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48个国际音标表

发布时间:2013-09-20 17:19:11  

48个国际音标表

元音:单元音 [i:] [i] [?:] [?] [?:] [?] [u:] [u] [ɑ:] [Λ] 双元音[ai] [ei] [?i] [i?] [e?] [u?] [?u] [au] [?] [e]

辅音:[b] [p] [d] [t] [k] [g] [f] [v] [m] [n] [l] [?] [?] [e] [s] [z] [∫] [r] [h] [tr] [dr] [ts] [dz] [?] [t∫] [d?] [w] [j]

常见字母组合发音规律:

A) 元音: a e i o u Aa

[ei]cake, face, date, name, lake,

[e]cat, map, hat, sad, happy, black Ee

[i:]evening, we, he, be , she, these,

[e]bed, help, desk, egg, yes, very,

Ii

[ai]ice, white, Friday, rice, like, nice

[i]pink, six, in, pig, sister, sit, milk, in, thin, big Oo

[?u]home, nose, rose, go, those, old, hello, rope, cold,

[?]nod, not, box, lot, orange, on,

Uu

[Λ]sun, fun, jump, lunch, duck, us, Sunday

[ju]computer, Tuesday, excuse, unit, music

B) 元音字母组合

[i:]ea —tea, speak, dream, easy, teacher, read, jeans, meat

[e] ea- bread, head,

[i:]ee — see, need sheep, teeth, green, sleep, knee

[u:]oo — toothbrush, zoo, cool, food, noodles, school, afternoon,

[u] oo —classroom, book, foot, look, good, wood

[au]ou —house, mouth, mouse,

[ɑ:]ar —, arm, car, park, March, hard, party,

[?:]or —morning, short, story, horse, forty,

[?]or —homework, work, doctor, world, word

[?:]ir — shirt, bird, skirt, first, girl

[?:]ur — Thursday, purple, hamburger, Saturday

[?]er —sister, teacher, letter, computer, [i?]ear —ear, year,

[ei]ay — X- ray, day, May, play, today, gray, okay, way

[?u]ow —know, yellow, show, snow

[au]ow —cow, now, brown, flower, down

[?u]oa —coat, boat, goat, road C)辅音字母组合

sh /∫/—she, sheep, shoes, fish, etc

ch /t∫/,— chicken, teacher, chalk, chair, much, China,

tr[tr] —tree, street, strawberry , etc

dr [dr]— drink, dress, drive, dream, draw, etc

th[?]— theatre, three, think, Thursday, teeth, etc

th—[e]mother, father, this, that, they,brother, these, their, etc wh [w]—where, what, white, when, why,who

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