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七年级英语 8-12单元词组

发布时间:2013-12-12 11:29:44  

Unit8 I’d like some noodles.

1. --你想要什么?-- ________________________?= What do you want?

--我想要一些面条:-- _______________some noodles. = I want some noodles. 句型:想要某东西:would like sth = want sth (后跟名词,不加to)

想要做某事:would like ________sth = want __________sth (后跟动词,加to) 练:(1) Do you want ________?

A. speak English B. to the new pants C. ho home D. to go to school

(2) Would you like ________ (drink) some green tea?

2. 餐厅英语:

--我能帮您吗?--_________________? = What can I do for you? = What would you like? --我想要一些面条。-- I’d like some noodles. (I’d = I would)

–你想要什么种类的面?-- ______________________would you like?

--我想要牛肉番茄面。-- I’d like _________________noodles. (注意用“单数”) –你想要多大碗的面?-- ____________bowl of noodles _______you________?

--我想要一中碗面。-- I’d like __________________noodles. (一中碗…)

什么种类:_______________ 什么尺寸:__________________

一大碗面条:_________________ of noodles 一小碗面条:______________________

3. --你想吃些东西吗?-- Would you like_______________________?

--(接受)好的:--_________________. 或Yes, I’d like/love to. 不能用:Yes, I would. (拒绝)不,谢谢。--__________________.

练:-- Would you like some tea? -- ________.

A. Yes, I would B. Yes, please C. No, I don’t D. No, please

4. 我要买它:I’ll ______________. (此处的“买”不能用buy,只能用take)

5. 那是全部吗?好了吗?完了吗?--_________________?

6. 特色菜一15个饺子只要10元_____________ is just(only)10RMB _____15 dumplings.

7. some+不可数名词(无复数,不能加s),作句子主语时,动词用“三单”。

some+可数名词变复数(有复数,加s),作句子主语时,动词用“复数”或“原形”。 练:(1) Some chicken _______ (be) in the bowl. Some eggs _______ (be) on the table.

(2) I’d like some _______ and _______.

A. porridge, vegetables B. beef, tomato C. French fries, orange juices

8. “肯定句”的两者或两者以上用“and”连接:I’d like dumplings _______ orange juice. “否定句”的两者或两者以上用“or”连接:I don’t like green tea _____porridge.

9. 肯定句中表达“一些”用_______;

否定句、疑问句中表达“一些,任何”用________;

如:(1) I would like ________beef noodles. (2) I wouldn’t like ______ chicken noodles.

(3) I didn’t have _______ money for a taxi.

10. 关于“人称代词”的用法:

(1) 实义动词后的“人称代词”用宾格; 如:Can you help me? He doesn’t like them.

(2) 介词后的“人称代词”用宾格; 如:Do you want to go with us?

11. 吃某东西当早餐:eat/have sth _______ breakfast

你早餐吃的什么? _________________________________?

他们晚餐通常吃米饭和鱼。___________________________________.

在早餐时间吃东西:eat sth at the breakfast time

12. 句型:某人/某东西怎么样?:What about sb/sth?

做某事怎么样:What about _______ sth? It’s hot. What about _______(go) swimming? 1

Unit9 How was your weekend?

1.一般过去时的结构:主语+V过去式。翻译时加上“…了”。

练:(1) He _________ (go) to school on foot yesterday.

(2) – What did Jim do? -- He _________ (go) to the movies.

(3) We ___________ (not go) to the cinema last Sunday.

(4)Where ______(be) you last weekend?

2. –你上个周末做了什么?-- What ___________last weekend? (did引导,动词还原) --在星期天上午,我打了网球。-- I _______tennis on Sunday morning.

在上午/下午/晚上:_____________________________

在星期天上午/下午/晚上:______ Sunday morning/afternoon/evening

在上个星期天上午: _______________________ (前不用冠词)

在上学的白天/晚上:______ school days/nights

3. –Tina的周末怎么样? -- _________Tina’s weekend?

--它很棒:It was _______. –它还不错:It was not bad. –它很糟糕:It was terrible.

4. 该是回家的时候了:_______________ go home.

句型:该是做某事的时候了:It’s time to do sth

5. He spent half an hour _________ (play) computer games last night.

句型:某人花费时间在某事上:人+spend+时间+_____sth

句型:某人花费时间做某事:人+spend+时间+_______sth

1) She spent 10yuan ______the book.= She spent 10 yuan _______the book.

6. 常用do, does, did, don’t, doesn’t, didn’t代替前文提到的动词。

(1) – Who cleaned the room? -- Mike ________. A. was B. does C. is D. did

(2) I don’t think he is so great, but my mother _______.

(3) Peter visited his English teacher this morning, but Tony _______.

A. isn’t B. wasn’t C. doesn’t D. didn’t

(4) I like Sports News very much. – _______.

A. I like, too B. I do, too C. I don’t like, either D. I don’t, either

(5) My father likes Sports News, but my mother _______.

7. 去爬山:__________________ 爬山:climb the mountains

去购物:go shopping

去看电影:_________________ 看电影:see a movie = watch a movie

去散步:__________________ 散步:take a walk

去图书馆:go to the library 去城市图书馆:go to the city library

8. 待在家里:_______________

9. 为考试而学习:_____________the test = study for exams

10. 举行派对:_______ a party 举行晚会:have an evening party

11. 阅读:__________________

12. 去海滩:go to the beach (beach变复数+es)

13. 练习英语:___________________

句型:练习做某事:practice doing sth

1)They often practice ________(play) the guitar.

14. 过了一个繁忙的某末:______ a busy weekend (此处的have翻译为“度过”)

15. 一本关于历史的书:a book _____________ (此处的about翻译为“关于”,= on)

16. 带某人去某地:take sb to sp

Unit10 Where did you go on vacation?

1. --你去了哪里度假?-- ________you go on vacation? (go是实义动词,前用did引导) --我去了夏令营。-- I ____________ summer camp.

--你玩得开心吗?-- ______ you ______a good time? (have是实义动词,前用did引导) --是的。Yes, I did.

2. 我们很高兴在水里玩:We ________________________ in the water.

句型:很高兴做某事:have (great) fun doing sth

在水里:in the water (介词用in)

3. 它有点无聊:It was ___________________.

4. 我发现一个小男孩正在角落里哭:I ________ a small boy _______ in the corner. 句型:发现某人正在做某事:find sb _________ sth

句型:听见某人正在做某事:hear sb _________ sth

在角落里:______ the corner (介词用in)

练:We found her sister __________ (read) English in her room.

5. 他迷路了:He was lost.

(1) lost adj. 迷路的;前面常加be动词。

(2) lost v. 丢失lose的过去式; 如:He lost his way.

6. 那让我感觉很高兴:That ______________ very happy.

句型:让某人做某事:make sb do sth = let sb do sth

练:The funny story makes us _________ (laugh) a lot.

Let’s __________ (讨论) this question first.

7. 我们决定走着回宾馆:We _______________________________.

句型:决定做某事:decide ___________ sth.

走着回宾馆:______________ the hotel

练:His father decided __________ (buy) a new computer for him.

8. 考与“一般过去时”配套使用的时间:

(1) – Was your father at work _______? -- Yes, he was.

A. last week B. every month C. this year D. next Monday

(2) – When did you see him? -- _______.

A. Next Monday B. Two hours C. In an hour D. An hour ago

9. ____________:go to New York City (go的过去式went)

________________:go to summer camp

________________:go to the museum 参观博物馆:_______ the museum 去中心公园:go to Central Park

10. 什么也没有做:do nothing (nothing指“什么也没有”)

练:-- Do you have anything else to say about the trip? -- No, _______.

A. anything B. nothing C. something D. everything

他什么没说就走了。He ______ _________ and left.

12. 整天:all day 整夜:all night 整日整夜:all day and all night

13. (1) look for 寻找(强调“找”这个过程);

(2) find 找到(强调“找到”这个结果);

如:He _________________ his English book, but he didn’t _________it.

你在找什么?________________________________?

你找到你的书了吗?___________________________________?

14. be friendly/ unfriendly to sb ________________________________

Unit11 What do you think of game shows?

1. --你认为这本书怎么样?-- ___________________________________

= ___________________________________________?

--我不能忍受他。-- ______________________. 我不介意她。-- __________________. 我爱(喜欢)他们。-- ____________________. 我不爱(喜欢)它。-- I don't love(like) it.

2. 用于评价人的“外表”的形容词主要有(见Unit7):

(1) tall, be of medium height, short;

(2) heavy/fat, be of medium build, thin;

(3) beautiful, ugly, cute, lovely, cool, scary;

用于评价人的“内在品质”的形容词主要有:

smart, clever, friendly, shy, quiet, lazy, popular等。

3. 阿伦是一个8岁的男孩。-- Alan is an__________________boy.

比较:阿伦8岁。-- Alan is _____________________.

4. 欢迎来到9点钟的周末谈话节目:_____________ 9 o’clock Weekend talk show.

5. 烧饭是妈妈们的事:_________ is for moms.

围巾是给妈妈们的:The scarf is _____________.

6. 谢谢你加入我们:________________ joining us.

句型:感谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth.

7. 我给每个学生看六样东西然后问他们关于每一个东西:

I showed each student six things and asked them about each one.

① 把某东西给某人看:show sb sth (show翻译为“展示给…看”)

② 每一…:each 如:每个学生:each student

8. 这是他们喜欢的和不喜欢的:Here are their l___________________.

9. 我不能忍受老人不能漂亮的想法:I _______ _______ the idea that old people _______ ________ beautiful.

我想要年轻和漂亮:I ______ ______ _______young and beautiful.

10. 句型:介意做某事:mind doing sth

练:Would you mind ________ (open) the window? It’s too hot in the room.

I don’t mind your _________(smoke) here.

11. 实际上:in fact (介词用in)

12. 询问某人某事:_________________________

13. 把某东西放进某地方:_______________________

14. 同意某人(的观点、意见):______________________

15. 一个主意:an idea 一个好主意:a good idea

一篇文章:an article 看一篇文章:read an article (“看书”的“看”用read)

Unit12 Don’t eat in class.

1. 肯定的祈使句:(1) 实义动词原形+其他; 否定的祈使句:(1) _______+实义动词+原形;

(2) be动词原形+形容词+其他; (2) Don’t be+形容词+其他;

(3) Let sb do sth. (3) Don’t let sb do sth

(4) No+Ving.

练:(1) My mother said to me, “Tom, _______ in bed.”

A. not read B. doesn’t read C. don’t read D. didn’t read

(2) Don’t __________ (fight). = No __________ (fight).

2. 不要迟到:_____________________. = Don’t be late. (arrive = be)

上课/上学不要迟到:Don’t __________________ class/school.

3. 在学校我们必须穿校服:We _______________ uniforms at school.

句型:不得不/必须做某事:have to do sth 否定:不必做某事:don’t have to do sth 穿校服:单数:wear a uniform 复数:wear uniforms

练:(1) – I can’t stop smoking, doctor. – For your health, I’m afraid you ______.

A. can B. may C. must D. have to

4. 在我家里有太多的规矩:I have __________________ in my house.

词组:太多…:too many…

5. 我从来没有任何快乐:I ________ have _______ fun.

(never译为“从来没有”,表示否定,否定句中表示“任何,一些”,用any)

6. 不要大声说话:_____________________.

请大声说:Speak loudly, please.

7. 他擅长于唱歌:He is good at ________(sing).

句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doing sth

8. 表示“地点”的词组:

(1) 在教室里:in the classroom 在课堂上:_______________

(2) 在走廊上:in the hallways 在学校里:______________ = in school

9. 表示“时间”的词组:

(1) 下课后:__________________ 放学后:after school

(2) 在上学的白天/晚上:on school days/nights 比较:at night

(3) 到晚上10点钟之前:______ 10 o’clock p.m.

10. (1) with 和; 如:He lives in Beijing ______ my parents. (不能用and)

(2) with 戴着; 如:Do you know the fat man with a hat? (不能用wears)

(3) with 有着; 如:It’s an old house with a beautiful garden. (不能用has)

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