Unit2 It was a quiet country village.
? ? ? ? ? ? 罪犯 crime 公寓 flat 法律 law 垃圾 rubbish 税 tax 景象，幻影 vision 增加 add fault
向……增加 add to
1. 完成阅读任务 2. 掌握U2 重点单词，词汇 3. 小组讨论，你所在的城市存在什么样 的问题
? Task 1: Free talk ? Have you found more and more people move to cities? ? Why do people move to cities?
look for jobs
live a better life
People move to cities from the countryside, because they want to …..
What are the problems of cities?
? From the video, we can know that too much population will lead to (导致） traffic problems ________________.
? From this video, we can know that too much population will bring more c_____. rime
Read the passage quickly,choose the best answer
1.The writer wants to ____________ a) show the disadvantages of how cities have grown over the years. b) show that life in the city can be enjoyable c) describe the dangers of city life d) explain what cities need to give thepeople who live there
2. The writer has written a story probably because________ a) he’s not interested in facts b) it’s more intereting c) it’s too dangerous to talk about a real city d) it’s clearer than if he describes a real city
Read P1 and answer the following questions:
in the center of the country 在镇中央____________________________ at that time 在那时________________________ on the edge of town 在城镇的边缘 _________________________ in the distance 在远处_____________________
1.What was Parkville like 50 years ago? It was a quiet country village in the centre of the country. 2.What was the house (that they had at that time )like? It was a small house on the edge of town, with some fields and the hills in the distance.
? Jo is 15 and lives in Parkville. When Jo’s grandparents 50年前第一次来到帕克威尔时,它是一 个位于镇中央的非常静谧的村庄 At that time, 他们在小镇边有一栋小房子,
first came to Parkville 50 years ago It was a quiet country village in the centre of the country. They had a small house on the edge of town, some fields and the hills in the distance.
Read P2 and do the following exercises.
1.Why did people from the countries begin to arrive in Arnwick? To find jobs and have a better life.
2. What did the city government do? It built flats around the edge of the city.
3. Parkville became a suburb of Arnwick because______ a) no one wanted to live in a village b) people wanted better places to live c) Arnwick are larger d) people feel safer in large cities
is close to Our school __________my new house, so I walk to school every day. 2.People fr
om the countryside began to arrive in ________(到达)Arnwick to find jobs and have a better life _____________________________(找工作和过更好的生活)
needed somewhere to live. 3.They ______________________________(需要住的地方) to live in 4.住在阿恩威克市中心很贵。It was expensive ____________ the centre of Arnwick. to build flats around the edge 5.The city government decide_______________________ of the city. _________(在城市周边建楼房） over a thousand 6.There are ____________（一 千多）students in our school. no room 7.There’s _________(没地方）for small houses any more. B Can you ____ for the old man?你能为这位老人腾 出些空地儿？ A. make a room B. make room
? 1. There are 3 rooms in this house. ? 这个房子有3个房间。 ? 2.There is no room for us in the train. ? = There is no space for us in the train. ? 火车上已经没地方了。 Language points: room room n. 房间(可数名词） room n. 空间（不可数名词）= space 1.没有足够的地方放置全部书。 ________________________all the books. There is not enough room for A 2. We can find any _____ in these ______. A. room; rooms B. rooms, room
But Parkville 靠近大城市, Arnwick, with about 200,000 people. People from the country开始到阿恩威克找工作，过更 好的生活，And of course 他们需要住的地方。However, 住在 阿恩威克市中心很贵，so the government 决定在城市周边建楼 房。And soon, Parkville 变成了阿恩威克的城郊住宅区。It has now 一百多万人口。周一家人住在其中的一套新公寓里——已经 没有地方再建小房子了。
was close to a big city
began to arrive in Arnwick to finds jobs and have a better life. They needed somewhere to live. it’s expensive to live in the city of Arnwick, decided to build flats around the edge of the city Became a suburb of Arnwick. over a million Jo’s family live in one of those new flats—— there’s no room for small houses any more.
Read P3&4 and do the following exercises.
1. “But it’s not her fault” means Jo _____ a) doesn’t want to add to the traffic and pollution b) is unhappy about adding to the problems c) doesn’t choose to go to a school so far away d) feels bad about the traffic and pollution 4. What can you see from Jo’s school life? An increasing population adds to the traffic and pollution.
关闭，倒闭，停业 1.文中close down 的汉语意思________________ 镇边上的那家鞋垫一周前倒闭了。 The shoe shop on the edge of town closed down a _______________________________________________ week ago.
2.把下面的句子翻译成汉语。 It takes Jo an hour to get to school, and this adds to the traffic and pollution. 周花上一个小时才能到校，这增加了车流量和污染。 昨天我花了半个小时做举重训练。 It took me half an hour to do weight training yesterday.
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
2. You can add two to one, you can get three. 如果你把二加一， 有会得到3。 Heavy snow adds to our problems. 大学增加了我们的问题。 知识归纳： add add A to B 把A加到B上 add to sth. 增加，加强 A 1. Reading books _____ our knowledge(知识）. A. adds to B. improve C. add up to 2. 这个故事增加了我的品位。 adds to This story __________ my taste.
The small local school in Parkville关闭5 years ago. Jo 去临近阿恩威克市中心的一所学校上学， with 2,000 pupils.没有人知道所有人的名字。 周要花上一个小时才能到校，这增加了车流量和污 染。But it’s not her fault. She liked her old school.
closed down goes to a school close to the center of Arnwick No one knows all their names. It takes Jo an hour to get to school, and this adds to the traffic and pollution.
Read P5&6 and do the following questions:
1.What does Arnwick need now? It needs larger hospitals and more doctors, better public transport and fewer private cars, more shops and offices, clean water and no rubbish in the street, more laws and more police and more taxesthe end of the passage the write thinks that____ 2.At to pay for everything. a) city life is better than village lfe b) people should not live in cities c) we must do something about the problems of life the city d) we are all responsible for our cities
It’s difficult to run a big city, and to protect people from crime.
run 动词，意为“经营，管理”，run a big city意为
“管理一个大城市” protect sb./sth. from……保护/保卫某人免受……
protect people from crime 意为“保护人们不受侵害” 管理一个大城市、保护人们不受侵害是很艰巨的工作。
? 3. It’s difficult for me to sing an English song. 对我来说唱首英语歌很困难。 ? 知识归纳： ? It is + adj. + （for sb.) + to do sth. 做.. 怎么样 ? 例题： ? 1. 保持健康是很重要的。 It is important to ? __________________ keep healthy. ? 2. 为奥运训练很累。 It is tiring to train ? ________________ for the Olympics. B ? 3. It is ______ to watch Spiderman. ? A. excited B. exciting C. surprise ?
? 4. The government should protect people from crime. ? 政府要保护人民不收犯罪活动的侵害。 ? 知识归纳： protect ? protect sb. from sth./doing sth. 保护..不受.. ? ? ? ? ? 知识归纳： B 1. It is our duty(责任）_____ our environment. A. protect B. to protect C. protecting 2. 我带着墨镜以保护眼睛不受阳光的损害。 I wear dark glasses ____________________ to protect the eyes from the sun.
Arnwick needs更大的医院，更多的医生，更好的公共 交通以及更少的私家车。There need to be更多的商
店和办公室。它还需要干净的水、街道上没有垃圾。管 理一个大城市、保护人们不受侵害是很艰巨的工作。 So it also n
eeds 更多的法律条文、更多的警察和更 多的税务来支付这一切。 larger hospitals and more doctors, better public transport and fewer private cars more shops and offices It’s also needs clean water and no rubbish in the street It’s difficult to run a big city, and to protect people from crime. more laws and more police and more taxes to pay for everything.