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仁爱英语八年级Unit_2_-Unit3_导学案1

发布时间:2013-12-09 13:29:02  

中考第一轮教材复习 仁爱版八年级上册Unit 2导学案

Unit2 Keeping healthy

第一课时 Topic 1 You’d better go to see a doctor?

一、课前自我复习要求

1.复习课本八上Unit 2,Topic1所有单词,尝试在《仁爱版八年级上期单词检测卡》上默写。

2.朗读课本八年级上册Unit 2,Topic1,重点掌握reading很grammar focus中的句型。

二、课堂复习过程

一. 词汇与短语

(一)写出下列动词的第三人称单数形式、过去式、过去分词

(二)写出下列词组

1.患感冒 2.去看医生 3.休息

4.在夜里 5.许多、大量 6.开水

7.卧床 8.夜以继日 9.感觉想要做

10.躺下 11.太多 12.刷牙

13.刷牙 14.照看照顾 15.检查

16.担忧、担心 17.发生意外 18.请假

19.…和…两个都 20.吃药 21.看牙医 22.患流感 23.在网上工作 24.每天两次

25.乱扔垃圾 26.对…有害 27.饭前洗手 二. 重点语言点

1. What’ =What’s up?(口语中使用,不愉快的事、异常发生时用)

还可以说: Is there anything wrong with you?

2. I have a toothache. Have+疾病名称表示3. I’m sorry to hear that. I’m sorry+不定式= I’m sorry+that从句,表示同情

I’m sorry I’对不起,我迟到了。

I’m sorry (that) . 你生病了,我很难过。

4. You should see a dentist. should是情态动词,表示有义务或责任做某事,意思是―‖否 得感冒 得流感 发烧 胃疼 眼睛疼 嗓子疼

定句用表示―你不应该…‖常用来建议某人该做或不该做某事。 You should 你应该每天早起。

You .你们不应该在大街上踢足球

5. You should drink plenty of boiled water. plenty of 表示,修饰可数名词和不可数名词均可,一般用于肯定句中,疑问句中改用enough,否定句中用much或many. eggs in the basket.篮子里有许多鸡蛋。否定句:

6. You’d better go to see a doctor. had better do sth. 表示劝告意为:形式为―最好不要做……

---I have a toothache. --You’d better .

because it is windy today. 今天刮风了,你最好别外出。

7. I don’t feel like eating anything. feel like意为‖想要―后跟 He feels like (drink)whenever he is excited.

8. You should lie down and rest. lie是动词,意思是―躺‖,过去式过去分词是 lie还可以表示―撒谎‖。常见短语。短语:撒谎 对某人撒谎I enjoy on the beach in the beautiful early-autumn sunshine.

How could you lie me? 你咋能对我撒谎呢?

9. You should take good care of your eyes. take good care of 表示 同义词组有 She is old enough herself now. 他已经可以自己照顾自己了。 She for his father all through his long illness.

10. Let me check it over again. check over 意为,是―动词+副词‖构成的短语动词,宾语是名词可放在,宾语是代词则放在 The doctor checked over the boy. = 用him改写)

11. … and don’t worry about your lessons. worry about表示,其中的worry是不及物动词,相当于, worried是形容词。 I don’t worry about her because she can take care of he self.

12. So I’d ask for two week’s leave.

(1)ask for sth. 意为’re lost

(2)two week’s leave = a leave, 意为:两周的假期

You can only ask for . 你只能请两天的假。

(3)leave 作动词意为:离开、留下。离开去某地leave…behind表示

13. …,but I couldn’t read it until today. until作介词后跟时间短语,做连词后跟时间 状语从句。

(1)until用于肯定句中,表示―直到…时,到…为止‖主句动词用延续性动词。可以换为till He watched TV until midnight. = He watched TV midnight. There time.有很多时间。改为否定句:

(2) until用于否定句中,表示―直到…才,在…之前‖主句动词用非延续性动词。

(get off) the bus until it stops.车停稳前不要下车。

I (leave)until your mother comes back.你妈妈回来我才会离开。

三、小试身手

1. Schools allow students at least one hour a day for sports. ( )

A. would B. may C. should D. could

2. Have you heard of the story? It funny and interesting ( )

A. looks B. tastes C. smells D. sounds

3. –Why didn’t you go to see the film yesterday? -Because there was )

A. nothing interesting B. something interesting

C. anything interesting D. interesting anything

4. –Jim, I’m afraid I can’t go to your party tonight. My grandma is ill- ( )

A. I’m sorry to hear that. B. That’s all right.

C. She has to stay in bed. D. Don’t worry.

5. it’s raining outside. you’d better ( )

A. to go out. B. going out C. not to go out D. not go out

第二课时Topic 2 I must ask him to give up smoking.

一、课前自我复习要求

1.复习课本八上Unit2,Topic2所有单词,尝试在《仁爱版八年级上期单词检测卡》上默写。

2.朗读课本八年级上册Unit 2,Topic2,重点掌握reading很grammar focus中的句型。

二、课堂复习过程

一. 词汇与短语

(一)按要求写单词:

1.sleep形容词 2.get现在分词 3.tooth复数4.relax形容词 5.smoke现在分词 6.act形容词7.throw过去形式 8.ill名词 9.little比较等级

10.choose过去形式 11. it反身代词(二)写出下列词组

1.熬夜到很晚 2.对…有益/有害 3.饭前/饭后

4.在太阳下 5.放弃 6.乱扔 7.进入、闯入 8.公开地 9.据我们所知 10.各种各样 11.比……多 12.三餐

13.努力工作 14.吃丰盛的早餐 15.足够的睡眠

16.扫地 17.在不同的方面 18.健康的饮食习惯

二.重点语言点

1.Staying up late is bad for your health. stay up late 意为

短语be bad for意为

动词不能直接做主语,作主语时需使用、形式,且后面的谓语动词用单数

To keep healthy eating habits (be) necessary for us.

(wash)hands 2.You must not read in the sun. must是情态动词,意为must not You must not smoke here. = 改成祈使句)

You must not read in the sun. = 改成祈使句)

―must be + 主语‖ 可表示猜测,意为其否定形式为 That must be Lucy. 否定句:

3.Look, the article says smoking is bad for our lungs. It may cause cancer.

(1)描述文字材料记载或广播中的内容时用动词say,

The guidebook we should turn left.

The radio it will be sunny tomorrow.

(2)cause有两种词性,作名词意为;作动词意为 Drunk driving is one of the most common of traffic accidents.

We don’t know the of the accident.

The bad weather problems for many farmers these days.

4.I must ask him to give up smoking. give up (doing) sth. 意为 Lilei gave up (play) basketball.

5.Drink enough water every day. enough是

足够的时/钱/水/工人/空间

足够快 足够大 足够有趣 总结:

6. It will keep you active during the day.

(1)keep + 宾语 + 补语 (补语可以是:动名词; 形容词; 介词短语 )

①I’m sorry to keep you waiting for such a long time. (keep sb. doing sth. )

②Keep the door open, please. (keep sb/sth+形容词表示 ) ③Once a cold keep the child in bed for three days (keep sb+介词短语表示 )

(2) during the day = in the daytime 在白天 (1) show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. please show me your new book.

(2) show sb. around表示:I’ll show you around our school tomorrow.

(1) get into ; 如:get into trouble 陷入麻烦

(2) ①through 从物体穿过, 如:walk through a forest.

② across 从物体 横穿,如:go/walk across the road

③ over 从物体 越过, 如:fly over the city

illness = sickness疾病(名词), 很少表示具体的疾病,只表示抽象的疾病,

disease 常表某种疾病。如:heart disease 心脏病 意为:

the right kinds of food 正确种类的食物

13. We should eat more fruit and less meat. Eat more …. and less … 多吃… 少吃… 写出下列表示多少的词的比较级别

、; few We will spend time and do work. 我们将会事半功倍

(1) food, fruit 等词常作不可数名词,强调多种食物或水果时用复数形式different foods.

(2) in different ways 意为15. It’ 句型:It is + 形容词 + for sb. to do sth. (it代替后面的) 表示

(1). 当形容词可修饰人,用of,有:kind, nice, rude, clever, silly, foolish等。

(2). 当形容词不可以修饰人,用for,有:easy, hard, difficult, important, necessary, dangerous等。

It’s clever

It’s easy her to clean the window by herself.

It’s kind you to help me a lot.

It’s important us to learn English well.

It’s useful us to learn English well.

四、小试身手

1. –Mom, may I have a pear? --Of course. But you wash your hands first. ( )

A. must B. may C. can

2. It’s good for the old man after supper. ( )

A. take a walk B. to take a walk C. take for a walk D. take walks

3.We must keep ourselves so that we can enjoy a better life. ( )

A. enough health B. healthy enough C. health enough D. enough healthy

4.She looked out the window and saw a butterfly flying in the flowers. ( )

A. through B. across C. in D. cross

5.The Internet it easy to get much information in a shot time. ( )

A. finds B. makes C. feels D. takes

第三课时 Topic 3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu?

一、课前自我复习要求

1.复习课本八上Unit2,Topic3所有单词,尝试在《仁爱版八年级上期单词检测卡》上默写。

2.朗读课本八年级上册Unit 2,Topic3,重点掌握reading很grammar focus中的句型。

二、课堂复习过程

一. 词汇与短语

(一)按要求写单词:

1.head形容词 2.spread过去形式 3.body复数4.crowd形容词 5.examine现在分词 6.healthy反义词7.happy名词 8.quick副词 9.learn过去形式

10.report名词11.happy反义词 12break过去形式

(二)写出下列词组

1.快点 2.和…谈话 3.开始做着手干 4.一直 5.做运动 6.远离 7.一会儿 8.远离烟酒 9.留言 10.接通 11.作报告 12.急救

13.另一方面 14.爆发、流行 15.积极参加

16.照看照顾 17.中药 18采纳…的建议

19.增进加强 20在起居室 21.从那以后

22.迷路 23.错误地 24。没权利做

二.重点语言点

(1) ①hurry up 赶快,表催促 ②hurry to do sth. = do sth. in a hurry 匆忙地做某事

(finish)the work. = He finished the work .

③ hurry to+某地:表匆匆地去某地,如:

He the hospital.= He went to the hospital in a hurry.

(2) be on TV 某人或某事物上电视。

(1) 疑问句和否定句中,表―一些‖,常用any, 不用some. 但当此疑问句表建议或请求时

some不改成any. 如:Would you like some tea ? May I ask you some questions?

(2) go ahead 请开始吧

3. SARS spreads easily among people.

(1) spread ( spread, spread ) 传播,传开 The disease spread all over the country.

(2) among 表在之间, between 在between A and B

4. 短语: 人群拥挤的地方 ③ = accept one’s advice 接受某人的建议 ( advice 不可数名词 )

5. Must 开头提出的问句, 否定回答不用mustn’t 来回答,常见的回答如:

Must I go now? (我必须得走吗?)肯定回答:Yes, you must.(是的,你必须);

(不,你不必) keep… away from… You’the child

= . 请稍等 (打电话常用语) right now用两种意思:①现在= now ② 马上= right away; in a minute; at once; (1) examine = 检查 (2) patient①名词形容词10. 短语: 给某人留口信

③ = 给某人捎口信 ④ 给某人回电话

⑤ask/tell/order sb (not) to do sth. 叫某人(不)去做某事 (2) against 介词, care for = 照顾,照看

13. It is my duty to save the patients.

(1) 此句为动词不定式作主语,形式主语it 代替(2) save 有3种意思:①救、挽救The little boy .小男孩得救了。 ②储存 save money ③节约:节约水/电/纸张14. Long time no see! 好久不见 你在家是如何度过的?

spend + 时间:表度过… I spent my holiday in Beijing

(1) teach oneself = 自学 Michael learned English by himself.

(2) 注意teach 的用法:teach sb. sth Mr Liu teaches we) English.

17. must 除了表示―必须‖,还表示猜测一定是) mustn’t 只指can be / may be ; can’t be 。

五、小试身手

1.—Are you afraid of SARS? --Yes, a little. ( )

A. to catch B. catch C. catches D. catching

2.If the traffic light is red, you cross the road. It’s very dangerous. ( )

A. don’t B. mustn’t C. need’t D. wouldn’t

3.—Let me help you sweep the floor. —No, I can do it by ( )

A. my B. myself C. I D. mine

4.—Must we go there by bus? --No, you . ( )

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. don’t

5. –May I keep the windows all the time? –No, you can’t We need fresh air!( A, open B. opening C. closed closing

总结单元复习效果:

)

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