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九年级英语_被动语态语法讲解课件2_人教新目标版

发布时间:2013-12-11 09:28:51  

The river is polluted

The flowers were water by Lucy.

语态

语态:表示主语和谓语动词之间的关系。 英语有两种语态,即主动语态和被动语态。 主动语态:表示主语是动作的执行者。 被动语态:表示主语是动作的承受者。 如: Many students study English.(主动语态) English is studied by many students. (被动语态)

被动语态的结构

助动词be+过去分词 (be + done)

1.一般现在时的被动语态结构:

is/are+过去分词
1.Many students study English. English is studied by many students.

2.They make shoes in that factory. Shoes are made by themin that factory.

2.一般过去时的被动语态结构:

was/were +过去分词
1. They bought a computer last term. A computer was bought by them last term.

2.We planted many trees last year.

Many trees were planted last year.

3.一般将来时的被动语态结构:

be going to be/will be+过去分词
1.They will finish the work in ten days.

The work will be finished by them in ten days.
2.Tom is going to clean the room tomorrow.

The room is going to be cleaned by Tom tomorrow

4.含有情态动词的被动语态结构:

can/may/must/should + be+过去分词 1.Amy can take good care of Gina .
Gina can be taken good care of by Amy. 2.You should drink more water.
More water should be drunk by you.

5.现在进行时的被动语态的结构

is / am / are + being +过去分词
1.Some workers are painting the rooms now.

The rooms are being painted by some workers now.

2.He is watching TV.
TV is being watched by him.

6.现在完成时的被动语态的结构

have / has +been +过去分词
1.We have made a key.

A key

has been made

by us.

2.We have finished our compositions.

Our compositions have been finished by us.

被动语态的用法
(1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁.

Such books are written for children. 这些书是为儿童写的。
(2)强调动作的承受者,这时应用by短语。

The cup was broken by David.
(3)作客观说明时,常采用一种被动语态句型.

It’s said / reported / + that …据说/据报道 It’s reported that it will rain tomorrow. 据报道,明天会下雨。

被动语态的几种类型
1.带双宾语句子的被动语态.(指物的宾语叫直接 宾语,指人的宾语叫间接宾语)

give me a book = give a book to me
间 直

如:1.He gave me a book. -I was given a book by him. -A book was given to me by Tom. 2. I bought him a book. -He was bought a book by me. -A book was buoght for him by me.





2.含有短语的主动语态变被动语态

They take good care of my child. -----My child is taken good care of . I turned off the radio. ---The radio was turned off (by me).

3.感官动词和使役动词的被动语态
即hear , watch , see , make , let ,这些词在 主动句中,其后的动词不加to,但变被动 句时必须加to.
1.I saw him play basketball last

Sunday. He was seen to play basketball last Sunday. 2.The boss makes him work for 10 hours.

He is made

to work for 10 hours.

4.过去分词做后置定语,表示被动
a boy called Tom 一个叫Tom的男孩

a book bought yesterday 一本昨天买的书

5.过去分词做宾补,表示被动
get/make/have sth done 使某物被… make me understood 使我被理解/使人理解我

have my hair cut 使我头发被剪/请人给我剪头

6.不能用于被动语态的几种情况
1)当主动结构中的宾语是反身代词和相互代

词时,不能改为被动语态。 We often help each other. 2)have, take place,happen,feel感觉起来,look 看起来,sound,taste,smell不用于被动 如: I have a bike. An accident happened to him. The music sounds beautiful.

时态

被动语态结构

一般现在时 am/is/are 表格:被动态基本结构
一般过去时

现在进行时
过去进行时 一般将来时 现在完成时

done was/were done am/is/are being done was/were being done be going to/will be done have/has been done


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