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2013秋初中英语八年级上unit 2 how often do you exercise

发布时间:2013-09-17 20:30:43  

Unit 2
How often do you exercise?
Section A Period 1(1a—2d)

What do you usually do on weekends?

different activities
do housework

exercise

use the Internet

go to the movies

watch TV

read

play the piano

go shopping

play tennis dance

1a Make a list of the weekend activities.
b a
What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.

c

d
e

1. help with housework 2. watching TV 3. shopping

4. reading 5. exercising

1b Listen and write the letters from the pictures above on the lines below.

always (100%) _______ usually ________ exercise,
often _______ sometimes ________

hardly ever_______

never (0%) ________

频率副词
频率副词在句中通常放在实义动词之前, be动词或助动词之后。 它们所表示的含义和频率是不同的,从高 到低依次是:

always意为 “总是”, 表示动作的重复或状态 的延续。 usually意为 “通常”, 表示很少有例外。 often意为 “经常”, 表示动作的重复, 但不如 usually那么频繁, 中间有间断。 sometimes意为 “有时”, 表示动作偶尔发生。 hardly意为 “几乎不”, 常和ever连用表示强 调。 never意为 “从未”。

hardly always usually often sometimes ever never 100% 总是 80% 通常 60% 40% 经常 有时 20% 0 很 少 , 从不 几乎不

Adverbs of frequency
dance swim skate play football

play badminton play basketball

usually often

always

sometimes hardly ever never

根据汉语句子, 用适当的频率副词或表示频 率的词组完成英文句子。 1. 有钱人未必总是幸福的。 always The rich are not _______ happy. 2. 他通常7点钟去学校。 usually He _________ goes to school at seven o’clock. 3. 他上学经常迟到。 often He is ________ late for school.

4. 天气忽冷忽热。 It is _________ cold and __________ hot. sometimes sometimes 5. 这些天我几乎不出门。 I _______ ever go out these days. hardly 6. 我父母从不吵架。 never My parents ________ quarrel with each other. 7. 她一天吃三次蔬菜。 three times a day She eats vegetables ________________.

Do you know their difference?
? sometime ? some time ? sometimes 某个时间 一段时间 有时

? some times

几次

I sometimes go to school by bus. I will go to America sometime this year. I have been to the Great Wall for some times. I watched TV for some time last night.

Fill in the blanks with sometime, some time, sometime or sometimes. sometime 1. We'll go to Beijing ________ next month. 2. _________ I get up very late on Sunday Sometimes morning. 3. It took him _________ to finish the book. some time some times 4. He met the woman __________ last month.

b

c

d e

a
What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.

A: What do you do on weekends? B: I usually watches TV. A: Do you go shopping? B: No, I never goes shopping.

What do you usually do on weekends? often I usually … often … sometimes … always …

What does he / she us

ually do on weekends? He / She usually … always … sometimes … often …

What does he / she usually do on weekends?
He / She usually … always … sometimes … often …

2a Listen. Number the activities you hear [1-5] in the order you hear them.
How often do you watch TV? Twice a week.

Activities How often 1 a. ___ go to the movies every day b. ___ watch TV once a week c. ___ shop twice a week d. ___ exercise three times a week e. ___ read once a month twice a month

2b Listen again. Match the activities in 2a with how often Cheng Tao does them.
Activities a. ___ go to the movies b. ___ watch TV c. ___ shop d. ___ exercise e. ___ read How often every day once a week twice a week three times a week once a month twice a month

How often do you …? does he / she …? ? every day / night ? once a week / month 每天/每夜

一周/一个月一次
一周/一个月两次

? twice a week / month

? three times a week / month 一周/一个月三次

? once or twice a week / month 一周/一个月 一次或两次

“次数”的表达方法
一次 once, 两次 twice,三次或三次 以上用基数词加上 times, three times, five times, one hundred times. 表示“??几次”的表达方法是:

once a day / a week / a month / a year
twice a day / a week / a month / a year

always usually sometimes hardly ever never every day once a week twice a week three times a day once a month 表示频度,频率的副词、短语 常用 how often 提问

how often “多久一次”, 常用来询问某一动 作或事情发生的频率。 -- How often does your mother travel? -- Once a year. 回答:never (从不) ?? once a day/week(一天/周一次) twice a week/month (一周/月一次) three/four/five/six … times a month / year 一月/年 三/四/五/六??次

根据提示完成下面问题。

1. We drink milk every day.
How often do you drink milk? (对划线部分 _________

提问。)
2. ---How often do you play football?

--- _________. (选出正确答案)
A. Once a week C. Very well B. In the evening D. Twice

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? ? ? ?

疑问词 how 的用法 (1) 怎样,用什么手段,方法/交通工具 How are you? How is she? How did he do it? I don't know how to swim. How do you come to school? (2) 情况如何(指身体健康状况) How are you? (3) how many,how much 表示"多少"其中how much 还可以 表示钱数。how many 后接可数名词复数,how much 接不可 数名词。 How many times do you go to the park? How many pens do you want? How much water do we drink every day? How much are those pants?

? (4) how often 是对动作发生的“次数”提问,询问的是频率“多久 一次”回答可以是: ? Every day. / Once a week. / Three times a week. / Often. / …How often do you play tennis? ? How often do you surf the Internet? b1.com

? (5) How old …? 询问年龄
? How old are you? I am five. ? (6) How a

bout …? ……如何?……怎么样?

? How about going to the movies?
? (7) how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。 ? How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler? ? (8) how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 ? ---How far is it from here to the park?

? ---It’s about 2 kilometers.

3. --- _______ were you away from Shanghai last year? --- About two weeks. (选出正确答案) A. How often B. How soon C. How long

4. --- How often does Lily play soccer? --- She doesn’t like it, so she ______ plays it. A. always B. hardly ever C. usually D. often

5. (2011北京) --- ____ do you play football --- Once a week. A. How much B. How long C. How often D. How far 6. (2011浙江宁波) — _____ do you have an Art Festival in your school? — Once a year. A. How long B. How often C. How far D. How soon

对划线部分提问。
I usually watch TV on weekends. What do you usually do on weekends? I watch TV every day.

How often do you watch TV ?

对划线部分提问。 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I usually play soccer. They often go to the movies. He sometimes watches TV. I shop once a month. He watches TV twice a week. I hardly ever surf the Internet. Zhao Lin often goes skateboarding. The boy always plays computer games.

Ask and Answer

Ask your partner like this: 1. How often do you eat sweets? 2. How often do you play tennis? …

How often do you go shopping?

We shop / go shopping once a week.

How often do you go to the movies?

I go to the movies once a month.

How often do you exercise?

I exercise twice a week.

How often do you use the Internet?

I use the Internet twice a week.

2d Role-play the conversation.

Proverbs about exercise
Wealth is nothing without health. 失去健康,钱再多也没用。 There is no medicine against death. 没有长生不老药。 Reading is to the mind while exercise to the body. 读书健脑,运动强身。 Health is better than wealth. 健康胜过财富。 Eat a mouthful less. Take a walk after dinner. 吃饭少一口,饭后走一走。

Unit 2
How often do you exercise?
Section A Period 2(3a—3c)

Make conversations with your partner. How often do you do these activities?

do housework

every day

A: How often do you do housework?

B: Every day.

exercise

three times a week

A: How often do you exercise? B: Three times a week.

use the Internet once a week

A: How often do you use the Internet? B: Once a week.

How often does he / she …?

频度副词
频度副词 always usually often sometimes 词义 总是 通常 经常 有时 频 率 100﹪ 80﹪ 60﹪ 40﹪ 英 文 释 义 all the time often, generally ( at ) many times at times, now and then almost not, not at all not ever, not at any time

hardly ever 几乎不 20﹪
never 从不 0﹪

例如:
1. -How often do you play football? -I usually play football after school. 2. -How often does Mary go to the conc

ert? -She often goes to it on Saturday evening. 3. -How often does my daughter take the medicine? -Three times a day.

针对上面所说的频度副词和表示“在某段时 间内某种动作的次数”的状语提问时,都要用 how often。 换句话说,如果要回答由how often提问的句 子,我们通常要用频度副词或诸如every day, each week, once a week, twice a day, four times a month等来回答。

例如: 4. -How often do you borrow books from the library? -Twice a month. 5. -How often does your mother do the washing? -She does it every day. 6. -How often can you go to the movie? -Once a week.

即时练
对划线部分提问: e.g. She usually comes to see her grandpa four times a month. (呼和浩特市中考题) _____ _____ _____ she usually come to see her grandpa? 解析:How often does。划线部分four times a month涉及频率,应用How often提问,同 sometimes、usually、often、always、once、 twice、once a week、twice a year等。句中动 词comes为单三式,改为疑为句时应添加助动 词does,动词还原。

(2012菏泽中考)--- Steve, ______ do you play basketball after school? --- Twice a week. It can keep me healthy. A. how far B. how soon C. how long D. how often 解析:选D。考查疑问词辨析。how far“多远 ”,问路程; how soon“多久;多久之后” , 对将来的一段时间之内或之后提问; how long “多长时间”,问时段;how often“多久一 次”,问频率。由答语“Twice a week.”可知问 频率, 故选D。

选择题 1. -I didn’t know you take a bus to school. -Oh, I ______ take a bus, but it is snowing D today. A. hardly B. never C. sometimes D. usually 2. -Were you often late for school last term, Tom? D -No, _______. I got to school early every day. A. Always B. Usually C. Sometimes D. Never

3. -How often do you go to a concert? -_______ ever. I’m not interested in that at B all. A. Usually B. Hardly C. often D. sometimes 4. -Miss Gao is very popular with her students. -Yes. Her classes are ______ lively and D interesting. A. hardly ever B. never C. sometimes D. always

Unit 2
How often do you exercise?
Section B Period 1(1a—2e)

New words and phrases
percent n. online adj. television n. although prep. through conj. mind n.
百分之?? 在线的;联网的 电视节目;电视机 虽然;尽管;即使 以;凭借;穿过 头脑;心智

body n. 身体 such adj. & pron. 这样的;那样的;类似的 such as 例如;像??这样 together adv. 在一起;共同 die v. 消灭;灭亡;死亡 writer n. 作者;作家

2b Read the article and complete the pie charts on Page 14.
46 3

3 4 6

2b

重点句型

1.Last month we asked our students about their free time activities.

ask [a:sk] v. 询问;请求
考点一:ask后面可以接一个从句。 Eg: He asked where I lived. 他问我住在哪儿。

2b
考点二: 要求某人做某事为ask sb. to do sth.

其否定形式为 ask sb. not to do sth. 例题: C water in our life. Parents often ask us A. save B. saving C. to save D. saves

2b
考点三:就某事询问某人是ask sb. about sth. eg: She asked him about his health. 她询问了他的健康状况。 考点四:ask sb. for sth.意为“向某人要某物” eg: They asked me for help.他们向我求助。 考点五:ask后可以接双宾语。类似的动词还 有, tell, bring, send, sell等 。 eg: Can I ask you a question? 我能问你个问题吗?

2b

重点句型

2.Here are the results. 是倒装句,正常语序是The rests are here. 句子的主语是The results,系动词是are, here是表语,为了突出results,才用了倒句 句。 考点:倒装句的谓语的数由主语的数决定。 Eg: Here is my book.这是我的书。

1. not…at all 用于否定句,意为“根本不、 一点也不”。如: It wasn’t difficult at all. 这一点也不难。 There was nothing to eat at all. 根本没什么可吃的。 To try and fail is better than not to try at all. 尝试而失败也比不尝试好。

注:在否定句中,at all 可位于句末, 也可跟在否定词后。如: He isn’t tired at all. / He’s not at all tired. 他一点也不累。

另外,在口语中单独说 not at all, 可用来回 答感谢或道歉。如: A:Thank you very much. 多谢你了。 B:Not at all. 不客气。 A:I’m sorry to keep you waiting. 对不起,让你久等了。 B:Oh, not at all. 噢,没关系。

翻译下列句子:
1. 我一点也没生气。 I am not angry at all. 2. 他们一点也不喜欢牛奶。 They don’t like milk at all. 3. 休一点也不喜欢语文。

Sue doesn’t like Chinese at all.

--- Do you mind if I turn on the TV? A --- ______. My father is sleeping. (2011年 重庆市中考) A. Better not. B. Not at all. C. No, I don’t mind. D. That’s all right. — Would you mind my taking this seat? B — ______.(2010年巴中市中考) A. Sorry, I can’t B. No, not at all C. It’s a pleasure

2b

重点句型

3.We all know that many students often go
online, but we were surprised that ninety percent of them use the Internet every day.

surprised [s?`praizd] adj. 感到吃惊的
考点一:辨析surprised和surprising

surprised意为“感到 吃惊的”,主语是人。

I was surprised when I heard the news.当我听到 这个消息时,我感到惊讶。

surprising意为“使人惊 Your success is surprising 奇的”,主语是事物 .你的成功令人吃惊。

考点二: be surprised at…意为“对……感到惊讶” eg: l was surprised at his answer. 我对他的回答感到惊讶。

2. at least 至少 例如: We should brush our teeth at least twice a day. 我们每天应该至少刷两次牙。 A good cigarette will smoke at least ten minutes. 一支好烟至少可以抽10分钟。 反义短语:at most 至多

2b

重点句型

4.Although, many students like to watch spor

ts, game shows are the most popular.

although [?:l`e?u] conj. 虽然,尽管,即使
重点:although作连词,意为“虽然”。在一 个句子里,although不能和but连用,但可 以和yet连用。 例题:

_____the girl is only nine, she takes care of her brother and cooks meals every day. A. If B. Because C. Although D. As
答案:C

_______ he is ill, _______ he goes to school. A. Although, but B. /, / C. Although, / D. But, although C although 表示“仍然”,不能和but同时 使用。 I’m not very strong, ____ I usually exercise . A. because B. and C. although C 前后意义有转折。

2b

重点句型

5.It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows, but we think the best way to relax is through exercise. It is+adj. (for sb. )to do sth. “(对于某人来说)做某事是……的。”,在这 个句型中,it作形式是,真正的主语是后面 的不定式。 例题: It is necessary C English well. A. learn B. learning C. to learn D. learned

through [θru:] prep. 以;凭借;穿过
辨析:through和across
through穿过,表示从… The burglar got in 中通过,着重指从内部空 through the window. 间的一头纵穿另一头。 盗贼是从窗户进来的。 across穿过,表示从一条 We walked across the 线或一物体表面的一边到 bridge.我们从桥上走过。 另一边。

例题: D Sam likes trekking (徒步旅行) ______ the jungle (丛林), because he thinks it’s exciting. A. over B. under C. across D. through

2b

重点句型

6.It is healthy for the mind and the body.

mind [maind] n. 头脑,心智
考点一 mind常用的固定搭配: have… in mind 记得…… keep in mind 记住…… the mind and the body身心

考点二: mind用作动词,意为”介意”。常用句型 ”Would you mind sth. / doing sth.?”意为”你 介意(做)某事吗?”

7.Exercise such as playing sports is fun, and you can spend time with your friends and family as you play together. such as例如;像…这样 辨析:such as和like
用来举例同类人或 Boys such as John such as 事物中的几个例子。and James are very friendly. He 与such as可以互换。 knows many like 但若such as分开使 languages, like 用,则不可互换。 English and Chinese.

spend [spend] v. 花费
spend + 时间 + on sth. / (in) doing sth. 在某事上/做某事花费一段时间 例题: My mother told me not to spend too much A time _____ computer games. A. playing B. to play C. play D. played

辨析 take, spend, pay 例如: It usually takes me half an hour to do my homework. 做作业通常花费我半小时的时间。 Students often spend one and a half hours (in) doing homework. 学生们经常花一个半小时的时间做作业。 I paid 10 yuan for this book. 我买这本书付了十元钱。

根据以上例句可知: It takes sb. some time to do sth. 意为“花 费某人??时间来做某事”。 spend

的主语必须是人,而spend …on sth. 意为“买某物花了??钱”。spend +时 间+(in) doing意为“花费多少时间来做某 事”。可以与it takes sb. some time to do sth. 来进行句型转换。 pay 的主语必须是人,而“花钱买某物” 为pay … for。

It usually takes me a few minutes to make my bed. (改为同义句) I usually ________ a few minutes spend making _________ my bed.

A 1. They spend too much time _____ the report. A. writing B. to write C. on writing D. write B 2. -- Will you please _____ for my dinner, Peter? -- Sure! A. spend B. pay C. take A 3. It will _____ me too much time to read this book. A. take B. spend D. pay

4. She usually ________ much time A shopping in the supermarkets. A. spends B. takes C. pays 5. He likes English. He spends lots of timereading (read) it every day. (2009 ______ 宿迁) 6. It took Alice five minutes to finish reading the book. in spent Alice ______ five minutes ____ reading the book.

8.And remember, “old habits die hard”.

die [dai] v. 消失;灭亡;死亡
考点一:辨析die of与die from
die of表示”死于”,多 用于内因 die of (hunger, cold, illness, sorrow…) die from表示”死于”, 多用于外因 die from (a wound, an accident…)

Many people die of Tom’s uncle died from cancer.很多人死于癌症。 an earthquake.汤姆的叔 叔死于一场地震。

考点二:die的各种形式 dead adj. death n. die v. died died

dying 考点三:be dying to do sth. / for sth. 渴望做某事/某事物

知识点补充
dentist [`dentist] n. 牙科医生
考点: go to the dentist = go to the dentist’s (clinic)

however [hau`ev?(r)] adv. 然而,不过
辨析:but和however
My but是并列连词,表转折, brother can speak French, but I can’t. 意思是“但是,而” however较but正式,但 It’s raining hard. 词义弱一些,并不直接引 However, I still want to go there. 出相反意见。

more than多于

考点:more than = over“多于,超过” 反义词组为less than, 意为“少于” Eg: Five is less than six.

almost [`?:lm?ust] adv. 几乎,差不多
考点: almost是常用的程度副词,意为“几乎, 差不多”,同义词是nearly。almost常常位 于行为动词之前,系动词、情态动词之后。 Eg: He almost eats all the hamburgers in the restaurant.他几乎吃了那家店里所有的汉堡。

point [p?int] n. 得分;点
Eg: This is the first point I want to make. 这是我要说的第一个重点。 辨析:point at, point to和point out

point at当表示“指着” 时可与point to互换,但 含有非善意的意义时,要 用point at。point to 还 可以表示建筑物的朝向 point out意为“指出”

It’s rude to point at a person.指着人是失礼的。 The building points to the north.这所大楼朝东。 He pointed out the importance of the work. 他指出了这项工作的重要 性。

2c Read the article again and

answer the questions.
1. How many percent of the students do not exercise at all?

2. How many percent of the students use the Internet every day?

Unit 2
How often do you exercise?
Section B Period 2(3a—Self Check)

New Words
dentist n. magazine n. however adv. than prep.& conj. more than less adv. adj.& pron. less than point n. 牙科医生 杂志;期刊 然而;不过 比 多于 较少;较小 较少的;更少的 少于… 得分;点

根据句意,用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。
1.My family has healthy (health) lifestyle. a ______ eating 2. Tina’s _______ (eat) habits are pretty good. to play 3. Try not ______ (play) with those bad boys.

4. There are many differences ____________ (different) between the two girls. 5. My mother doesn’t want me ______ (be) on to be the school basketball team.

根据对话内容, 在横线处填入适当的内容, 补 全对话(每空词数不限)。 A: Oh, your computer looks cool. Do you like surfing the 1. ________? Internet B: Yes. I like to 2. ________ my friends on the talk with computer. A: 3. _________ do you talk with them? How often B: I talk with them every day.

how many A: Then 4. _________ hours do you do that every day? B: Two. What about you? don’t / never / hardly A: I 5. ________________________ do (ever) that. I spend more time on my studies. B: You’re really a good girl.


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