 他很高大。 2. or 或(非否定句中)、和(否定句中) Are you a teacher or a student? 你是老师还是学生? You can take some food or some money. 你可以带点吃的或带点钱。 I don’t like reading or writing. 我既不喜欢读,也不喜欢写。 3.either...or, 要么……要么……,或者……或者…… neither...nor, 既不……也不…… both...and, 既……又…… not only...but also...不仅……而且…… You can come to see me either on Sunday or on Saturday. 你要么在周日来,要么在周六来。 I don't like its color, it is either too dark or too light. 我不喜欢它的颜色,不是太暗就是太浅。 The boy is both tall and fat. 那个男孩又高又胖。 My daughter can not only sing but also dance.我的女儿不仅能唱,还会跳。

(二)常见的并列分句构成并列句的连 词有and,or,but,so
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. or 否则 相当于一个否定条件句。 Hurry up, or you’ll be late. 快点,否则你就要迟到了。 (If you don't hurry up, you'll be late.) 2. and这样的话,就会……,相当于一个肯定条件句 Study hard, and you can get good grades.努力学习,你就会取得高分。 (If you study hard, you can get good grades.) 3. but 但是,可是,而 前后分句是转折关系 Mr Mott is very poor, but he feels happy. Mott先生很穷,但他感到快乐。 4. so于是,因此 并列具有因果关系的两个分句。 We wanted to learn the English songs, so we asked the teacher to teach us. 我们想学英文歌,于是请老师教我们。

(二)从属连词。引导从句的连词叫做从属 连词,分连接代词和连接副词两种。
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. 引导宾语从句的有that, when, where, who, why, what, if, whether 1). that

用于引导陈述句的宾语从句,可以省去,如: She says that she likes watching TV very much. 2). when, where, who, why, what等连接副词连接由特殊疑问句转化过来的 宾语从句。如: Do you know when the train arrives? Can you tell me where you come from? 3). if, whether连接有一般疑问句转化过来的宾语从句。 They are wondering if they can get the money back. She asked the librarian whether she had to pay for the lost book. 注:下列几种情况下不能使用if来引导宾语从句。 ⑴介词后的宾语从句不能使用if 引导 Are you interested in whether she will come here? ⑵后跟or not时,不能使用if引导 I’m not sure whether or not the shop is open. ⑶当后跟动词不定式时,不能使用if引导 Do you know whether to go to the Great Wall tomorrow?

2. 引导状语从句的连词有when,until,after, before, as soon as, since,
for, although,if,because,so that,as if, so…that, while等。

? 1) 引导时间状语从句的连词有when,while, until,after, before, as soon as, since ? 2) 引导条件状语从句的连词有if, unless ? 3)引导原因状语从句的连词有because ? 4)引导结果状语从句的连词有 so….that/such…that ? 5)引导比较状语从句的连词有than, as…as

中考考什么?
? 中考从以下几个方面来考查学生对连词的 掌握情况:

1.并列词与词、短语与短语的连词 and,or,both..and, either..or, not only..but also, neither..nor。
? (2007南通) B ? I can ________ swim ________ skate. I’m going to have some training next year. ? A. either, or B. neither, nor ? C. both, and D. not only, but also ? [解题技巧] ? 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用并列连词 and,or,both..and, either..or, not only..but also, neither..nor等。其中后三组连词并列主语时,谓语动词与 最靠近的主语保持一致。 ? 本题题意是对swim和skate两种动作的否定,对两者否 定用neither…nor,选B。

2.并列分句的连词so,for,but,and, or, not only...but also
? (河南试题) B ? 一Be careful, ________you will make mistakes in your exams. ? —I know that,Mum.One can never be too careful. ? A.and B.or C.nor D.but (2006河南) ? [解题技巧] ? 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用并列连词 so,for,but,and, or, not only...but also,其中not only...but also并列分句时,第一个分句要倒装。so因此;for因为; but但是;and你就会;or否则的话;not only…but also不 仅……而且……。 ? 本题的前后分句之间是否定条件关系“否则的话”,用连 词or,选B。

3.连接宾语从句的连词。
? ? ? ? ? ? ? (2007黄冈) -What did you say to your mother just now? -I asked her ________ she cooked for dinner. B A. that B. if C. how D. what [解题技巧] 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用连接宾语从句的一

组连词that,if/whether,what等。连接宾语从句有四类连 词:that(事实);if/whether(不确定是否);特殊疑问 (when,where,what等);how/what感叹含义的从句。要根据 语境来决定选用哪类连词。 ? 本句的宾语从句是一个表达疑问的信息“是否做饭?”, 选B。

4.连接时间状语从句的连词。
? (2007福州) ? -Hurry up. The bus is coming. D ? -Oh, no. We mustn't cross the street______ the traffic lights are green. ? A. after B. since C. while D. until ? [解题技巧] ? 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用连接时间状语从句的 一组连词as soon as, while, until,when,after。as soon as连 接主句和从句的动词都应该是短暂动词“一……就……”; while所引导的从句必须是持续动词;not..until(after)主句和从 句的动词也都应该是短暂动词“直到……才……”,在肯定句 中,until从句的动词是短暂动词,但主句的动词必须是持续 动词;after引导的从句往往用过去完成时,主句用一般过去 时态表示两个动作的先后顺序;since引导的从句用一般过去 时,主句用现在完成时。 ? 本题的题意为“绿灯亮时才能过马路”,not…until 直到…… 才……,选D。

5.连接目的或结果状语从句的连词。
? (2006南通) ? Hurry up, Jack. We have to get to the station D before 11:45 _____ we can catch the 12:00 train. ? A. since B. after ? C. as soon as D. so that ? [解题技巧] ? 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用连接目的 和结果状语从句的一组连词so, so that。“为 了……”“结果……”。 ? 本题是一个目的状语从句“为了能赶上12点的火 车”,选D。

6.连接条件状语从句的连词。
? (2007沈阳) C ? ________ you go to bed earlier, you won’t feel tired in the mornings. ? A. Unless B. Because ? C. If D. When ? [解题技巧] ? 以此立意的试题考查考生能否正确使用连接目的 和结果状语从句的一组连词if,unless。if如果; unless如果不……;除非……。 ? 本句是一个条件句,如果……,选C。

2008年中考英语试题汇编
? 2008年广东茂名 A ? Have you read the book ________ I gave you yesterday ? ? A. that B. when C. where

A

C

1. C John __ I are policemen. __ A. Neither...nor B. Either...or C. Both...and D. Not only...but also D 2. Mr Smith teaches __ well __ his lessons are not easily forgotten. A. very...that B. quite...but C. so...as D. so...that 3. He didn't go to sleep___he finished his homework. D A. till B. before C. after D. until 4. She __ a thick coat today, though it isn't very cold. A 5. That woman is very tired, so she __ . C A. stopped to work B. stopped having a good rest C. stopped to have a rest D. stopped to working
A. is wearing B. put on C. dressed D. is dressing

6. Wait for me in the room __ I come back. A A. until B. and

C. so D. or

A 7. I'll return the books to the library __ soon as possible. A. as B. so C. just D. but
Go along the road, __ you'll find the market at B the end of it. A. when B. and C. or D. though
8.

9. You'll be late __ you don't get up early A tomorrow morning. A. if B. when C. before D. until

1.不仅他,我也是一个学生。 Not only but also _______ he _______ I ___ a student. am 2.如果明天不下雨,我们就去野餐。 it doesn’t rain If ____________ tomorrow, we will go to ___ have a picnic ______________. 3.他和他父母都不打算下午去购物。 Neither he _____ his parents __________ nor are going to _____ go shopping 4.他太年轻了还不能去上学。 to He is _______ young______ go to school. too 5.我一完成工作就去钓鱼。 as soon as I ______ go fishing ___________ I finish will my work.

作文:

08年广东茂名 联合国教科文组织(UNESCO) 想了解你校的情况,发来了一个英文 表格(见下表).请参考表格里的内容提示,用英语写一篇短文,介绍你 校的相关情况.要求: 内容包括表格里的全部内容,字数不少于80字, 不准出现真实的姓名和校名.
Area of the school Building How many square metres? How many ? Low or tall ?

Teacher and student How many ?
Teaching building Sports field How many ? New or old ? How many ? Often in use ?

Teachers’apartmentHow many ? New or old ? Students’ apartment Tree and flower How mnay ? New or old ? How many ? How do you like it ?

例文:
? One possible version: ? Our school is not very large. It covers an area of about thirty thousand square meters, with only 500 students and 46 teachers. There are only three buildings in it, none of which is very tall. The largest one is a newly built teaching building. The second largest is the students’ apartments and the third one is the teachers’apartments. The two apartments were both built in the year 1993. The school has one football field and two basketball fields, where we usually have happy hours after school. Trees and flowers are everywhere and we all love it.

Homework today
1.抄考试说明单词第121~149个(每个2行) 2.做学考精练连词剩下的练习

3.预习情态动词


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