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七年级上册英语Unit8

发布时间:2013-12-11 15:34:43  

其利教育 2013秋季 E0730

Unit 8 语法(代词)与听力练习

英语中代词分为

人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、关系代词、疑问代词、连接代词和不定代词等等。

1.人称代词

⑴ 主格作主语,宾格作动词或介词的宾语. He teaches ______ (we) Chinese. ⑵ 人称代词宾格还可以做be动词的表语,也可用在than和as之后

Eg. Who are knocking at the door?谁在敲门?----It’s me. He is taller than me.

(3) 三种人称代词并列时,顺序为:

单数:二,三,一 (You, she and I ) 复数:一,二,三 (we , you and they )

_______ and _______ in the same class.她和我在同一个班级。

注:若把责任担,第一人称最当先,(即若做错事时,把第一人称放在最前面)

Who broke the window? _______ and _______.谁打破的窗户?我和迈克。

(4)人称代词it除了可以指人指物之外,还可以表示“时间、天气、温度、距离、情况”等含义, 可以作“非人称代词”使用,替代作主语或者宾语的不定式、动名词或者名词性从句。 如:--What’s the weather like today?(今天天气怎样?)—It’s fine.(天气晴好) What’s the time?(几点啦?) –It’s 12:00.(12点) It’s a long way to go.(那可要走好长的路)

We found it very difficult to learn a foreign language well.(我们发觉要学好一门外语是非常困难的)

2.物主代词

物主代词:表示某人或某物的归属的代词。即“你的,我的,他的”等代词;分为形容此行的物主代词与名词性物主代词。形容性的物主代词在句中作定语,放在名词前;名词性物主代词则代替⑴ 形容词性的物主代词作定语放在名词前表示所属关系,不能单独使用。

1.This is ______( I ) English book.

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2.______(he)father is from America.

3. Excuse me, is this ______new camera? ------Yes, It’s______.

A. your; my B. your; mine C. yours; my D. yours; mine

⑵ 名词性的物主代词,后面不能加名词可单独在句中作主语,表语和宾语。名词性的物主代词常

与of 连用。

Our classroom is as big as ______ (they).

This is a friend of ______ (my).

◆(名词性的物主代词=形容词性的物主代词+ 名词)

This isn’t _______ bag , _______ is here.这不是我的包,我的在这。

◆ 形容词性的物主代词与own 连用时,后面可跟名词也可不跟名词.

My own house = a house of my own

3.反身代词

◆ 记忆小窍门:

1,反身代词有规律,第三人称宾格加self.其余都要物主加self,复数ves来把f替.

2. 用法:A.作宾语,表示动作的承受者就是动作的发出者,主语和宾语指同一个人或一些人。

He called himself a writer. Would you please express yourself in English?

B. 用作同位语时,主要用于加强被修饰词的语气,可紧放在被修饰名词后或句末。作主语或

宾语的同位语,表示亲自或本人。

I myself washed the clothes. =I washed the clothes myself.(作主语同位语)

You should ask the teacher himself.(作宾语同位语)

3. 反身代词的常用搭配:

enjoy oneself = have a good time (过得很愉快) , by oneself = alone (单独、独自)

help oneself to… (随便吃/喝 些...), learn sth. by oneself = teach oneself sth. (自学)

hurt oneself,introduce oneself, dress oneself, look after oneself

辨析:名词所有格

名词所有格:表示有生命的东西的名词以及某些表示时间、距离、星球、世界、国家等无生命的东西的名词后加’s表示所有关系

例如:men’s room 男厕所 Chairman Mao’s works 毛主席著作

a mile’s distance 一英里的距离 a stone’s throw 一步之遥

the moon’s light 月光

1. 但该名词是以-s或-es结尾的则只在该名词后加’,来构成所有格。

例如:3 hours’ walk 三小时的路程 five minutes’ walk 五小时路程

2. 用名词所有格表示处所

例如:a doctor’s 诊所 my sister’s 我姐姐家 Lucy’s 露西家

区分:A’s and B’s mothers 意为“A的妈妈和B的妈妈”(两位妈妈)

A and B’s mother 意为“A和B共同的妈妈”(一位妈妈,A和B为兄弟姐妹)

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练习

一.用所给词的适当形式填空

1.Are these ________(you)pencils? Yes, they are ________(our).

2.—Whose is this pencil? —It’s ________(I).

3.I love ________(they)very much.

4.She is________(I)classmate.

5.Miss Li often looks after________(she)brother.

6.—Are these ________(they)bags ? —No, they aren’t ________(their). They are ________(we)

7. Ms Ding teaches _______(we) maths.

8. Bob loves _______(he) mother very much.

9. Do they know ________ (they) new teacher?

10. I have a lovely cat, ______ (it) name is Carl.

11. Jim is a very good boy. We all like ______(he).

12. The boy under the tree is Henry. This is _______ (he) bike.

13. She doesn’t like _______(she) new dress at all. Who bought (买) it for ______(she)?

14. Who is the man over there? ________ is _______ (we) headmaster.

15. Is this red coat yours? No, _________ is yellow

二.单项选择

1 Though it rained heavily, ____ were still playing on the playground.

A. they B. them C. their D. themselves

2 Tom and ____ will go to see our teacher, for ___ is ill.

A. I; she. B. me; she C. I; her D. me; her

3 Is ___ a boy or girl?

A. she B. he C. one D. it

4 I saw___ playing in the street at that time.

A. them B. they C. their D. theirs

5 Jim will give____ a short talk tomorrow.

A. we B. us C. our D. ours

6 The pen is hers. Pass it to____, please.

A. her B. she C. hers D. herself

7 They asked ___ to do the work.

A. you, he and I B. you, him and me

C. I, you and he D. me, you and him

8 The bird built___ nest in the tree.

A. it's B. her's C. hers D. its

9 Our room is big, but____ is bigger than____.

A. their; our B. their; ours C. theirs; ours D. theirs; our

10 They aren't our books. Are they____?

A. your B. his C. her D. their

11 Our room is bigger than ___.

A. you B. your C. yours D. her

12 We ____ at the party last Sunday.

A. enjoyed myself B. enjoyed ourselves

C. enjoy myself D. enjoyed ourself

13 "Make____ at home." he said to his friends.

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A. yourself B. yourselves C. you D. yours

14 Let Tony do it by____. He is no longer a kid

A. him B. his C. himself D. he

15 You are twelve now. ___ must look after___.

A. You; yourself B. Your; yourself C. You; your D. You're; yourself 16 She and her mother enjoyed ___ at the party.

A. her B. them C. herself D. themselves

17 ___ left home early in the morning.

A. Tom and me B. I and Tom C. Tom and I D. Me and Tom 18 Who told you the news? It's ______.

A. his B. hers C. my D. me

19 Is ______your sister? What’s ______name?

A. he; his B. she; her C. his; he D. her; her

20 These sweets are______.

A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

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More practice

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