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初中简单句练习

发布时间:2013-12-10 10:29:38  

No pain,no gain 不下苦功,便无收获
开县中和中学 谭术东

Unit5 Special clothes

Practice writing about simple sentence (词,句,篇)

Teaching objectives

1.learning simple sentences:
(1)主语+谓语(丌及物动词) S+Vi (2)主语+谓语(及物动词)+宾语 S+ Vt + O (3)主语+系动词+表语 S+ Vl + P (4)主语+谓语(vt)+间宾(人)+ 直宾(物) S+Vt+IO+DO (5)主语+谓语(vt)+宾语+宾补 S+Vt+O+C

Then you can use them. You are good.

? Reviewing the Old ? (温故知新)

句子成份
★ 句子一般由两个部分组成:
主语部分( subject group) 谓语部分( predicate group)

★ 句子成份: 主· 谓· 宾· 表 定· 状· 补

1) 主语(subject) 句子的主体,全句述说的对象。一般由 名词,主格代词 ,动词不定式,动名词 或从句 担任,常置于句首。 I like football.

The boy needs a pen.
2) 谓语(predicate) 说明主语的动作或状态。由 动词 担任。常置于主语后。 The train leaves at 6 o’clock. I want a ticket.

3) 宾语(object) 表示vt.的动作对象或prep.所联系的对象。 由n.或相当于n.的词担任。置于vt.或prep.后。 He won the game. On the desk Tome lost his life in the big fire. 4) 表语(predicative) 用以表述主语的特征、状态、身份等。 由n.或adj.担任。置于系动词之后。 He is a student.

5) 宾补(objective complement) 补充说明宾语的情况 。 由n. /adj. /介宾 /分词 /不定式等担任。 They made him? king. ? I consider the book ? too expensive. ? 6) 定语(attributive) 对名词或代词起修饰、限定作用的词、短语或句子, 汉语中常用‘……的’表示,通常位于被修饰的成分前。

The(black) bike is mine.

7) 状语(adverbial)

用以修饰adj. /v. /adv.及全句,位置灵活。通常在句子基本结构之后,强调时放在句 首; 修饰形容词或副词时,通常位于被修饰的词之前; 表示时间、地点、目的的状语一般位于句子两头,强调时放在句首, 一些表示不确定时间(如:often)或程度(如:almost)的副词状语通常位于be动词、 助动词、情态动词之后,动词之前。

I am very sorry. We often help him. When I grow up , I am going to be a teacher .
(从句作时间状语)

Ⅰ.简单句
1. Things changed. 2. Trees are green. 3. We don’t beat children.
主 + 谓 + 宾 主 + 谓 + 表 主 + 谓

4. He gave his sister the piano.

5. I found the book?easy. ?
主 + 谓 + 宾 + 宾补

主 + 谓 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语

Practice
Nobody went. She became a doctor. The car caught fire. I will write you a long letter.
主 + 谓 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语 主 + 谓 + 宾 主 + 谓 + 表 主 + 谓

I will let him? go. ?
主 + 谓 + 宾 + 宾补

Challenging yourself连词成句
1. Is, the water , boiling. 2.She ,laughed , last night. 3.pop music,I, like . 4. dinner, smells, good, the

5.beautiful ,She ,looks .

6.He , a sister,has

Can you?(挑战一下)
? ? ? ? ? ? 7.我们要使学校变得更美丽 more beautiful,our school,make,will,We We will make our school more beautiful 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 8.奶奶昨晚给我讲了一个有趣的故事 Grandma,an interesting story,told me,last night

? Grandma told me an interesting story last night
? 主语+及物动词+间接宾语人+直接宾语事物

(Group work)翻译下列句子
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1.我家门前有一条河。(in front of) There is a river in front of my house. 2.树木变绿了。(turn) The trees turn green. 3.他是一名好学生。 He is a good student. 4.每天早晨我们都听到他大声朗读英语.(hear)

? Every morning we hear him read English aloud. ? 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语

show time 轻松一刻:将上面 的句子画成一副 简笔画在黑板上 展示出来。

Challenging yourself2(自我提升)

1.Which one do you like best? 2.What it looks like? 3.How you have got it? 4.when you wear it? 5.Why you like it?

? 以“My favourite clothing" 为题写一篇短文。要点如 下: ? 1.我喜欢我爸爸3年前在我 生日的时候给我买的蓝色, 柔软的T恤衫。 ? 2.T恤衫上印着一副椰树图 (coconut tree),很吸引人。 ? 3.我喜欢它的理由是穿着 舒服。

How to deal with it? 长句怎么办?

My favourite clothing
T-shirt I like wearing very much,it's the one bought by my father.It's blue and soft. It's attractive for it has a picture of a coconut tree on it.It was given to me on my birthday three years age.I like wearing it because it is comfortable.In my opinion,it is my favourite clothing.

Your results(收获)


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