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# 初一规划班 阅读理解技巧

1、阅读速度慢,时间不够。

2、理解太表面。

3、分析散乱。

4、缺乏对意义全面、深入的理解。

5、词汇量不足。

1. 选择答案型阅读理解

2. 判断正误型阅读理解

3. 完成句子型阅读理解

4. 回答问题型阅读理解

1. 客观信息题

（1）辨认事实，注意细节

（2）同义转换，着重内涵

（3）把握数据，注意推算

2. 主观判断题

（1）运用常识，合理判断

（2）根据情景，进行猜测

（3）利用情景，举一反三

（4）纵观全文，概括大意

3. 细节辨认题

（1）首先找出文章或段落的中心思想。文章的中心思想主要体现在首句和尾句中，

（2）寻找重要的事实与细节，不是所有的事实和细节都重要，那些与中心思想有关的事实和细节才重要。

（3）检查已确定的事实与细节，看它们是否支持中心思想。如果这些事实与细节不能支持中心思想，就说明原来所确定的中心思想不明确或者这些事实和细节没有找准。 属于细节类的阅读理解题一般只针对某个特定的细节，题型可以多种多样，没有固定模式。常见的设题方式有：

1.Which of the following is NOT true according to the information in the passage?

2.Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?

3. What is the example of... as described in the passage?

4. The author mentions all of the following except...

5. The reason for... is...

6. The author states that...

7. According to the passage, when (where, why, how, who, etc)...

1、直接事实题：

2、间接事实题：

Mr Brown first went to look at the underground - fire when he was seven. "Through the hole（洞）in the earth you could see the orange fire, but you had to look fast because it was so hot," said Mr Brown. In 1898, he saw the fire once more（再一次）.

1. Mr Brown first saw the underground - fire ________.

A. at the age of seven B. seven years old

C. in the year of 1898 D. more than（超过）80 years ago

2. Mr Brown said that we had to take a fast look at the fire because ________.

A. it was in the hole B. it was very hot

C. it was orange D. it was harmful

4. 词汇障碍题

1. The underlined word in the ? paragraph refers to / means ________.

2. What does “______” in paragraph... stand for /mean?

3. “______” could best be replaced by which of the following?

4. The expression/phrase “____” means ______.

5) The word “_____” is closest in meaning to _____

（1）根据定义或解释、说明猜测生词的词义

A bag is useful and the word “bag” is useful. It gives us some interesting phrases(短语). One is “ to let the cat out of the bag.” It is the same as “to tell a secret”…. Now when someone lets out (泄漏)a secret, he “lets the cat out of the bag.”

John “lets the cat out of the bag” means he ________.

A. makes everyone know a secret B. the woman bought a cat

C. buys a cat in the bag D. sells the cat in the bag

（2）根据并列关系猜测生词的词义

In the northeast of the United States, summer temperatures are very different from winter temperatures. Summer is usually hot, and winter is usually cold. Spring temperatures are warm, and

fall temperatures are cool.

The word “fall” in this passage means ________.

A. drop B. down C. autumn D. spring

（3）根据同义、反义、因果关系，构词法等猜测词义。

Jack thought for a moment and found a way. He began to stamp his foot on the floor, "Bang! Bang! Bang!"

The sound woke his grandma up. The old woman shouted downstairs, "It's twelve o'clock in the night, Jack. Why are you still jumping upstairs?"

The word "stamp" in the story means ______ in Chinese.

A. 盖印 B. 跺 C. 贴邮票 D. 承认

（4）根据生活常识猜测词义

Most of the roses are beginning to wither because of the cold.

（5）根据列举的事例猜测词义

You can take any of the periodicals: “The World of English”“.Foreign Language Teaching in Schools”, or “English Learning”.

（6）根据构词法知识猜测词义

The colors of Hawaii in Summer are unforgettable.

1. 浏览全文，捕捉信息。要求考生通过浏览全文，掌握其大意了解作者的观点和写作意图。

2. 细读思考题，分析信息。通读（浏览全文）短文后，已对文章或段落大意有所了解再读考题，对要捕捉的信息进行分析、推理，这样便可先解答与主题思想有关的问题。

3. 复读全文，抓住细节。带着问题去复读，可缩小复读的范围，更便于捕捉关键的信息。复读时可边读边用铅笔做些标记，把有关的人物、事件、时间、地点、起因（即5W：who, what, when, where, why）划出来。例如：凡逢人物就圈起来，看完一遍，有几个圈就是几个人，一目了然。经过这样的处理，你对文章的内容和细节便清楚了，对其中矛盾的产生、发展和解决心里就会有底了。

4. 解答问题，选定答案。对那些明显的，有把握的题可以断然圈定。遇到不会做的问题可暂时不做，把每个问题阅读完毕，等会做的题已做完，然后再回头做剩下的题目。在做题时，如果遇到困难，再重新查阅。这次重读，要针对问题的要求，抓住重点，一次求得正确答案。

5. 再读全文，核对答案。这是最后一步，也是重要的一步，不能疏忽。这一步骤要用全文的主题思想统率各考题，把我们在阅读和答题时所得到的信息归纳整理一遍后重新再读一遍短文检查答案，看是否前后一致；意义和语言知识是否和原文相符；是否符合逻辑等。发现前后矛盾、遗漏要点等错误，要立即纠正。

The Internet can show you a lot of jobs all over the world. If you want to find a job on the Internet, use the words “job search”or“employment”to find the websites you need.

（ ）What does the passage tell you to do first if you want to find a job on the Internet?

A. To type in “job search”to find the websites.

B. To write a good resume.

C. To prepare for an interview

D. To get an English dictionary

(1) It can be inferred from the text that ______.

(2) From the text we know that ______.

(3) The story implies that ______.

(4) The paragraph following the passage will most

probably be ______.

(5) The writers attitude toward…is ______.

One day a man walked a pet shop and said to the shop assistant，“I need two small mice and about five dozen roaches（蟑螂） and two spiders（蜘蛛）.”

“What do you need these things for?” the shop assistant was very surprised.

“Well，”replied the man，“I’m moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.”

The passage suggests that when the writer moved into the apartment， it was ______.

A. very clean

B. just cleaned by the landlord

C. tidy and comfortable

D. dirty and full of insects

Once there was something wrong with a machine in a factory. The workers could do nothing but turn to a German engineer for help, who drew a line on it and said, “Take off the part where the line is and change it for a new one.”The machine, with a new line on, began running well again. The engineer then asked for \$ 30,000 for what he had done. The following were what he wrote on a bill, “The new part only costs one dollar, and knowing where the problem with the machine is costs \$ 29,999.”

（ ）What can you conclude from this passage?

A. the engineer asked for too much money

B. the workers should pay the money

C. the knowledge is worth money

D. the new part could cost more

Visit Swansea Zoo

Come and see the Indian elephants and the new tigers from America. The bears are waiting to meet you, and the monkeys from China are waiting to throw things at you. The lovely dogs from Australia are waiting to laugh at you, and the giraffes from Zambia are waiting to look down on you.

Tickets Opening time

Grown-ups: \$ 3 9:00 am ––– 4:00 pm

Children: Over 12:\$2 except Friday

Under 12: Free 10:00 am –– 3:00 pm

（ ）1. How much does Mr Smith have to pay if he visits the zoo with his sons of fourteen and ten?

A. \$2.00 b. \$5.00 C. \$4.00

（ ）2. Which of the following is the visiting time? D. \$3.00

A. 8:30 am, Wed B. 9:30 am, Fri

C. 3:00 pm, Sun D. 4:00 pm, Tue

1)What does the writer mainly tell us?

2)Which of the following can summarize the main idea of this text?

3)Which of the following best expresses the main idea?

4)Which is the subject discussed in the text?

5)The best title for this newspaper article is ___.

You dream each night, even though you may not remember your dreams. While you dream your eyes move and your heart beats faster. Even your brain-wave pattern changes. Some scientists think that dreaming is important for the sake of health. They claim that without dream, people would go crazy.

What does the passage mainly tells?______

A. How people stay healthy

B. How sleep is necessary

C. Why dreams are important

D. When people remember their dreams