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中考冠词

发布时间:2013-12-11 13:32:12  

中考冠词———北京四中 范姝君

一.不定冠词的用法 A 和An

1)半元音 s, h, x, m, f, r 2)表示数量有“一”的意思,但数的概念没有one强。如:I have a mouth, a nose and two eyes.

3)第一次提到某人或某物,不定冠词起介绍作用。如:Yesterday I saw an old man. He’s Tom’s father.

4)表示某个人或事物,但不具体说明何人或何物。如:A boy was waiting for you.

5)表示人或事物的某一类。如:Pass me an apple, please.

6)表示“每一”的意思,相当于every。如:Mr. Green goes to the cinema once a week.

7)抽象名词具体化,不能加s但有时能加上a/an success, surprise, pity, honor,shame, smoke 但fun不能

如:It’s a pity that you cannot come. You are a success.你们是成功的人。What fun!What a shame/a pity!

8)不可数名词前表一份、一杯、一阵、一种a coffee/tea/fog/rain/snow/wind

如:There was a heavy rain during the night. Two teas, please.

9)序数词前加不定冠词表示“又一”。a second, a third 如:Do it a second time, and I’m sure you will succeed.

10)表“某一”(a certain=some) 如: A Mr. Smith wants to see you.He has just come from a Beijing factory.

11)a most=very如: Beijing is a most beautiful city in the world.

注:用在某一些固定搭配的短语中。a lot of, a little/ a few,after a while 一会儿in a hurry 匆忙地have a look ,have a good time, have a cold

二.定冠词the

l)特指某人或某物。如:The book on the desk is mine.

2)表说话人与听话人共同知道,共同所指的东西

如: Look at the blackboard ,please. I looked under the bed and found nothing. Where are the new books,Jim?

3)指上文提到过的人或物。如:There is an old woman standing there. The old woman looked worried.

4)用在世上独一无二的事物名词前。但space不加 Our earth travels through space.如:the sun, the sky, the earth, the world,习惯用法: He is the taller of the two. In the 1970s The more,the better

习惯用语:in the morning,by the way,at the same time 同时in the middle of 在……中间,make the bed ,all the time

三。零冠词

1)名词前已有作定语的指示代词、物主代词或不定代词等限定词。

如:Raise your right hand, please. Do you know that girl? Have you any question?

2)专有名词、物质名词和抽象名词等不可数名词前 如:China,water,music, etc.

3)球类活动、学科名词、一日三餐前。但特指或具体指某顿饭时要+the: The breakfast I ate this morning was big.有形容词修饰时用a. I had a big breakfast this morning. 如:We have English and math every day.

4)物质名词,抽象名词,复数名词表示泛指。

如:They are workers.Wood can be used to make paper. Music is a language which can bring people pleasure. 但表示特指加the The music that I listened to yesterday is wonderful.

5) 在节日、星期、月份、季节前on New Year’s Day, on Friday, on October 1st, in December, in summer, at Christmas, on May Day如: June 1 is Children’s Day.

当谈论具体的季节、日期和中国传统节日时常用定冠词。the mid-Autumn Festival, the Spring Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival端午节,in the winter of 1997, on a Friday如: It happened on a Friday and I don’t remember which. I don’t like the spring of Beijing. It’s too sandy.

6)表示学科、颜色、语言、称呼语和官职、头衔的名词前。如:Headmaster Li came to Class One just now.

7)音译地名组成的街道,广场,公园,旅馆和大学前

Beijing University/Airport,Hyde Park,Wangfujing Street, Nangjing Road Tian’anmen Square, Beihai Park

8)在与by连用的交通工具名称前不加冠词。 by car, by bus, by bike, by train, by air/ water/ land,on foot

但:take a bus, on the train/ bus, in a car 如: I go to school by car every day. I take the bus to school every day.

9)man表人类 Man will conquer nature.

冠词练习——北京四中

1.(2011湖南长沙) I usually go to school on ________foot. A a B. the C. /

2.(2011湖北黄石)— Look at _______ skirt. I bought it for Mother on Mothers’ Day, isn ’t it nice?

— Oh, what _______ nice present! A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. a; 不填

3.(2011?株洲)I am going to make ________special house for my pet pig this weekend.

A. an B. a C. the

4.(2011湖南怀化)Ge You is ______ interesting actor. He has lots of fans.A. a B. 不填 C. an

5.(江苏淮安)5. Lady Gaga is ________very popular singer. She has lots of fans.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

6.(2009湖南长沙) Mary has a bad cold, she has to stay in _______ bed.A.a B.不填 C.The

7.(2008湖南长沙) There is _______ apple tree in our shool.A.A B.The C.An

8.(2007湖南长沙)--Do you have a cat?--Yes. ______ cat is black and white.

A.The B.A C.An

9.(2005湖南长沙) What ___________ interesting book it is!A. a B. an C. the

10.(2011年益阳) Tom will be back in hour.A. the B. a C. an D. /

11.(2011年常德) longest wall in the world.

A. The; the B. A; a C. The; a D. A; the

12.(2009·广州)playground.

A. the; the B. 不填;不填 C. 不填; the D. the;不填

13.(2009·河北)I really like ______ book you lent me yesterday.

A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

14.(2009·山东威海)Jimmy bought ______ car yesterday, but it’s ______ used one.

A. a; a B. a; an C. a; the D. the; an

15.(2009·四川成都)I just have ______ cup of milk for ______ breakfast.---That’s not enough.

A. a; a B. the; the C. a; 不填

16.(2009·江苏南京)Sandy often takes her dog for ______ walk around the lake after supper.

A. a B. an C. the D. 不填

17.(2009·湖南娄底)—Why do you like Mary?—Because she is honest girl. 

A. a B. an C. the

18.(2009·江苏无锡)It’s not ______ good idea to drive for four hours without ______ break.

A. a; a B. the; the C. a; the D. the; a

19.(2009·深圳)---How do you go to________ work?--I usually take_________ bus.

A.the, a B./, a C. a, a D.the,/

20 .(2009·湖南长沙)Mary has a bad cold. She has to stay in ______ bed.

A. a B. / C. the

21.(2009·福建莆田)We will see __________ even stronger China in __________ near future.

A. a; the B. an; the C. the; a D. an; a

22.It’s ______ good idea to visit our old teachers on ______ Teachers’ Day.

A a; the B. a; / C. /; / D. /; the

23.. There is __________backpack on the desk. It belongs to Tom.

A. a B. an C. the D. /

24. As we know, England is Asian country.

A. an B. a C. the D. /

25. I like___ music that I can dance to.

A. an B. a C. the D. /

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