He has just gone to Shanghai.
We have already finished the work.
We finished the work 5 days ago.（过去的动作）
already，yet, just, ever, never, before, once, twice, three times, so far 练习题：
1. A World Without Thieves is a very moving film. I ________it twice already.
A. will see B. see C. had see D. have seen
2. Someone ________ the classroom. Look! How clean it is!
A. has swept B. will sweep C. is sweeping D. had swept
3. My postcard is still on the desk. Why _______you ______it?
A. haven’t, posted B. don’t, post C. weren’t posting D. won’t, post
4. He’s invited many of his friends to join the Summer Camp, ______he ?
A. is B. has C. isn’t D. hasn’t
5. -- We need some more bread for dinner.
-- Don’t worry. Look, I ____ some on my way home.
A. bought B. have bought C. will buy D. had bought
6. She ____ to Shanghai twice last year.
A. has been B. has gone C. went D. had gone
I have been a student in this school.
He has been in the city for 10 years.
They have worked here since 1997.
since…, for…, how long, in the past/last few years,
all his life, recently, over the years, since then, ever since…… 瞬间性性动词——延续性动词
buy---_have borrow ---keep join-- -be in/ be a member of / be a …member die---be dead become a member of---be a member of leave---be away (from) become—be go to/ come to -- be in start/begin---be on
finish/ end---_ be over arrive in /get to/ reach-_：_be in return---be back open---be open close---be closed fall asleep--be asleep
catch a cold--have a cold get up—be up get married/ marry--- be married wake up—be awake
1. It’s +一段时间+since+句子（一般过去时）
eg. It’s three years since we studied in this school.
=It has been three years since we studied in this school.
=Three years has passed since we studied in this school.
2. for, since 以及How long 提问的句子， 只能与延续性动词使用， 不与短暂性动词连用。 eg. I have had this dictionary for many years.
He has been dead since 2005.
How long can I keep this book?
3. I haven’t bought anything for three weeks.
Jim has had this pen for two years.
Jim has had this pen since two years ago./ since 2009
It is/has been two years since Jim bought this pen.
Two years has passed since Jim bought this pen.
Jim bought this pen two years ago.
1. Tom ______ there for 10 months since he ______back to his hometown.
A. has lived, gets B. has lived, got
C. lived, got D. lived, has got
2. My father _______ on business for two weeks. He’ll return in 3 days.
A. left B. has left C. had gone D. has been away
3. ---They say there is a new restaurant nearby.
--- Yes, and it ______ for no more than a week.
A. has been open B. opens
C. is opening D. is opened
4. ---How long have Mr. and Mrs. Smith _______?
--- For more than twenty years.
A. married B. had married
C. got married D. been married
5. I want to know how long ___ here in New York.
A. you have been B. have you been
C. you have arrived D. have you get
6. --Oh , Mrs King , your dress looks nice. Is it new ?
--No. I ___ it for two years .
A. had B. bought C. have had D. have bought
7. Premier Zhou(周总理)___ for many years, but he still lives in the hearts of Chinese people .
A. died B. had died B. has been died D. has been dead
? 1. have/has gone to去了某地(现在还没回来)
eg. ---Where is your father? -He has gone to Shanghai.
? 2. have/has been to去过某地（已经回来）
eg. He has been to Shanghai twice. He has been there twice
注意区别：He went to Beijing twice last year.
? 3. have/ has been in 在某地已经多长时间
? He has been in Shantou for two years.
? He has been abroad since two years ago.
1. -- I ___ England twice . ---When ___ you ___ there ?
A. have gone to , did…go
B. have been to , did…go
C. have been in , have ...gone
D. have been to have …gone
2. –Where’s Jim? I have a word to tell him .
---He with his friends ___ to plant trees.
A. have gone B. has gone C. has been D. have been
3.--How many times ___you ___the Great Wall last year ? ---Only once.
A. have , gone to B. did , go to
C. have, been to D. were , going to
4. My parents have _______ abroad for two years.
A. gone B. been C. been in D. been to
Fill in the blanks:
1. ---Where is Jim?
---He ___________ Wuhan.
2. My parents ___________ the Great Wall twice. They like there very much.
3. _____ you ever _______ to the Happy valley?
4. How long ____ Peter _______ the West Hill farm?
5. My sister __________ the shop. She will be back in two hours.
6. She ___________ Shanghai. She isn’t here.
7. She __________ Shanghai. She is here.
8. She __________ Shanghai for two years.
1.I _______already ______(see) the film. I ______(see) it
2.It ___________(rain) for a week.
3.My mother _____just ______(come) back from work. She
is very tired.
4.We ________________(not finish) our homework yet.
Will you wait a minute?
5.He ____________(teach) history for five years before he
came to the school.
6.I _____________(work) here since I_______ (move) here
7.So far I ___________(make) quite a few friends here.
8.They _________(build) two buildings by the end of last year.
1.Can you make sure ___ the gold ring?
A. where Alice had put
B. where had Alice put
C. where Alice has put
D. where has Alice put
2. When I was at college I ___ three foreign languages, but I ___ all except a few words of each.
A. spoke; had forgotten
B. spoke; have forgotten
C. had spoken; had forgotten
D. had spoken; have forgotten
3.--I’m sorry to keep you waiting.
--Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes.
A. have been B. had been
C. was D. will be
―(for) only a few minutes‖说明几分钟前来了这里，一直到现在。
4. ---___ the sports meet might be put off.
---Yes, it all depends on the weather.
A. I’ve been told B. I’ve told
C. I’m told D.I told
5.All the preparations for the task__, and we’re ready to start.
A. completed B. complete
C. had been completed
D. have been completed
6.--Where ___ the recorder? I can’t see it anywhere.
--I ___ it right here, but now it’s gone.
A. did you put; have put
B. have you put; put
C. had you put; have put
D. were you putting; have put