Go for it J9
By the time I got up, my sister had already washed all the clothes.
The teacher came into the classroom
I got to school
By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom.
By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.
by the time 意思是 “到…的时候”, 相当于 when , 后接过去时的句子 时, 主语的谓语动词用过去完成时态.
1、表示过去的过去，通常由by引导的短语做时间状 语或者由by / when / before引导的从句做时间状 语从句 ① By the end of last year, I had learned about one thousand English words. ② By the time he was twenty, he had won about ten medals. ③ When I got there, they had already left.
④ They had already had breakfast before they arrived at the hotel. ⑤He said that he had never seen such a beautiful bird before.
① He told me he had already finished his homework.
② I realized he had fooled me again.
I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice.
现在完成时表示的动作发生在 过去，但侧重对现在产生的结果或 造成的影响，与现在有关，其结构 为“助动词 have (has) + 过去分 词”；过去完成时则是一个相对的 时态，它所表示的动作不仅发生在 过去，更强调“过去的过去”，只 有和过去某时或某动作相比较时， 才用到它。
ring get go leave start be take run wake
rang got went left started was/were took ran woke
rung gotten gone left started been taken run woken
What do you usually do in the morning before school?
brush my teeth
What do you usually do in the morning before school?
take a shower
What do you usually do in the morning before school ?
Tina _____ up late. got
had By the time she got up, her brother _______ gotten already _________ in the shower.
By the time she got outside, the bus had left ______ already _______.
She _____ all the way to school. ran
When I got to school, I realized that I had left my backpack at home.
realized got home When I ________(get home), I _______(realize) I had left _______(leave) my keys in the backpack.
got By the time I ____(get) back to school, the bell had rung ________(ring).
walked By the time I _______(walk) into class, the had started teacher __________(start) teaching already.
? 关于get的词组小结 ? get to school 到学校 ? get into the shower 去洗澡 ? get outside 到外边 ? get home 到家 ? get up 起床 ? get married 结婚 ? get dressed 穿好衣服 ? get to class 到班级 ? get bored 变得无聊 ? get tired 变得疲劳
1. We ___________(learn) two thousands words by the had learned end of last ye
had known 2. I ___________him when I was a student.
3. When we _______(arrive) at the station, they arrived __________(wait) for more than twenty minutes. had waited
had broken 4. One of the men couldn’t move, because he __________ (break) his legs.
3a I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. I had to really rush. I took a quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop. Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class.
Answer these questions 1. Why didn’t the writer get up early? Her alarm clock didn’t go off. 2. What did he do after he took the shower? She had some breakfast and ran off to bus stop. 3. At last how did the writer go to school? I was given a ride by Tony and his father
I’ve never been late for school, but yesterday I came very close. My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke 醒来 ring up, my father had already gone into the
bathroom and I had to wait for him to
come out. I had to really rush. I took a 出来 run very quickly quick shower, had some breakfast, and then ran off to the bus stop.
took a shower quickly
Unfortunately, by the time I got there, the bus had Unluckily already left. I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t I could be late for school get to school on time. Luckily, my friend Tony and 按时 Fortunately his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave
me a ride. When I got to school, the final bell was
ringing. I only just made it to my class.
Words and Expressions:
alarm clock 闹钟 go off (铃)响 by the time 到… 时候 wake up 醒来
go into 进入 bathroom 卫生间 wait for 等待、等候 come out 出来、花开 rush 冲、跑 take a shower 沐浴、洗澡 run off 跑步离开 unfortunately 不幸的是 get to school 到学校 on time 按时、准时 came by 路过 make it 成功 give sb. a ride 捎某人一程
1.When I was doing my homework, the clock went off _____ ______. 当我正在做作业的时候，钟表响了。 2.We areclose _____ (临近) to the station . 3.He rushed into ______ ____ (冲进) the room and caught the thief. ran off 4.I tried to catch the thief but he____ _____ (跑开了) 5.Would you please give me ____ ____ _____ _____ a ride (搭便车)to the cinema? 6.When I got to school, the final bell was ringing, I ____ ____(刚好) made it to my class.
?Have you ever overslept?
?Have you ever been late for school?
?Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? ?Have you ever locked you
r keys in your house? ?Have you ever forgotten a relative’s birthday? ?Have you ever forgotten a doctor’s or dentist’s appointment?
blow away 刮走 get back 拿回 step on 踩到…上 dirty 脏的
傻瓜,愚弄 invite 服装
空的,倒空 意识到 钟表
get dressed 穿衣服 show up change 出席
极其疲惫的 stay up
Put these words in the correct columns in the chart.
Verbs fool invite empty go off get up get dressed show up realize change stay up Adjectives embarrassed empty exhausted
Nouns fool costume change clock
Dave, Nick and Joe are talking about April Fool’s Day. Listen and write each person’s name under his picture.
Listen again. Who says each of the phrases below? Write “D” for Dave, “N” for Nick and “J” for Joe. D 1. _____ a costume party J 4. ____ was exhausted
N D 2. _____ my alarm went off 5. ____ really embarrassed
N J 3. _____ stayed up all night 6. ____ the other kids showed up
? 3a Which of these stories is the most believable? Why? Which is the least believable? Why? Would you be fooled by In of the radio program by actor Orson any1938, astories? ( ) ( ) Welles announced that aliens from Mars had landed on the Earth. He described where they had landed and told how they were moving across the United Stares. Welles was so convincing that hundreds of people believed the story, and panic set off across the whole country. By the time the authorities revealed that the story was a hoax, thousands of people had ran so fromthat I couldn't catch up with him． He fled fast their homes.
set off 意为“出发，开始；引爆；衬托 fled from 从……逃走
( ) One April Fool’s Day, a person in England announced that there would be no more spaghetti because the spaghetti farmers in Italy had stopped growing ( ) spaghetti. Many people ran to their local supermarket to buy as much spaghetti as they could. By the time people realized that the story was a hoax, all of the ) (spaghetti across the country had been bought. no more/ =not any more=no longer=not any more 再也不，再没有 I am no more a student. I am not a student any more. I no longer live there I don’t live there any longer.
stop doing 指的是“停止做” stop to do 则是指“停下来去做”
A famous TV star once invited his girlfriend onto his show on April Fool’s Day. He ask her to marry him. She was thrilled, because she really wanted to get married. However, when she said “ Yes”, he replied “April Fool!” That little joke didn’t have a very happy ending. The TV star lost both his girlfriend and his show. marry为动词“嫁，娶，结婚”。表示“嫁给某人”或“娶了某 人”都可以用marry sb。get married 意为“结婚”，但这是一个 非延续性动词，即它不能跟表示一段时间
的词连用。be married 也可以用来表示“结婚”，它是一个延续性词组，可以与表示一段 时间的词连用。 to marry Jane. John is going When are you going to get married? We have been married for ten years． His uncle will get married next month．
3b Write a magazine story about Nick in activities 2a and 2b. Use the notes below.
? 写出一段2a和2b中关于尼克的故事。 注意使用下列注释。 ? What happened first: alarm went off / got up / took a shower / got dressed / went to school ? 首先发生什么事： 闹铃响了 / 起床 / 洗澡 / 穿衣服 / 去上学/
? What happened next: got to school / school was empty / an hour later / other kids showed up ? 接着发生的事： 到学校 / 学校空 了 /一小时后 / 另外些孩子出现 ? What he realized: his brother / fooled him ? 他意识到了： 他的哥哥/ 愚弄了他
asked One day my mother _________(ask) me to buy some cakes and meat. When I got to the cake shop, began it _______ (begin) to rain. And I found the cake shop had been closed _______________(close). So I had to run ________(run) to the meat shop in the rain. But when I asked for 1 kilo of meat, the boss told me that all of the meat had been sold _____________ (sell) out. Finally I got home with nothing, and I was all wet. It was really a bad day!
Self check 1 and 3
In each line, circle the word that doesn’t belong.
happy show up
2. embarrassed exhausted 3. costume break down
? Bad luck. I missed the early bus because I o____ this morning. ? You must be e____ after swimming. Come and have a rest. ? When I went our of the lift I r___ I had left the key in the room. ? The news has caused a p___ among the bus-drivers. We should try to solve it. ? His l___ novel is worth reading. Hurry to get one. ? In order to watch the football match, we s___ up last night. ? The e____ of the movie was so moving that we couldn't help crying. ? Will you answer the phone when it r____? ? The people wore historical c____ for the parade .(游行，展 览）
? My uncle’s car has b___ down for two days. ? I got into a p___ when I found the door was locked.
? Uncle Wang went on working for twelve hours. So he was _______ (exhaust). ? My brother was only 23 years old when he got __ (marry). ? _____ (luck), my friend Tony and his father came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride.
? Panic ___（引起）across the whole town by a boa（蟒蛇）. ? Tony and Lucy ___________（已结婚）for several years. ? This funny story makes us _____ （不睡觉） late. ? I will be late for the meeting if y
ou don’t ______（带我一程） ? You can’t ____（跑掉）home now, I have something to tell you. ? Unluckily, my car _____（坏了）on the half way. So I’m late.
1. 等我吃完饭了，新闻已经演完了。 By the time I finished dinner, the new had been over. 2. 当我听到妈妈叫我的时候，我知道我又睡过了。 When I heard my mother call me, I knew I had overslept. 3. 到了学校之后，我发现我把书落在家里了。 After I got to school, I found I had left my book at home. 4. 等我到了，汽车已经走了。 By the time I arrived, the bus had gone.
When he called, I had finished my homework.