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最新(2013秋)人教版八年级上册英语知识点(单词、短语、句子、语法、练习)

发布时间:2013-12-12 09:34:55  

最新(2013秋)人教版八年级上册英语知识点 Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

单词

anyone ['eniw?n] pron.任何人

anywhere ['eniwe?(r)] adv.任何地方 n.任何(一个)地方 wonderful ['w?nd?fl] adj.精彩的;极好的

few [fju?] adj.很少的;n.少量

most [m??st] adj.最多的;大多数的;

something ['s?mθ??] pron.某事物;

nothing(=not…anything) ['n?θ??] pron.没有什么n.没有 myself [ma?'self] pron.我自己

everyone ['evriw?n] pron.每人;人人

yourself [j??'self] pron.你自己;你亲自

hen [hen] n.母鸡;雌禽

bored [b??d] adj.无聊的;厌烦的;郁闷的

pig n.猪

diary ['da??ri] n.日记;日记簿(keep a diary)

seem [si?m] vi.似乎;好像

someone ['s?mw?n] pron.某人;有人

quite a few相当多;不少(后接可数名词)

of course [?vk??s] 当然

activity [?k't?v?ti] n.活动;活跃

decide [d?'sa?d] v.决定;选定(decide to do sth.)

try [tra?] v.尝试;设法;努力 (try to do sth. /try doing sth.) bird [b??d] n.鸟;禽

paragliding ['p?r?ɡla?d??] n.空中滑翔跳伞

bicycle ['ba?s?kl] n.自行车

building ['b?ld??] n.建筑物

trader ['tre?d?(r)] n.商人;商船

wonder ['w?nd?(r)] v.惊奇;想知道;怀疑

difference ['d?fr?ns] n.差异;不同

top [t?p] n.顶部;顶

wait [we?t] v.等;等待(wait for)

umbrella [?m'brel?] n.伞;雨伞

wet [wet] adj.湿的;雨天的

below [b?'l??] prep.低于;在...下面adv.在下面

as [?z] conj.如同;像...一样

enough [?'n?f] adj.足够的adv.足够地;充分地

duck [d?k] n.鸭肉;鸭

hungry(反full) ['h??ɡri] adj.饥饿的;渴望的

feel like(doing sth.)想要

dislike [d?s'la?k] v.不喜欢;厌恶 n.不喜爱;厌恶;反感 重点短语

1. go on vacation去度假

2.stay at home 待在家里

3.go to the mountains 去爬山

4. go to the beach 去海滩

5. visit museums 参观博物馆

6. go to summer camp 去参加夏令营

7.quite a few 相当多

8.study for 为??而学习

9.go out 出去

10.most of the time 大部分时间

11. taste good 尝起来很好吃

12.have a good time 玩得高兴

13. of course 当然

14.feel like 给??的感觉;感受到

15.go shopping 去购物

16.in the past 在过去

17. walk around 四处走走

18. because of 因为

19. one bowl of? 一碗??

20. the next day 第二天

21. drink tea 喝茶

22. find out 找出; 查明

23. go on 继续

24.take photos 照相

25. something important 重要的事

26. up and down 上上下下

27. come up 出来

28. buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth. 为某人买某物

29. taste + adj. 尝起来??

30. look+adj. 看起来??

31.nothing?but+动词原形 除了??之外什么都没有

32.seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来??

33. arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

34.decide to do sth. 决定去做某事

35. try doing sth. 尝试做某事 /

36. try to do sth. 尽力去做某事

37. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事/

38. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事

39. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事

40. want to do sth. 想去做某事

41. start doing sth. 开始做某事

42. stop doing sth. 停止做某事

43. dislike doing sth.不喜欢做某事

44. keep doing sth. 继续做某事

45. Why not do. sth.? 为什么不做??呢?

46. so+adj.+that+从句 如此??以至于??

47. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事 48 .have a good time=enjoy oneself=have fun(doing sth.)玩得痛快

三、重点句子:

1. Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪儿度假的?

2. Long time no see. 好久不见。

3. Did you go anywhere interesting? 你去有趣的地方了吗?

4. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 大多数时间我只呆在家里看书和放松。

5. Everything was excellent. 一切都很棒。

6. I bought something for my father. 我给我爸爸买了些东西。

7. How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?

8. I arrived at Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早晨我和家人到达马来西亚槟城。

9. For lunch, we had something very special. 午饭我们吃了很特别的东西。

10. ?but many of the old buildings are still there.

??但是许多旧的建筑物还在那里。

11. My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today.

今天我和爸爸决定去槟城山。

12. And because of the bad weather , we couldn’t see anything below. 并且因为糟糕的天气,我们看不见下面的任何东西。

语法:

复合不定代词或副的构成及用法

构成:由some, any, no, every分别加上-body, -thing, -one构成的不定代词叫做合成不定代词;加上-where构成副词。

用法:

(1)合成不定代词在句中可以作主语,宾语或表语等。

Nobody will listen to him. He wants something to eat.

(2)不定代词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数。 There is nothing wrong with the TV. Everybody likes reading.

(3)some-不定代词,通常用于肯定句中;

any-不定代词则多用于否定句、疑问句中。

但some-可用于表请求、邀请、预料对方会作肯定回答时的疑问句中。

Someone is calling me.

There isn’t anyone else there.

Is anybody over there?

Could you give me something to eat?

(4)形容词修饰不定代词时,通常要放在不定代词之后。

There is something delicious on the table.

(5)somewhere, anywhere, nowhere, everywhere用作副词。

Flowers come out everywhere.

注:① 形容词修饰不定代词要后置:anything special

② 巩固练习:

用不定代词或不定副词填空:

1. I can’t hear anything = I can hear _________.

2. There is __________ on the floor. Please pick it up.

3. Did ________ go to play basketball with you ?

4. I phoned you last night, but ________ answered it. 5. Maybe __________ put my pencil _________. I can’t find it ___________.

单选

1. No one ________ how to do it. A.know B. knows C. knowing D. knew

2. Everything_____OK, isn’t it? A. was B. are C. and D. is

3. There’s________in the newspaper. You should read it.

A. important something B. something boring

C. boring something D. something important.

1. arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.

(翻译)___________________________________

arrive为不及物动词,意为____,

arrive in 到达+大地方(国家 省 市)

arrive at 到达+小地方(机场 商店等)

get to 到达+地方

reach 到达+地方

The Smiths_____ New York at 8:00 last night.

A.arrived at B. got to C.reach D.arrived

2. so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. (翻译)_____________

3. decide为及物动词,意为决定,决心。决定做某事:____________.

4. My sister and I tried paragliding. (翻译)____________________

意为______________;

________________

We shouldn’t try _______(study) English, we should try ________(study) English.

5.I felt like I was a bird.(翻译)_______ _________________________.

_____后常接_____.另外feel like还意为_____

Do you feel like a cup of tea?

6.I wonder what life was like here in the past.(翻译)

_____________

,后常接疑问词(who, what, why)引导的从句。 I wonder _____ you are doing.(我想知道你正在做什么。)

6.What a difference a day makes! 感叹句,结构为What +名词+主语+谓语! 补充:________________________________________________

7. We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people.

________ 为等候 ,后接人或物。

________为太多,后接可数名词复数;

________+不可数名词(money);

________为太?后接形容词或副词(big)

8 .My father didn’t bring enough money.

Enough后可接________________,其形式分别为_________;_____________。

(1) want to do sth. 想要做某事

(2) want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事

(3) would like to do sth. 想要做某事

(4) (2) decide to do sth. 决定做某事

(5) decide on 决定某事

课后练习

一、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. I didn’t find ______ ( someone ) there.

2. Is there _______( something ) important in today’s newspaper?

3. Look! There is _______ ( anybody ) at home. The light is on.

4. Amy _______ ( meet ) a famous actor yesterday.

5. There _______ ( be ) forty-five students in our class last term.

6. Miss Green ________ ( come ) to China in 2008.

7. Little Tom _______ ( be ) here a moment ago.

8. She _________ ( buy ) a new bag yesterday.

二、单项选择

( )1. ----_____ you ______ to the movies? ---- Yes, I did.

A. Did went B. Did go C. Are went

( )2. ----- How was your weekend? ------ Great! We _______ a picnic in the park.

A. have B. has C. had ( )

3. Mrs Green with her little daughter _______ at home ______ that rainy night.

A. was on B. were on C. was at ( )

4. --- Who told you to clean the windows? ---Miss Wang ______

A. told B. did C. has told ( )

5. ---- Do you always _______ to the zoo? ----- Yes, I ______ yesterday.

A. go go B. go went C. went go ( )

6. ---- ______ there any koalas in the zoo last year? ---- No, there ______.

A. Are aren’t B. Were wasn’t C. Were weren’t ( )

7.----- Did you go with ______? ------ Yes, I did.

A. someone B. anyone C. somebody ( )

8. ----- Did you buy ______ special? ----- No, I didn’t.

A. something B. some things C. anything

三、句型转换

1.Lucy played computer games yesterday.

( 改为一般疑问句 )

______ Lucy _____ computer games yesterday?

2.We went to the Palace Museum.

( 对划线部分提问 ) _______ ______ you ______?

3.There was someone here just now.

( 改为否定句 ) ___________________________________________ .

4.She played volleyball just now.

( 改为否定句 ) She _______ ________

5.volleyball just now. They ate a lot of ice cream.

( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ ________ they ________?

6.My vacation was pretty good.

( 对划线部分提问 ) ________ _______ your vacation?

Monday, July 15th

I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. It was sunny and hot, so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel. My sister and I tried paragliding. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! For lunch, we had something very special—Malaysian yellow noodles. They were delicious! In the afternoon, we rode bicycles to Georgetown. There are a lot of new buildings now, but many of the old buildings are still there. In Weld Quay, a really old place in Georgetown, we saw the houses of the Chinese traders from 100 years ago. I wonder what life was like here in the past. I really enjoyed walking around the town.

Tuesday, July 16th

What a different a day makes! My father and I decided to go to Penang Hill today. We wanted to walk up to the top, but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train. We waited over and hour for the train because there were too many people. When we got to the top, it was raining really hard. We didn’t have an umbrella so we were wet

and cold. It was terrible. And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below. My father didn’t bring enough money, so we only had one bowl of rice and some fish. The food tasted great because I was so hungry!

不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said give-gave get-got, go-went come-came have-had, eat-ate take-took run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made read-read, write-wrote draw-drew

drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke,

sweep-swept buy-bought, swim-swam, sit-sat,

bring--brought, can-could, cut-cut become-became,

begin-began, draw-drew feel-felt find-found

forget-forgot hear-heard keep-kept know-knew,

learn-learnt(learned) leave-left, let-let,

lose-lost, meet-met, read-read, sleep-slept, speak-spoke, take-took teach-taught , tell-told, wake-woke

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

单词

housework ['ha?sw??k] n.家务劳动

hardly ['hɑ?dli] adv.几乎不;简直不;刚刚

ever ['ev?(r)] adv.曾经;在任何时候

once [w?ns] adv.一次;曾经

twice [twa?s] adv.两倍;两次

Internet ['?nt?net] n.因特网

program ['pr??ɡr?m] n.节目;程序;课程;节目单

full [f?l] adj.满的;充满的;完全的

swing [sw??] n.摇摆;秋千v.摇摆;旋转

maybe ['me?bi] adv.或许;也许;可能

swing dance摇摆舞

least [li?st] adj.最小的;最少的

at least至少

hardly ever很少;几乎从不;难得

junk n.垃圾;废旧杂物

coffee ['k?fi] n.咖啡;咖啡色

health [helθ] n.健康;人的身体或精神状态

result [r?'z?lt] .结果;后果

percent [p?'sent] adj.百分之...的

online [??n'la?n] adj.在线的adv.在线地

television ['tel?v??n] n.电视机;电视节目

although [??l'e??] conj.虽然;尽管;然而;可是

through [θru?] prep.穿过;凭借;一直到

body ['b?di] n.身体

mind [ma?nd] .头脑;想法;意见;心思

such [s?t?] adj.这样的;如此的

together [t?'ɡee?(r)] adv.共同;一起

die [da?] v.死;枯竭;消失

writer ['ra?t?(r)] n.作者;作家

dentist ['dent?st] n.牙科医生

magazine ['m?ɡ?zi?n] n.杂志

however [ha?'ev?(r)] adv.然而;无论如何;不管多么

than [e?n] conj.比

almost ['??lm??st] adv.几乎;差不多

none [n?n] pron.没有人;没有任何东西,毫无

less [les] adj.更少的;较少的

point [p??nt] n.看法;要点;重点;小数点;目标;分数

重点短语

such as例如;诸如

junk food n.垃圾食品;无营养食品

more than超过;多于;不仅仅;非常

less than不到;少于

help with housework 帮助做家务 on weekends 在周末

how often 多久一次 hardly ever 几乎从不 once a week 每周一次 twice a month 每月两次

every day 每天 be free 有空

go to the movies 去看电影 use the Internet 用互联网

swing dance 摇摆舞 play tennis 打网球

stay up late 熬夜;睡得很晚 at least 至少

have dance and piano lessons 上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early 早点睡觉

play sports 进行体育活动 be good for 对??有好处

go camping 去野营 not?at all 一点儿也不?? in one’s free time 在某人的业余时间 the most popular 最受欢迎的

such as 比如;诸如 old habits die hard 积习难改

go to the dentist 去看牙医 morn than 多于;超过

less than 少于 help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 How about?? ......怎么样? want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ??有多少???

spend time with sb. 和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的??的。

ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事

What’s your favorite??? 你最喜爱的??是什么?

the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式

三.重点语法

(一) 重点句型

1.-----What do you usually do on weekends? -----I often go to the movies.

(1) on weekends/on the weekend在周末

(2) go to the movies 去看电影

(3) 第一个do 助动词 第二个do 实意动词

2. hardly ever 几乎从不 hardly ever 相当于 hardly, ever起强调作用。

hardly 为副词,意为“几乎不没有)”,相当于almost not,本身具有否定含义,不能再使用其他否定词。

E.g. She hardly eats anything.

辨析: hardly 和hard hard作形容词,意为“困难的,艰苦的,硬的”; hard作副词,意为“努力地,猛烈地”。

hardly意为“几乎不”

to dig

(2) I can understand them.

(3) It's raining go outside.

3. ----How often do you watch TV? ----Twice a week.

(1) how often 意为“多久一次,多长时间一次”,用来提问频率。

(2) twice a week 一周两次

拓展: 一次 once 两次 twice

三次或三次以上 基数词+ times three times four times

4. What's your favorite program? = What program do you like best?

你最喜欢的节目是什么?

5. How come?怎么回事?怎么会? 表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句。相当于疑问词why。但how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍是陈述语序。

How come you didn't tell me about it? = Why you didn't tell me about it?

6. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我也许一个月去看一次电影。

maybe 副词,意为“或许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。

E.g. Maybe he knows the way to the park.

辨析:maybe 与 may be maybe副词,作状语,意为“或许,大概,可能”,常位于句首。 may be 属于“情态动词+be 动词”结构,意为“可能是”。

(1) The baby is crying she is hungry.

(2) The woman a teacher .

7. Last month we asked our students about their free time activities.

ask ab. about sth. 询问某人某事

8. We all know that many students often go online, but we were surprised that ninety percent of them use the Internet every day. The other ten percent use it at least three or four times a week. 我们都知道许多学生经常上网,但是让我们感到惊讶的是90%的学生每天都上网,而另外10%的学生一周至少上网达三至四次。

(1) other: adj. 其他的+名词

the other: adj. 其他的+名词(在特定的范围内)

one?the other? 一个??另一个

E.g. One of them is blue,the other ones are purple.

它们的其中一个是蓝色的,其他的是紫色的。

others: 其他的东西 the others: 其他的东西(在特定的范围内)

E.g. One of the children likes reading,the others like singing.

后句可替换为the other students like singing.

(2) at least 至少 at most 最多,至多

E.g. I have ten yuan in my pocket at most.

9. Most students use it for fun and not for homework.

大多数学生上网是为了娱乐而不是为了写家庭作业。

10. The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting.

关于看电视的调查结果也十分的有趣。

the answers to our questions 问题的答案

dance to the music 和着音乐的节奏跳舞

key to the lock 这把锁的钥匙

11. Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular. 尽管许多学生喜欢看体育节目,但是娱乐节目是最流行的。

12. It is good to relax by using the Internet of watching game shows, but we think the best way to relax is through exercise. 通过使用因特网看娱乐节目来放松很不错,但是我们认为最好的放松方式是通过锻炼来放松。

(1) It’s +adj.+to do sth 做某事??的

E.g. It’s very easy to learn English well.

(2) by doing sth. 通过做某事

(3) the best way to do sth. is做某事的最好方式

13. It is healthy for the mind and the body. 这有益于身心健康。

stay healthy = keep healthy = keep in good health 保持健康

14. Old habits die hard. 旧习难改。

(二)语法知识: 频度副词

1. 频度副词的含义

(1) 表示次数、频率的副词称为频度副词。

常用的频度副词按高低依次为

always > usually > sometimes > seldom > hadly ever > never

100% 80% 60% 30% 10% 0%

(2) 表示具体的频率、次数时,一次用once,两次用twice,三次或三次以上用“基数词+times”表示: three times, four times, six times

2. 频度副词在句中的位置

(1 )频度副词一般在实意动词之前,be 动词、助动词或情态动词之后

E.g. We never eat junk food.

Lucy is sometimes very busy.

I can hardly say a word.

(2)有些频度副词也可位于句首,但表示不同含义 sometimes 常位于句首,和位于句中区别不大。

E.g. Sometimes Jack plays computer games.

often 用于句首时,通常表示强调,且其前一般有quite,very 修饰 E.g.Very often he goes online.

Usually 也可位于句首,其前不用修饰语。

E.g. Usually my father goes up early.

Always 一般不用于句首,但可以用在祈使句中。

E.g. Always remember this.

3. 对频度副词提问时,用how often

E.g. ---How often do you go to the movies? ---Once a month

Unit3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

单词

outgoing ['a?tɡ????] adj.外向的

better ['bet?(r)] adj.更好的;较好的 adv.更好地

loudly ['la?dli] adv.大声地;高声地;花俏地

quietly ['kwa??tli] adv.安静地;悄悄地;平静地

hard-working [hɑ?d'w??k??] adj.勤勉的;努力工作的

competition [?k?mp?'t??n] n.竞争;比赛

fantastic [f?n't?st?k] adj.极好的;了不起的

which adj.哪一个;哪一些pron.哪一个;哪些

clearly ['kl??li] adv.清楚地;显然地

win [w?n] v.赢;赢得;获胜;获得n.胜利

though conj.虽然;尽管;adv.不过

care about关心

talented ['t?l?nt?d] adj.有才能的;有天赋的

truly ['tru?li] adv.真实地;真诚地;正确地

care [ke?(r)] v.关心;担忧;照顾;在乎

serious ['s??ri?s] adj.严肃的;严重的;庄重的

mirror ['m?r?(r)] n.镜子;反映

necessary ['nes?s?ri] adj.必要的;必然的

both [b??θ] adj.两者都pron.两者

should [??d] aux.应该;可能;应当;将要

touch [t?t?] vt.触摸;感动

reach [ri?t?] v.到达;伸出;达成;取得联系;延伸;(伸手)去够

heart [hɑ?t] n.心脏;内心

fact [f?kt] n.事实;真相;实际

break [bre?k] v.打碎;折断;违背;解决;中断

laugh [lɑ?f] v.发笑;笑;嘲笑 n.笑声;笑;笑料

similar ['s?m?l?(r)] adj.类似的

share [?e?(r)] vt.分享,共享;分配;共有

loud [la?d] adj.大声的;adv.大声地;响亮地

primary ['pra?m?ri] adj.最初的,最早的

be different from和...不同

information [??nf?'me??n] n.信息;情报;资料;通知

as long as只要

bring out拿出;推出

the same as与...同样的

in fact事实上;实际上;确切地说

be similar to类似于;与...相似

重点短语

1. . more outgoing 更外向

2. as?as? 与??一样??

3. the singing competition 唱歌比赛

4. be similar to 与??相像的/类似的

5. the same as 和??相同;与??一致

6. be different from 与??不同

7. care about 关心;介意

8. be like a mirror 像一面镜子

9. the most important 最重要的

10. as long as 只要;既然

11. bring out 使显现;使表现出

12. get better grades 取得更好的成绩

13. reach for 伸手取

14. in fact 事实上;实际上

15. make friends 交朋友

16. the other 其他的

17. touch one’s heart 感动某人

18. be talented in music 有音乐天赋

19. be good at 擅长??

20. be good with 善于与??相处

21. have fun doing sth. 享受做某事的乐趣

22. be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

23. make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

24. want to do sth. 想要做某事

25. as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与??一样??

26. It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。

三.重点语法

(一) 重点句型

萨姆和汤姆都会打鼓,但是萨姆比汤姆打得要好一些。

both (1) 表示“两者都”, both用在含有be动词的句中,应放在be动词的后面;用在含有行为动词的句中,应放在行为动词的前面,

(2) both?and?表示“两者都”,both...and在句中连接并列成分,如主语、谓语、表语、宾语等,位置比较灵活。

E.g. Both New York and London have traffic problems. (连接主语)

The secretary both speaks and writes Spanish.(连接谓语)

【考例】My parents ________ doctors.

A. both are B. all are C. are all D. are both

拓展:all表示“三者或三者以上全都”的意思,

every指三个以上的人或物(含三个),

each指两个以上的人或物(含两个)。

练习:用all,both,every,each填空

1) My brothers and I are ________l at school.

2) ________ student may have one book.

3) ________Tom and Jim are my good friends.

4) Three students are flying kites,they are________ in Class 1.

2. Tara works as hard as Tina. 塔拉学习和蒂娜一样努力。

as...as意为“与??一样??”,as...as中间接形容词或副词的原级。

其否定结构not as/so...as意为“不如??”。

E.g. He is as tall as his father. 他和他爸爸一样高。

1. Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom.

Tom gets up as early as Jim. 汤姆起得和吉姆一样早。

Lucy isn’t as outgoing as Mary. 露西不如玛丽外向。

注意:(1) 其否定式为not as/so +adj./adv. +as。

E.g. This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.

E.g. Your bag is twice as expensive as mine. 你的包比我的贵一倍。

3. You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win, though.

不过,你能看得出来,丽萨确实想赢。

win此处用作不及物动词,意为“赢;获胜”;

win还可用作及物动词,意为“赢得;在??中获胜”,此时其后的宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。

E.g. He won the first prize. Who won the race?

辨析:win与beat

① win表示“赢得;获胜”,用作及物动词时,其宾语为比赛的项目、奖品或战争等。

E.g. We won the basketball game.

② beat表示“打赢;战胜”,用于比赛时,其宾语为所战胜的对手。

E.g. Li Lei beat all the runners in the 100-metre race.

(2) (2) 若有修饰成分,如twice, three times, half, a quarter though此处作副词,意为“不过;可是;然而”子隔开。

E.g. Jim said that he would come; he didn’t, though.

拓展:though作连词,意为“虽然;尽管”,相当于although。

E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily.

注意:

E.g. Though he has no money, he lives very happily.

=He has no money, but he lives very happily.

3. But the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.

但是最重要的是学到一些新东西并获得乐趣。

(1) the most important意为“最重要的”,是important的最高级形式。

E.g. I think English is the most important of all the subjects.

The most important thing is to work hard.

(2) have fun意为“获得乐趣;玩得高兴”。

E.g. It’s a good place to have fun.

important的比较级为more important

拓展:意为“做某事很有趣”。

E.g. Did you have fun visiting that country?

5. ....truly cares about me...

care about 关心,在意

take care当心

take care of 照顾

练习:用适当的词组填空

1) Your mother truly____________you.

2) He has to ____________ his sister.

3) ____________ not to fall into the river.

6. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 我认为好朋友会让我发笑。

(1) make sb. do sth.意为“让某人做某事”

E.g. His father always makes him get up before five o’clock.

拓展:make的用法: ① make加名词make food 做饭 make the bed 铺床 make

money 赚钱 ② make + sb./sth. + adj. 使某人感到??;使??处于某种状态 E.g. The party made her a good teacher. ④ make sb./sth. + 过去分词 让某人被?? E.g. I made myself understood by all the students. ⑤ make sb./sth. 注意:当make用于被动语态时,必须带不定式符号to. E.g. We were made to work all night. I was made to repeat the story. (2) 辨析:laugh与smile ① laugh一般表示“出声地(大)笑”,不但有面部表情,而且还有声音。 laugh at...意为“嘲笑??;因??而发笑”。 E.g. Don’t laugh when you have a meal. ② smile一般表示“无声地微笑”,指的是面部表情。 smile at...意为“向??微笑”。 E.g. He smiled at me. 7. Yes, and a good friend is talented in music, too. talented为形容词,意为“有才能的,有才干的”,其比较级形式为more talented。be talented in为固定搭配,表示“在??方面有天赋”。 E.g. She is a talented musician. 她是一名天才音乐家。 The boy is talented in dancing. 这个男孩很有舞蹈天赋。 8. I’m quieter and more serious than most kids. 我比大多数的孩子更文静更稳重。 (1) serious为形容词,意为“严肃的;稳重的”。 E.g. My math teacher is very serious in class. 拓展:① nothing serious意为“没有什么严重的”。 ② be serious about... 意为“对??认真”。 E.g. Is she serious about giving up her job?9. That’s why I like E.g. The soft music makes Tina sleepy. ③ make sb./sth. + n. 使某人成为?? + do sth. 使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号to) E.g. Wars make the peace go away.

reading books and studying harder in class. 那就是我在课堂上喜欢读书、学习更刻苦的原因。 That’s why...意为“那就是??的原因”,why引导的句子作表语,是表语从句。 E.g. That’s why I don’t want to leave here. I got up late, and 我很腼腆。因此对我来说交朋友不是很容易。 “It’s+形容词+for sb. to do sth.”是固定结构,意为“做某事对某人来说是??的”。结构中的it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。句中的形容词为描述事物特征的词,如difficult,easy,hard,important,dangerous,necessary,possible等。 E.g. It’s very important for us to

eat a lot of vegetables every day. It’s dangerous for a child to stay at home alone.

11. But I think friends are like books—you don’t need a lot of them as long as they’re good. 但是我认为朋友就像书一样——你不需要很多。只要它们好就行。 as long as意为“只要;既然”,引导条件状语从句,主句为一般将来时或含有情态动词can时,所引导的条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。 e.g.You can leave here as long as you tell the truth. You will get good grades as long as you work hard. 12. However, Larry often helps to bring out the best in me. 然而,拉里经常帮助我表现出最好的一面。 bring out意为“使显现;使表现出”。 E.g. I want to bring out the meaning E.g. The company is bringing out a new sports car. ② bring out the best/worst in sb. 把某人最好/最坏的一面展现出来 E.g. Please tell me how to bring out the best in me. 13. I don’t really care if my friends are the same as me or different. 我真的不介意我的朋友是与我一样还是不同。 if作连词,意为“是否”,引导宾语从句,He asks me if I like music. 14. A true friend reaches for your hand and touches your heart. 真正的朋友是一个可以援手帮助并感动你心扉的人。 (1) reach for sth.意为“伸手取某物”,reach此处作不及物动词,意为“伸手”。 E.g. He reaches for the box, but he is too short. 拓展:reach作及物动词,意为“到达;抵达”。 E.g. When will you reach Beijing? 辨析:reach, get to与arrive ① reach为及物动词,后面直接接宾语。 E.g. They reached Hangzhou yesterday. ② get to后接地点名词,如果接there,here或home等地点副词,to必须省略。 E.g. How did you get to the station? ③ arrive为不及物动词,后接地点名词时必须加介词at或in。到达国家、城市等大的地方用in,到迭学校、商店等小的地方用at。接there,here或home等地点that’s why I missed the bus. 10. I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends. of the poem.我想阐明一下这首诗的意义。 拓展:① bring out还意为“出版;生产”。 常用于ask,know,wonder,find out等动词(短语)之后。E.g. I don’t know if he is at home.

副词时不用介词in或at。 E.g. I arrived at the company three hours ago. E.g. The sad story touched us. He touched his son’s head lightly. 练习 1) They arrived in Hangzhou yesterday. (2) touch及物动词,意为“感动;触摸”。

Our hometown is more beautiful than before, ________?(济南中考) A.isn’t it

B.is it C.doesn’t it D.does it 2) Li Hua’s shoes are as ________ as Zhang Hui’s. (湖南常德中考) A.cheap B.cheaper C.the cheaper 3) She sang a song I believe I can fly in Yangzhou English c1assics Reading Contest. I have never

C.better D.best

heard a ________ voice than that before. (江苏扬州中考) A.good B.well

形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:

原 级 比较级 最高级

good/well better best

bad/badly worse worst

many/much more most

little less least

furthest(最深远)

as?(原级)as与??一样?? not as/so?as不如

Liming is as tall as Jim. Jack runs as fast as Tom. Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy. 一.重点短语:

1.on weekends 2.on weekdays 3.as for 4.my eating habits 5.have a healthy lifestyle

6.the same as 7.the result of 8.junk food 9.get good grades 10.see a dentist

11.have a healthy habit 12.be stressed out 3.a balanced diet 14.for example 15.at the moment 16.be sorry to do sth 17.go bike riding 18.take walks=go for walk

19.take a vacation 20.plan to do sth 21.western country 22.take sth with sb

23.depend on 24.host family 25.hardly ever 6.ask sb about sth 27.get back to school

8.a balance of 29.kind of

二.考点归纳: far farther(更远) further(更深远) farthest(最远)

考点1.want sb to do sth 想要某人干某事

His father wants him_____(become )an actor.

考点2.try 的用法:

1).try to do sth 尽力干某事

He tries ______(eat) lots of vegetables and fruit every day .

2).try not to do sth 尽力不干某事

We try______(not let) my teacher down.

3).try one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力干某事

We should try our best ______ (study) all subjects.

4)词组: try on 试穿 have a try 试一试

考点3.although 的用法:

although /though 引导让步状语从句,“即使,虽然”,不能与but 连用,但可与yet, still 连用。

考点4.finish doing sth 结束干某事

I will finish______ (work )out the problem in another two minutes .

考点5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地干某事

I can’t wait _____(open)the TV when I get home .

考点6.decide 的用法:

1).decide to do sth 决定干某事

2).decide not do sth 决定不干某事

3).decide on doing sth 决定干某事

4).同义词组:

make a decision to do sth = make up one’s mind to do sth = decide to do sth

He has decided to leave for Wuhan .=

He has ______ a _____ to leave for Wuhan.=

He has ____up his_____ to leave for Wuhan.

考点7.plan to do sth 计划干某事

She is planning ______(take )a vacation in Shanghai next month .

考点8.think about doing sth 考虑干某事

He thought about ______(go ) to Beijing on vacation .

考点9.go + v-ing 的用法:

go fishing go boating go skating go shopping go hiking go skateboarding 考点10.句型: It’s + adj +for /of sb to do sth

同义句:

1).It’s +adj +for sb +to do sth = To do sth + be +adj

2).It’s +adj +of sb +to do sth = Sb +be +adj + to do sth

It is very friendly of you to help me .=_____ _____ friendly to help me .

It’s very hard for you to work out the math problem .=

______ _____ out the math problem is very hard for you

Unit4 What's the best movie theater?

单词

theater ['θ??t?] n.剧场;电影院;戏院

comfortable ['k?mft?bl] adj.舒适的;充裕的

seat [si?t] n.座位;

screen [skri?n] n.屏幕;银幕

close [kl??s] v.关;合拢;不开放;停业

worst [w??st] adj.最坏的;最差的

cheaply ['t?i?pli] adv.廉价地;粗俗地

song [s??] n.歌曲;歌唱

choose [t?u?z] v.选择;决定

carefully ['ke?f?li] adv.小心地,认真地

reporter [r?'p??t?(r)] n.记者

fresh [fre?] adj.新鲜的;清新的

comfortably ['k?mft?bli] adv.舒服地;容易地;充裕地 worse [w??s] adj.更坏的;更差的

service ['s??v?s] n.服务

pretty ['pr?ti] adv.相当地adj.漂亮的

menu ['menju?] n.菜单

act [?kt] v.行动;表演

meal [mi?l] n.一餐;膳食

so far到目前为止;迄今为止

no problem没什么;不客气

creative [kri'e?t?v] adj.创造的,创造性的;

performer [p?'f??m?(r)] n.表演者;执行者

talent ['t?l?nt] n.天赋;才能,才艺;

common ['k?m?n] adj.常见的;共同的;普通的 magician [m?'d???n] n.魔术师;术士

beautifully ['bju?t?fli] adv.美丽地;完美地;

role [r??l] n.作用;角色

winner ['w?n?(r)] n.获胜者

prize [pra?z] n.奖品;奖金

everybody ['evrib?di] pron.每人;人人

example [?ɡ'zɑ?mpl] n.例子;榜样

poor [p??(r)] adj.可怜的;贫穷的

seriously ['s??ri?sli] 严重地,严肃地

give [ɡ?v] v.给;赠予;送

crowded ['kra?d?d] adj.拥挤的

have…in common有相同特征

all kinds of各种各样;各种类型

be up to是…….的职责;由…….决定

play a role发挥作用;有影响

makeup编造

for example例如

take…seriously认真对待

重点短语

1. movie theater 电影院 close to? 离??近 clothes store 服装店 in town

在镇上

2. so far 到目前为止 10 minutes by bu坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show

才艺表演

3. in common 共同;共有 around the world 世界各地;全世界 more and

more?? 越来越??

4. and so on 等等 all kinds of?? 各种各样的 be up to 是??的职责;

由??决定

5. not everybody 并不是每个人 make up 编造(故事、谎言等)

6. play a role in? 在??方面发挥作用/有影响 for example 例如 take?

seriously 认真对待

7. give sb. sth . 给某人某物 come true (梦想、希望)实现;达到

8. Can I ask you some?? 我能问你一些??吗? How do you like?? 你

认为??怎么样?

9. Thanks for doing sth. 因做某事而感谢。What do you think of?? 你认

为??怎么样?

10. much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ??得多 watch sb. do sth. 观看某

人做某事

11. play a role in doing sth 在做某事方面扮演重要的角色 one of+可数名词的复

数 ??之一

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?

单词

sitcom ['s?tk?m] n.情景喜剧 (= situation comedy)

news [nju?z] n.新闻;消息

soap [s??p] n.肥皂;肥皂剧

educational [?ed?u'ke???nl] adj.教育的;有教育意义的

plan [pl?n] n.计划;方法v.打算;计划

hope [h??p] .希望;期望;盼望n.希望

discussion [d?'sk??n] n.讨论;谈论

stand [st?nd] v.站立;忍受

happen ['h?p?n] vi.发生;碰巧;出现;偶遇

may [me?] aux.可以,能够;可能,也许

expect [?k'spekt] v.预期;期待;盼望

joke [d???k] n.笑话;玩笑v.说笑话;开玩笑

comedy ['k?m?di] n.喜剧;滑稽;幽默事件

find out查明、弄清

meaningless ['mi?n??l?s] adj.无意义的;不重要的 action ['?k?n] n.行为;活动

cartoon [kɑ?'tu?n] n.卡通;漫画

culture ['k?lt??(r)] n.栽培;文化;教养

famous ['fe?m?s] adj.著名的;有名的

appear [?'p??(r)] vi.出现;出版;显得

become [b?'k?m] v.变成;成为

rich [r?t?] adj.富有的;富饶的;丰富的

successful [s?k'sesfl] adj.成功的;圆满的

might [ma?t] aux.可能;也许;may的过去式

main [me?n] adj.主要的;最重要的

reason ['ri?zn] n.原因;理由

film [f?lm] n.电影

unlucky [?n'l?ki] adj.倒霉的;不幸的;不吉利的 lose [lu?z] vt.丢失;失败vi.失败

ready ['redi] adj.准备好的;乐意的

character ['k?r?kt?(r)] n.个性;品质;人物;

simple ['s?mpl] adj.简单的;朴素的;单纯的;笨的 army ['ɑ?mi] n.军队;陆军;一大批

action movie动作片

be ready to愿意迅速做某事

dress up装扮;乔装打扮

take sb.’s place代替;替换

do a good job工作干得好;做得好

重点短语

1. talk show 谈话节目 game show 游戏节目

2. go on 发生 watch a movie 看电影 a pair of soap opera 肥皂剧一双;一对try one’s best 尽

某人最大努力

3. as famous as 与??一样有名 have a discussion about 就??讨论

4. one day 有一天 such as 例如 dress up 打扮;梳理 take sb.’s

place 代替;替换

5. do a good job 干得好 something enjoyable 令人愉快的东西 interesting

information 有趣的资料

6. one of?? 之一 look like 看起来像 around the world 全世界 a symbol

of ??的象征

7. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 plan to do sth. 计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.

希望做某事

8. happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 expect to do sth. 盼望做某事 How about

doing?做??怎么样?

9. be ready to do st乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做某事动词不定式做宾

10. think of 认为 learn from 从??获得;向??学习 find out 查明;弄清楚

Unit6 I'm going to study computer science.

单词

doctor ['d?kt?(r)] 医生

engineer [end??'n?r] 工程师

violinist [?va??'l?n?st] 小提琴手

pilot ['pa?l?t] 飞行员

pianist ['p??n?st] 钢琴家

scientist ['sa??nt?st] 科学家

college ['kɑ?l?d?] 大学

education [?ed?u'ke??n] 教育

medicine ['medsn] 药,医学

university [?ju?n?'v??rs?ti] 大学,高等学府

article ['ɑ?rt?kl] 文章,论文

send [send] 邮寄,发送

grow up长大成长

computer programmer计算机管理员

be sure about确信

make sure确保

resolution [?rez?'lu??n] 决心,决定

foreign ['f??r?n] 外国的

able [?eb?l] 能够

discuss [d??sk?s] 讨论,商量

promise [?prɑm?s] 承诺,诺言

beginning [b??ɡ?n??] 开头,开端

improve [?m?pruv] 改进,改善

physical ['f?z?kl] 身体的

self-improvement [self?mp'ru?vm?nt] 自我改进,自我提高 hobby ['hɑ?bi] 业余爱好

own [o?n] 自己的,本人的,拥有

personal ['p??rs?nl] 个人的,私人的

relationship [r?'le??n??p] 关系

重点短语

1. make sure 确信;务必

2. send?to? 把??送到??

3. be able to能

4. the meaning of ??的意思

5. different kinds of 不同种类的

6. write down 写下;记下

7. have to do with 关于;与??有关系

8. take up 开始做;学着做

9. hardly ever 几乎不;很少

10. too?to? 太??而不能??/太??以至于不能

11. be going to+动词原形 打算做某事

12. practice doing 练习做某事

13. keep on doing sth. 不断地做某事

14. learn to do sth. 学会做某事

15. finish doing sth. 做完某事

16. promise to do sth许诺去做某事

17. help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

18. remember to do sth. 记住做某事

19. agree to do sth. 同意做某事

20. love to do sth. 喜爱做某事

21.want to do sth. 想要做某事

22.have to do with关于;与……有关系

23.take up学着做;开始做

24.agree with同意

25.be able to能够做某事

26.grow up 成长;长大

27.every day 每天

28.be sure about 对??有把握

Unit4---Unit6

一.重点短语:

1.take the subway 2.all over/around the world 3.be different from 4.on the school bus

5.study for a test 6.go to the doctor=see a doctor 7.have a piano lesson 8.the day after tomorrow

9.keep quiet /be quiet 10.come over to 11.be free=have time

12.in some ways 13.look the same 14.in common

15.do the same things as sb. 16.use sth to do sth 17.begin with 18.in one’s free time

19.the bus /train /subway station 20.another time 21.means of transportation

22.all kinds of 23.depend on 24.go to concert 25.keep quiet 26.primary school

二.考点归纳:

考点1.有关交通工具的同义句:

1).take the train to … =go to …by train

take the bus to …= go to …by bus

2).fly to … = go to … by plane /air

walk to …. = go to …on foot

ride a bike to … = go to …. by bike

My uncle went to New York last week .

My uncle _____ _____ New York last week .

考点2.有关花费时间的句型:

1).It +takes +sb.+时间+to do sth

2).sb. +spend +时间+on sth (in doing sth ).

It took me half an hour to work it out .

I_____ half an hour ______ it out .

考点3.表示两地相距有多远:

A +be +距离 +from +B = It’s +距离+from A+ to B.

It is five minutes’ walk from my home to school. = It ______ me five minutes to _____to school .

考点4.leave ,leave for , leave … for …

1).leave +地点 “离开某地”

2).leave for +地点 “前往某地”=go to +某地

3).leave +某地+for +某地 “离开某地前往某地”

Mr wang are going to Beijing tomorrow .=

Mr wang are _____ ______ Beijing tomorrow.

考点5.all …not = not all “并非都” 部分否定

注:not 与all /both /every ….. 连用构成部分否定。

Not all birds can fly . = _____ birds can fly , some can’t .

考点6.the number of / a number of

1).a number of 许多 = a lot of /many ,

number 前可用large /small 来修饰,a large /

small number of ….. 作主语时,谓语用复数。

2).the number of ….的数量, 作主语时,谓语用单数。

A large number of tourists ______(come )to

Mountain Tai every year .

The number of the students in our class ____(be ) 60.

考点7.sick / ill

1).ill 用在系动词之后作表语。

2).sick 既可以放在系动词之后作表语也可放在名词之前作定语。

She was _______ because of hard work .

The _____ boy coughed terribly .

考点8.表示客气地请求某人干某事

1). Would you like to do sth ?

2).Could you please do sth ?

3).Will /Would you please do sth ?

4).Can you do sth ?

考点9.be busy

1). be busy with sth .忙于某事

2).be busy doing sth 忙于干某事

3).be busy 的反义词组 be free / have time

I am busy tomorrow .= I _____ _____ = I ______ ______ time .

考点10.whole / all

1).whole 一般置于冠词,物主代词或其他限定词之后, all 位于限定词之前。

2).一般不修饰不可数名词,all 既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词。 He stayed at home all the afternoon .=

He stayed at home ______ _____ afternoon.

考点11.however / but

however “然而,可是”用于句首或句中,须用逗号隔开。而but 不用逗号隔开。 He is very busy ,_____, he always helps me .

A. and B. / C. but D. however

考点12.most of / most

1).most of the +复数名词 “…..中的大多数”

2).most +复数名词 “大多数的…….”

_____ the students are clever .

______students are clever.

考点13.beat / win /lose

1).beat:打败 后面接打败的人或对象 beat sb

2).win:赢 后面接比赛的项目(race , game , match , prize …..)

3).lose:输 lose to sb 输给某人lose sth 输了某物

Their team beat ours = Their team ______ the match . = Our team ______ _____ theirs. 考点14.do you think 作为插入语

1).位置:放在疑问词之后

2).语序:后面的句子用陈述句语序。

Do you think ? Who is the man over there ?=

_____ do you think the man _____ over there ?

考点15.常见的不可数名词:

weather work food news advice information fun music paper

______ weather ! we are going to the park .

A. What a good B.What good C. How a good D. How good

考点16.afford

1).afford 常与情态动词can , can’t , could , couldn’t 连用

2).afford 后面接名词或代词不定时。

3).同义句:can’t afford to do sth = sb don’t /doesn’t have enough money to do sth .

The book is very expensive ,I can’t afford to buy it .= I don’t have _____ _____ to buy it . 考点17.listen to /hear /sound

1).listen to …仔细倾听 强调听的过程

2).hear … 听到、听见 强调听的结果

3).sound …. 系动词 “听起来…….” 后面接形容词 而sound like +名词

I _______ her but could ______ nothing .

It ______ interesting .

考点18.句型:not as ….as

1).not as… as 之间要用原级

2).同义句:A + not as/so…as +B=

A + 形容词的反义词的比较级 + than + B

= B + 形容词的比较级 + than +A

Tom is not as tall as I =

Tom is _____ ______ I.

I am ______ _____ Tom .

This book is not as expensive as that one .=

This book is ______ ______ than that one .

21. That book is ______ ______ than this book .

Unit 7 Will people have robots?

单词

paper ['pe?p?r] 纸

pollution [p?'lu??n] 污染;污染物

prediction [pr?'d?k?n] 预测

future ['fju?t??r] 未来

pollute [p?'lu?t] 污染

environment [?n'va?r?nm?nt] 环境

planet ['pl?n?t] 行星

earth [??rθ] n.地球;泥土

plant [pl?nt] 种植,植物

part [pɑ?rt] 参加,部分

peace [pi?s] 和平

sky [ska?] 天空

play apart参与

astronaut ['?str?n??t] 宇航员

apartment [?'pɑ?rtm?nt] 公寓房间

rocket ['rɑ?k?t] 火箭;

space [spe?s] .空间;太空

even ['i?vn] 甚至;愈加

human ['hju?m?n] 人的;n.人;人类

servant ['s??rv?nt] 仆人

dangerous ['de?nd??r?s] 危险的

already [??l'redi] 已经

factory ['f?ktri] 工厂

believe [b?'li?v] 相信

disagree [?d?s?'ɡri?] 不同意

shape [?e?p] 形状

fall [f??l] 倒塌;跌倒

possible ['pɑ?s?bl] 可能的

probably ['prɑ?b?bli] 大概;或许;很可能 holiday ['hɑ?l?de?] 假日

word [w??rd] 单词;

重点短语

1. on computer 在电脑上

2. on paper 在纸上

3. live to do 200 years old 活动200岁

4. free time空闲时间

5. in danger 处于危险之中

6. on the earth 在地球上

7. play a part in sth. 参与某事

8. space station 太空站

9. look for寻找

10. computer programmer 电脑编程员

11. in the future 在未来

12. hundreds of 许多;成百上千

13. the same?as? 与??一样

14. over and over again 多次;反复地

15. get bored 感到厌烦的

16. wake up 醒来

17. fall down 倒塌

18. will+动词原形 将要做??

19. fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多??

20. less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多??

21. have to do sth.不得不做某事

22. agree with sb. 同意某人的意见

23. such+名词(词组) 如此??

24. play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

25. There will be + 主语+其他 将会有??

26. There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有??正在做某事

27. make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事

28. try to do sth. 尽力做某事

29. It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事??的。

30. over and over again多次;反复地

31. hundreds of许多;大量;成百上千

32. fall down突然倒下;跌倒;倒塌

33. look for寻找;寻求

Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

单词

blender ['blend?r] 搅拌器;果汁机

peel [pi?l] vt.剥落;削皮

pour [p??r] pour [p??r] 倒;倾倒

yogurt ['jo?ɡ?rt] 酸奶;

honey ['h?ni] 蜂蜜

watermelon ['w??t?rmel?n] 西瓜

spoon [spu?n] 勺,调羹

add [?d] 增加

finally ['fa?n?li] 最后,最终

salt [s??lt] 盐

sugar ['??ɡ?r] 糖

cheese [t?i?z] 干酪,奶酪

popcorn ['pɑ?pk??rn] 爆米花

corn [k??rn] 玉米,谷物

machine [m?'?i?n] 机器

sandwich ['s?nw?t?] 三明治

butter ['b?t?r] 黄油,奶油

turkey ['t??rki] 火鸡

lettuce ['let?s] 莴苣,生菜

piece [pi?s] 件;篇;片;块;

traditional [tr?'d???nl] 传统的

traveler ['tr?vl?] 旅行者

England ['??ɡl?nd] 英格兰;英国

celebrate ['sel?bre?t] 庆祝;庆贺

pepper ['pep?r] 胡椒粉;辣椒

oven ['?vn] 烤箱;烤炉

cover ['k?v?r] 遮盖,盖子,

gravy ['ɡre?vi] 肉汁;肉汤

serve [s??rv] 接待,服务

temperature ['tempr?t??r] 温度,气候

重点短语

1.milk shake奶昔

2.turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开

3.pour?into?把??倒入??

4.a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶

5.a good idea好主意

6。on Saturday在星期六

7.cut up切碎 put?into?把??放入??

8.one more thing还有一件事

9.a piece of一片/张/段/首??

10.a few一些;几个

11.fill? with?用??把??装满

12.cover?with?用??覆盖??

13.one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次

14.a long time很长时间

15.how many+可数名词复数 多少??

16.how much+不可数名词 多少??

17.It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

18.First?Next?Then?Finally 首先??接下来??然后??.最后??

19.want + to do sth.想要做某事

20.forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事

21.how + to do sth.如何做某事

22.need+to do sth.需要做某事

23.make+宾语+形容词 使??怎样 l

24.et sb. +do sth.让某人做某事 Unit 9 Can you come to my party?

单词

prepare [pr?'per] v.预备;准备

exam [?ɡ'z?m] 考试

available [?'ve?l?bl] 可得到的;有空的;

hang [h??] 悬挂;(使)低垂

until [?n't?l] 直到...的时候;直到…为止

catch [k?t?] 赶上;抓住;捕捉

invite [?n'va?t] 邀请

accept [?k'sept] 接受;

refuse [r?'fju?z] 拒绝

invitation [??nv?'te??n] 邀请;邀请函

reply [r?'pla?] 回答,回复

forward ['f??rw?rd] 转交;发送,向前的

delete [d?'li?t] 删除

preparation [?prep?'re??n] 准备,准备工作

opening ['o?pn??] 开幕式,落成典礼

guest [ɡest] 客人

concert ['kɑ?ns?rt] 音乐会

headmaster [?hed'm?st?r] 校长

event [?'vent] 大事,公开活动

calendar ['k?l?nd?r] 日历,日程表

重点短语

1. have the flu患感冒

2. help my parents帮助我的父母

3. come to the party来参加聚会

4. another time其他时间

5. last fall去年秋天

6. go to the party去聚会

7. hang out常去某处;泡在某处

8. the day after tomorrow后天

9. the day before yesterday前天

10. have a piano lesson上钢琴课

11. look after照看;照顾

12. accept an invitaton接受邀请

13. turn down an invitation拒绝邀请

14. take a trip去旅行

15. at the end of this month这个月末

16. look forward to盼望;期待

17. the opening of? ??的开幕式/落成典礼

18. reply in writing书面回复

19. go to the concert去听音乐会

20. not?until直到??才

21. meet my friend会见我的朋友

22. visit grandparents拜访祖父母

23. study for a test为考试学习

24. have to不得不

25. too much homework太多作业

26. do homework做家庭作业

27. go to the movies去看电影

28. after school放学后

29. on the weekend在周末

30. invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

31. what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

32. What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

33. help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

34. be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

35. see sb. do sth.

36. see sb.doing sth.

37. the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

38. have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

39. look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

40. reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子?

What’s the date today?

What day is it today?

41.on Saturday afternoon在周六下午

42.prepare for为??做准备

43.go to the doctor去看医生 Unit10 If you go to the party,you 'll have a great time!

单词

video ['v?dio?] 录像,录像带

organize ['??rɡ?na?z] 组织,筹备

chocolate ['t?ɑ?kl?t] 巧克力

upset [?p'set] 难过,失望

advice [?d'va?s?] 劝告,建议

travel ['tr?vl] 旅行

agent ['e?d??nt] 代理人,经纪人

expert ['eksp??rt] 专家,能手

teenager ['ti?n?e?d??] 青少年

normal ['n??rml] 正常的

unless [?n'les] 除非,如果不

certainly ['s??rtnli] 当然,肯定

wallet ['wɑ?l?t] 皮夹,钱包

worried ['w??rid] 担心的,烦恼的

angry ['??ɡri] 生气的,发怒的

careless ['kerl?s] 粗心的,不小心的

understanding [??nd?r'st?nd??] 善解人意的,体谅人的 trust [tr?st] 相信,信任

mistake [m?'ste?k] 错误,失误

careful ['kerfl] 小心的,细致的

advise [?d'va?z] v劝告,建议

solve [sɑ?lv] 解决;解答

experience [?k'sp?ri?ns] 信任,经历

halfway [?h?f'we?] 中途的adv.半路地

else [els] 别的,其他的

重点短语

1. stay at home 待在家里

2. take the bus 乘公共汽车

3. tomorrow night 明天晚上

4. have a class party 进行班级聚会

5. half the class 一半的同学

6. make some food 做些食物

7. order food 订购食物

8. have a class meeting 开班会

9. at the party 在聚会上

10. potato chips 炸土豆片,炸薯条

11. in the end 最后

12. make mistakes 犯错误

13. go to the party 去参加聚会

14. have a great/good 玩得开心

15. give sb. some advice 给某人提一些建议

16. go to college 上大学

17. make(a lot of)money 赚(许多)钱

18. travel around the world 环游世界

19. get an education 得到教育

20. work hard 努力工作

21. a soccer player 一名足球运动员

22. keep?to oneself 保守秘密

23. talk with sb. 与某人交谈

24. in life 在生活中

25. be angry at/about sth. 因某事生气

26. be angry with sb. 生某人的气

27. in the future 在将来

28. run away 逃避;逃跑

29. the first step 第一步

30. in half 分成两半

31. solve a problem 解决问题

32. school clean-up 学校大扫除

33. ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事

34. give sb. sth. 给某人某物

35. tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

36. too?to do sth. 太??而不能做某事

37. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事

38. advise sb. to do sth. 劝告某人做某事

39. It’s best (not) to do sth. 最好(不)做某事

40. need to do sth. 需要做某事

一、If引导的条件状语从句

二、should的用法

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