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专题二十三书面表达·英语三年中考两年模拟(全国)

发布时间:2013-12-11 11:32:06  

专题二十三 句型转

内容清单

1.了解英语句子的结构和表意特点?2.掌握改写句子的基本方法和技巧?

能力要求

3.具体题型:(1)单数句型与复数句型?(2)陈述句变一般(5)变否定句?(6)陈述句改为感叹句?(7)同义句转换?

疑问句?(3)改写为特殊疑问句?(4)改写为反意疑问句?

2.能够用不同的语言形式准确表达思想?

1.在实际应用中把握语言形式的表意功能?

2012年全国中考真题演练

1.ChenPingreceivedane ̄maillastFriday.(改成否定句)2.Therearestudentsinourclass.(对画线部分提问)3.oftenadictionaryfromBruce.(改为同义句)1.I??dliketogotoexcitingplaceforfun.(对画线部分提问)2.womanoutsidedoormustbeMrsBlack.(改为否定句)Thewomanoutsidethedoor   

youever    

   

MrsBlace.

   

you   

togoforfun?

二、(2012??甘肃白银)Bruceoften   

hisdictionary   

me.

   

   

studentsarethereinyourclass?

ChenPing   

    

ane ̄maillastFriday.

一、(2012??重庆)

3.needmoreworkersandmoneytobuildthebridge.(改Theydon??tneed   buildthebridge.   语态)

   

为否定句)

moreworkers   

moneyto

   

   

doyouhaveanEnglishparty?

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

4.Themovieisinteresting.(改为感叹句)

5.parentsdon??tallowmetogooutonschoolnights.(改为被动parents.I    

not    

togooutonschoolnightsbymy

interestingmovieitis!

3.Doyouoftendoyourin(用ever替换often改写句子)   

4.glassisusedforkeepingwaterhot.(改为同义句)People    为一句)plans?

theglass   

keepwaterhot.yourhomeworkinpairs?

1.Thenewproductconsistsoffourmainpartsinside.(改为一般疑2.solvedthephysicswithoutanyhelp.(保持句意Jessica    help.基本不变)

    

thephysicsproblemswithoutany

   问句)

thenewproduct   

offourmainpartsinside?

四、(2012??上海)

5.Canyoutellme?Areanyproblemswithmyplans?(合并Canyoutellme    三、(2012??乌鲁木齐)句转换)

   

areanyproblemswithmy3.Susanfollowedsadvicetodesignsmartshoes.(对画线部分4.Danplayedverywell.HewontheThomasCupLinDanplayedbadmintonwell    ThomasCupagain.again.(合并为一句)

    

winthe

   提问)

advice   

Susanfollowtodesignsmartshoes?

1.Thelittlegirlistooshorttoreachtheorangeonthetable.(同义table.

Thelittlegirlisn??t   

   

toreachtheorangeonthe

2.WehaveanEnglishpartyonceamonth.(就画线部分提问)5.Mystudentsalwaysshareideasinclass.(改为被动语态)

61.Thetragedyisnotinnotknowing?butinnotknowingthatyoudon??tknow.(B??Shaw)世间悲剧不在于无知?而在于不知道自己的无知?(肖伯纳)

62.Readingexercisesone??seyes?speaking?one??stonguewhilewriting?one??smind.(F??Bacon)阅读训练人的眼睛?说话训练人的口齿?写作训练人的思维?(F??培根

)

名言大观

3年中考??2年模拟??

英语

Ideas    You   

always   

bymystudentsinclass.

六、(2012??河北)

根据所给单词完成句子?要求符合语法?语句通顺?大小写

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

6.Choosetheperfectonly?oryouwon??tbeabletomakethebestwine.(保持句意基本不变)theperfectgrapesonly.为宾语从句)

beabletomakethebestwine    

you1.better?are?feeling?you

正确?单词不得重复使用?标点已给出?

 ? ! ? . .

7.“Isitthefirstboys ̄onlyschoolinthecity?”askedaparent.(改inthecity.   

Aparentasked   

it    

2.3.4.t?dictionary?much?me5.七、(2012??兰州)There   

thefirstboys ̄onlyschool

1.The3DfilmTitanicisfantastic.(对画线部分提问)2.ofSandy?Igotthewell ̄paidjob.(改为同义句)   

   

Sandy?Igotthewell ̄paidjob.

    

   

the3DfilmTitanic?

五、(2012??四川乐山)

3.amsingingwhenthetelephonerings.”(将直接引语改为间接引语)rang.

Tonysaidthat    Wedecided   

1.Therewassomemilkinthebottle.(改为否定句)

    

milkinthebottle.

weeksago改写句子)

singingwhenthetelephone2.KevintakeaholidaytoFrancetheweekafternext.(用twoKevin    

aholidaytoFrancetwoweeksago.

4.Wedecidedthatweshouldstayforacupoftea.(改为同义句)

    

foracupoftea.   

5.Shedressedaman.Shecouldjointhearmy.(合并为含状语从句的句子)army.

Shedressedlikeaman    

3.TheknifeintheboxisTony??s.(改为复数形式)The    句话)

intheboxes   Tony??s.

shecouldjointhe

4.WasthemachineinventedDavid?Shewasn??tsure.(合并成一5.Thechildrenhaveneverdonethatbefore.(改为反意疑问句)Thechildrenhaveneverdonethatbefore?    terrible.(对画线部分提问)

   

phone.(改为感叹句)

   

Shewasn??tsure    

themachinewasinventedbyDavid.

   ?

2011~2010年全国中考真题演练

1.Wekeepintouchwitheachotherbye ̄mail.(改为否定句)2.OurschoolanEnglishspeechcontestayear.   

(对画线部分提分)

    

We    

   

一、(2011??上海)

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

intouchwitheachotherbye ̄mail.2.ItistosendEnglishmessagestofriendsonamobile   

toonamobilephone!

interestingthingitistosendEnglishmessa ̄

   youfindyourproblemsarenotsoterrible?

doesyourschoolorganizeanEnglishspeechniceplacethebeachisfortourists!

3.Thebeachisaniceplacefortourists.(改为感叹句)   

   

know.(合并为一句)newmarketsinAsia.

3.ItwouldbeniceifwecouldgetaroomwithakitchensowecouldItwouldbeniceifwecouldgetaroom    kitchensowecouldcookourownmeals.Beingavolunteerisgreat?    Iamsaying?”(改为间接引语)

   ?

cookourownmeals.(改为同义句)

    

4.therenewmarketsinAsia?ThesalesmanagerwantstoThesalesmanagerwantstoknow   birthday.(改为被动语态)ebrateits100thWeshould    

there    

any

4.Beingavolunteerisgreat.(改为反意疑问句)

5.Theuniversitywillinvitemanygraduatestocelebrateits100thManygraduateswill   there?either.(保持句意不变)

   

bytheuniversitytocel ̄

5.ThewomanteacheraskedtheyouunderstandwhatThewomanteacheraskedthestudents    understandwhatshewassaying.

   

    

could

6.Weshouldn??ttalkloudlyinthetheater.Weshouldn??tsmoke

talkloudly   

smokeinthetheater.

1.TheyhadanEnglishpartylastSunday.(改为否定句)They    

weekends?”(改为间接引语)

三、(2011??贵州安顺)

1.comparingwithothers?youwillfindyourproblemsarenotso

 

二、(2011??甘肃兰州)

2.Thereporterthegirl?“DoyoulikeyourvolunteerworkonThereporteraskedthegirl    

she   

hervolunteer

anEnglishpartylastSunday.

63.Thesundoesn??tshineonbothsidesofthehedgeatonce.(R??Jefferies)太阳不能同时照到篱笆的两面?(R??杰弗里斯)

64.Ifwintercomes?canspringbefarbehind?(PercyByssheShelley)冬天来了?春天还会远吗?(雪莱)

名言大观

专题二十三 句型转

3.Thegirlwithaflowerinherhandismysister.(改为定语从句)Thegirl   AmI    

    

aflowerinherhandismysister.

dinner?(改为同义句)workonweekends.

4.Mysonistooyoungtojointhearmy.(改为同义句)

5.Shehardlyhowtosolvethismathproblem.(改为反意疑问句)六、(2010??重庆)There   year.

Mysonisn??t   

    

tojointhearmy.

Shehardlyknewhowtosolvethismath       ?

   

manystudentsinthisschoollast

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

4.ShouldIarriveontimeoralittlelaterifsomeoneinvitesmetooneinvitesmetodinner?(对画线部分提问)    

   

   

arriveontimeoralittlelaterifsome ̄

1.Thereweremanystudentsinthisschoollastyear.(改为否定句)

5.Thestudentswilllearnthegroupdancetheschoolplayground.

thestudentslearnthegroupdance?

atennisracket?

2.Thekidisplayingthepianoattheschoolmusicclub.(对画线部    分提问)

isthekid   

    

thepiano?

1.Alicehasatennisracket.(改为一般疑问句)

2.weresometigersinthemountains.(改为否定句)3.Theareofmediumheight.(对画线部分提问)   

   

thetwinslooklike?    

There   

    

tigersinthemountains.

   

Alice   

四、(2011??山东临沂)

3.MoreandmorespeakChineseintheworld.(改为被动语态)

Chinese   world.

bymoreandmorepeopleinthe

    

every

4.Mycousinusuallywalkstoschooleverymorning.(改为同义句)Mycousinusuallygoestoschool   morning.

tired    

5.他太累?在公交车上睡着了?(完成译句)七、(2010??河北)标点已给出)Hewas   

4.willupwithsomewaystolearnmoreEnglish.(改为同义句)lish.

Frankwill   

somewaystolearnmoreEng ̄

attheendoftheweek.

hefellasleeponthebus.

5.Youshouldfinishtheworkattheendoftheweek.(改为被动语态)1.0urcityisbeautiful.(改为感叹句)   

   

ourcityis!

provinces.(对画线部分提问)   

    

五、(2011??新疆乌鲁木齐)Theworkshould   

    

将所给单词连成完整、正确的句子?(单词不得重复使用?

1.for?you?ready?class?are2.3.t?so4.5. ? ? . . .

2.TherearetwohundredfamouscompaniesinXinjiangfrom1919provinces?

famouscompaniesinXinjiangarethere

3.1amsurprisedtofindgreatchangeshavetakenplaceinChina.   (改为同义句)

my    ?Ifindgreatchangeshavetakenplacein

 

 之间的相互转换?

句型转换题常有两种形式?一种形式是要求考生在各题B

句的每个空格里写上一个单词?使句子意思与A句相近?另一种形式是句型间的转换?结合近几年的考题?今后的命题趋势:

1.注重对深层次的理解

句型转换在中考试题中属于语法性强的题型?为了避免学

生死记硬背语法规则?出题人会改变该题型的基础性、典型性和单一性为多样性、复杂性和综合性?

2.题量分值趋向减少

如广东中考题中句型转换与完成句子的小题数由原来的10

??????????????????????????????????????????

点和难点?源于课本?注重能力的训练

?

4.所考查的知识点都依纲扣本?突出了学生所学知识的重

1.把握句意?分析结构?要准确解答此类题?应具备良好的

语法及词汇知识?认真研读所给句子的意思?并分析比较两句的

结构?想想是缩句、释义?还是结构功能等方面的转换等?只有

弄清了题意?掌握了所给上句与下句之间存在的联系?转换才有

2.注意积累?反复推敲?在学习或复习过程中?对于词语意

可能?

道小题减少到8道小题?分值由原来的20分减少到16分?

3.重点考查学生对一些重要短语、句型的熟练程度和它们

义的不同表达方式?不同的结构表达相似意义的句型?应认真掌

握?用心收集?

65.Weepnomore?nosigh?norgroan.Sorrowcallsnotimethat??sgone.(JohnFletcher)别哭泣?别叹息?别呻吟?悲伤唤不回流逝的时间?(J??弗莱沏)66.Allmypossessionsforamomentoftime.(QueenElizabeth)我的一切都是为了那辉煌的一刻?(伊丽莎白一世的临终遗言)

名言大观

3年中考??2年模拟??

英语

3.在转换时?应注意动词时态方面的一些要求?在答题时?

要多角度、全方位地考虑?认真突破难点?并注意复查验证?

??

 

 短语?句式公式为:

句型转换旨在考查考生对重点短语?基本句型的掌握情况

和熟练应变能力?该题目类型着重对基础知识进行考查?是中考得分率较高的题目类型?

综观近几年中考试题?改写句子包括了以下三种类型:一、根据要求改写句子

(一)陈述句改为一般疑问句或肯定句改为否定句?

此类型是句型转换中最常见的?可按照以下规律解答该类

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

也要注意掌握“祈使句+or/and+简单句”的特殊句法?

Ifyouworkhard?youwillpasstheexam.Workhard?andyouwillpasstheexam.1.简单句合并成复合句

3.陈述句变祈使句?要注意以动词开头?否定句前加Don??t?

(2)What+名词短语+主语+谓语!

(1)How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!

题目:

(三)把简单句合并成复合句或复合句改为简单句?

may/must/should/could/would等时变一般疑问句时直接把它们提到句首?变否定句时通常在其后加not?

一般疑问句)

(1)Thestudentshavealreadyfinishedtheirhomework.(改为

Havethestudentsfinishedtheirhomeworkyet?

1.如果陈述句中有助动词be/have/has/will?情态动词can/

通常的考查形式是把两句话合并成一个含有宾语从句的复

合句?要注意以下几点:

接?若是一般疑问句用if/whether连接?若是特殊疑问句就用该

(1)要变为宾语从句的句子如果是一个陈述句?则用that连

句的特殊疑问词连接?这一点与下面讲到的直接引语变间接引

语的用法相同?但特别要注意的是:如果if/whether引导的宾语

MrWangaskedLinTao.DoesheliveinHeze?(合并为一个

(2)Sheiscleaningthebedroom.(改为否定句)

Sheisn??tcleaningthebedroom.

从句中出现了“...ornot”?这时只能用whether?而不能用if?

为动词?变一般疑问句时需在句首加助动词Do/Does/Did?变否为动词原形?

2.在一般现在时和一般过去时的句子中?若谓语动词是行

含宾语从句的复合句)

定句则在谓语动词前加don??t/doesn??t/didn??t?并把谓语动词转换

(1)JimgoesrollerskatingonSundays.(改为一般疑问句)

DoesJimgorollerskatingonSundays?Theydidn??thaveanEnglishpartylastSunday.

readthetextafterme.

MrWangaskedLinTaoifhelivesinHeze.(2)宾语从句要用陈述语序?

从句的复合句)

Whattimedoeshehavelunch?Doyouknow?(改为含宾语

(2)TheyhadanEnglishpartylastSunday.(改为否定句)3.祈使句改为否定句时直接在句首加Don??t?Readthetextafterme.(改为否定句) ① 

需要选用适当的时态?但如果主句的谓语动词是一般过去时?宾

(3)主句中的谓语动词是一般现在时?宾语从句可根据语境

Doyouknowwhattimehehaslunch?

语从句要用与过去时态相联系的时态(客观真理?自然现象?公式定理除外)?

Heiscrossingtheroad.Allofussaw.Allofussawhe ③ 

yet?alotof应变为many/much?

Jillhasn??tbeento ② 

4.句中有and?some和already等词时往往改为or?any和JillhasalreadybeentolotsofplacesinChina.

placesinChina.

动词?且主句主语是第一人称时?从句若为否定?需要否定前移?

I ④ 

Shedoesn??tdowellinChinese?Ithink.

thinkshedoeswellinChinese.

(4)主句谓语动词是guess/think/suppose/believe/imagine等

crossingtheroad.

example:

5.变换肯定句中某个(些)单词有时也可改为否定句?Forboth...and—neither...nor?something—nothing?somebody—no ̄

body?all—none/noone等?而谓语动词形式也随之变化?

Bothofthetwinslikemooncakeswitheggsinthem.(二)陈述句改为选择疑问句?感叹句或祈使句?

语从句的关系代词以及动词的选择?

(5)将简单句转化为含有定语从句的复合句?这时要注意定

Neitherofthetwinslikesmooncakeswitheggsinthem.

year.(合并一个含有定语从句的复合句)

Thetreesaregrowingverywell.Theteachersplantedthemlast

1.陈述句改为选择疑问句要注意用or连接?句)

ingwell.

Thetreeswhichwereplantedbytheteacherslastyeararegrow ̄

Myhusbandlikesfishforlunch.(用chicken完成选择疑问sothat/inorderthat/because/since/than/as...as/notso(as)...接在一起构成复合句?

Hespokeatthetopofhisvoice.Everyoneheardhim.

2.简单句合并为复合句的考查形式是用“so(such)...that/

两个引导词how和what?how后加形容词或副词?what后加名词

 

2.陈述句改为感叹句?要注意选择适当的引导词?感叹句有

Whichdoesyourhusbandlikebetterforlunch?fishorchicken?

as/if/unless/when/while/before/after/until等连词把两个句子连

Hespokeatthetopofhisvoicesothateveryoneheardhim.

67.Thedarkesthouristhatbeforethedawn.(Fuller)黎明前的时分是最黑暗的?(富勒)

68.Writeitonyourheartthateverydayisthebestoftheyear.(Emerson)把这铭记在你心里:每天都是一年中最好的日子?(爱默生)

名言大观

专题二十三 句型转

3.复合句改为简单句

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

在做这类题时?考生同学可以从以下几个方面寻找答题“突

一般将来时现在完成时过去完成时

过去将来时过去完成时过去完成时

破口”:(1)宾语从句中疑问词和不定式的连用?(2)定语从句与分词短语做定语的转换?(3)sothat与不定式做目的状语?so...that状语从句转换成inorderto/soasto结构等?

that...与too...to...?not...enoughtodo的转换?inorderthat/so

(4)because引导的原因状语从句与becauseof的转换等?(四)主动句变被动句?

(5)if条件状语从句与“祈使句?and(or)+简单句”等的转

  3.指示代词的变化?

4.时间状语的变化?

直接引语today今天now现在

直接引语中的this变为间接引语时应改为that?复数these

改为those?

换?为了更好地帮助同学们做题?不妨记一下转换技巧?

时间状语的变化如下表所示:

间接引语thatday那天then那时

第二步:把主动句的宾语改为被动句的主语?谓语动词由主动形式改为被动形式?主动句的主语成为介词by的宾语?放在句尾?

Sheeparekeptforproducingwoolbypeople.Peoplekeepsheepforproducingwool.

1.主动句变被动句第一步:要看时态?时态必须保持一致?

动形式时的各种变化?具体有以下几种变化:

2.主动句改为被动句?要注意谓语动词由主动形式变为被一般现在时的被动语态:am/is/are+过去分词一般过去时的被动语态:was/were+过去分词现在完成时的被动语态:have/has+been+过去分词情态动词的被动语态:can/may/must/...+be+过去分词一般将来时的被动语态:will/shall+be+过去分词现在进行时的被动语态:am/is/are+being+过去分词过去进行时的被动语态:was/were+being+过去分词过去完成时的被动语态:had+been+过去分词

thisevening今晚yesterdaymorning

昨天上午lastnight昨天晚上twodaysago两天前nextweek下周tomorrow明天

前天yesterday昨天

thatevening那天晚上thedaybefore前一天themorningbeforethenightbeforetwodaysbeforelowingweek第二周ingday第二天

twodaysbefore

两天前

thenextweek/thefol ̄thenextday/thefollow ̄

两天前前一天晚上前一天上午

为被动句的主语?或者把直接宾语改为被动句的主语?在bedone后需加to或for?

注意:(1)把直接宾语改为被动句的主语?间接宾语前加介tell等?

词to的动词有:send/pass/write/give/show/bring/lend/sell/hand/

(2)间接宾语前加介词for的动词有:buy/cook/make/order/

3.含有双宾语的主动句改为被动句时?一般把间接宾语改

thedaybeforeyesterdaythedayaftertomorrow

后天

intwodays??time/twodaysafter两天后

choose/get/draw等?

一样?有三种情况:that引导陈述句?一般疑问句或反意疑问句用if或whether?特殊疑问句用特殊疑问词来引导?这三种句型的语序都是用陈述语序?

6.直接引语是祈使句?改为间接引语时成为不定式短语?而注意:直接引语在下列三种情况时?即使主句是过去时?变a.表示客观真理的?一般现在时?

  5.直接引语变间接引语的引导词与由简单句变为宾语从句

(五)直接引语变间接引语?

在做直接引语变间接引语时必须掌握它的一些规律?下面

来归纳一下:

1.变化人称的一般规律:

且谓语动词通常用ask/order等“祈求?命令”的动词?

主语一致?

(1)直接引语中的第一人称变间接引语时?其人称与主句的

间接引语时时态仍不变?

宾语一致?

(2)直接引语中的第二人称变间接引语时?其人称与主句的(3)直接引语中的第三人称变间接引语时?其人称不变?

推一个时态?

2.注意时态的变化?一般规律是间接引语的时态相应向前

直接引语一般现在时一般过去时现在进行时

间接引语一般过去时过去完成时过去进行时

sound.”sound.

Thephysicsteachersaid?“Lighttravelsmuchfasterthan

muchfasterthan

Thephysicsteachersaidthatlight ⑤ Mikesaid?“Myauntisaworker.”

b.表示客观事实或经常发生的?习惯性的动作时时态不变?

不变?

c.直接引语是过去完成时?过去进行时?变间接引语时时态

Mikesaidthathisauntisaworker.

Shesaid?“Ihadfinishedworkingbeforesupper.”

69.GivemeaplacetostandandIwillmovetheworld.(Archimides)为我一个支点?我将翘起整个地球?(阿基米德)

70.Victorywon??tcometomeunlessIgotoit.(M??Moore)胜利不会走向我们?我们必须自己走向胜利?(穆尔)

名言大观

3年中考??2年模拟??

英语

Shesaidthatshehadfinishedworkingbeforesupper.

名词前的数量进行提问?除此之外howmuch还对价钱进行提

结构公式:

数形式?如果主语变成了复数?相应地谓语动词也要注意其变化?

ThisisanEnglishbook.(改成复数句子)ThosearesomeEnglishbooks.

1.单数句子变复数句子就是把句子中的名词或代词变成复

(六)单数句子变复数句子?

问?

(1)Howmany+可数名词复数+一般疑问句语序?

子时两个名词同时变复数?不是表示性别的名词修饰时只变后面的名词为复数形式?如:

Therearesome⑥ 

Thereisawomanteacherintheoffice.

2.在单数句子中?有表示性别的名词修饰名词时?变复数句

构公式为:How+助动词+主语+谓语动词原形?

⑦ didtheygototheSummerPalace?

9.对方式?程度?身体状况的词提问用特殊疑问词how?结TheywenttotheSummerPalacebybustwodaysago.

(3)Howmuch+一般疑问句语序?(对价钱提问)

(2)Howmuch+不可数名词+一般疑问句语序?

二、对画线部分提问

teachersintheoffice.since+句子?

对时间段提问用howlong(多久)?如:for+时间段?IhavetaughtinamiddleschoolsinceIcamehere.Howlonghaveyoutaughtinamiddleschool?⑧  ⑨ 

willyoufinishwork?

该类型的题目主要是考查学生对疑问句的结构?语序以及

某些特定疑问句类型的掌握情况?解答这类题目?正确选择疑在中考中常见的提问句式有以下几种情况:

问词是关键:考生必须准确把握常见疑问词所提问题的侧重点?

1.对主语或表语的人提问时用“Who...?”语序分两种情

11.对将来的时间提问用howsoon(多久)?如:in+时间段?Wewillfinishworkinfourdays.

对频度副词或短语及单位时间内的次数提问用howof ̄Henrywenttovisithisgrandmasixdays.HowoftendidHenrygotovisitgrandma?

况:(1)对主语提问时?语序为陈述语序?即:Who+谓语动词系动词+主语+...?

+...?(2)对表语提问时?语序为一般疑问句语序?即:Who+

WhodoesTimlike?Timlookslikefather.

ten(多久一次)?

2.对物主代词或名词所有格提问?用特殊疑问词whose?3.对地点提问用where?Whosefriendtheteacher?Theteacherisbrother??sfriend.

词(heavy/far/long/wide...)?

13.对重量?距离?长?宽等提问用how?句型为:How+形容It??saboutminutes??walkfrommyhometoschool.Howfaritfromyourhometoschool?

14.对because引导的原因状语从句提问用why(为什么)?⑩ 

didn??tMrsReadsleepwelllastnight?

词+一般疑问句语序?

4.对定语进行提问用which?句型结构公式为:Which+名ThegirlisreadingEnglishunderthetreeismysister.Whichisyoursister?

Wheredidthelittleboysplayfootballyesterday?

Thelittleboysplayedfootballtheplaygroundyesterday.noise.

MrsReaddidn??tsleepwelllastnightbecausethewindmadetoo

三、同义句的相互转换

这是句子改写的一种重要形式?它涉及面广?语言点多?方

式灵活?是中考命题的热点?同义句的相互转换除了考查主动句与被动句?复合句与简单句之间的转换?直接引语变间接引语

问?whattime是对具体时间(点钟)提问?有时对具体时间提问也可用when?

(1)IarrivedinBeijinglastweek.

5.对时间提问用when/whattime?when是对不具体时间提

外?还有一些词或短语的替换?仅仅通过替换几个词或短语?而使句子意思不变?就能达到异曲同工之妙?常用方法有以下几种情况:

1.用同义词(组)或近义词(组)改写?如:enjoyoneself=2.用反义词(组)改写?如:thesameas/differentfrom?catch3.运用派生词或多义词改写:Itheavilylastnight.

Thesnowwasheavylastnight.(改写同义句)

(2)Weusuallygetuphalfpastfiveinthemorning.

Whattimedidyouusuallygetupinthemorning?

WhendidyouarriveinBeijing?haveagoodtime?over=morethan?upwith/fallbehind等?

般疑问句语序?

6.对星期名称提问用whatday?句型结构为:Whatday+一Itwasyesterday.Whatwasityesterday?Shelikesred.

结构公式为:Whatcolour+一般疑问句语序?

Whatcolourdoesshelike?

7.对颜色提问用特殊疑问词whatcolour...(什么颜色)?

式主语等?

cost?spend?payfor之间的改写?两类感叹句的转换?以及it做形

so/as...与less...than?thananyother与最高级?take(花费)与

5.合并分句法?包括用either...or?both...and?neither...nor?(1)Theyenjoyedthemselvesattheparty.

4.用意义相同或相近?但结构不同的句式改写?如:not...

many是对可数名词前的数量进行提问?而howmuch是对不可数

 

8.对数量提问有两个特殊疑问词:howmany/howmuch?hownotonly...butalso等关联词合并?注意动词形式的变化?

71.Wherethereisawill?thereisaway.(ThomasEdison)有志者?事竟成?(爱迪生)

72.Theemptyvesselsmakethegreatestsound.(WilliamShakespeare)满瓶不响?半瓶咣当?(莎士比亚)

名言大观

专题二十三 句型转

(2)Tomborrowedastorybookfromtheboyjustnow.(3)Johnisthetalleststudentinhisclass.

(合成一句?意思不变)

TheboylentastorybooktoTomjustnow.Johnistallerthananyotherstudentinhisclass.NeitherhenorIhavebeentoFrance.Theyhadagoodtimeattheparty.

解析:Hedoesn??talwaysgetthereontime.意为“他并非老是

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

准时到那儿”?是部分否定?习惯上把句中的副词改为相应的表示否定的副词即可?如:Itoftenrainshere.Itseldomrainshere.

8.Behereearlytomorrow.误:Benothereearlytomorrow.

(4)Hehasn??tbeentoFrance.Ihaven??tbeentoFrance?either.

正:Don??tbehereearlytomorrow.

解析:祈使句的否定?一般在谓语动词前加donot的缩写

don??t?

一、肯定句变否定句易混点剖析

1.Ithinksheisthere.误:Ithinksheisn??tthere.正:Idon??tthinksheisthere.

9.Youhadbettercome.

误:Youdidn??thavebettercome.

正:Youhadbetternotcome.

解析:hadbetter相当于一情态动词?不可分割?因此not应放10.BothTomandXiaoPingwenttoschool.

在其后?wouldrather也是如此?

解析:英语中think?believe?expect?suppose等表示信念和揣

测的动词?且主语为第一或第二人称后接that从句时?习惯上将谓语?

误:BothTomandXiaoPingdidn??tgotoschool.

从句中的否定形式转移到主句上?即否定主句谓语?不否定从句

2.Hecansingthissongandthatone.

正:NeitherTomnorXiaoPingwenttoschool.

解析:一个句子中如果有不定代词both?all?every改为否定

式时?要把这些不定代词改为相应的表示否定的代词?

1.so...that...与too...to...的转换?

误:Hecannotsingthissongandthatone.正:Hecannotsingthissongorthatone.

二、比较so...that...?too...to...与enoughto...

当that引导的从句为否定式?且从句主语与主句主语相同

3.Tomwenttoschool?too.

解析:肯定句中的并列连词and在否定句中一般要改为or?误:Tomdidn??tgotoschool?too.正:Tomdidn??tgotoschool?either.

时?so...that...可转换为too...to...结构?若从句主语与主句主

Heissoshortthathecan??treachtheapples.

语不同?so...that...可转换为too...forsbto...结构?

→Heistooshorttoreachtheapples.

ThisquestionissodifficultthatIcan??tanswerit.

4.Hehashadsupperalready.正:Hehasn??thadsupperyet.动?

解析:too和also用于肯定句中时?否定句中用either替换?误:Hehasn??thadsupperalready.

解析:随着对谓语动词的否定?某些副词也要作相应的变5.Hehadagoodrestjustnow.

→Thisquestionistoodifficultformetoanswerit.2.so...that...与enoughto...的转换?

当that引导的从句是肯定式?且从句主语与主句主语相同

时?so...that...可转换为enoughto...的结构?若从句主语与主句主语不同时?so...that...可转换为enoughforsbto...的结构?

误:Hehadn??tagoodrestjustnow.

但是注意若从句为否定式?转换后的形容词(副词)要用其相应

Heissocleverthathecansolvetheproblem.

正:Hedidn??thaveagoodrestjustnow.是行为动词?否定句用助动词来完成?

6.Let??sdoit.误:Let??sdon??tdoit.

正:Don??tlet??sdoit.或Let??snotdoit.首前加Don??t或在不定式前加not?

的反义词?

解析:have在表示开会、吃饭、休息、进行体育锻炼等词组中

解析:let后接的是不带to的不定式?变为否定式?直接在句7.Healwaysgetsthereontime.正:Henevergetsthereontime.

→Theproblemisn??teasyenoughformetosolveit.3.enoughto...与too...to...的转换?Heisn??toldenoughtojointhearmy.→Heistooyoungtojointhearmy.

→Heiscleverenoughtosolvetheproblem.TheproblemissodifficultthatIcan??tsloveit.

但转换后的形容词(副词)要用相应的反义词?

enoughtto...为否定句时?可以转换为too...to...的结构?

误:Hedoesn??talwaysgetthereontime.

73.Betterbeunbornthanuntaught?forignoranceistherootofmisfortune.(Plato)与其不受教育?不如不生?因为无知是不幸的根源?(柏拉图)

74.Agreatpoemisafountainforeveroverflowingwiththewatersofwisdomanddelight.(Shelley)伟大的诗篇即是永远喷出智慧和欢欣之水的喷泉?(雪莱)

名言大观

3年中考??2年模拟??英语

2012年全国中考仿真演练

一、按要求完成句子(2012??河北)标点已给出)

将所给单词连成完整、正确的句子?(单词不得重复使用?1.bike?is?your?this?his?or

2.3.4.s?books?our?these5.t?on?was?Rose?so?walk?she二、按要求变换句型(2012??山东滨州)疑问句)   问)

MrWanghardlyspokeawordatthemeeting      ?

mission.(改为被动语态)without??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

5.can??ttakemagazinesoutofthereadingroomwithoutper ̄Magazinescan??t   

    

outofthereadingroom

 ? ? ! . .

三、按要求完成句子(2012??重庆)

在横线上填入所缺单词?使句子完整(注意:每空不止一个A.对画线部分提问

单词)?

1.Thekidisplayingthepianoattheschoolmusicclub.2.boynexttoLiLeiismyfriend.同义句改写         

thepiano?

         isyourfriend?

there.

1.TherewillbealotmorevisitorstoSichuanthisyear.(改为一般2.Jianlianisaprofessionalbasketballplayer.(对画线部分提3.Youreallyhavetotakecareofthepetwhenweareaway?(改为同义句)away.

Youreallyhaveto    

    

    

YiJianlian??s    ?   

bealotmorevisitorstoSichuanthisyear?

3.Theteachersaid?“Don??tshouthere?children!”Chinese         world.

4.MoreandmorepeoplespeakChineseintheworld.5.Mycousinusuallywalkstoschooleverymorning.morning.

Theteachertoldthechildren          

bymoreandmorepeopleinthe

every

thepetwhenweare

Mycousinusuallygoestoschool                  

4.MrWanghardlyspokeawordatthemeetingyesterday.(改为反意疑问句)

6.Jamesspenttenyearsmakingthisamazingfilm.Jamestenyearstomakethisamazing

2011年全国中考仿真演练

1.Aliceattendsthelectureonceaweek.(改为否定句)Alice    

   

thelectureonceaweek.   

按要求改写句子(2011??广东)

7.TheSummerPalaceisabeautifulpark.()8.iswaterintheglass.(改为否定句)There   

    

waterintheglass.

   

they    

   

   

    

    

Thecowcouldn??t    

   

    

   .

????????????????????????????????????????????????????

2.Wecanstoreaofinformationinthecomputer.(改为被动语态)

3.Wehavealreadyreadand(改为否定句)We    

   

    

Alotofinformation    

storedinthecomputer.

theSummerPalaceis!

9.TheylearnedEnglishforthreeyears.(改为一般疑问句)10.Theworkersbuiltthebridgefiveyearsago.(改为被动语态)11.Hedoesn??tspeakShedoesn??tspeakFrench?either.(用12.Thelittleboyspenttwohoursindoinghishomework.(用It

It   

takesb...句型改写句子)

thelittleboytwohours   

    

his

    

neither...nor改写句子)

he    

she    

French.

Thebridge    

   

bytheworkersfiveyearsago.Englishforthreeyears?

4.Jackdoesworkonthefarmevery(改为一般疑问句)   Jack    

   

   

written   .

onthefarmevery

5.Mikedrewapictureontheblackboard.(改为被动语态)6.Theytmakethecowgo.(改为被动语态)

 

Apicture       ontheblackboardbyMike.

75.Thewholemeaningoflifeliesintheconstanteffortstoexploretheunknownandincreaseknowledge.(Zola)生活的全部意义在于不断探索未知和增加知识?(左拉)

76.Themostwelcomedpeopleoftheworldareneverthosewhocontinuallylookbackuponthetrials?thesorrows?thefailures?thebitterfrustra ̄tionsofyesterday?butthosewhocasttheireyesforwardwithfaith?hope?courage?happycuriosity.(Cooker)

世界上最受欢迎的人从来不是那种不停地往后看着昨天的困苦、悲伤、失败和惨痛挫折的人?而是那种怀着信心、希望、勇气和愉快的求知欲而放眼于未来的人?(库克

)

名言大观

专题二十三 句型转换

13.WatchingTVtoomuchisbadforyoureyes.(用good改写为选

择疑问句)   

   foryoureyes?

    

watchingTVtoomuch    

   

homework.

Math      一个句子)

??????????????????????????????

16.Workyouwillpasstheexam.(用if改写为复合句)

    

   

ly...butalso改写为简单句)   

gooddancing.

   

    important    English.

14.iswrongwiththeTVset.(用therebe句型改写句

子)

15.Mathisimportant.is(用as...as连成

    

   

   

    

theTVset.

17.aregoodatTheyaregoodatdancing.(用noton ̄

They   

    

goodatsinging   

    ?youwillpasstheexam.

1.“Areyoutiredtoday?”Mymotheraskedme.   .gain.

Mymotheraskedme   

一、改为间接引语

2.MrKingisverybusywithhiswork.Hecan??ttakeaholiday.MrKingis    It??stime    At         

   

    

takeaholiday.

    

dinner.

??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

I       

tired        

3.It??stimefordinner.

2.teachersaidtotheboy?“Don??tbelateagain.”Theteacheraskedtheboy   LindaaskedJohnwhere   bicycle.

latea ̄

4.Whenhewasthirty?TommovedtoLondon.五、对画线部分提问

    

    

thirty?TommovedtoLondon.

3.LindaaskedJohn?“Wheredidyoubuythisnewbicycle?”

    

    thatnew

1.Theriveris10meterswide.

            

1.Youshouldspeaktotheoldpeoplepolitely.Theoldpeopleshould    

   

   

Chinese    worldnow.everyday.

二、改为被动语态

2.hasstayedthereforthreeyears.   

istheriver?

2.Moreandmoreforeignersspeakintheworldnow.

topolitely.

3.willgobacktoEnglandbyplanenextmonth.六、改为否定句We   

hasHenrystayedthere?

AllangobacktoEnglandnextmonth?

flowersinfrontofthehouse.

bymoreandmoreforeignersinthe

    

1.Wecanseesomeflowersinfrontofthehouse.2.Hetobuyadictionaryforhisdaughter.He   

        

He      

see    

3.Theteachersmakeshisstudentsdomuchhomeworkeveryday.Hisstudents   

   

4.Theybuiltmanybuildingslastyear.三、改为反意疑问句句Manybuildings    

   

domuchhomework

3.Hetothecinema?too.七、改为祈使句

tobuyadictionaryforhisdaughter.tothecinema?    .

lastyear.

   ?

1.Tomwritestohispenpaleverymonth.

1.Willyoupleasereaditagainmorecarefully?

                    

   

2.MrWanghardlyspokeawordatthe3.sgooutforawalkafterdinner.四、改为同义句      ?

Tomwritestohispenpalevery   2.remembertolockthedoorwhenyouleave?   

inpublic?Kids.

againmorecarefully?please.youlockthedoorwhenyouleave.

MrWanghardlyspokeawordatthemeetingyesterday?    Let??sgooutforawalkafterdinner?    

Jack   

Mike    

   ?

3.oftentellthekidsnottospitinpublic.八、改为感叹句      

1.Wehavefineweathertoday.2.cityisverybeautiful.

1.NotonlyJackbutalsoMikehasbeentothatisland.

weatherwehavetoday!ourcityis!

beentothatisland.

77.OfthisIamquitesure?thatifweopenaquarrelbetweenthepastandthepresent?weshallfindwehavelostthefuture.(Churchill)有一点我可以确信?如果我们就过去和现在展开一场争吵?我们会发现我们已失去将来?(丘吉尔)

78.Asamatteroffact?anintelligentperson?lookingoutofhiseyesandhearinginhisears?withasmileonhisfaceallthetime?willgetmoretrueeducationthanmanyothersinalifeofheroicvigils.(R??L??Stevenson)

实际上?一个脸上总是挂着笑容的智人?用眼睛去看?用耳朵去听?要比许多苦苦熬夜的人更能接受到真正的教育?(R??L??史蒂文森)

名言大观

3年中考??2年模拟??英语

专题二十三 句型转换

[2012年全国中考真题演练]

一、1.didn??treceive 解析:原句是一般过去时态?改为否定

句?直接加助动词didn??t和动词原形receive?

2.Howmany 解析:对可数名词数量fifty进行提问用howmany?

3.lends?to 解析:原句句意为:我经常向布鲁斯借词典?同义句句意:布鲁斯经常把他的词典借给我?borrow...fromsb意为“向某人借????”?lend...tosb意为“借????给某人”?

二、1.Where?like 解析:提问地点用where引导?结合英语

提示可知此处缺少的是like?

2.can??tbe 解析:must在此处意为“一定?肯定”?表示否定推测时用can??t?其后动词用原形?

3.Have?done 解析:ever意为“曾经”?用于现在完成时?由主语为you可知此处用have引导?动词用过去分词形式?4.use?to 解析:由usesthtodosth并结合句意“人们使用玻璃杯让水保温?”可知答案?

5.if/whetherthere 解析:本题考查宾语从句的用法?原句为一般疑问句时?变宾语从句应用if或whether引导?并将句子变为陈述语序?

三、1.tallenough 解析:由原题可知此处句意应为“这个小

女孩不够高?不能够到桌子上的橘子”?enough修饰形容词或副词时?放在形容词或副词后?个子“高”用“tall”表示?

2.Howoften 解析:onceamonth意为“一个月一次”?故此处是提问频率?用howoften?意为“多久一次”?

3.any?or 解析:some意为“一些”?在否定句中?变为any?and意为“和”?在否定句中变为“or”?

4.Whatan 解析:本题考查感叹句的用法?被感叹部分为interestingmovie?故用Whatan来引起感叹句?

5.am?allowed 解析:主动语态改为被动语态时?由主语为I可知此处用be动词am?被动语态的构成方式为“be+动词的过去分词”?allow的过去分词形式为allowed?

四、1.Does?consist 解析:因为句中谓语动词consists是第

三人称单数形式?故本句是一般现在时态?因此在改为一般疑问句时要添加助动词does?同时谓语动词恢复原形?

2.dealtwith/workedout 解析:保持句意基本不变?换句话说是变为同义句?故用dealwith/workout与原句中的动词solve进行同义替换?同时要注意时态的一致性?

3.Whose?did 解析:对名词所有格提问用疑问词whose?意为“谁的”?而且原句是一般过去时态?故用助动词did?4.enoughto 解析:enoughtodosth意为“足以做某事”?与原句意义相符合?

5.are?shared 解析:被动语态的基本构成是“be+动词的过去分词”?故把原句中的谓语动词变成“be+动词的过去分词”形式?而且be动词受主语ideas的影响要填are?6.won??t?unless 解析:unless意为“除非”?引导条件状语从句?与原句的意思相近?

7.whether/if?was 解析:因为直接引语是一般疑问句?故将其变为宾语从句时要用whether/if引导?因为主句是一般过去时态?故宾语从句也用过去时态?因此把原句中的is改为was?

五、1.Howis 解析:由题目要求可知此处用how引导特殊

疑问句?意为“怎样”?再将句子变为一般疑问句?

2.Thanksto 解析:对比前后两句可知此处所缺的意思为“因为?由于”?thanksto意为“由于?幸亏”?

3.hewas 解析:本题考查直接引语变间接引语?间接引语中主语应变为he?由谓语动词用一般过去时?可知间接引语

3年考题探究

中应用过去进行时?

4.tostay 解析:本题考查宾语从句与不定式的转换?decidetodosth意为“决定去做某事”?

5.sothat 解析:由原题句意“她打扮得像一个男人?她能参军?”可知前后句用sothat(以便)引导目的状语从句?

六、1.Areyoufeelingbetter 解析:由英语提示及句尾的问号

可知句意为“你感觉好些了吗?”?将be动词提至主语之前?构成一般疑问句?

2.Whatkindpeopletheyare 解析:由英语提示及句尾的感叹号可知句意为“他们真是善良的人!”?由what引导的感叹句用于感叹名词或名词性短语?

3.WhichbuildingdoesJennylivein/InwhichbuildingdoesJen ̄nylive 解析:由英语提示及句尾的问号可知句意为“詹妮住在哪座楼?”?此处是由which引导的特殊疑问句?4.Thedictionarydidn??tcostmemuchmoney 解析:由英语提示及句尾的句号可知句意为“这本词典没有花费我许多钱”?sthcost(s)sbsomemoney意为“某物花费某人一些钱”?

5.IlentmyMP5toSamyesterday/YesterdayIlentmyMP5toSam 解析:由英语提示及句尾的句号可知句意为“昨天我把我的MP5借给了萨姆”?由时间标志词yesterday可知句子用一般过去时?

七、1.wasn??tany 解析:句中be动词was变否定句时变为

wasn??t?否定句中some变为any?

2.took 解析:本题考查一般过去时的用法?时间状语改为twoweeksago“两周前”?故用一般过去时?take的过去式为took?

3.knives?are 解析:knife的复数形式为knives?此处主语变为复数?谓语动词也要用复数形式?

4.if/whether 解析:本题考查宾语从句的用法?宾语从句为一般疑问句?用if或whether引导?意为“是否”?

5.havethey 解析:本题考查反意疑问句的用法?由陈述部分中never可知附加疑问句应使用肯定形式?故填havethey?

[2011~2010年全国中考真题演练]

一、1.don??tkeep 解析:含有实义动词的一般现在时?变为

否定句时?实义动词变为“don??t+动词原形”?

2.Howoften 解析:对频度副词提问用howoften?

3.Whata 解析:感叹句的基本结构为“What+a/an+形容词+单数名词/不可数名词+主语+谓语!或What+形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语!或How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!或How+形容词+a/an+单数名词!”4.if?are 解析:当一般疑问句的句子用于宾语从句时?连接词要用if来引导?从句的语序要用陈述语序?

5.beinvited 解析:一般将来时的被动语态结构为:will+be

+done?

6.neither?nor 解析:neither??nor用来连接两个并列的成分?意为“既不????也不????”?

二、1.Howwill 解析:对“如何?怎样”提问?用疑问词how?

助动词will提到主语的前面?变为一般疑问句?

2.Whatan 解析:感叹句的句式为:“What+a/an+形容词

+单数名词/不可数名词+主语+谓语!”

3.whichhas 解析:考查定语从句?“有一个厨房的房间”先行词room是物?故用关系代词which来引导定语从句?4.isn??tit 解析:考查反义疑问句?反义疑问句的特点是:前面肯定?后面否定?前面否定?后面肯定?is的反义疑问句是isn??t?代词it代指成为志愿者这件事?

5.if/whetherthey 解析:一般疑问句变为间接引语是要用连接词if/whether来引导?意为“是否”?人称作相应变化?三、1.didn??thave 解析:实义动词的否定用助动词+not+

????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

 参考答案全析全解

动词原形?2.if?liked 解析:一般疑问句改为间接引语时?要用连接词if/whether?人称和时态要做相应的变化?一般现在时改为一般过去式?3.who/thathas/holds 解析:先行词thegirl是人?故用关系代词that/who引导定语从句?4.supposedto 解析:besupposedto意为“被期望?被要求”?相当于should?5.Wherewill 解析:对地点提问用疑问词where?will助动词提到主语前?变为一般疑问句?

四、1.Does?have 解析:含实义动词的一般疑问句?把助动

词提到主语前面?助动词要根据时态和人称而定?助动词后接动词原形?2.weren??tany 解析:be动词的否定直接在后面加not?some用于肯定句中?否定句中用any?3.Whatdo 解析:对外貌长相提问?用句型“Whatdo/doessblooklike?”4.thinkup 解析:comeupwith意为“想出(办法等)”?与thinkup同义?5.befinished 解析:情态动词的被动语态:“情态动词+be+done?”五、1.Howbeautiful 解析:感叹句的句式结构为:“或How+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!或How+形容词+a/an+单数名词!”2.Howmany 解析:对数字、数量的多少提问用howmany?3.To?surprise 解析:Tosb??ssurprise相当于sb+be动词+surprised?意为“使某人惊奇的是?????令某人吃惊的是????”?4.oldenough 解析:not+形容词+enough?意为“不够????”常与too??to意为“太????而不能????”进行转换?5.didshe 解析:反义疑问句的特点是前肯后否?前否后肯?hardly意为“几乎不”?否定意义?故后面的反义疑问句用肯定意义?

六、1.werenot 解析:本句为therebe句型?变否定句时只需

在be后加not?注意本题中many应改为any?2.Where?playing 解析:提问地点用where?3.isspoken 解析:本句为一般现在时的被动语态?其构成为be(am/is/are)+动词过去分词?4.onfoot 解析:walktoschool意为“步行去学校”?与gotoshcoolonfoot同义?5.so?that 解析:本句可用so...that...“如此????以致????”来构成结果状语从句?七、1.Areyoureadyforclass 解析:句中有be动词?放在一般疑问句的句首?bereadyfor“为????做准备”?2.Whoisthatyoungman 解析:who是特殊疑问词?放在句首?其后跟be动词is?3.Don??tmakesomuchnoise 解析:此句为否定形式的祈使句?4.Youhadbettergotobedearlier 解析:hadbetter意为“最好”?gotobed意为“去睡觉”?5.Sheshowedhimhowtomakeamodelplane 解析:showsbhowtodosth意为“向某人展示怎样做某事”?

[2012一、1.2.3.4.5.二、1.“What??ssb??sjob?”或“Whatdoessbdo?”3.lookafter 解析:takecareof与lookafter同义?意为“照顾?照料”?4.didhe 解析:前一分句中有hardly、never、little、seldom等否定副词时?后面简短的回答则用肯定形式?故答案为didhe?5.betaken 解析:含有情态动词的被动语态结构为“情态动词+be+done”?故答案为betaken?三、1.Whereisthekidplaying 解析:画线部分为地点?对地点提问?用疑问词where?然后把后面的句子改为一般疑问句?2.Whichboy 解析:对“哪一个”提问?用疑问词which?其后直接跟名词?3.nottoshout 解析:tellsbnottodosth告诉某人不要做某事?4.isspoken 解析:一般现在时的被动语态结构为:am/is/are+done?5.onfoot 解析:walktoschool?意为“步行去学校”?相当于gotoschoolonfoot?6.Ittook 解析:sbspendsometimedoingsth意为“某人花费时间做某事”?相当于Ittakes/tooksbsometimetodosth[2011年全国中考仿真演练]1.doesn??tattend 2.canbe 3.haven??treador?yet4.Does?doanywork 5.wasdrawn 6.bemadetogo7.Whatabeautifulpark 8.isn??tany 9.Have?learned10.wasbuilt 11.Neither?nor?speaks 12.took?todo13.Is?badorgood 14.Thereissomethingwrongwith15.isas?as 16.Ifyouworkhard 17.arenotonly?butalso[2013考情预测]一、1.if/whether?was?thatday 解析:本题考查直接引语是一般疑问句时变间接引语的引导词为if/whether?时态做相应的变化?即一般过去时?时间状语today变为thatday?2.nottobe 解析:直接引语是祈使句时?转换为间接引语时将祈使句的谓语动词变成不定式?同时将主句中的saytosb改为ask/tell?构成ask/tellsb(not)todosth句式?故答案为nottobe?3.hehadbought 解析:根据直接引语变间接引语时态的变化规律?得知间接引语中应用过去完成时?二、1.bespoken 解析:根据含有情态动词的主动句变被动句的变化规则?2.isspoken 解析:一般现在时的被动语态?其结构为is/am/are+动词的过去分词?3.aremadeto 解析:makesbdosth的被动结构为:sbbemadetodosth?4.werebuilt 解析:一般过去时的被动语态结构为:was/were+动词的过去分词?三、1.doesn??the 解析:前句中的谓语动词为动词的第三人称单数?故反意疑问句用doesn??t+人称代词?2.didhe 解析:hardly是否定副词?3.shallwe 解析:以let??s开头的祈使句?其反意疑问句用shallwe?四、1.Both?and?have 解析:根据句意我们知道本题表示的“两者都”显然用both...and...?谓语动词用复数形式?2.toobusyto 解析:too??to??结构?意为“太????而不能????”?3.tohave 解析:本题考查句型间的相互转换?It??stimefor+名词(短语)=It??stimeto+动词原形?4.theageof 解析:when引导的表示年龄的从句可与attheageof??短语进行转换?五、1.Howwide 解析:本题考查对宽度提问???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????年全国中考仿真演练]IsthisyourbikeorhisHowfarisitfromHandantoBeijing/BeijingtoHandanWhatacoldwinterwehadlastyearLet??stakethesebookstoourclassroomRosewassotiredthatshecouldn??twalkonWillthere 解析:Therewillbe...句型的疑问句为:Willtherebe...?意为“将来有????吗?”2.What??s?job 解析:画线部分是对职业的提问?可用句型2年模拟提优

3年中考??2年模拟??英语

2.Howlong 解析:本题考查对“for+时间段”的提问?3.Howwill 解析:对交通方式提问用疑问词how?六、1.can??t?any 解析:情态动词的否定句在情态动词后加 ̄not?cannot缩写为can??t?some一般用于肯定句中?变否定时some变为any?2.doesn??thave 解析:haveto有人称和数的变化?其否定形式为don??t/doesn??thaveto?3.didn??tgo?either 解析:此题考查一般过去时的肯定句与否定句之间的转换?原来的句子为一般过去时?要求转换的句子的助动词应用did?变为否定句时?too要改成either?七、1.Readit 解析:祈使句直接以动词原形开头?2.Makesure 解析:makesure后跟宾语从从句?表示“一定”?3.Don??tspit 解析:祈使句的否定句直接在动词原形前加Don??t?八、1.Whatfine 解析:在感叹句中what后跟名词?2.Howbeautiful 解析:在感叹句中?how与形容词连用?????????????????????????

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