haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

初中英语8种时态归纳复习

发布时间:2013-12-10 12:26:24  

初中英语8种时态归纳复习

点击数:3210 次 录入时间:2009/9/27 14:31:00 编辑:

walter-75

时态是英语学习中一个至关重要的内容,广大初中学生在实际运用时,往往对时态问题倍感棘手,下面我们就归纳复习一下这几种时态。

一、一般现在时:

概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

时间状语:often,usually,always,sometimes,every week(day,year,month...),once a week,on sundays,etc.

基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词

否定形式:① am /is /are +not;②此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

一般疑问句:①把be动词放于句首;②用助动词 do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

二、一般过去时:

概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

时间状语:ago,yesterday,the day before yesterday,last week(year,night,month...),in 1989,just now,at the age of 5,one day,long long ago,once upon a time,etc.

基本结构:①be动词;②行为动词

否定形式:① was/were +not;②在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

一般疑问句:①was或were放在句首;②用助动词do的过去式did提问,同时还原行

为动词。

三、现在进行时:

概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

时间状语:now,at this time,these days,etc.

基本结构:am/is/are +doing

否定形式:am/is/are +not+doing

一般疑问句:把be动词放在句首

四、过去进行时:

概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

时间状语:at this time yesterday,at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

基本结构:was/were +doing

否定形式:was/were +not+doing

一般疑问句:把was或were放在句首

五、现在完成时:

概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

时间状语:recently,lately,since...,for...,in the past few years,etc.

基本结构:have/has +done

否定形式:have/has +not+done

一般疑问句:have/has放于句首

六、过去完成时:

概念:以过去某一时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即―过去的过去‖。

时间状语:before,by the end of last year(term,month...),etc.

基本结构:had +done

否定形式:had +not+done

一般疑问句:had放于句首

七、一般将来时:

概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

时间状语:tomorrow,next day(week,month,year....),soon,in a few minutes,by...,the day after tomorrow,etc.

基本结构:①am/is/are/going to +do;②will/shall+do

否定形式:①am/is/are +not+going to +do;② will/shall+not+do

一般疑问句:①be放于句首;② will/shall提到句首

八、过去将来时:

概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

时间状语:the next day(morning,year...),the following month(week...),etc.

基本结构:①was/were/going to +do;② would/should +do

否定形式:①was/were/not+going to +do;②would/should +not+do

一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②would/should提到句首

一般现在时态

【展示平台】

1 一般现在时态用来表示经常,反复,习惯性发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示频率的副词sometimes(有时), often(经常), usually(通常), always(总是)等连用。时间状语in the morning/ afternoon/ evening(在上午/下午/晚上), every day/ week/ month/ year(每天/周/月/年, at noon/night(在中午/夜里), on Monday/Tuesday(在星期一/二)等也可用在一般现在时态中。如:

Bruce usually walks to school. 布鲁斯通常步行去上学。

We have two P.E classes every week. 我们每周上两节体育课。

2 表示现在的特征或状态。如:

She is always ready to help others. 她总是乐于助人。

He is 13 years old. 他13岁了。

3 表示事实或客观真理,或在谚语中,也用一般现在时。如:

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west every day. 太阳每天东升西落。

When there is a will, there is a way. 有志者,事竟成。

4 一般现在时的基本句型

1)肯定句:① 主语+动词原形+其他 ②主语(第三人称单数)+ 动词-s+ 其他

如:They live in China. 他们住在中国。

He likes eating apples. 他喜欢吃苹果。

2)否定句:① 主语+don’t+ 动词原形+其他

② 主语(第三人称单数)+doesn’t+ 动词原形+其他

如:They don’t live in China. 他们不住在中国。

He doesn’t like eating apples. 他不喜欢吃苹果。

3)一般疑问句:① Do+主语+动词原形+其他?

② Does+主语(第三人称单数)+ 动词原形+其他?

如:Do they live in China? 他们住在中国吗?

Does he like eating apples? 他喜欢吃苹果吗?

【相关链接】

当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词用第三人称的单数形式。谓语动词的第三人称单数形式的变化规则如下:

1)一般在动词后直接加s。 如:talk –talks, live –lives。

2)以s, x., ch, sh或o结尾的动词在其后加es。如: watch –watches, wash –washes, go –goes。

3)以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,把y变成i再加es。如: carry – carries, fly –flies。

4)特殊的,如:have的第三人称单数为has。

【牵手中考】

1. Bob often ______his mother with the housework on Sundays

A. help B. helping C. helps D. helped (桂林)

【解析】 根据题中的时间状语often和on Sundays 可判断该句应用一般现在时态。主语Bob是第三人称单数,所以谓语动词也应为单数加s,故选C。

2. —What did the teacher say just now?

—He said that the earth ________ round the sun. (福州)

A. go B. goes C. went D. will go

【解析】根据句意,老师刚才说的内容是―地球围绕着太阳转‖。这是一个客观的真理,所以应该用一般现在时,故选B。

现在进行时态

【展示平台】

1 现在进行时表示此时此刻正在发生的事或正在进行的动作。常和时间状语now, at the moment连用。如:

They are singing at the moment. 他们正在唱歌。

Li Ming is making a report now. 李明现在正在做报告

2 表示现阶段正在发生的动作也用现在进行时来表达,此时常和时间状语these days 连用。 如: We are mending the car these days. 这些日子我们一直在修车。

3 某些瞬间动词如come, leave, arrive, die 等用现在进行时表示将来,即这个动作将要发生。 如:She says she is coming soon. 她说她马上就来。

The match girl is dying. 那个卖火柴的小女孩快要死了。

4 现在进行时态的基本句型

1)肯定句:主语+am/ is/ are + V-ing + 其他。如:

Nancy is reading a book now. 南茜正在读书。

The twins are playing in their bedroom. 那对双胞胎正在卧室里玩。

2)否定句:主语+am/ is/ are + not + 其他。如:

Nancy isn’t reading a book now. 南茜没有正在读书。

The twins aren’t playing in their bedroom. 那对双胞胎没有正在卧室里玩

3)一般疑问句:Am/ Is/ Are+ 主语+ V-ing + 其他?如:

Is Nancy reading a book now? 南茜正在读书吗?

Are the twins playing in their bedroom? 那对双胞胎正在卧室里玩吗?

【相关链接】

1 现在分词(即V-ing形式)的构成

1)一般在动词的后面直接加-ing 。如:listen – listening, look – looking .

2) 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e加ing. 如:take –taking , make –making .

3)以重读闭音节结尾,且末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母再加ing。如sit –sitting, stop –stopping .

4)特殊的如:lie – lying, die – dying 等。

2 一般现在时和现在进行时的区别

1)一般现在时用以说明客观事实或情况,或用于强调动作的永久性或经常性; 而现在进行时强调动作正在进行,而且这个动作常含有未完成之意。如:

We usually have four classes in the morning. 我上午通常上四节课。

—Why can’t Lily go with me? 丽丽为什么不能和我们一起去呢?

—Because she is doing her homework now. 因为她正在做作业。

2)always用于一般现在时用于说明事实,一般不带有感情色彩;而现在进行时与always(即be always doing sth.)连用,常表示说话人的某种感情,如:赞扬,批评,厌烦等。如: He always works late.他总是工作到很晚。(表示事实)

He is always working late.他总是工作到很晚。(表示赞扬)

He is always talking big.他老爱说大话。(表示厌烦)

【牵手中考】

1. Look! The boys ________ happily in the river.

A. swim B. swam C. will swim D. are swimming (益阳)

【解析】 由句中look可知,该句翻译成―那些男孩正在河中快乐地游泳‖,所以用现在进行时,故选D。

2. ---Can your brother make a model airplane?

---Yes, this week he _______ a new model.

A. builds B. is built C. had built D. is building (广州市)

【解析】 根据句意―他这一周一直在做一个新的飞机模型‖,表这段时间一直进行的动作也用现在进行时,故选D。

3. —Shall we invite Tom to play football now?

—Oh, no. He ________ his clothes.

A. is washing B. washes C. has washed (广东省课改实验区)

【解析】 根据对话的内容―我们不能邀请汤姆去踢球时因为他正在洗衣服。‖应该用现在进行时,故选A。

一般过去时态

【展示平台】

1 一般过去时态场用来表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常用时间状语有:yesterday(昨天), last night(昨晚), last week(上个星期), four days ago(四天前), in 2002(在2002年), just now(刚才), the day before yesterday(前天)。如:

He went to the park yesterday. 她昨天去了公园。(表示过去某个时间发生的动作) I was ten years old in 2003. 我2003年才10岁。(表示过去某个时间存在的状态)

2 表示过去习惯性的动作也用一般过去时。此时常和表示频率的副词:always(总是), often(经常), sometimes(有时)等连用。如:

He always went to school early last year. 他去年总是早早上学。

3 表达去世的人所做的事往往也用一般过去时。如:

Ying Zheng was the first king in China. 赢政是中国的第一个皇帝。

4 一般过去时态的构成

1)肯定句:主语+动词的过去式+其他

如:We enjoyed ourselves in the zoo yesterday. 我们昨天在动物园里玩得很高兴。

2)否定句:主语+didn’t +动词原形+其他

如:We didn’t enjoy ourselves in the zoo yesterday. 我们昨天在动物园里玩得不高兴。

3)一般疑问句:Did +主语+动词原形+其他

如:Did you enjoy yourselves in the zoo yesterday? 你们昨天在动物园里玩得高兴吗?

【相关链接】

在一般过去时态中会涉及到动词的过去式,大家要掌握规则动词的过去式的变化规则。变化规则如下:

1)一般情况下,在动词原形后直接ed 。如:play –played , look –looked 。

2)以e结尾的动词在其后加d。如:like –liked, use –used。

3)与辅音字母加y结尾的动词,把y变成i 再加ed。 如:carry – carried, marry - married。

4)以重读闭音节(或r音节)结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母,再加ed。如: stop –stopped, prefer –preferred。

当然,刚才提到的都是规则动词的构成,我们还学过许多不规则动词的过去式形式。如:put –put, see –saw, eat –ate等,这些可需要我们在课下牢牢记住哟!

【牵手中考】

1.What ______ to her yesterday evening?

A. was happened B. happened C. happening D. happen (甘肃省)

【解析】 该题是考查一般过去时的基本用法。根据句中的时间状语yesterday evening 可知应用一般过去时态,故选B。

2. —Hi, Kate. You look tired. What’s the matter?

—I________ well last night.

A. didn’t sleep B. don’t sleep C. hasn’t slept D. won’t sleep (北京市)

【解析】 根据句意及句中的时间状语last night, 该题考查一般过去时的否定形式。Did 是一般过去时的助动词,用来构成否定句和疑问句,故选A。

3. —When ____ you _____ your old friends?

—The day before yesterday.

A. will; visit B. did; visit C. / ; visit D. have; visited (四川省)

【解析】 根据句意及句中的时间状语The day before yesterday, 该题考查一般过去时的特殊疑问句式,选 B。

一般将来时态

【展示平台】

1 一般将来时常用来表示将要发生的动作或状态。常用的时间状语有: tomorrow(明天), the day after tomorrow(后天), soon(不久), in two weeks(两个星期后), next year(明年)等。如:

She will return to Beijing next week. 她下周将要回到北京。

2 某些瞬间动词如:come, go, arrive, fly 等用在现在进行时态中常表示将来。如: She says she is coming. 她说她一会儿就到。

3 一般将来时基本句型如下:

1)肯定句:主语+be (am/is/are) + going to + 动词原形+其他

主语+will / shall (常用于第一人称)+ 动词原形+其他

如:We are going to have a football match in six days. 我们六天后将要进行足球比赛。 She will go to Congtai Park tomorrow. 她明天将要去丛台公园。

2) 否定句:主语+be (am/is/are) + not + going to + 动词原形+其他

主语+will / shall (常用于第一人称)+ not + 动词原形+其他

如:We aren't going to have a football match in six days. 我们六天后将不进行足球比赛。

She won't go to Congtai Park tomorrow. 她明天不去丛台公园。

3)一般疑问句:Be (am/is/are) +主语going to + 动词原形+其他?

Will / shall (常用于第一人称) +主语 + 动词原形+其他?

如:Are you going to have a football match in six days? 你们六天后将进行足球比赛吗? Will she go to Congtai Park tomorrow? 她明天将要去丛台公园吗?

【相关链接】

will / shall 与be going to 的用法区别?

1. shall 常用于以第一人称为主句的问句中,表示建议或询问情况,而在以第二人称做 主语的问句中,常用will表请求。如:

Where shall we meet tomorrow? 我们明天在哪里见面呢?

Will you please open the door? 请把门打开,好吗?

2.be going to + 动词原形表将来时,它表示主观意愿、打算等或根据已有的迹象,可能要发生的情况。如:He is going to learn to swim next month. 他打算下个月去学游泳。 Look at the black clouds! It’s going to rain, I think. 看这乌云,我认为将要下雨了。

【牵手中考】

1. --- Isn’t Jim back yet?

--- No, but I think he _________ in half an hour.

A. returned B. will return C. has returned D. returns (沈阳课改实验区)

【解析】 根据句意,―我‖认为基姆在半小时后回来。由句中的时间状语half an hour可知该题应用一般将来时态,故选B。

2. --- There ________ a concert (音乐会) this evening.

--- Yeah! Exciting news! (福州市课改实验区)

A. are going to be B. is going to be C. is going to have D. will have

【解析】 根据句意,说―今天晚上将有一场音乐会‖。该句考查there be 句型的一般将来时态,正确答案为B。

时态练习秀(show)

秀场一 词汇考查

A)根据句意,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。

1. My teacher usually ________ to work every day. (walk)

2. Mr. Read _______ a report in his office now. (write)

3. I ________ to the station to meet my friends soon. (go)

4. Look! How heavily it is ________! (rain)

5. My father ________ in Tokyo three days ago. (arrive)

B)根据句意及所给汉语提示,完成句子。

6. Jim is _______ on his coat in his bedroom. (穿)

7. They ________ to read English at 6:30 yesterday morning. (开始)

8. Mum often ________ dishes after supper. (洗)

9. I like __________ music very much. (听)

10. She _________ an English song for us tomorrow. (唱)

秀场二 单项选择

下面的10个题中有4个是来自于中考试卷中的真题,做题时一定要谨慎哟!

( ) 11. Look! The children _________ happily now.

A. play badminton B. playing badminton

C. will play badminton D. are playing badminton

( ) 12. He usually _______ a bus to school last year.

A. takes B. taking C. took D. take

( ) 13. --- ________ you at home yesterday evening?

--- Yes, I _______ with my sister.

A. Were, were B. Was, was C. Were, was D. Was, were (江苏镇江)

( ) 14. --- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday.

--- Really? Where ______ he _____?

A. has, gone B. will, go C. did, go D. does, go (江西南昌)

( ) 15. Mr. Guo _______ English on the radio every morning.

A. studies B. studying C. study D. am studying

( ) 16. --- Why didn’t you give me a call at that time?

--- I _______. But nobody answered the phone.

A. do B. will C. have D. did (海南)

( ) 17. Is there _______ an English party tonight?

A. have B. having C. going to have D. going to be

( ) 18. My mother ______ noodles, but my father ________.

A. likes, doesn’t B. don’t like, do C. likes, didn’t D. didn’t like, do

( ) 19. --- May I borrow your CD player?

--- Sorry, I ________ it myself.

A. am using B. used C. have used D. use (沈阳课改实验区)

( ) 20. Listen! The radio says it ________ tomorrow morning.

A. snow B. is snowing C. will snow D. snowed

秀场三 改错练习

下面的5个句子中各有1处错误,请指出并改正。

( ) 21. Father often cooking for us every morning. __________________

A B C

( ) 22. Edison didn’t bought a present for his sister. __________________

A B C

( ) 23. There are going to have two matches tomorrow. ___________________

A B C

( ) 24. Look! How fast Allen is runing! ____________________

A B C

( ) 25. What's happen over there? Let's go and have a look. ______________________

A B C

秀场四 阅读理解

请认真阅读王莉写给海伦的一封信,用括号内所给单词的正确形式填空。

July 22nd, 2010

Dear Helen,

How ______ (be) you these days?

I’m busy working nowadays(最近). I often _______ (have) a lot of homework to do every day. Every morning, I ________ (get) up very early. But this morning, I ______ (be) late for school. My teacher _______ (be) very angry, so she ________ (make) me copy the text (抄课文). Bad luck (倒霉) !

By the way, what _______ (be) you ________ (do) now?

Oh, I must stop. You know I ________(copy) the text soon. Bye for now!

Yours,

宾语从句

宾语从句是一种名词性从句,在句中作及物动词的宾语,或介词的宾语,或形容词的宾语。根据引导宾语从句的不同连词,宾语从句可分为三类。

1. 由that引导的宾语从句。that只有语法作用,没有实在的意义,在口语和非正式文体中可以省略。例如:

He said (that) he wanted to stay at home.

She doesn't know (that)she is seriously ill.

I am sure (that) he will succeed.

2. 由连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which和连接副词when, where, why, how引导的宾语从句。这些连接代词和连接副词在宾语从句中充当某个成分。例如:

Do you know who(whom)they are waiting for?

He asked whose handwriting was the best.

Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is?

I don't know why the train is late.

3. 由if或whether引导的宾语从句。If和whether在句中的意思是“是否”。例如:

I want to know if(whether)he lives there.

He asked me whether(if)I could help him.

【宾语从句歌诀】

宾语从句三姊妹,that,if/whether,wh-/how展风采。 展风采有三关,引导词、语序、时态在把关。 主从时态要一致,陈述语序永不变。

陈述请你选that,疑问需用if/whether连。 特殊问句作宾从,原来问词不用换。 三关过后莫得意,人称、标点需注意。

留意变脸的if/when,从句的简化记心间。

【歌诀解码】

一、三姊妹

宾语从句根据引导词的不同可分为三种类型:

1. 由that引导的宾语从句。如

We knew(that)we should learn from each other.

2. 由if/whether引导的宾语从句。如

Please tell me if/whether you have been to America.

3. 由who,where,how等连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句。如: Can you tell me how I can get to the nearest post office?

二、三关

1. 引导词关

如果从句是陈述句,引导词用that(that在口语或非正式文体中常省略);如果从句是一般疑问句,引导词用if/whether;如果从句是特殊疑问句,引导词用由疑问词转换而来的疑问代词/副词。

2. 语序关

①陈述句变为宾语从句,语序不变,即仍用陈述语序。如:

He is an honest boy. The teacher said. →The teacher said(that)he was an honest boy.

②一般疑问句和特殊疑问句变为宾语从句,语序变为陈述语序。如:

Does he work hard? I wonder. →I wonder if/whether he works hard. When did he leave? I don’t know. →I don’t know when he left.

3. 时态关

①如果主句是现在的时态,从句的时态可根据实际情况而定。如: I have heard(that)he will come back next week.

②如果主句是过去的某种时态,那么从句的时态一定要用过去的某种时态。如: He said(that)there were no classes yesterday.

注意:如果宾语从句表述的是客观真理、自然现象等时,不管主句是什么时态,从句都要用一般现在时。如: He said that light travels much faster than sound.

三、人称的变化和标点的使用

1. 从句的主语如果是第一人称,变为宾语从句则与主句的主语一致;如果是第二人称,则与主句的宾语一致;如果是第三人称,不用变化。如:

“May I use your knife?” He asked me. →He asked me if he might use my knife.

“Do you know her telephone number?” He asked me.

→He asked me if I know her telephone number.

2. 宾语从句的标点均由主句决定。主句是陈述句,用句号;主句是疑问句,用问号。如:

Who will give us a talk? I don’t know. →I don’t know who will give us a talk.

Do you know? Where does he live? →Do you know where he lives?

四、两副面孔

if和when既能引导时间状语从句,又能引导宾语从句。因此,遇到它们就要认真分析一下,它们究竟属于“两副面孔”的哪一副。如:

If it rains tomorrow, I won’t come.(时间状语从句)

I don’t know if it will rain tomorrow. (宾语从句)

五、从句的简化

1. 当主句谓语动词是find,see,watch,hear等感官动词时,从句常简化为“宾语+宾补”结构,宾补为不带to的不定式或V-ing形式。如:

She found that the wallet was lying on the ground.

→She found the wallet lying on the ground.

2. 当主句谓语动词是hope,wish,decide,forget,plan,agree等,且主句主语与从句主语相同时,从句可简化为不定式结构。如:

She agreed that she could help me with my maths. →She agreed to help me with my maths.

3. 在连接代词/副词引导的宾语从句中,当从句主语与主句主语或间接宾语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“连接代词/副词+不定式”结构。如:

Can you tell me how I can get to the station? →Can you tell me how to get to the station?

【中考范例】

1. Miss Green didn’t tell us _______ in 2002.

A. where does she live B. Where she lives

C. where did she live D. where she lived (北京市中考试题)

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。宾语从句应用陈述句的语序和时态,所以应选D。

2. Would you please tell me ________? (上海市徐汇区中考试题)

A. when did he come home B. where he would play football

C. if he had seen the film D. why he didn’t watch the game

【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。主句用的实际上是现在时,宾语从句在这个句子里应用陈述句的语序和一般过去时。

3. I don’t know when __________.

A. will the train leave B. the train will leave

C. would the train leave D. the train leave (哈尔滨市中考试题)

【解析】答案:B。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序和时态。只有B在语序和时态上符合要求。

4. ---We don’t know _____________.

---It is said that he was born in Sweden. (常州市中考试题)

A. what he is B. if he lives here

C. where he comes from D. which country is he from

【解析】答案: C。该题考查的是宾语从句的语序。按照他们谈论的话题可知:他们说的是某人是哪里人。A和B可以排除掉。D的语序不对,只有C正确。

来练练吧!

一、选择填空。

( )1. What did Mike say? He said ____________________.

A. if you are free the next week B. what colour was it

C. the weather is fine D. summer comes after spring ( )2. Tom asked my friend ________________.

A. where was he from B. that the earth is bigger than the moon

C. when did he come back D. not to be so angry

( )3. Let me tell you __________________.

A. how much is the car B. how much does the car cost

C. how much did I pay for the car D. how much I spent on the car

( )4. Peter knew _______________.

A. whether he has finished reading the book

B. why the boy had so many questions

C. there were 12 months in a year

D. when they will leave for Paris

( )5. Could you tell me ___________?

A. where do you live B. who you are waiting for

C. who were you waiting for D. where you live in

( )6. She told me the sun ______ in the east.

A. rise B. rose C. rises D. had risen

( )7. I can't understand ______the boy alone.

A. why she left B. why did she leave

C. why she had left D. why had she left

( )8. I don't know ________ up so early last Sunday.

A. why did he get B. why he gets C. why does he get D. why he got

( )9. The manager came up to see __________.

A. what was the matter B. what the matter was

C. what the matter is D. what's the matter

( )10. He asked his father _______.

A. where it happens B. where did it happen

C. how it happened D. how did it happen

二、将下面的句子连接成为含有宾语从句的复合句。

1. “These flowers are from Guangdong.” Tom said.

Tom said _______ these flowers _______ from Guangdong.

2. “Light travels faster than sound.” My teacher told Mark. My teacher told Mark _____ light _______ faster than sound.

3. “There will be a meeting in five days.” Jack didn’t know.

Jack didn’t know _____ there _____ ____ a meeting in five days.

4. “Can they speak French?” I want to know.

I want to know ______ _______ _______ _______ French.

5. “Are the children playing games?” Tell me.

Tell me ______ the children ______ ______ games.

6. “Have you finished your homework yet?” Mr. Guo asked Sun Jia. Mr. Guo asked Sun Jia ____ _____ ____ ____ ___ homework yet.

7. How many people can you see in the picture? Who knows?

Who knows ______ _____ _____ ____ _____ ______ in the picture?

8. Where did she park her car? Do you know?

Do you know _____ _____ ____ her car?

9. “What does he often talk about?” Nancy wondered.

Nancy wondered _____ _____ often ________ about.

10. Who knocked at the door so loudly? I don’t know.

I don’ t know ____ _______ at the door so loudly.

三、用合适的连接词填空。

1. Jim told me ____ he didn't go fishing yesterday afternoon.(how, why)

2. Do you know ______ else is going to be on duty today? (who, whom)

3. She said _____ it wouldn't matter much.(that, if)

4. He always thinks ______ he can do better.(how, who)

5. I really don't know ________ the bridge will be finished.(how long, how soon)

6. They don't know _______ to go or wait. (if, whether)

7. We are talking about ______ we’ll go back tomorrow. (whether, if)

8. I was really surprised at ______ I saw. (where, what)

9. I don't know ____ so many people are looking at him. (how, why)

10. Do you know ______ you are studying for? (why, what)

四、句型转换。

1. “Do you want to try it?” Tom's mother asked him.(同义句) → Tom's mother asked him _______ _______ ______ to try it.

2. I think this is a good idea.(改为否定句)

→ I _______ ________ this ________ a good idea.

3. Lucy hasn't decided which trousers to buy.(改为复合句)

→ Lucy hasn't decided ________ _________ ________ _______ buy.

4. I don't know how I can get to the hospital.(改为简单句) → I don't know ________ ________ ________ to the hospital.

5. I don’t suppose they will come, _______ ______? (改为反意疑问句)

五、用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. We are sure that he ________(go)to school tomorrow.

2. Do you know who ______(be)the first man to walk on the moon?

3. Could you tell me where the post office ______(is)?

4. Our father said that he _______(will)buy a new computer.

5. I hear that he _______(swim)in the sea yesterday.

6. The little boy tells us where his father _______(work).

7. He said that he _________(finish)his work already.

8. They thought they could _______(hike)to the top of the mountain.

9. He was glad that so many people _____(help)him.

10. She doesn’t know whether ________(go)or wait.

分享 分享到新

PK台上的What & How

——— 感叹句解析

还记得近几年暑假里深受青少年喜爱的“超级女声”和“快乐男声”吗?他(她)们中有很多人都曾出现在PK台上进行过PK。可是今天,What 和How 也站到了PK台上,他们都认为自己在感叹句中起着非常重要的作用,为此而争论不休。咱们一起来欣赏一下吧!

主持人: 我们都知道感叹句是用来表达较为强烈的情感如惊讶、喜悦等的句子。英语中的感叹句常用What或How来引导,它们与所修饰的词位于句首,其他部分用陈述句语序,如: What a cold, snowy day! (B2, L 41) How interesting! (B2, L 43) 那么,What与How怎么来引导感叹句呢?下面,先请What来发言。

What: 大家好!相信大家早在“What is your name?”问句中就认识我了。当然,我除了可以引导疑问句之外,还可以引导感叹句。由我引导的感叹句是用来强调修饰名词的,名词前可有其他的定语成分(即形容词或冠词)。单数可数名词前要加不定冠词a / an,复数可数名词或不可数名词前不用冠词。在使用过程中,常用的句型有:

1.What + a / an +adj.+可数名词单数+主语+谓语+其他成分!

例如: What a strong boy he is! 他是多么壮的一个小伙子啊!

What an honest girl Mary is! 玛丽是一个多么诚实的小女孩啊!

2.What +adj.+可数名词复数/不可数名词+主语+谓语+其他成分!

例如: What brave soldiers they are! 这些士兵们真勇敢啊! What fine weather it is today! 今天的天气真不错啊!

How: Hello, everyone!还记得刚学英语是学到的“How are you”吗? 对了,我可以引导疑问句,当“怎么样”讲,我还可以引导感叹句!不过,由我引导的感叹句是用来强调修饰形容词或副词的。修饰形容词时,句中的谓语动词用系动词,如am, is等;修饰副词时,则句中的谓语动词用行为动词,如fly, run等。在使用过程中,常用的句型有:

1.How + adj.+ a / an +名词+主语+谓语+其他成分!

例如: How exciting a football match it is! 多么振奋人心的一场球赛啊!

How kind an old man he is! 他是一位多么善良的老人啊!

2.How + adj./adv.+ 主语+谓语+其他成分!

例如: How tall Yao Ming is! 姚明真高啊!

How fast the dragonfly flies! 蜻蜓飞得真快啊!

主持人: 感谢What和How的精彩发言。从他们的言语中,我们发现在感叹句的使用中,What与How都起着至关重要的作用。但我还有两点要补充一下,好吗?

What/How: 好哇,说吧!

主持人: 1.感叹句在表达清楚的情况下,可以省略主语和谓语。但在运用时,一定要结合上下文。如我们刚开始说到的两个句子,在课文中的全句应该是: What a cold, snowy day (it is)! How interesting (that day is)!

2.如果句子是纯粹的“主语+谓语+宾语(或其他成分)”结构,那么,变感叹句时,可在句首直接加How。 例如: How I love you! 我多么爱你啊! How time flies! 时间过得真快啊!

好了,谢谢大家!最后,预祝同学们在英语学习的道路上一帆风顺! 附一:感叹句记忆口诀

感叹句,并不难,what与how应在前。

形容词、副词跟着how,what后面名词连。

名词若是可数单,前带冠词a或an。 主语、谓语放后面,省略它们也常见。

附二:巧变感叹句

在把陈述句变感叹句时,可以根据以下这种方法——一断二加三换位。 “一断” 即在谓语后面断开,使句子分成两部分。如:

He works hard. → He works / hard.

He is a good worker. → He is / a good worker.

“二加” 即在第二部分前加上how(强调形容词、副词)或what(强调名词)。如:

He works(how)hard.

He is(what)a good worker.

“三换位” 即把第一部分和第二部分互换位置,句号换感叹号。如: How hard he works!

What a good worker he is!

感叹句操练场

一 操练第一式:用What或How来补全以下的感叹句。

1. ______ a pretty girl she is! 2. ________ quickly the boy is running!

3. ______ kind teachers they are! 4. ________ clever the baby is!

5. ______ I miss my hometown (家乡)!

二 操练第二式:从所给的四个选项中选出正确的填空。

1. ______ happy I am! 2. ________ sad child he is!

3. ______ hot water it is! 4. ________ hard they study!

5. ______ able (能干的) young man he is!

三 操练第三式:按要求对下列句子进行句型转换。

1. He listened to his teacher carefully. (该为感叹句)

_______ ________ he listened to his teacher!

2. What a clever monkey it is! (该为同义句)

_______ ________ a monkey it is!

3. The food is very nice. (该为感叹句)

_______ ________ food it is!

4. How sadly they are crying! (该为陈述句)

They ________ ________ ________.

5. The Christmas tree is beautiful. (该为感叹句)

_______ _______ the Christmas tree is!

一般将来时表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态以及计划、打算做某事。E.g. They will have a football match tomorrow. He will be thirty next week. She is going to buy a coat this afternoon. 其结构有如下几种: 1)will + 动词原形(will可以用于任何人称) 需要注意的是当主语是第一人称时will可以换成shall,特别是在以I或we作主语的问句中,一般用shall. e.g. Shall we go to the zoo? 2)be going to +动词原形 3)现在进行时也可表示将来,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

第一种结构的句式变化是: 变否定句在will后边加not. 变一般疑问句把will提前. e.g. She will be back in three days. She will not be back in three days. Will She be back in three days? 第二种结构的句式变化要在be上做文章. E.g. They are going to clean their classroom. They are not going to clean their classroom. Are they going to clean their classroom?

其时间状语有如下几种 1)this引导的短语 如 this year 2)tomorrow及其相关短语如tomorrow morning 3)next引导的短语 如 next month 4) from now on ; in the future ; in an hour 等。

学生常见错误如下:

一、易忽视动词用原形形式

例:1 He will is (be) at school next Monday.

2 He is going to does (do) his homework after school.

答案:1 be 2 do

解析:第一题有的同学一看he做主语就用了is,忽视了will后应加动词原形。我们在写句子时,很容易把动词丢掉,―英语句子里,动词不能少‖的规律必须要牢记。第二题中to后加动词原形,而不是用单三人称.。

二、be going to +动词原形与will+动词原形用法不清楚

例:我正努力学习,准备参加英语考试。

I am studying hard and I will try for my English exams.

答案:I am studying hard and I am going to try for my English exams.

解析:―be going to‖ 表示计划、打算要做某事。E.g. He is going to visit his friends. 还表示某种迹象表明会发生某事.e.g. Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain. 而―Will+动词原

r C on D in

4 What time _____we meet at the gate tomorrow?

A will B shall C do D are

5 He will have a holiday as soon as he _____the work next week.

A finishes B doesn’t finish C will finish D won’t finish

6 There _____some showers this afternoon.

A will be B will have C is going to be D are going to have

7 It ____my brother’s birthday tomorrow. She _____a party.

A is going to be; will have B will be; is having C will be; is going to have D will have; is going to be

8 Li Ming is 10 years old now, next year he _____11.

A is B is going to be C will be D will to be

答案:1 B 2B 3 D 4 B 5A 6A 7 C 8 C

(二)、 填空

1 -―I need some paper.‖

- ―I ____(bring)some for you.‖

2____(be)you free tomorrow?

3 They _________(not leave) until you come back.

4 _____we_____(go) to the party together this afternoon?

5 They want to know when the meeting _____start.

6 I _____(go) with you if I have time.

7 Hurry up! Or we ______(be) late.

8What ____you _______(do) tomorrow afternoon?

9 Jenny ____ _____ (do) an experiment the day after tomorrow.

10 If she isn’t free tomorrow, she _______(not take) part in the party.

答案: 1 will bring 2 Are 3 won’t leave 4Shall go 5 will 6 will go

7 will be 8 are going to do 9 will do 10 won’t take

三、 There be结构的一般将来时易出错

例:There_________ a basketball match this afternoon. (B)

A is going to be B is going to have C are going to be D are going to have

答案:A

解析:There be结构的一般将来时既要符合There be结构,又要符合一般将来时。有的同学认为have当―有‖讲,所以选了B,但There be结构就不成立了,此句中is是be going to中的,是由后边的单数名词决定的.

四、 be going to结构中易丢掉to

例:I’m going _______(go) school by bike tomorrow. (C)

A to will go B to go to C go to D to go

答案:B

解析:由tomorrow可知是一般将来时,be going to +动词原形,所以先确定

用to go , 在B、 D当中选,而go to school 是固定词组,不能因为前边有一个to而省略,这是一个易错点,需要注意。

另外,在时间状语或条件状语从句中,若主句用了将来时,从句则用一般现在时,前边已经讲过,这里不在重复.

过去将来时讲解与练习

【用法】

过去将来时表示在过去某个时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态。即:过去将来时是“立足过去,着眼未来”的一种时态, 常用于宾语从句中。判断这种

时态的依据是:要有表示过去的“动作”,而不是时间。如:

I heard that they were going to return to Shanghai soon.

我听说他们不久要回到上海。

【构成】

①由助动词“would/should+动词原形”构成,should主要用于主语是第一人称

时;would可用于各种人称。如:

Whenever we had trouble, he would come to help us.

不论何时我们遇到困难,他总会给予帮助。

②由“was/were going to+动词原形”构成。如:

No one knew when he was going to come.

没有人知道他什么时候来。

【注意】

①表示“往来”时空变化的短暂性动词如“go, come, arrive, travel, start, begin, leave, move, fly, return, take off”等,通常用过去进行时来表示过去将来。如:

He said they were leaving at seven.

他说他们将于七点动身。

②“was/ were about to +动词原形”,可以表示过去即将发生的事情。 如: The US said that the war on Iraq was about to start in a week. 美国说伊拉

克之战将在一周后打响。

I. 选择填空

( )1. —What did your son say in the letter?

—He told me that he ______ the Disney World the next day.

A. will visit B. has visited

C. is going to visit D. would visit

( )2. I hoped Tina ______ to my birthday party on time the next

Wednesday.

A. to come B. is coming

C. will come D. was coming

( )3. Father said that he ______ me to Beijing the next year.

A. took B. would take

C. takes D. will take

( )4. We were not sure whether they ______ more vegetables.

A. are going to grow B. were going to grow

C. will grow D. have grown

( )5. She ______ to work when the telephone rang.

A. is going B. will go

C. was about to go D. is to go

II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. Miss Zhang said she ________(visit) the Great Wall next summer.

2. She told him that she ________(not stay) here for long.

3. I wasn’t sure whether Lucy_______(come) the next year.

4. The scientists said the world’s population _______ (slow) down in

future.

Key: I. 1-5 DDBBC

II. 1. would visit 2. would not stay 3. would come 4. would slow 现在完成时练习讲解和练习

1.构成

现在完成时是由助动词have(has)+动词的过去分词构成。助动词说明该谓语是属于现在时范围。它和主语的人称、数要保持一致。过去分词是主要的谓语动词,说明句子的意义。

2.用法

(1)表示动作发生在过去某个不确定的时间,但对现在留下了某种影响和结果。常被just、already、yet 等副词修饰。如:

-Have you had lunch yet? -Yes,I have. I've just had it.

你(已经)吃午饭了吗? 我刚刚吃过。(现在我不饿了)

(2)表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。这个动作可能刚停止,可能仍然在进行。常带有for和since等表示一段时间的状语。 \

如:He has taught here since 1981

他自1981年就在这儿教书。(可能还要继续教)

I have't seen her for four years.

我有四年没见到她了。

3.结构

1). 陈述句结构:主语+have( has)(not)+过去分词+其它。

have not=haven’t has not=hasn’t.

2). 一般疑问句结构:Have( Has )+主语+过去分词+其它?

3). 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+have(has) +主语+ 过去分词+其它?

eg. He has already finished his homework. He hasn’t finished his homework yet. Has he finished his homework yet?

--Yes, he has./ No, he hasn’t./ No, not yet.

(3)表示说话前发生过一次或多次的动作,现在成为一种经验,一般译为汉语“过”,常带有twice, ever, never, three times等时间状语。 如:I have been to Beijing twice.我去过北京二次。

4.现在完成时的时间状语

(1)现在完成时属于现在时范围,故不能和过去的时间状语连用。如:yesterday,last

Sunday,in1990,three years ago等。但是,在强调动作产生的后果和影响时,可以和一些表示不确定的时间状语连用。

a. 用副词already和yet。already一般用于肯定句中,yet一般用于否定句和 疑问句中。如:We have already finished our homework.我们已完成作业了。

They haven't

finished their homework yet.他们还没有完成作业。

b.用ever 和never。多用于否定或疑问句中,表示“曾经”或“从未“等。 如:-Have you ever been to the Great Wall?你曾经去过长城吗? -I have never been to the Great Wall.我从未去过长城。

c.用表示到说话为止的过去时间状语,如just, before, up to now, the past few years等。例如:I have seen her before, but I can not remember where.

我以前见过她,但记不起在哪里见过。

He has been there three times the last few days.

近几年他去过那里三次了。

d.用包括“现在”在内的时间状语,如:now, today, this morning (month ,year, term)等。例如:-Have you met him today?-No,I haven't. 今天你见过他吗?我 没有。

How many times have you been there this year?

今年你去过那里多少次?

(2)现在完成时可以和带有since或for等表示“一段时间”的状语连用,表示动作或状态从某一时刻开始,一直持续到现在。如:I haven't seen him for two years. 但是,像come, arrive, buy等终止性动词不能与表示“一段时间”的状语连用。要用,必须改为“be(在)”等延续性动词来表述。现归纳总结一下由非延续性动词到延续性动词的转换:

arrive→be

here begin(start)→be on die →be

dead come back→be back leave →be

away fall

ill(sick,asleep)→be ill(sick,asleep)

get up→be up go out →be out

finish →be

over put on →wear 或be on

open →be

open join →be in或be a member of?

close →be closed go to school→be a student

borrow →keep buy →have

catch(a cold)→ have(a cold) get to know →know

begin to study→study come to work→work等

如:He has been a soldier for three years.他参军三年了。

His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世二年了。

The film has been on for ten minutes.电影已开始十分钟了。

We have studied English for three years. 我们(开始)学英语已三年了。

5.现在完成时和一般过去时的区别

现在完成时和一般过去时都表示在过去完成的动作。但现在完成时强调的是这一动作与现在的

关系。如对现在产生的结果或影响等,而一般过去时只表示动作在过去某一时刻发生,不表示和现在的关系。试比较:

I have lost my new book. 我把新书丢了。(现在还未找到)

I lost my new book yesterday. 我昨天把新书丢了。(昨天丢的,现在找到与否没说明)

6.几点注意事项

(1)have been(to)与have gone( to)的区别:have been(to)表示“去过某地(现在已经回来了)”,可用于各人称;have gone(to)表示“去某地了(说话时某人不在当地)”,常用于第三人称,前者可与once ,never,several times等连用,后者则不能。如:They have been to Beijing twice.他们去过北京两次。

He has gone to Beijing . 他去北京了。

(2)如单纯表示一段时间,或强调一段时间,虽有since一词,也不必用完成时。如:It is two years since his father died. =His father has been dead for two years.他父亲去世已有三年了。

(3)终止性动词现在完成时的否定式,已变成一种可以延续的状态,因此可以和表示一段时间的状语连用。

如:I haven't left here since 1997.自从1997年以来,我一直没有离开过这儿。

现在完成时练习

[Exercises7]A) 用have(has) been 或have(has) gone 填空。

A: Where ____________ Li Fei ___________? B: He ____________ to Hainan Island.

A: How long ___________ he ___________ there? B: He _____________ there for three days. A: When will he come back , do you know?

B: I’m afraid he won’t come back recently. A: Could you tell me the way to Hainan Island? B: Sorry, I _________ never ___________ there. A: How many times ___________ Li Fei __________ to that place?

B: He _____________ there only once.

B) 用have/has been to/in, have gone to的各种

形式填空。

Where is Jack? He __________ his country. John _______ England since he came back. How long _____ have _____ this village? The Smiths ______ Beijing for years.

_____ you ever ____ America? -- Yes, I _____ there many times.

I _____ this school since three years ago.

C)选择填空

( )1.Jim's been to the Great wall before ,__________he?

(A)isn't (B)wasn't (C)hasn't (D)doesn't

( )2.She's never been to

England, _______she?

(A)has (B)hasn't (C)isn't

(D)is

( )2.___________has Hanmei been in the library.

(A)How long (B)How soon (C)How far (D)How often

( )3.How long ___he______ the library book .

(A)has, borrow (B)has ,kept (C)has, bought (D)did, buy

( )4.Mr Green isn't in the office , He __________to the library

(A)has gone (B)went (C)has been

(D)will go

( )5.Mr smith _______to Tokyo and he will be back in a week

(A)has been (B)has visited (C)has sent (D)has gone

( )6.They_________China for two years

(A)have been to (B)have been in (c)have gone to (D)have come to

[Exercises10]A)按要求把短暂性转换为延续性动词 ①arrive at/in sw. get to/reach sw. come/go/move to sw.

→ be in sw./at school/at home/on the farm/be here/be there

He got to Beijing five minutes ago.

He ________ _________ _________ Beijing for

_________

_________. I moved to the USA last year.

I ________ ________ __________ the USA since __________ __________.

I went home yesterday.

I _______ ________ _________ home for _________ __________.

They came here last week.

They _________ _________ here since _________ __________.

②come/go back, return → be

back come/go out → be out He came out two years ago.

He _________ __________ _________ for __________ __________.

We return to Fuzhou yesterday.

We ________ ________ _________ to Fuzhou since __________.

③become → be

I became a teacher in 2000.

I ________ __________ a teacher for _________

_________.

The river became dirty last year.

The river _________ _________ dirty for _________ __________.

④close → be closed open → be open The shop closed two hours ago.

The shop ________ _________ _________ for _________ _________.

The door opened at six in the morning.

The door ________ ________ ________ for six hours. ⑤get up → be up die → be dead

leave sw. → be away from sw.

fall asleep/get tot sleep → be asleep finish/end → be over marry → be married

I got up two hours ago.

I ________ ________ ________ since ________ ________.

He left Fuzhou just now.

He _______ ________ ________ _________ Fuzhou for five minutes.

My grandpa died in 2002.

My grandpa _______ _______ ________for _______ ________.

The meeting finished at six.

The meeting ________ ______ ______ for six hours. I got to sleep two hours ago.

I ________ _________ _________ since _________ __________.

They married in 1990.

They ________ _________ __________since _________.

⑥start/begin to do sth. → do sth. begin → be on

I began to teach at this school in 1995. I ____ ____ at this school since ____. The film began two minutes ago.

The film ____ ____ ____ for ____ ____.

⑦borrow → keep lose → not have buy → have put on → wear catch/get a cold → have a cold get to know → know

They borrowed it last week.

They _________ _________ it since __________ __________.

I bought a pen two hours ago.

I _________ _________ a pen for ________ __________.

I got to know him last year.

I _________ __________ him since __________ __________.

I put on my glasses three years ago.

I __________ __________ my glasses for _________ _________.

⑧have/has gone to → have been in

He has gone to Beijing.

He ____ ____ _____ Beijing for two days. ⑨join the league/the Party/the army

→ be a league/a Party member/a soldier → be a member of the league/the Party → be in the league/the Party/the army He joined the league in 2002.

He ________ _________ a _________ _________ for two years.

He ________ __________ a __________ ___________ the __________ for two years.

He ____________ ___________ ___________ the league for two years.

My brother joined the army two years ago.

My brother __________ __________ a ___________ for ___________ ___________.

My brother ___________ ___________ in ____________ ___________ for two years.

C)选择填空

( )2.Herfather ______in1990 and her husband ______for more than five years

(A)died ,dead (B)has died, dead(C)died ,has been dead (D)has died, has died

( )3.I have _____this nice watch for two years

(A)had (B)bought (C)borrowed

(D)lend

( )4.He _____his home for ten years

(A)has left (B)left from (C)has been away from (D)was away from

( )5.He _____a league member for three years

(A)is (B)has been (C)has become

(D)have become

( )6.Lihua's brother has _______for two years

(A)joined the army (B)been an army

(C)become a soldier (D)been in the army

( )7.He hasn't _____Quanzhou ever since he left school

(A)left (B)been away (C)been (D)away

[Exercises 11] 选择填空

( )1. ——Have you finished your homework ——Yes, I _______it last night

(A)finish (B)finished (C)have finished (D)will finish

( )2.—— ________you ever _______to Nanjing

——Yes, I ______there last year.

(A)Have?gone, have

gone (B)Have?been , went

(C)Did?go, went (D)Did?go,

has , been

( )3.——When _______you ________Lucy in New York?

——I _________here for two years

(A)did?meet,

haven't seen (B)did?meet, haven't seen

(C)did?meet,

don't see (D)would?meet, hadn't seen

( )4.when_ you to Beijing?

( )3.He ______finished his homework. yet

(A)doesn’t (B)haven’t (C) hasn’t (D) doesn’t have

( )1.——Have you ________traveled on the train.

——Yes, I have.

(A)never (B)ever (C)just (D)yet

( )2.——Have you

finished your homework

——Not__________ .

(A)ever (B)already (C)yet (D

)just

( )3. We haven't finished our homework .

(A)already (B)ever (C)yet (D)never

( )4.——Have you__________ learned English?

——Yes, I've ________learned a lot.

(A)never, ever (B)ever,

never (C)ever, already (D)already. ever

( )5.——Have you finished your homework ________?

——Yes, I've _____done that

(A)yet, already (B)already, yet (C)ever, never (D)still, just

( )6.John's father _______borrowed some pictures

(A)have already (B)has just (

C)have ever (D)has yet

[Exercises4] A)用since和for填空

1) ______ two years 2) _______ two years

ago 3) _______ last month

4) ______ 1999 5) _______ yesterday 6) _______ 4 o’clock

7) ______ 4 hours 8) _______ an hour ago 9) _______ we were children

10) _____ lunch time 11) ______ she left here

4

B)用since和for填空

1. He has lived in Nanjing ________ the year before last.

2. I’ve known him __________ we were children.

3. Our teacher has studied Japanese _________ three years.

4. She has been away from the city ___________ about ten years.

5. It’s about ten years __________ she left the city.

( )1.I've been like this ever since _________

(A)last week (B) for a week (C) a week before (D)the last week

( )2.My mother has worked in this factory _____2 years.

(A)about (B)for (C)in (D)since

( )3. I haven't heard from him ______last week.

(A)since (B) for (C)ago (D)before

( )4.His father joined the party_________

(A)for three years (B)since three years ago

(C)three years ago (D)in two years' time

5

1. – Where is Mr. Liu? ----- He _______the library.

A. has been to B. has gone to C. has been in

2. The students have cleaned the classroom , ________?

A. so they B. don’t they C. have they D. haven’t they

3. I like Hainan. I ________there three times.

A. went B. go C. have been D. have gone

4.We came to Nanjing three years ago, so we ________ here for three years.

A. have been to B. have been in C. have been D. have gone

5.- How long ______you_______ your

dictionary? - About two months.

A. did; buy B. have; get C. have; had D. have; bought

6. He tells me he________ China for over five years.

A. has been B. has been in C. has been to D. has gone to

7.________has Mr White been a member of Greener China since he _______ to

China?

A. How soon , comes B. How often, got

C. How long , came D. How far, arrived

8. His uncle________ for more than 9 years.

A. has come here B. has started to work

C. has lived there D. has left the university

9. He has never surfed, __________(改成反意疑问句)?

10. They have been here since 2000 . (对划线部分提问)

__________ have they been here?

11. The old man _________last year. He________ for a year.(die)

12. This factory opened twenty years ago.(改写句子,句意不变)

This factory _________ for twenty years.

13. Miss Gao left an hour ago. (同上) Miss Gao___________ an __________hour ago.

14.The Green Family moved to France two years ago. (同上)

_________ two years________ the Green family moved to France.

15. The bus has arrived here. It arrived ten minutes ago. (同上)

现在完成时与中考题

选择填空。

1.I_______ a letter from him since he left.(天津市)

A.didn't receive B.haven't got C.didn't have

D.haven't heard

2.—Where have you _______ these days?—I have to Dazhu with my friends.(重庆市)

A.been;gone B.been;been C.gone;been D.gone;gone

3.How long have you _______ this book?(哈尔滨市)A.bought B.borrowed C.had D.lent

4.—Where's Peter?—He _______ to Nanjing.(沈阳市)A.is going B.has been C.has gone D.went

5.You've never seen such a wonderful film before,_______ ?(河北省)

A.haven't you B.have you C.do you D.don't you

6.We have lived here _______ five years ago.(河南省)A.when B.since C.before D.after

7.—I have watched the game.—When you _______ it?(长沙市)

A.have;watched B.do;watch C.did;watch D.will;watch

8.—How do you like Beijing,Mr Black?—Oh,I _______ such a beautiful city.(江西省)

A.don't visit B.didn't visit C.haven't visited

D.hadn't visited

9.The old people _______ lonely at all since we began to visit them once a week.(广州市)

A.don't feel B.hasn't felt C.haven't felt

D.didn't feel

10.My grandfather_______ in the small town all his life.He always says he likes the town.(四川省)

A.lived B.have lived C.has lived D.is living

11.Miss Brown _______ to the Great Wall twice.(贵阳市)

A.have been B.has been C.have gone D.has gone

12.His brother has been to Stone Forest twice _______ he came to Yunnan.(昆明市)

A.after B.before C.since D.for

13.His grandpa _______ for two years.(广西)

A.was died B.has been dead C.was dead D.has died

14.—Have you ever_______ to Haikou?—Yes,I_______ there with my family last August.(海南省)

A.gone;went B.been;went C.been;went to

D.been;was in

15.His sister _______ her hometown for three years.She'll return next year.(合肥市)

A.left B.has left C.has been away D.has been away from

(Key:1—5BBCCB 6—10BCCCC 11—15BCBBD)

九年级过去完成时用法讲解 (2011-08-21 09:25:45)

标签: 分类: 英语园地

时态

完成

过去

英语

教育

1、概述

过去完成时表示过去某一时间或动作以前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。表示过去某一时间可用by, before等构成的短语,也可用when, before等引导的从句或通过上下代表示。

His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the magazine he had long expected. 当她终于收到她盼望已久的杂志时,她兴奋得两眼闪光。

By the time he was twelve, Edison had begun to make a living by himself.12岁时,爱迪生就开始自己谋生。

2、构成

过去完成时由“助动词had+过去分词”构成。其否定式、肯定式、疑问式如下表:

肯定式 had +PP

否定式 had+not PP

疑问式Had...PP?

注意:had not 常简略为hadn't。

They asked me to have a drink with them and said it was at least ten years since I had enjoyed a good drink. 他们请我和他们一起喝酒,并说我自上次喝酒到现在至少十年了。

We had learnt 30 lessons by the end of last month.到上个月末为止,我们已经学了30课。

He said we hadn’t seen each other since I left Beijing.自从我离开北京,我们还没见过面。

3、过去完成时的用法

过去完成时的主要用法和现在完成时一样。不同的是,过去完成时把时间推移到了过去某一时间之前,与现在无关。

(1)过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作以前已经完成了的动作。这个过去的时间状语有by, before等介词短语或when, before等引导的从句。

Helen had left her keys in the office so she had to wait until her husband came home. 海伦把钥匙忘到办公室里了,因此她不得不等她丈夫回来。

When we got to the cinema, the film had already begun.当我们到达电影院时,电影已经开始了。

He told me that he had visited the Great Wall before.他告诉我他以前参观过长城。

By the end of the match, they had kicked 2 goals, and we had kicked 4.比赛结束时,他们踢进了2个球而我们踢进了4个球。

When Jack arrived he learned Mary had been away for almost an hour.杰克到达后得知玛丽走了近一个小时了。

(2)表示动作在过去某一时间之前开始,一直延续到过去的这一时间,而且还可能继续下去的动作,常和for, since构成的短语或引导的从句连用。

The news came as no surprise to me. I had known for some time that the factory was going to shut down. 听到这个消息我并不感到吃惊。工厂要倒闭

这件事我早就知道了。

By the time I left the school, he had taught the class for 3 years.到我毕业时,他已经教那个班三年了。

He said he had made great progress since he came here.他说自从他来这里他已经取得了很大进步。

(3)用于表示与过去事实相反的虚拟条件从句或as if从句中表示与过去事实相反

If he had seen you yesterday, he would have asked you about it.假如他昨天看到你,他就会问你这件事了。

I should have called you if I had known your telephone number.假如我过去知道你的电话号码,我就给你打电话了。

He described the scene as if he had been there.他描绘的景色如同他去过那里一样。

Had I known that you wanted the book, I would have sent it.如果我知道你要这本书,我会送来的。

(4)表示假设的宾语从句

放在像said,told,asked,thought,wondered等过去时动词的后面,表示在这些动作发生之前已经发生了的事情。

My friend told me that he had passed the exam.我的朋友告诉我,他已通过了考试。

He asked me whether I had seen the film the night before.他问我头一天晚上是否看过那部电影。

She wondered who had left the door open.她想知道谁敞着门的。

(5)用在 "It was the first/second/third?time that?”句型中

在此句型中,主句用了一般过去时,that引导的定语从句要用过去完成时。 This was the first time they had met in thirty-nine years. 这是39年里他们第一次见面。

It was the first time we had spoken together. 这是我们第一次在一起说话。

(6)intend, mean, hope, want, plan, suppose, expect, think等动词的过去完成时可以表示一个本来打算做而没有做的事

这种结构也可以表示过去未曾实现的设想、意图或希望等,含有某种惋惜。 I had intended to call on you yesterday, but I had an unexpected visitor.我本来昨天打算要去看你,但我来了个不速之客。

We had meant to tell her the news but found that she wasn’t in.我们本想把这个消息告诉她的,但发现她不在家。

(7)过去完成时常用结构有“hardly, scarcely, barely ? when, no sooner? than等副词的句子里。

She hardly had gone to bed when the bell rang.他刚睡下铃就响了。

No sooner had they left the building than a bomb exploded.他们刚刚离开大楼,一颗炸弹就爆炸了。

(8)当before , after, as soon as 等引导的从句里的动作与主句的动作紧接时,由于这些连词本身已经说明了两个动作发生的先后关系,因此两个动作均可用一般过去时表示。

We had breakfast after we did morning exercises.做完早操之后,我们吃早饭。

The train started to move just before we reached the station.我们到车站时火车刚开动。

As soon as they got there, they started to study.他们一到那里就开始学习了。

过去完成时练习

1. 单项选择

1.He asked me __A___ during the summer holidays.

A. where I had been B. where I had gone C. where had I been D. where had I gone

2. What _D___ Jane ____ by the time he was sever?

A. did, do B. has, done C did, did. D. had, done

3. I ___C___ 900 English words by the time I was ten。

A. learned B. was learning C. had learned D. learnt

4. She ___A___lived here for ______ years.

A. had, a few B. has, several C. had, a lot of D. has, a great deal of

5. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I __A___ the dinner already.

A had cooked B. cooked C. have cooked D. was cooked

6. She said she __D________ the principle already

A .has seen B. saw C. will see D. had seen

7. She said her family __B_____ themselves ______ the army during the war.

A. has hidden, from B. had hidden, from C. has hidden, with D. had hidden, with

8. By the time he was ten years old, he ___D______.

A. has completed university B. has completed the university

B. had completed an university D. had completed university

9. She had written a number of books ___C___ the end of last year.

A. for B. in C. by

D. at

10. He __B___ to play ____ before he was 11 years old.

A had learned, piano B. had learned, the piano

C. has learned, the piano D. learns ,piano.

11. What __D_____ Annie ____ by the time he was ten?

A. did, do B. did, did C. has, done D. had done

12 .He _C__ in the factory for three years before he joined the Army.

A. has worked B. works C. had worked D. will work

13. By the end of last week, they _D___ the bridge.

A. has completed B. completed C. will complete D. had completed

14. Ben hates playing _D____ violin, but he likes playing ____ football.

A. a…the B. the… the C. / …the D. the…/

15. By the time he was 4, he _A_____ a lot of German words.

A. had learned B. has learned C. learned D. learns

16 .Jim turned off the lights and then __D___ the classroom.

A. was left B. had left C. has left D. left

17.They ____C_____ in Guangzhou since 2000.

A. lived B. had lived C. have lived D. were living

18. The train from Beijing__C_____ ten minutes ago.

A. has arrived B. was arriving C. arrived D. had arrived

19. The students ___B______ their classroom when the visitors arrived.

A . have cleaned B. had cleaned C. was cleaned D. have been cleaned

20. Fergie__B_____ the project in one hour.

A. have finished B. will finish C. finishes D. has finished

21. The man ___A_____ his coat and went out.

A. put on B. had put on C. will put on D. was putting on

22 My mother_____ in that factory at the age of 18.

A. had worked B. has worked C. worked D. works

23. Dad _C_______ while he _______ TV.

A .fell asleep…watch B. was falling asleep…watched

C. fell asleep……was watching D. had fallen asleep…watched

2.用动词的适当形式填空

1. We ___had painted____ (paint) the house before we moved________ (move) in.

2. That rich old man __had made___ (make) a will before he died(die).

3. They __had studyed_ (study) the map of the country before they _left___ (leave).

4. The robbers _had run away____ (run away ) before the policemen arrived (arrive).

5. I __turned off_____ (turn off) all the lights before I __went___ (go) to bed.

6. Paul went (go) out with Jane after he _made _____ (make) a phone call.

7. Tom ___said__ (say) he had read_______ (read) the book twice.

8. Our plan ____failed_ (fail ) because we _had made______ (make) a bad mistake.

9. When the chairman ___finished_____ (finish) speaking, he ____left____ (leave)the hall.

10.The Reads were having (have) lunch when I ___got_____(get) to their house.

11.When I __arrived________(arrive) at the station, he ___had left_____(leave).

12..We _____had learned___(learn) about 4000 English words by the end of last term.

13. I waited until he __finished_____(finish) his homework.

14. We were surprised at what she _had____already __done____(do)

15.She _didn't go___(not go) to Qingdao because she ___had went____ (go) there before.

16. He __hasn't told (not tell) you the news yet.

17. He said he __had______already___given___(give) the book to the teacher.

18. I ____have been_____(be) to Shanghai before.

19. She told me she ___had been_______(be) to Sanya three times.

20.She __was playing________(play) the guitar while her sister__was singing______(sing).

3.句型转换

1.I had sold the ticket when she came.(改否定句)

I did not have sold the ticket when she came.

2.She had sung a song to us before she danced.(改否定句) She didn't have sung a song to us before she danced.

3.They began to climbed the mountain after they had bought all the food and drink.(否)

They did not begin to climbed the mountain after they had bought all the food and drink.

4.By 10:00 a.m, I had been very hungry. (改一般疑问)

Had you been very hungry by 10:00 am?

5.Lucy had already completed the project when I arrived.(改一般疑问) Had lucy already completed the project when I arrived.

6.By the time he got to the airport, the plane had taken off. (改一般疑问)

Had th eplane taken off by the time he got to the airport?

7..He had broken his arm when I saw him.(对划线部分提问) How was he when you saw him?

8.When he had read the note, he ate it. (对划线部分提问) What did he do when he had the note?

9..Jack didn’t go to the cinema because he had seen the film. (对划线部分提问)

Why did Jack not go to the cinema?

10.We had had the toys for ten years before we gave them to the child. (对划线部分提问)

How long did you have had the toys before you gave them to the child?

11.She had written the book by the end of 1960. (对划线部分提问)

What had she written by the end of 1960?

12.We cooked the dumplings. We ate them up. (用过去完成时连接两句)

We ate the dumplings after we had cooked them.

13.Jim’s father mended the car. It was broken. (用过去完成时连接两句)

The car had broken before Jim's father manded it.

14.We had our tests. Then we had a long holiday.( 用过去完成时连接两句)

After we ___had had hour teats________, we ___had a long

holiday___________

15.He showed us a picture. Then he showed us around the house. 用过去完成时连接两句)

Before he ___had showed us around the house_______,

he_______showed us a picture___________

1.When she was at the middle school,she often reads in the library.

2.When she got home,the children went to bed.

3.He said he didn't see his uncle for many years.

4.I didn't go to see the firm because I saw it before.

5.The wind was still blowing,but the rain has stopped.

6.By the end of last term we learned about 1,500 English words.

7.Lu Xun had spocken to the youth about the study of the foreign language.

8.Yang Mei learn some English before she came to this school.

参考答案:

read 一般过去时

had gone to bed 过去完成时,先于got home发生

hadn't seen 主句为过去时的间接引语,从句倒退一个时态,故从现在完成时变成过去完成时

had seen 过去完成时,先于didn't go to see 发生

had 过去完成时,先于was still blowing发生

had learnt By+过去的时间,用过去完成时

has spoken 过去发生的事情对现在不造成影响

had learnt 过去的过去,用过去完成时,先于came to this school 过去进行时讲解与练习

【字体:小 大】

语法:过去进行时专项讲解

发布人:圣才学习网 发布日期:2010-08-02 15:29 共

(一)定义

过去进行时,是表示过去某个具体时刻正在进行的事情或动作。

(二)结构

was/were +doing (现在分词) 人浏览[大] [中] [小]

(三)用法

1、过去进行时表示过去某段时间内持续进行的动作或者事情。常用的时间状语this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while例如:

We were watching TV from seven to nine last night.

昨天晚上七点到九点的时候我们在看电视。

What was he researching all day last Sunday?

上周日他一整天都在研究什么?

My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.

我哥哥骑自行车的时候从车上摔下来,受伤了。

It was raining when they left the station.

他们离开车站的时候天正在下雨。

When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

当我到达山顶的时候,阳光灿烂。

2. 过去进行时可以表示在过去某个时间点发生的事情。时间点可以用介词短语、副词或从句来表示。如:

What was she doing at nine o'clock yesterday?

昨天晚上九点她在做什么?(介词短语表示时间点)

When I saw him he was decorating his room.

当我看见他的时候他正在装饰房间。(when从句表示时间点)

3. 在复合句中,如果主要动作和背景动作都是延续的或同时发生的,那么主从句的动词都可用过去进行时。例如:

While he was waiting for the bus, he was reading a newspaper.

他边等车边看报。(两个动作都是延续的)

He was cleaning his car while I was cooking.

他擦车时我在做饭。(两个动作同时进行)

4. 通常不能用于过去进行时的动词主要有:agree, be, believe, belong, care, forget, hate, have(拥有), hear, know, like, love, mean, mind, notice, own, remember, seem, suppose, understand, want, wish等。例如:

误:I was knowing the answer.

正:I knew the answer. 我知道答案。

误:I wasn't understanding him.

正:I didn't understand him. 我不明白他的意思。

典型例题:

1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.

A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes

答案C. 割伤手指是已发生的事情,应用过去时。同时,when表时间的同时性,“玛丽在做衣服时”提供事情发生的背景,因此用过去进行时。

2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.

A. read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell

答案B.句中的as = when, while,意为"当??之时"。描述一件事发生的背景时,用过去进行;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。句意为 "在她看报纸时,奶奶睡着了。"句中的 fell (fall的过去时),是系动词,后跟形容词,如:fall sick。

(四)过去进行时和一般过去时的区别

1.一般过去时叙述旧事,过去进行时描述背景。

A、一般过去时

1)叙述过去状态、动作或事件

He went to Beijing the other day.(带具体时间)

2)表示过去的习惯

a) would ,used to与过去时

would 表间断性不规则的习惯,常带频率时间

used to 表一贯性有规律的习惯

They used to meet and would sometimes exchange one or two words.

He smoked a lot two years ago. (过去行为)

b) Would 用于文中不用于句首,只表过去习惯。

Used to 表今昔对比的含义,叙述习惯动作可与would 换用。

When he was a boy , he would often go there . (叙述过去)

She isn't what she used to be. (今昔对比)

c) 表示状态时一般只用used to

Tom used to be fat /There used to stand a tree there. (状态)

d) was (were) used to +ving表示“合适于,适应于?..”

He used to work at night . (“习惯”表经常)

He was used to working at night. (习惯表适应)

3)表示过去的经历,平行动作,依此事件用一般过去时。

He sat there and listened to the radio.(依此发生)

4)表示客气委婉的语气,用于情态动词,助动词和want , wonder , hope 等

How did you like the film? / Could you help me?

B. 过去进行时

-表示在过去某阶段或某一时刻正在发生

What were you doing at 8:30 last night?(过去某时刻正在发生)

-短暂性动词用过去进行时表示按计划、打算

During that time he was going with us.(表示打算)

-与always ,often ,usually 等连用表喜爱,讨厌等感情色彩。

He was always Changing his mind.

2、过去进行时与一般过去时的区别

A. 进行时表某一行为的“片断”一般时表示行为的“整体”和存在的状态。

I was reading the book at that time. (未读完,“读”的片段)

I read the book yesterday. (已读完,表整个“读”)

B、一般持续时间状语多与进行时连用

It was raining all night.(优先用was raining ,rained 为持续动词,故也可使用)

He was writing a letter the whole of afternoon. (短暂动词与持续时间连用,表反复,连续发生,不可用一般过去时)

C、while 时间状语从句中用短暂动词时只能用进行时。

例:He broke a chair while he was jumping up and down.

D、While 所在主从句动作大致持续相等时主从句一般都用进行时,但若是持续动词可都用一般过去时,两个动作一长一短时短的用一般时,长的用进行时。

I was cooking the dinner while he was playing the piano.(平行)

I cooked the dinner while he played the piano.

反意疑问句用法详解

时间:2010-08-31 07:17:42 来源:新概念家园 编辑:qihui 测测英语水平如何 | 每天三分钟英语轻松学

[网页划词已开启]| 收藏

评论

打印

字号: 大 | 中 | 小

反意疑问句是由两部分组成的,前一部分是对事物的陈述(即陈述句),后一部分是简短的提问(即简短疑问句),中间用逗号隔开。如果前一部分用肯定句,后一部分就用否定疑问句;如果前一部分用否定句,后一部分就用肯定疑问句。两部分的人称和时态要一致。其回答是用yes或no来表示。

一、含be(is, are, was, were)动词的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1:主语+ be+其它,isn’t(aren’t, wasn’t, weren’t)+ 主语? 句型2:主语+ be not+其它,is(are, was, were) + 主语? ① You are from America, aren’t you? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. ② It isn’t very cold today, is it? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

③ Tom was away yesterday, wasn’t he? Yes, he was. No, he wasn’t. ④ The Green weren’t at home last night, were they? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.

⑤ Mary is reading English now, isn’t she? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t. ⑥ Your parents aren’t going to have a party this Sunday, are they?

Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

⑦ The girls were singing when the teacher came in, weren’t they? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t.

注意:There be句型

① There is an old picture on the wall, isn’t there?

Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.

② There aren’t any children in the room, are there?

Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.

③ There wasn’t a telephone call for me, was there?

Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t.

④ There were enough people to pick apples, weren’t there? Yes, there were. No there weren’t.

二、行为动词的一般现在时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+动词原形+其它,don’t I(you, we, they)? 句型2: 主语+ don’t+动词原形+其它,do I(you, we, they)? 句型3: 主语+动词第三人称单数+其它,doesn’t he(she, it)?

句型4: 主语+ doesn’t+动词原形+其它,does he(she, it)?

① You often watch TV in the evening, don’t you? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. ② The students don’t study hard, do they? Yes, they do. No, they don’t. ③ Mary studies Chinese hard, doesn’t she? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t. ④ The boy doesn’t often go to school by bike, does he?

Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

⑤ The first class begins at eight, doesn’t it? Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.

三、 行为动词的一般过去时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+动词过去式+其它,didn’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+didn’t+动词原形+其它,did +主语?

① You watched TV last night, didn’t you? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

② Jim’s parents didn’t go to Hong Kong last month, did they?

Yes, they did. No, they didn’t.

③ The rain stopped, didn’t it? Yes, it did. No, it didn’t.

④ Mr. Clarke didn’t buy a car, didn’t he? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t.

四、一般将来时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+will+动词原形+其它,won’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+ won’t +动词原形+其它,will +主语?

① The boys will play games, won’t they? Yes, they will. No, they won’t. ② It won’t stop raining, will it? Yes, it will. No, it won’t.

③ Mr. Smith will visit our school next week, won’t he? Yes, he will. No, he won’t.

注意:There be句型的一般将来时

① There will be a basketball match tomorrow, won’t there?

Yes, there will. No, there won’t.

② There won’t be too much pollution in the future, will there?

Yes, there will. No, there won’t.

五、现在完成时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+have+动词过去分词+其它,haven’t+主语?

句型2: 主语+ haven’t +动词过去分词+其它,have +主语?

句型3: 主语+has+动词过去分词+其它,hasn’t+主语?

句型4: 主语+ hasn’t +动词过去分词+其它,has +主语?

① You have been to Shanghai before, haven’t you? Yes I have. No, I haven’t. ② You haven’t been to Shanghai before, have you? Yes I have. No, I haven’t. ③ Jack has done his homework, hasn’t he? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

④ Jack hasn’t done his homework, has he? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

六、现在完成进行时的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+have been+动词现在分词+其它,haven’t+主语? 句型2: 主语+ haven’t been +动词现在分词+其它,have +主语? 句型3: 主语+has been +动词现在分词+其它,hasn’t+主语?

句型4: 主语+ hasn’t been +动词现在分词+其它,has +主语?

① You have been skating for five hours, haven’t you? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. ② You haven’t been skating for five hours, have you? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. ③ Bob has been collecting kites since 1999, hasn’t he? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

④ Bob hasn’t been collecting kites since 1999, has he? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t.

七、含有情态动词的反意疑问句

其句型是:句型1: 主语+情态动词+动词原形+其它,情态动词否定形式+主语? 句型2: 主语+情态动词否定形式+动词原形+其它,情态动词+主语?

① You can speak French, can’t you? Yes, I can. No, I can’t.

② They can’t understand me, can they? Yes, they can. No, they can’t.

③ Ann could swim when she was six, couldn’t she? Yes, she could. No, she couldn’t.

④ The students must study hard, mustn’t they? Yes, they must. No, they needn’t.

注意:You must go home now, needn’t you? Yes, I must. No, I needn’t. ★ 值得注意的是有时英语的谓语动词并不用否定式(即没加上not),

而是用上了“never, little, few, hardly, nothing, nobody”等词,这时该陈述句也属于否定句,因此,反意疑问句的后半部分应用肯定疑问式。

① You have never been to Beijing, have you? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. ② Mr. Fat has few friends here, does he? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. ③ There is little milk in the bottle, is there? Yes, there is. No, there isn’t. ④ He could do nothing, could he? Yes, he could. No, he couldn’t

初三英语语法之被动语态讲解及练习 1楼

英语动词有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。初中阶段的被动语

态有五种时态,我们可以从以下方面进行小结:

一、被动语态的时态及结构(以动词do为例) 结构:主语 + be + 过去分词

时态:1. 一般现在时: am (is, are) done.

2.带情态动词的被动语态:must (can, may, should, need, would)

be done

? ? ? 5 只因我们太像 打酱油的 3. 一般过去时: was (were) done

* 4. 一般将来时: will (shall) be done

* 5. 现在进行时: am (is, are) being done

6. 现在完成时: have (has) been done

二、从初中阶段所学五种基本句型谈变被动语态时应注意的问题。

1.主语 + 连系动词 + 表语 (S+V+P)

此结构不可用被动语态。

(正) The flowers smell sweet.

(误) The flowers are smelt sweet.

2.主语 + 不及物动词 (S+V)

此结构不可变被动语态。

(正) An accident happened last night.

(误) An accident was happened last night.

3.主语 + 及物动词 + 宾语 (S + V+ O)

(1)将主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语

Children often sing this song

This song is often sung by children.

(2)将含有介词或副词的动词短语变为被动结构时,不可将介词或副词去掉。

We should listen to the teachers carefully.

The teachers should be listened to carefully.

4.主语 + 及物动词 + 间接宾语 + 直接宾语 (S + V+ IO+ DO)

(1).将表人的间接宾语变为主语,直接宾语不变。

He showed us a picture .

We were shown a picture.

(2).将指物的直接宾语变为主语,要在间接宾语前加介词to或for.

常用加to的动词give, show, pass, read等

常用加for的动词 buy, get, make, sing, draw 等

A picture was shown to us.

A dictionary was bought for me by my parents.

5. 主语+及物动词 + 宾语 + 宾语补足语 (S+ V+ O + C) 如动词为 make, see, hear, watch 等,后接宾语补足语为不带―to‖不定式时,变被动语态时要加上―to‖ 。

I saw him fall off the tree.

He was seen to fall off the tree.

6. "be + 过去分词" 并非都是被动语态,系动词 be, feel, seem,look,等词后面的过去分词已转化为形容词,作表语用,表示某种状态。

举报 |

2010-07-30 16:43

回复

只因我们太像

打酱油的

5

? I'm interested in mathematics. 我对数学感兴趣。 *7. 某些动词用主动语态来表示被动含义。The woman's clothes sell well. 女装卖的快。This book sells best.这本书很畅销. 顶 146 2楼 被动语态专项练习 一、选择题 ( )1._____ a new library _____ in our school last year? A.Is; built B.Was; bulit C.Does; build D.Did; build ( )2.An accident ____ on this road last week. A.has been happened B.was happened C.is happened D.happened ( )3.Cotton ____ in the southeast of China. A.is grown B.are grown C.grows D.grow

( )4.So far,the moon ____ by man already.

A.is visited B.will be visited C.has been visited D.was visited

( )5.A talk on Chinese history _____ in th school hall next week.

A.is given B.has been given C.will be given D.gives

( )6.How many trees ____ this year?

A.are planted B.will plant C.have been planted D.planted

( )7.A lot of things ____ by people to save the little girl now.

A.are doing B.are being done C.has been done D.will be done

( )8.Neither of them ______ in China.

A.is made B.are made C.were made D.made

( )9.Look! A nice picture ____ for our teacher.

A.is drawing B.is being drawn C.has been drawn D.draws

( )10.Your shoes ____. You need a new pair. ? ? ? ? ?

举报 |

2010-07-30 16:44

回复 A.wear out B.worn out C.are worn out D.is worn ( )11.The doctor _____ for yet. A.isn't sent B.hasn't been sent C.won't be sent D.wasn't sent ( )12.--When ___ this kind of computers______? --Last year. A.did; use B.was; used C.is; used D.are; used ( )13.The Great Wall ____ all over the world. A.knows B.knew C.is known D.was known ( )14.I ____ in summer. A.born B.was born C.have been born D.am born ( )15.He says that Mr Zhang _____ to the factory next week. A.is sent B.would send C.was sent D.will be sent ( )16.Who _____ this book _____? A.did; written B.was; written by C.did; written D.was;written ( )17.Mary ____ show me her new dictionary. A.has asked to B.was asked to C.is asked D.asks to ( )18.A story _____ by Granny yesterday. A.was told us B.was told to us C.is told us D.told us ( )19.The monkey was seen _____ off the tree. A.jump B.jumps C.jumped D.to jump ( )20.The school bag ___ behind the chair. A.puts B.can be put C.can be putted D.can put ( )21.Older people ____ well. A.looks after B.must be looked after C.must look after D.looked after ( )22.Our teacher ______ carefully. A.should be listened to B.should be listen C.be listened D.is listened

3楼

二、把下列句子改写成被动语态

1.They make machines in that factory. __________________________________

2.Every body likes this song. ______________________________? ? ?

____

3.He doesn't show the stamps to me. __________________________________

4.People don't grow rice in the west of Japan._____________________________

5.He often helps Tom when Tom is in trouble._______________________________

6.Do the workers build many buildings? __________________________________

7.Does Kate sometimes break glasses? __________________________________

8.Do you always send a letter to Mr Hu? __________________________________

9.What does the teacher often tell the boys to do?_________________________

10.How many desks do they buy every term?__________________________________

11.They sold that kind of shoes in this shop last week.____________________

12.Granny told us a story last night. __________________________________

13.He didn't give the dictionary to me yesterday.__________________________

14.He didn't buy anything there before he left.____________________________

15.Did he clean the blackboard just now?__________________________________

16.When did she cook supper yesterday? __________________________________

17.Where did she make them? __________________________________

18.Whose ruler did you borrow? __________________________________

19.We must tie the young tree to the stick.________________________________

20.They can't mend the bike in that shop.__________________________________

21.You should take good care of her baby.___________________? ? 5 只因我们太像 打酱油的 ?

_______________

22.You may take it back home. __________________________________

23.May I look after the baby at home? __________________________________

24.Must we hand in our exercise-books now?_________________________________

25.Can you mend this radio here? __________________________________

被 动 语 态 练 习 2

一、 将下列句子变为被动语态,每空一词。

1. We can finish the work in two days. The work _____ _____ _____ in two days.

2. They produce silk in Suzhou. Silk ____ ______ in Suzhou.

3. The children will sing an English song. An English song ____ ____ ___ by the children.

4. You needn't do it now. It ____ _____ _____ by you now.

5. Lucy sent me a New Year Card last week. A New Year Card ____ ____ ____ her by me last week.

6. Peole use metal for making machines. Metal ____ ____ for making machines.

7. He made me do that for him. I ____ ____ ____ that for him.

8.I have given this book to the library. This book ___ ____ ____ to the library.

9.Did they build a bridge here a year ago? ____ a bridge ____ here by them a year ago?

10.We'll put on an English play in our school.An English play ____ ____ _____ on in our school.

11.More and more farmers buy colour TV sets. Colour TV sets ___ ___ ___ more and more farmers.

12.My brother often mends his watch. His watch ____ ____ ____ by my brother.

13.We must water the flowers every day. The flowers must ___ ___ (by us) every day.

14.They use knives for cutting things. Knives ___ ___ for cutting things.

举报 |

2010-07-30 16:44

回复

只因我们太像

打酱油的

5

? 15.He made the farmers work for a long time. The farmers ____ ____ ____ ____ for a long time. 16.Did he break the window yesterday? ____ the window ___ ____ ___ yesterday? 17.They have sold out the light green dresses. The light green dresses ____ _____ ____ out. 18.We clean the classroom every day. The classroom ____ ____ every day. 19. You must not plant trees in very dry earth. Trees ___ ____ _____ _____ in very dry earth. 20.You can dig a hole in the earth. A Hole ____ ____ _____ in the earth. 4楼 二、 用动词的正确语态填空。 1. The students _____ often _____(tell) to take care of their desks and chairs. 2. That play ________(put) on again sometime next month. 3. The old man is ill. He ______ (must send) to the hospital. 4. Vegetables,eggs and fruits_________ (sell) in this shop. 5. What _______ a knife ______ (make) of? It _______________(make) of metal and wood.

6. A Piano concert _____________(give) here last Friday.

7. ______ the magazine ____(can take) out of the library?

8. The room _____________ (clean) by me every day.

9. The stars _____________ (can see) in the daytime.

10. Some flowers __________(water) by Li Ming already.

11. These kinds of machines __________(make) in Japan.

12. Apples _________ ________(grow) in this farm.

13. Russian _______ ______ (learn)as the second language by some students in China.

14. Planes,cars and trains _____ _____ (use) by business people for travelling. ? ? ? ? ?

15. The cinema ______ _____ (bulid) in 1985.

16. The bike ___ ____ ____ ___ (must not put) here.

17. A beautiful horse ____ ____ ___ (draw) by John next day.

18. This kind of machine ______ _____(can made) by uncle Wang.

19. Mr. Green ___ ___ (open) two new school.

20. The PLA ______ ______ (found) on August 1st,1927.

21. By the time he was ten, the boy ________(learn)English and French.

22. How long _____ your uncle ____(be) in the city?

23. ______ you ____(see) the film yet?

Yes, I _______(see) it last week.

24. Uncle Wang ____________(live) here since 1980

25. Listen! Someone _________(sing).

26. Tom ________(not have) breakfast yesterday morning.A

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com