By the time I got outside, the bus had already left.
1语言目标 A 熟练掌握和运用过去完成时态 B 学会运用核心句型： By the time she got up, her brother had already gone inti the bathroom. 2 能力目标：学会询问和谈论过去的经历。 3 情感目标：引导学生关注自己身边的人 和事物。
? 想想我们以前学过的时态都有哪些，尝试着在 时间轴上画一下
1. 构成: had +V-p.p 2. 过去完成时态的含义:
主要是表示在过去某个时间,或是动作 之前已经发生或完成的动作.也就是： 过去的过去.
1、表示过去的过去，通常由when或by引导的 短语或者从句做时间状语或时间状语从句 by the time 到……时候为止，指从过去某一 点到，从句所示的时间为止，这一时间段。 when当……时候，指过去的某一时间点。从 句用一般现在时，主句为过去完成时。
My little brother went to bed
I got home
By the time I got home, my little brother had gone to bed.
The teacher came into the classroom
I got to school
By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom.
① He told me he had already finished his homework ② I realized he had fooled me again
I didn’t go to the movies yesterday because I had seen it twice
by the time （= when） 到……时
By the time ____________ we got to had school, the class ____ begun. already ________
? 当我到达火车站时，火车 已经开走了。 By the time I got to the ___ had station, the train ____ left already _____ .
By the time we got there,the bus had already gone.
We got there at 7:00 The bus left at 6:59
When I got to the check-out, I realized I had left my purse at home.
二、构成： ? 肯定句：主语+had＋过去分词 ? 否定句：主语+had not+过去分词 ? 疑问句：had+主语+过去分词…？
He had finished the work by last month? He had not finished the work by last month? Had he finished the work by last month?
1. Mary_____________ some Chinese before she came to China. A. learned B. has learned C. learnt D. had learned
2. She ___________ the first runner-up prize in a beauty contest before she __________an actress. A. have won, became C. had won, became B. had won, become D. has won, became
1.We started to learn English 5 years ago.
一般过去时表示在过去某时发生的动作或存 在的状态。 5 years ago now 2. We have learned English for 5 years. 现在完成时表示的动作发生在 过去，但侧重对 现在产生的结果或造成的影响，与现在有关。 其结构为：“助动词 have
（has）+过去分词” 5 years ago have learned now
过去完成时表示在过去某个时间或动 作之前已经发生或完成了的动作或存在的 状态， 即“过去的过去（ past-in-thepast ）”。
past in the past
由“过去的过去”来判定。 过去完成时表示“过去的过去”，先发生的动作用过去完 成时，后发生的动作用一般过去时。 first When I got to the station, the train had already left. first
After he had finished his homework, he went to bed.
1 过去的过去 2 常用在宾从中 3 体现在上下文
综合时态填空： 1. He ________________( have ) a meeting will have next week. He ________________ ( have ) a meeting had two weeks ago. had had He told me he _______________ ( have ) a meeting two weeks before.
had finished 2. I ________________ ( finish ) my homework when my father got home yesterday. finished I ____________ ( finish ) my homework at 10 last night. had begun 3. The film __________ ( begin ) when I got to the cinema. had been The film _______________ ( be ) on for 10 minutes when I got to the cinema. had studied 4. My brother ______________ ( study ) in this school for three years before he joined the army
? 1．I had sold the ticket when she came.（改 否定句）
? 2.She had sung a song to us before she danced.（改否定句） ? 3.Lucy had already completed the project when I arrived.（改一般疑问）
1. Make up some sentences using Past perfect tense . 2. Finish other exercises on the paper.